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Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture records


Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts [Contact Us]3420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6206

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

The Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture was established in 1785, when John Beale Bordley proposed to members of the American Philosophical Society that they form an American agricultural society in the British pattern. On the first of March the Society held its charter meeting with twenty-three members present. Charter members include prominent judges and lawyers (John Beale Bordley, Richard Peters, James Wilson, and Edward Shippen), military leaders (General John Cadwalader, Colonel George Morgan, Colonel John Nixon), doctors (Benjamin Rush, John Jones, George Logan, Adam Kuhn), and politicians (Samuel Powel, George Clymer, Henry Hill, Philemon Dickinson, Samuel Vaughn, Lambert Cadwalader, Tench Francis, Charles Thompson). Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Paine became members later in that year.

In its early years the Agricultural Society met on the first Monday of each month, when six or eight prominent men would come together to discuss agriculture and rural affairs. These men hoped to encourage new developments in agricultural practice through experimentation and scientific research. In the patriotic spirit of the time, early members were concerned that America not fall behind England's rapid agricultural advances. Central to their concerns were crop rotation, soil fertility, and animal husbandry. Prizes or premiums were offered for agricultural accomplishments in order to stimulate experimentation. Papers published by the Society (among them the ground breaking "Address to American Farmers," and George Morgan's "Plan for a Farm Yard") had broad circulation and were widely influential in American farming practice.

One of the most concrete accomplishments of the early Society was the construction of a permanent bridge over the Schuylkill river, the first of its kind in America, and the longest covered bridge in the world. The Society drew up the plans for the bridge and raised the $300,000 necessary to fund the project. Completed in 1804, the Schuylkill bridge facilitated the transport of farm produce from Chester and Lancaster Counties into the Philadelphia Market.

Though a few truly gifted scientific minds (such as Morgan and Bordley) did make considerable advances in theories of agriculture, the group never realized its goal of offering leadership to the common farmer. Throughout its early years the Society was riven by political conflict between Federalists and Anti-Federalist, and several times members left the Society to start rival groups. In the period between 1793 and 1805 meetings were held only periodically, and the activities of the Society were for the most part abandoned.

In 1805, after the death of President Samuel Powel and of Vice President and founder John Beale Bordley, the Society was reorganized under the leadership of Richard Peters. Once again, a handful of wealthy patrons of agriculture gathered monthly to discuss agricultural methods. The practice of offering awards and premiums was revived. The first Agricultural exhibition was held in 1822, featuring cattle, farm products, and machinery. In this, the most fruitful period of its history, the Philadelphia Society tested, identified, and analyzed seeds and plant specimens. They also served as a distribution center to make foreign seeds available to American farmers for experimentation. The Society researched methods of animal husbandry and soil fertilization, investigated outbreaks of plant and animal disease, and encouraged the development of labor-saving machinery. During this period five volumes of Memoirs were published (in 1808, 1811, 1814, 1818, and 1826), each containing significant agricultural articles of the time. From 1816 to 1829 the Society published an almanac to propagate scientific developments in agriculture among working American farmers.

After the death of Richard Peters in 1828, John Hare Powel was elected president, followed by Nicholas Biddle from 1831 to 1844 and James Mease from 1844 to 1846. Throughout this period the Society continued to offer premiums for plant breeding and farm management. From 1838 to 1856 they sponsored annual exhibitions. These exhibitions featured livestock, displays of agricultural implements, and a plowing match. In 1847 members established the Farmer's Club as an auxiliary to the Society. This group initially met at the farms of different members to inspect the farm and then to discuss agricultural issues of current interest. Later the Club functioned primarily as a social gathering.

This early period was the most intensely active and the most fruitful of the Society's history. The Society's members from this time were among the most influential thinkers in experimental agriculture. The scope of their vision of agricultural progress as well as their insistence on rigorous experimentation and scientific method laid the groundwork for the rapid advance of American farming practice in the nineteenth century.

From the beginning the Agricultural Society believed one of its primary tasks to be the establishment of a network of agricultural organizations in the region and across the country. As S.W. Fletcher writes in his history of P.S.P.A.:

It was a comprehensive and far-seeing program for the advancement of Pennsylvania agriculture in several other ways, including the organization of county agricultural societies, the establishment of pattern farms, the endowment by the state of professorships in agriculture and its supporting sciences at colleges, elementary teaching of agriculture in the public schools, and specialized instruction in agriculture at institutions of college grade. (Fletcher, 73)

In 1855 this ambition was partially realized with the founding of the "Farmer's High School," now Penn State University. The University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine also owes its existence in part to the influence and support of the Philadelphia Society. Benjamin Rush delivered the first series of lectures on veterinary medicine to the Society as early as 1807, and another series was attempted by James Mease in 1813, though it was not until 1883 that the Society's ambition to start a Veterinary school was formally fulfilled through the founding of the Veterinary School. Throughout this time the Society toyed with the idea of a model farm or "Pattern Farm," which would serve as a working laboratory for agricultural experimentation. This project never came to fruition, but the principles behind it were realized with the establishment of agricultural experiment stations across the region in the late nineteenth century.

The Society also played a role in the organization of state and federal departments to oversee agriculture. In 1851, the establishment of the Pennsylvania State Agricultural Society represented the achievement of a long-term goal for the Society. At the same time, the role P.S.P.A. had played in collecting and distributing agricultural knowledge was made obsolete by the growth of this network of governmental and academic research institutions. County and regional organizations drew membership away from the Philadelphia Society, and more authoritative regional and federal associations sapped their influence on the national agricultural scene. The State Society encroached on the local functions of P.S.P.A. when it took over the task of sponsoring the annual agricultural exhibition (later the State Fair).

The onset of the Civil War also disrupted the Society's activities. One member recalls: "The bitter discussions over the incidents of the Civil War 1860-1866 caused the attendance at the meetings to fall off to nothing. Consequently there were no more meetings held during that period. & It is a curious fact that these horny fisted Farmers of the Agricultural Society were to such a large proportion, Southern sympathizers" (Letter from Burnet Landreth to George Curwen, May 12, 1926). Toward the end of the century meetings became irregular and eventually ceased altogether in 1885.

While its activities were sometimes erratic and its projects often never realized, during its most productive period the Society did vastly influence the development of agricultural education and research in the nineteenth century. The primary achievements of these early members were neither their activities nor their projects. Their legacy to American agriculture was instead the direction of their vision, toward scientific experimentation and research, formal agricultural education, and a strong role for government agencies in the advancement and supervision of agricultural progress.

In 1909 Leonard Pearson (Dean of the Veterinary School) discovered several cartons of books and papers belonging to the old Society in the basement of the newly built Furness Library. This discovery inspired the five members of the old Society who were still living to meet once again. Twenty years after the last meeting of the Old Society, the modern P.S.P.A. was born. Membership rapidly expanded, and the group soon adopted the By-Laws established in the 19th century.

From the time of its reinception, the modern Society (or junior Society as one member termed it) was preoccupied with its early history and self-consciously worked to mimic the activities of the older group. Many of the junior members were descended from charter members, and an effort was made to enroll members with such legacy. Their concern and care for the early Society's library and artwork reflect this veneration as well.

By the 1920s and 30s, however, the junior Society began to redefine their role in regional agriculture to better suit the twentieth century. The Society showed an active awareness of agricultural issues of the time. In 1920 a special committee was formed to investigate Bovine Tuberculosis. This committee recommended that the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania reimburse farmers whose cattle had been destroyed because of Tuberculosis. In the late 1920s the Society sponsored agricultural prizes for Potatoes and Hickory Nuts in order to encourage progress in plant breeding and fertilization. In 1932 the Society revived the custom of honoring achievement in agriculture with annual awards. In the early 1940s the practice of invited guest speakers to lecture on topics of agricultural interest was resumed.

In honor of the Society's 150th anniversary in 1935, Rodney H. True, of the Library and Archives Committee, presented a paper on the early history of the Society. This paper was printed as a pamphlet, entitled, "A Sketch of the History of P.S.P.A." This historical sketch revived interest in the history of the Society, and inspired John Okie to propose a wider scale reprinting of the work in 1936. This project gradually evolved "due to a desire to offer something more, a greater value." The Society undertook to produce a larger volume, including the Sketch, but also complete with illustrations, reproductions of original letters, and transcriptions of manuscript material. This expanded history would be the sequel to the earlier volumes of Memoirs published by the Society in the nineteenth century. "It is proposed to add considerably to the original pamphlet, making of it a bound book such as might be designated Memoirs VI" (from an undated [1937?] memorandum by J. M. Okie). The writing, publication, and sale of Memoirs VI became the focus of John Okie's efforts and the center of much of the Society's business for the next several years. After publication of this volume in 1939, Okie collected reviews and letters responding to Memoirs, and bound them together as the two volume Comments on Memoirs VI. At the time of his death in 1947, Okie was gathering material for a proposed seventh volume of Memoirs.

The Society began to build up a collection of agricultural books in the early nineteenth century. Under the direction of Dr. James Mease, foreign and American agricultural books and pamphlets were assembled. Other works were contributed by correspondents. In 1825 a catalog of the library was assembled and published. In 1888, around the time that the Society began to dissolve, P.S.P.A.'s library of more than 500 volumes was deposited with the University of Pennsylvania and housed in the Furness library (now known as the Fisher Fine Arts Library). At the same time a fund was established for the purchase of additional books to expand the collection over the years.

At the time of the revival of the Society the collections were removed to the basement of the University of Pennsylvania Veterinary School, where the Society then held their meetings. In 1922, 121 volumes were purchased in England on the recommendation of Rodney H. True. These books were housed in the Main Library, as opposed to the Veterinary School library, where there were an additional 610 volumes (Hoopes, Librarian's Report, 1926).

In 1935, several months after the 150th anniversary celebration, John Okie discovered the manuscript material of the early Society. He removed the material to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, where he had it conserved according to contemporary practices. Despite the Historical Society's wish to keep the manuscripts in their library, the collection was returned to the library of the Veterinary School in 1939.

In the mid-1950s the library was moved from the Veterinary School Library to the Rare Book Collection, where some cataloging and conservation work was done. Also under discussion was whether the library fund, administered by the University of Pennsylvania, would finance the history of the Society to be written by S.W. Fletcher. In the early 1960s the collection was moved to Van Pelt Library where further conservation and indexing was accomplished.

In the early 1980s, during the renovation of Horticulture Hall in Fairmount Park, three hundred 19th century agricultural books were found mildewing in boxes in the basement. After some confusion about the ownership of the library, P.S.P.A. paid the City of Philadelphia $1.00 for the collection, which was then distributed among interested agricultural organizations.

In the late 1970s, the University of Pennsylvania refused the addition of Amos Kirby and James Hornor's collections of Agricultural books to their holdings in the Rare Book Collection. The library then stated that it would accept only books printed before the 19th century (Letter from S. C. Loveland to S. Forde Hansell, July 17, 1980). Then President James Hornor, believing that the collection should be housed in a single library, offered the Society's book and library collection to the American Philosophical Society on permanent deposit in 1978 (letter of Whitfield J. Bell to James Hornor, October 5, 1978). This incited intense debate and some tension between the Society and the University of Pennsylvania and prompted a legal investigation into the ownership of the collection. The Society voted on a resolution to give the collection to the University of Pennsylvania in December of 1980. The difficult situation was finally resolved in a meeting between P.S.P.A. and the Penn Library. "The books now on deposit at the University Library will remain there in the care of the University as they have in the past. The University Library, from time to time, will accept additional historical and contemporary books, manuscripts, and papers which the Philadelphia Society deems important to add to the collection. It is thought that such additions will not exceed ten volumes annually" (letter from S.C. Loveland to Joan I. Gotwals, Dec. 15, 1980). In 1986 the Society raised funds and received a Pew grant for the restoration and conservation of their library and archives.

In the 1970s the Society briefly moved its headquarters to the historic Kidd-Fling House, which it shared with the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society. The group remained active in local agricultural events and fairs, and in 1976 was involved in Philadelphia's celebration of the American Bicentennial. This included their participation in a documentary film project on the history of Pennsylvania agriculture. In 1985 P.S.P.A. celebrated its two-hundredth anniversary by organizing a forum of speakers on the topic of international issues of food and hunger. This event marked a considerable change in the scope of the Society's activities, with the shift of its focus to the international community, and the combination of scientific research and social policy. The success of this event brought the spotlight back on the Society within the Philadelphia community, and revitalized the interest of the membership in hosting presentations by outstanding speakers, field trips and distribution of information via their website.

While P.S.P.A. members of the second half of the century are still not farmers, they are less often patrons of agriculture, or farm hobbyists. Rather they are the journalists, politicians and businessmen shaping American food industry. They might work for the U.S.D.A., for Agricultural and Veterinary schools, or in Agribusiness, such as Campbell Soup, or Dupont. The younger generation of members have global interests that tie together farming, world politics, and economics.

These letters date primarily from the early nineteenth century, and include correspondence with foreign and American agricultural societies, as well as letters among significant social and political figures. Major correspondents who wrote representing the Society include Nicholas Biddle, John Beale Bordley, Richard Peters, James Gowen, James Mease, Algernon S. Roberts, Robert Vaux, and Richard Wistar. American agricultural societies include the Agricultural Society of Bucks County, the Agricultural Society of South Carolina, the Berkshire (Mass.) Agricultural Society, the North Carolina Agricultural Society, and the Massachusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture. Foreign organizations include Accademia economico-agraria dei georgofili of Italy, the Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle of France, the English Board of Agriculture, and the Royal Agricultural Society of Jamaica. Political correspondents include U.S. Presidents George Washington, John Quincy Adams, and James Madison. Many of these correspondents are Quakers. The one woman correspondent was Hannah Barnard, a notable Pennsylvania farmer.

Communication with the Society consists of queries by farmers, recommendations for farming practice, and data collected during practical farming experiments. Topics of concern to nineteenth century farmers include the Hessian fly, crop rotation, fertilizer, and the benefits of planting clover. Letters of particular interest include one in which Henry Wynkoop recommends fertilizing with "Plaistre of Paris" (Wynkoop, 1787.) In 1787 Elias Boudinot wrote to communicate "some Experiments I have made on the Culture of the very useful Grain, Indian Corn." George Logan wrote to recommend that hard spirits be banned from the farm. Instead he praises Small Malt Beer, for which he includes a recipe (George Logan, 1787). All of the letters in this series have been cataloged on RLIN and are listed individual in the index following the container list. Photostat and typescript copies of some material may be found in the John Okie Papers with added historical notes.

In 1793, John Beale Bordley copied correspondence with the Society into a bound folio entitled "Communications." These letters date from 1785 to 1789 and include letters not on record elsewhere. In 1805, after Bordley's death, George Clymer reported that he had received from John Bordley's executor "the book to record the correspondence of the Society & which [was] found among Mr. Bordley's papers" (Society's Minutes, I, 155).

Bound volumes of minutes date from 1785 to 1846. Additional loose papers date from as late as 1864. During the second half of the nineteenth century these minutes relate to such topics as sorghum cane, the distribution of seeds by the National Government, the establishment of the new Veterinary School, plans for cattle shows and exhibitions, et cetera. Minutes of various committees date primarily from the early nineteenth century and include such committees as Cattle, Crops, and Agricultural Implements. Minutes often contain transcriptions of communications presented before the Society. A bound volume entitled "Pattern Farm" refers to the Society's ongoing project of establishing model farms for the purpose of experimentation and research. This book is mostly blank and contains only a few pages of notes. The "Pattern Farm" project was never realized.

The general correspondence of P.S.P.A. reflects the changing concerns of the Society from its early years to the present day. The twentieth century letters represent the correspondence of the Society with members, with guest speakers and honorees, and with academic, scientific, and research institutions concerning topics relating to agriculture. Most correspondence was handled by the secretaries of the Society. The earliest Secretary was R. Francis Wood, who carried on almost no correspondence other than administrative during his term from 1909 to 1915. The same is true for his successor, John E. Lloyd, who served from 1915 to 1920.

The bulk of this material dates from the 1930s and early 1940s, when the Society expanded its vision of the role it would play in national agricultural concerns. The establishment of various committees (to advise state legislature or to participate in agricultural events, for example) gave the Society exposure to many individuals and institutions involved in agriculture nationwide. The reestablishment of the practice of having monthly speakers and awarding medals annually prompted additional correspondence. The Society's 150th anniversary celebration sparked interest in the history of agriculture and in other agricultural organizations across the country. George Curwen (Secretary from 1918 to 1939) and John Okie (Assistant Secretary from 1923 to 1939) both carried on extensive correspondence during this period. Letters John Okie wrote in his official capacity often led to the establishment of more personal correspondence, some of which continued well after he resigned his position in the Society. For this reason, correspondence sustained by John M. Okie alone has been moved to Series III, the John M. Okie Papers.

The correspondence of L. Wayne Arny, who served as Secretary from 1939 to 1956 or 7 does not seem to have survived. R. Henry Morris III was Secretary from 1958 to 1961, and Mark Allam briefly served from 1961 to 1962. In 1962 William White was elected and served until 1983. Ralph E. Bartholomew is the most recent known Secretary; he was still in office in 1986.

Letters concerning the Hickory Nut Contest in the late 1920s include correspondence with J. F. Jones, and J. Russell Smith. In the 1930s the Society established a Committe to investigate illness in dairy cattle. Several of the correspondents at this period were cattle breeders or veterinarians involved with research on Bang's Disease ( Brucella Abortus ) and Bovine Tuberculosis. Among these were T. E. Munce, E. S. Deubler, E. T. Gill, Miller Freeman Barnes, J. H. McNeil, and John R. Mohler.

Other correspondents include Agricultural and Historical Associations. Among these are the Agricultural History Society, the Maryland Agricultural Society, the Massachussets Society for Promoting Agriculture, the New York State Agricultural Society, the Royal Agricultural Society of England, and the New Jersey State Agricultural Society (see also Phillip Alampi). The Society also corresponded with the South Carolina Society for Promoting Agriculture (see also William Hayne Mills) and attended their 150th anniversary celebration. The Society was often in contact with the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society concerning joint activities, the loan or retrieval of books, and the establishment of their shared office space in the Kidd-Fling House.

The Society had many contacts in the field of agricultural education, and was particularly involved with Penn State College (later Penn State University), which it had helped establish. Correspondence with other academic institutions include the Philadelphia High School of Agriculture and Horticulture, the Universities of Maryland, Delaware, and Pennsylvania, Rutgers, the Hampton Institute, and North Carolina State College School of Agriculture. Individuals involved in agricultural education include Raymond A. Pearson, president of the University of Maryland, R.D. Hetzel, the President of Penn State, E.K. Hibsham, R.L. Watts and E.L. Nixon also of Penn State, C.C. Palmer, and C.A. McCue of the University of Delaware, William Hayne Mills of Clemson College, and Charles Shreiner of the Church Farm School.

In the media, P.S.P.A. corrseponded with the Pennsylvania Farmer, with Wheeler McMillen of the Farm Journal, and most recently with John Hoskyns-Abrahall, the director of film project on the history of Pennsylvania agriculture. Among research institutions and associations are the International Congress of Soil Science, the National Farm Chemurgic Council, the National Research Council, the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, the Soil Conservation Society of America, and the U.S.D.A. Correspondence with Pew Charitable Trust (also Glenmede) relates to a grant to fund the conservation of the Society's library and papers.

Other significant correspondents include Effingham B. Morris, U.S. Senator George Wharton Pepper, President Dwight Eisenhower, Morris T. Phillips, Abram Bunn Ross, Carl R. Woodward, and Jacob G. Lipman. For an index of significant correspondents, refer to Appendix B.

Administrative correspondence includes letters between executive officers of the Society, including the Secretary and sometimes committee chairs. These letters are organized chronologically and provide an overview of the Society's projects and concerns from its revival in 1909 to present day. These letters cover such topics as the Sesqui-centennial Fair (1925), the Hickory Nut Contest (1926), the First International Congress of Soil Science (1927), the 150th Anniversary Banquet (1935), the Agricultural History film project (1974), the move to the Kidd-Fling House (1984), the Bicentennial Forum (1985), and the application for a Pew grant (1986). Other letters relate to planning meetings and events, deciding on speakers and honorees, or discussing issues of rules and membership.

Letters written by officers of the Society before they were elected (and therefore before they had administrative responsibilities) are filed with General Correspondence. Administrative Correspondence among members of subcommittes (Membership, Library and Archives, etc.) are filed with the records of the particular committee. Treasurer's correspondence is filed with the Financial Records. Refer to Appendix C for a list of the officers of P.S.P.A. and the dates of their terms.

Circulars were sent to the membership once or twice a month to give notice of meetings, schedules of outings and events, and general Society news. When new members were elected, short biographies were published in these newletters. Background information on speakers as well as the topics of their speeches was also distributed. These circulars are a good source of information and dates for activities and events.

In 1928 the By-Laws of the Society state that resident membership is limited to one hundred (this was later adjusted to 115). New members must first be proposed, and then this proposal must be seconded by at least two other members. Biographical information and the letters of recommendation are reviewed by the Committee on Membership at their meeting. Members judged appropriate by the committee are then presented for election at the next luncheon meeting. In addition to resident members there were also Honorary Members and Life Members. Over the years, a catagory of Inactive members was also created. By 1983 the Committee on Membership had been renamed the "Admissions Committee."

Though the Society has always been to some degree a group of gentlemen farmers, shifting trends in membership give us an idea of the changing face of the Society, reflecting its goals and interests. When the Society was first revived in 1909, membership was primarily doctors, academics, and those interested in Colonial Philadelphia. In a 1934 letter, Edward Hoopes expressed his concern about membership: "while county agents are mighty fine fellows and have excellent agricultural knowledge, they are not just the types from whom we want to draw our membership. We, as a society, are not agriculturalists, but rather patrons and benefactors of agriculturalists. We want a businessman who is interested in agriculture because he owns a farm as a hobby, not his farm manager who may have a much greater knowledge of farming than the owner" (in a letter to George Curwen, November 30, 1934). By the late twentieth century, the membership is primarily those involved in research, agricultural agencies, or agribusiness.

Typically, member files might contain one or more of the following: proposals for membership (filed under the name of the proposed member); c.v. or resume; admissions committee worksheet (including biographical data); notification and acceptance of election; questions about billing; change of address; nominations to committees; letters of resignation; obituaries and condolence letters; related clippings. For a list of members names found in these files, refer to Appendix D. (N.B. This is not a comprehensive list of members. Additionally, individuals listed in this file may never have actually become members.)

In addition to member files, this series also contains correspondence between members of the committee, member lists, directories, and membership ledgers.

The expansion of the Society's library, as well as the preservation of existing volumes, has been a central concern of the Society since the 19th century. After the revival of the Society in the early twentieth century, responsibility for the collection was shared between elected officers of the Society and librarians at the University of Pennsylvania where the collection was housed. Charles Seltzer and Edward Hoopes were the first twentieth century curators of the library. Edward Hoopes continued as Librarian until 1937 when he was succeeded by Louis A. Klein. Rodney True of the Morris Arboretum and John Okie were also involved in the purchase of books and periodicals for the Society's library. There seems to have been no librarian after Louis A. Klein's death in the early 1950s. More active in the 1960s was the "Archivists Committee," for which Amos Kirby served as chairman. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Samuel Loveland served as the Chairman of the "Library, Art, and Property Committee."

Letters relate to the purchase of new volumes, the conservation of manuscripts, insurance on the library and portraits, the housing of the collection, and some discussion of the publication of the Sketch and Memoirs VI. Correspondence includes letters among members, with book sellers, and with librarians at the University of Pennsylvania. During this period, the Librarians of the Society were advised in their purchase and storage of books by the University of Pennsylvania Librarians at both the Main Library (Asa Don Dickinson, and later C. Seymour Thompson) and at the Veterinary School (V. G. Kimball). At the end of this subseries are lists of library aquisitions, agreements with the University of Pennsylvania, a catalog of the Horticultural Hall library, and legal documents regarding the loan of these books. (N.B. Some of the book transactions made by John Okie in an unofficial capacity may relate to the Society's library; this information may be found in the John M. Okie Papers.)

In addition to the executive officers of the Society, other permanent committees include: the Activities Committee, in charge of organizing outings and events; the Board of Managers; the Executive Committee; the Nominating Committee, in charge of the election of officers. Temporary committees were periodically appointed to decide on matters of special concern. Special Committees represented in this series are (alphabetically) the Bicentennial Committee, the Committee on Agricultural Policy, the Committee on Bovine Tuberculosis, and the Committee on the Congress of Soil Science. This series contains notes and minutes from the meetings of these committees, as well as lists of committee appointments.

During the early years of the twentieth century, the Secretary of the Society was also responsible for keeping financial records. By the early 1920s, however, a separate position was created for the Treasurer. Edward Hoopes served as the first Treasurer from 1920 to 1937. Robert Ligget followed him from 1937 to 1942, when Jay V. Hare took office. Sometime between 1942 and 1947 Edward Woolman was elected and served for several years. By 1956 Edward W. Coslett, Jr. had taken office and served until 1968, when he was succeeded by Paul Hand, who served at least until 1986.

Among the duties of the Treasurer were billing members, recording disbursments, paying bills, and filing yearly financial reports. The treasurer's correspondence records the financial component of the Society's many projects and events, including the awarding of cash prizes, and publication of Memoirs VI and Sketch of the History of P.S.P.A. Also included in the Treasurer's correspondence are records of fundraising efforts for the Hayward Memorial, furnishing of the Kidd-Fling House, the Bicentennial Forum, and the library conservation project.

Early in the twentieth century, proceedings of monthly luncheon meetings were taken down in minute books. These bound volumes apparently contain a complete record of meetings from 1905 to 1982. Later volumes are interleaved with invitations, programs, and photographs. In addition this series contains other loose leaves of minutes, dating up to 1985. Attendance lists were taken for billing purposes. Such special meetings as the 150th Anniversary banquet the Bicentennial Forum and the Vox Populi Meeting required extra planning. Material related to these meetings includes notes, invitations, publicity, and guest lists. Also included are miscellaneous guest lists and calendars.

The Society regularly invited guest speakers to lecture on topics of interest. Speeches were also given by officers at special events and by award recipients. An examination of the speech topics over the years reveals trends in American agriculture. Several speakers in the late 20s and early 30s addressed the topic of blueberry and cranberry culture. Illness in cattle was also a popular topic at this time. By the 1950s the primary topic was soil conservation. Later addresses concern the scientific developments in agricultural research and the business aspects of farming. A chronological (but not complete) list of speakers with the titles of their speeches may be found in the appendices.

Early speeches (1911-1935) have been transcribed along with introductions and question and answer sessions. In later years copies of speeches were sometimes provided by the speakers themselves. Material related to speeches includes biographies of the speakers, notes, and figures. Letters to and from speakers regarding the logistics of their speeches are filed with general correspondence. Though there were apparently speeches given between 1940 and 1959, the collection contains no material related to the speakers or their speeches during this period. Unidentified speeches are filed with Collected Agricultural Material, though they may in fact have been delivered to the Society at some point.

In 1932 the Society revived the practice of awarding medals annually to recognize achievement in the field of agriculture. Related material includes biographical material on the honoree, invitations, programs, photos, citations, guest lists, and menus. (N.B. Speeches delivered at award banquets are filed with Speeches.) Also included is correspondence with engravers regarding medals and certificates. In 1914 the Society instituted a prize for potato growing and in 1934 the Society honored the achievement of Harry Hayward by establishing a memorial in his honor. The Society also offered scholarships for students pursuing the study of agriculture.

Over the years the Society undertook several long-term projects outside of their usual activities. Some material relating to these projects has survived, including grant proposals for the library conservation project, the film proposals for "Two hundred years of Pennsylvania Agriculture," the Kidd-Fling agreement, and the Schuylkill Valley Nature Center Farm Proposal.

Other activities of the Society included outings and visits to local farms and businesses, including Hershey, Walker-Gordon Dairy, and a trip to visit homes on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. This series comprises material relating to a few of these outings, including schedules, maps, brochures, and itineraries.

This series contains articles and clippings related to P.S.P.A., including S.W. Fletcher's extended work "Early American Agriculture." Also included are a tin sign reading "Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture," several medals, and photographs from the 1930s, as well as from a more recent banquet.

Officers of the Society often collected copies of articles, speeches, brochures, and pamphlets related to their research interests. Among these papers are promotional materials relating to agricultural industries, U.S.D.A. reports, the minutes of the Pennsylvania Rural Progress Association Country Life Conference in 1912, and a collection of papers relating to wax coatings on vegetables, which seem to have been gathered by R. Henry Morris III in his professional capacity with the U.S.D.A.

John M. Okie (retired from the real estate department of Girard Trust) became a member of P.S.P.A. in 1916, and served as the Assistant Secretary of the Society from 1922 to 1938. He was awarded the Society's medal in 1935, at the 150th anniversary of P.S.P.A. He was very active in the affairs of the society, and initiated projects to restore the gravestones of Elizabeth and John Beale Bordley, to donate a plaque commemorating University of Delaware Professor Harry Haward, and to publish Memoirs VI. It was John Okie who made the discovery of the original letters and papers of the Society's early members in 1935. Okie took on the task of rehousing, transcribing, and cataloging these manuscripts, eventually producing bound volumes of typescript copies of these papers, to be found at the end of Series III. Okie was also responsible for "silking" a volume of early minutes, and for the housing of early papers in bound volumes. In February of 1938 John Okie resigned from his formal positions in the administration of the Society, feeling slighted that his labor with the manuscripts had not been rewarded with a Life Membership in the Society (he had been offered an Honorary Membership instead). Despite continuing tensions between him and the officers of the Society, John Okie continued to devote his time and labor to researching the history of P.S.P.A. During this time he compiled fifteen bound volumes of material related to his research, including transcripts of research letters, excerpts from the Society's papers, photographs, memoranda, and research notes. Several of these are general volumes, others relate to specific figures from the history of the Society, including John Beale Bordley, John and George Morgan, George Logan, James Mease, George Clymer, Colonel Pickering, Elias Boudinot, Nicholas and Craig Biddle, and Richard Peters. Another volume is a collection of research material on the connection between Craig Biddle and the Farmer's Club of Pennsylvania.

Through his research for Memoirs VI, Okie corresponded with several prominent figures in the field of agricultural history, including Carl R. Woodward of Rutgers and W.H. Mills of Clemson University. Mr. Okie contacted many libraries, Historical Associations, and Agricultural Societies. Among these, the most substantial correspondence was with the Pennsylvania State College Library, the Illinois State Historical Library, the Massachussets Society for Promoting Agriculture, and the McCormick Historical Association. In his search for biographical material on the Society's early members he contacted the descendents of such figures as Craig and Nicholas Biddle, Captain John Morgan, and John Beale Bordley. This historical correspondence is certainly the most interesting portion of the John Okie Papers, and deserves attention from scholars wishing to pursue the history of the society.

Gift of the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture.

Select material (Boxes 1-20, 24, 26) from this collection has been digitized and can be viewed online in Colenda.

More detailed information regarding the correspondence (boxes 1-16) can be found in Franklin.

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Finding Aid Author
Rebecca C. Smith, Anthea Waleson, and Margaret Kruesi
Finding Aid Date
Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

Collection Inventory

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Letters to and from P.S.P.A. Correspondence located in boxes 1-15 have been digitized and can be viewed here in Penn's Franklin Catalog. These records can also be viewed here in Penn in Hand.


Arranged alphabetically by correspondent, and then chronologically.

Box 1 Folder 1-71
Box 2 Folder 72-124
Morgan - Preston.
Box 3 Folder 125-166
Price - Wharton.
Box 4 Folder 167-225
Wilder - Young.
Box 5 Folder 226-241
Box 6 Folder 242

Arranged alphabetically by title or subject, and then chronologically.

Beehive, undated.
Box 6 Folder 243
Bibliotheque Britannique Agriculture, 1802.
Box 6 Folder 244
Crop Rotation, 1792-1796, undated.
Box 6 Folder 245-246
Flax Sample List, 1821.
Box 6 Folder 247
Flax Spinning, 1829.
Box 6 Folder 248
French Ray Grass, undated.
Box 6 Folder 249
Garten Stricklen, undated.
Box 6 Folder 250
Peas, 1787.
Box 6 Folder 251
Seeds from Holland, 1792.
Box 6 Folder 252
Soil preparation for Wheat, 1785.
Box 6 Folder 253
Veterinary Medicine, dissection of a colt, 1822.
Box 6 Folder 254
Wheat from Tuscany, Italy, 1820.
Box 6 Folder 255
Wheat Fly, undated.
Box 6 Folder 256
Wine making, 1792.
Box 6 Folder 257

Filed alphabetically by correspondent.

Abbot - Dey.
Box 7 Folder 258-301
Earl - Livingston.
Box 8 Folder 302-339
Michigan - Webb.
Box 9 Folder 340-355
"John Beale Bordley's Folio," Transcripts of correspondence with the Society, with index, 1785-1789.
Box 10 Folder unknown container
Description & Arrangement

Meeting Minutes, with bound volumes arranged chronologically, followed by loose papers, also chronological; Committee Minutes, alphabetical by committee, and then chronologically.

Minutes located in boxes 1-15 have been digitized and can be viewed here in Penn's Franklin Catalog. These records can also be viewed here in Penn in Hand.

Box 11 Folder unknown container
Box 12 Folder unknown container
Box 13 Folder unknown container
Box 14 Folder unknown container
General note


Box 15 Folder unknown container
Meeting minutes, loose papers, 1785-1864, undated.
Box 16 Folder 356-365

Arranged alphabetically by committee. See also Oversize, Box 26.

Committee on Agricultural Implements (also bound volume in box 18), 1845-1849.
Box 17 Folder 372
Committee on Peter A. Brown's Inventions, 1849.
Box 17 Folder 373
Committee on Butter and Poultry, 1845.
Box 17 Folder 375-377
Committee on Flax Machine, 1822.
Box 17 Folder 383
Committee on Horses, 1845-1849.
Box 17 Folder 384
Committee on Hunting and Destroying Birds, 1844.
Box 17 Folder 385
Committee on John Scott Legacy, 1829-1839.
Box 17 Folder 386
Committee on Leasing a Farm, 1786.
Box 17 Folder 387
Committee on Moving, 1812.
Box 17 Folder 388
Committee on Pennsylvania Act for Promoting Agriculture, 1820-1821.
Box 17 Folder 389
Committee on Plows and Plowing, 1845-1849.
Box 17 Folder 390
Committee on Reaping and Mowing, undated.
Box 17 Folder 394
Committee on Salary, 1848.
Box 17 Folder 395
Committee on Seeds, undated.
Box 17 Folder 396
Committee on Sheep and Swine, 1845-1847.
Box 17 Folder 397
Committee on Trespass by Gunners, 1841.
Box 17 Folder 398
Committee on Working Oxen, 1849.
Box 17 Folder 399
Committee on Agricultural Implements.
Box 18
Resolutions, 1805-1823.
Box 19 Folder 400-402
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Resolutions, 1805-1823
Act of Incorporation, undated.
Box 19 Folder 403
Seventy-Fifth Anniversary, circa 1860.
Box 19 Folder 404
Memorial to U.S. Congress, 1852.
Box 19 Folder 405
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Memorial to U.S. Congress, 1852
Elections, 1822-1844.
Box 19 Folder 406
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Elections, 1822-1844
Communications and Publications, 1802, 1825.
Box 19 Folder 407

See also Oversize, Box 26

Library Acquisitions, 1806-1855.
Box 19 Folder 408-411
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Library Acquisitions, 1806-1855
Library Resolutions and Report, 1845.
Box 19 Folder 412
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Library Resolutions and Report, 1845
Manuscript Collection, 1899.
Box 19 Folder 413
Bound volume of library borrowing records.
Box 20 Item 1
List of books borrowed from and returned to the library, 1822-1825 .
Box 20 Item 2
Bills and Receipts, 1805-1892.
Box 21 Folder 414-423
Bills for Printing, copying, engraving, 1805-1852.
Box 21 Folder 424-431
Receipts for Memoirs, 1808, 1823.
Box 21 Folder 432
Treasurer's reports, 1809-1853.
Box 21 Folder 433-437
Box 22-23 Folder unknown container
5. Pattern Farm, 1818.
Box 24

Notes regarding Pattern Farm project. See also Oversize, Box 26.


Medals, issues of the United States Gazette, and miscellaneous printed matter.

Box 25
Printed Material.
Box 26

Records filed alphabetically by title or subject, followed by miscellaneous oversize material, also alphabetical.

Committee on Early History of the Society, 1829.
Box 26 Folder 438-439
Committees, miscellaneous, 1829, 1844.
Box 26 Folder 440
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Committees, miscellaneous, 1829, 1844.
Curator's reports, 1819, 1823.
Box 26 Folder 441-442
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Curator's reports, 1819, 1823.
Election Report, 1821.
Box 26 Folder 443
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Election Report, 1821.
Laws, undated.
Box 26 Folder 444
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Laws, undated.
Library, 1816, 1818, 1829, 1843, undated.
Box 26 Folder 445-447
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Library, 1816, 1818, 1829, 1843, undated.
List of Superior Furniture on Sale at 391 High Street, 1811.
Box 26 Folder 438
Pattern Farm Proposal, 1818.
Box 26 Folder 448
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Pattern Farm Proposal, 1818.
Box 26 Folder 449
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Property.
B--- A---.
Box 26 Folder 450
Materials Viewable Online
  1. B--- A---.
Cooking Stove (coal-burning), undated.
Box 26 Folder 451
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Cooking Stove (coal-burning), undated.
Farmyard, Plan of, 1790.
Box 26 Folder 452
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Farmyard, Plan of, 1790.
Horses, illness of, 1820.
Box 26 Folder 453
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Horses, illness of, 1820.
Thorn Hedges in England, 1789.
Box 26 Folder 454
Materials Viewable Online
  1. Thorn Hedges in England, 1789.

Description & Arrangement

Correspondence between representatives of the Society and outside individuals or organizations. These representatives are primarily officers of the Society, but may also be chairmen of committees, or members who are particularly involved in planning events or projects. Letters are filed alphabetically by correspondent, and then chronologically. While this series does contain letters from members, correspondence relating specifically to issues of membership are filed in Subseries B, in the Member files. An index of significant correspondents of the 20th century may be found in Appendix B.

Acme - Butz.
Box 27 Folder 455-538
C. J. - Deubler.
Box 28 Folder 539-616
Dick - Future.
Box 29 Folder 617-682
Gardeners - Irving.
Box 30 Folder 683-759
Jardine - Mayo.
Box 31 Folder 760-850
Mechling - Pearson.
Box 32 Folder 851-920
Pendelton - Pyle.
Box 33 Folder 921-973
Quaker - Studholme.
Box 34 Folder 974-1058
Taylor - Zinsser.
Box 35 Folder 1059-1149
Misc., envelopes, reply cards.
Box 35 Folder 1150-1152
Description & Arrangement

General correspondence relating to the administration of the Society, primarily between officers, but also occasionally with the chairman of a committee, or a member particularly involved in the organization of an event. Arranged chronologically. For a list of officers of the Society, refer to Appendix C.

Box 36 Folder 1153-1166
Box 37 Folder 1167-1189
Box 38 Folder 1190-1226
1962-1988, undated.
Box 39 Folder 1227-1262
Description & Arrangement

Notices of meetings and news, sent once or twice a month to membership. (Not complete). Arranged chronologically.

Box 40 Folder 1263-1292
1968-1997, undated.
Box 41 Folder 1293-1314
Description & Arrangement

Letters to and from the membership committee. Papers relating to membership issues, filed alphabetically under the name of the member concerned. Also included in these boxes are lists of members, waiting lists, member certificates, and ledgers. See Appendix D for a list of members.

Correspondence, 1911-1983, undated.
Box 42 Folder 1315-1343
Abbott - Ewing.
Box 43 Folder 1344-1366
Fallon - Loveland.
Box 44 Folder 1367-1391
McAllister - Russell.
Box 45 Folder 1392-1415
Schaub - Zook.
Box 46 Folder 1416-1439
Directories, 1991-1995.
Box 47 Folder 1440-1467
Member lists.
Box 48 Folder 1468-1485
Waiting Lists.
Box 48 Folder 1486-1487
Inactive Membership.
Box 48 Folder 1488-1490
Membership certificates.
Box 48 Folder 1491-1496
Box 49 Folder unknown container
Description & Arrangement

Correspondence of Librarian, Curators, History Committee and other interested parties pertaining to the maintenance of the Society's library, manuscript collection, and artwork. Correspondence organized chronologically, followed by miscellaneous papers and legal document relating to the library.

Box 50 Folder 1497-1526
Acquisitions and Booklists.
Box 50 Folder 1527-1528
Contracts with University of Pennsylvania.
Box 50 Folder 1529-1530
Horticultural Hall Library.
Box 50 Folder 1531-1532
Box 50 Folder 1533
Description & Arrangement

Meeting notes, minutes, and records of permanent committees; filed alphabetically by committee title and then chronologically, followed by lists of committee appointments.

Activities Committee.
Box 51 Folder 1534-1560
Board of Managers.
Box 51 Folder 1561-1563
Executive Committee.
Box 51 Folder 1564
Nomination Committee.
Box 51 Folder 1565
Lists of Committee Appointments.
Box 51 Folder 1566
Descripiton & Arrangement

Records and reports of specially appointed committees; organized alphabetically be committee name, and then chronologically.

Committee on Agricultural Policy.
Box 52 Folder 1567
Bicentennial Committee.
Box 52 Folder 1568-1575
Committee on Bovine Tuberculosis.
Box 52 Folder 1576
Committee on the Congress of Soil Science.
Box 52 Folder 1577
Description & Arrangement

Treasurer's correspondence, organized chronologically. Treasurer's reports, also chronological. Bank records, bills and receipts also chronological, followed by check books and account books.

Treasurer's Correspondence, 1925-1986.
Box 53 Folder 1578-1614
Treasurer's Reports, 1925-1991.
Box 54 Folder 1615-1649
Bank Records.
Box 55 Folder 1650-1679
Box 55 Folder 1680-1689
Bills and Receipts.
Box 56 Folder 1690-1700
Box 56 Folder 1701
Box 57 Folder 1702-1703
Account books, 1923-1991.
Box 57-58 Folder 1704-1714
Description & Arrangement

Meeting minutes, bound volumes of minutes, organized chronologically, followed by loose minutes, also chronological. Finally, attendence lists and records of Special Meeting, filed chronologically.

Minutes, bound volumes, 1905-1924.
Box 59 Folder unknown container
Minutes, bound volumes, 1925-1931.
Box 60 Folder unknown container
Minutes, bound volumes, 1932-1935.
Box 61 Folder unknown container
Minutes, bound volumes, 1936-1942.
Box 62 Folder unknown container
Minutes, bound volumes, 1942-1964.
Box 63 Folder unknown container
Minutes, bound volumes, 1965-1982.
Box 64 Folder unknown container
Minutes, loose papers, 1909-1985, undated.
Box 65 Folder 1715-1737
Acts and Resolutions.
Box 66 Folder 1738-1747
Box 67 Folder 1748-1761
150th Anniversary, 1935.
Box 67 Folder 1748-1761
Meeting to hear John Shive, 1938.
Box 67 Folder 1765
Founder's Day, 1985.
Box 67 Folder 1766
Bicentennial Forum, 1985.
Box 67 Folder 1767
Forum, 1986.
Box 67 Folder 1768
Forum, 1987.
Box 67 Folder 1769
Vox Populi.
Box 67 Folder 1770
Box 67 Folder 1771-1773
Description & Arrangement

Early transcripts of meetings, including speeches, are filed chronologically. Material relating to speeches given after 1935 are filed alphabetically by the name of the speaker, and then chronologically.

Transcriptions of meetings including speeches, 1913-1935.
Box 68 Folder 1774-1795
Speeches after 1935.
Box 69 Folder 1796-1835
Description & Arrangement

Material relating to annual awards, filed chronologically. Also material on Prizes, Harry Hayward Memorial, and Agricultural Scholarships.

Annual awards, 1932-1971.
Box 70 Folder 1836-1858
Annual awards, 1972-1982, 1992.
Box 71 Folder 1859-1867
Misc. Material re: annual awards.
Box 71 Folder 1868-1870
Prize for Potatoes, 1871.
Box 71 Folder 1871
Hickory Nut Contest, 1927.
Box 71 Folder 1872
400 Bushell Club, 1934.
Box 71 Folder 1873
Harry Haward Memorial.
Box 71 Folder 1874-1879
Agricultural Scholarship.
Box 71 Folder 1880-1881
Description & Arrangement

Material relating to projects undertaken by the Society, filed alphabetically under the project title, followed by material on outings made by the Society, organized chronologically.

Film Proposal, 1974.
Box 72 Folder 1882
Schuylkill Valley Nature Center.
Box 72 Folder 1883
Kid-Fling House.
Box 72 Folder 1884
Grant Proposal.
Box 72 Folder 1885-1891
Star Rose Gardens, 1932.
Box 72 Folder 1892
Eastern Shore of Maryland, 1934.
Box 72 Folder 1893
Pa. State College, 1935.
Box 72 Folder 1894
Rutgers, 1940.
Box 72 Folder 1895
New Bolton, 1961.
Box 72 Folder 1896
Future Farmers, 1963.
Box 72 Folder 1897
Walker-Gordeon Lab, 1968.
Box 72 Folder 1898
Hershey Estates, 1969.
Box 72 Folder 1899
Longwood Gardens, 1981.
Box 72 Folder 1900
Misc. Outings.
Box 72 Folder 1901
Description & Arrangement

Photographs, promotional material, and clippings relating to P.S.P.A. (filed chronologically), medals, certificates, and miscellaneous ephemera.

P.S.P.A. Publications (and publications re: P.S.P.A.).
Box 72 Folder 1902-1905
Promotional Material.
Box 72 Folder 1906
Clippings re: P.S.P.A.
Box 72 Folder 1907-1908
Box 73 Folder unknown container

See also Oversize Box 103.

Box 74 Folder unknown container

See also Oversize Box 103.

Description & Arrangement

Addresses, papers, and articles relating to agriculture, organized alphabetically by author or title. Miscellaneous agricultural material, filed alphabetically by subject, and clippings, filed chronologically.

Addresses, Papers, Articles.
Box 75 Folder 1910-1950
Agricultrual - Norman.
Box 76 Folder 1951-1986
Old - Soil.
Box 77 Folder 1987-2010
Talbot - Water.
Box 78 Folder 2011-2019
Box 78 Folder 2020-2021
Miscellaneous Illustrations.
Box 78 Folder 2022
Miscellaneous Promotional Material.
Box 78 Folder 2023

Series Description

This series comprises the papers of John M. Okie, who served as assistant secretary of the Society from 1922 to 1938 and was the driving force behind the publication of Memoirs VI. While most of these papers concern P.S.P.A., some of John Okie's personal papers are also included.

Description & Arrangement

Letters written to and from John M. Okie; drafts of memoranda written by John Okie; miscellaneous personal correspondence. Arranged alphabetically by correspondent. Letters to and from John Okie, as well as drafts of letters, are interfiled chronologically. Memoranda and unidentified correspondents fall at the end of this section. (N.B. letters and papers resulting from John Okie's role as Assistant Secretary [i.e. general Society business] can be found in Series II, in the General Correspondence, or in the Administrative and Committee correspondence, between the years of 1922 and 1938.)

A. C. - Essex.
Box 79 Folder 2024-2109
Fabius - Jones.
Box 80 Folder 2110-2181
Kain - Murphy.
Box 81 Folder 2182-2250
National - Symmachus.
Box 82 Folder 2251-2323
Thomas - Zirkle.
Box 83 Folder 2324-2377
Box 83 Folder 2378
Box 83 Folder 2379
Description & Arrangement

Notes, transcripts, and illustrations collected by John Okie regarding the early history of P.S.P.A. Biographical files on early members (with reproductions of portraits), arranged alphabetically by the last name of the member. Notes and transcripts taken from the Society's Papers are arranged by title, and then chronologically; Collected transcriptions and notes taken from books, newspapers, or historical records are arranged alphabetically by title. At the end of this section fall lists of documents and publications avaiable from various sources, and miscellaneous notes and fragments.

Barroll - Michener.
Box 84 Folder 2390-2431
Morgan - Wilson.
Box 85 Folder 2432-2459
Agricultural - Mount.
Box 86 Folder 2460-2500
Pendelton - United.
Box 87 Folder 2501-2515
Miscellaneous Research Notes.
Box 87 Folder 2516-2523
Box 87 Folder 2524-2538

Volumes of memoranda, correspondence, extracts from the Society's papers, and research notes relating to P.S.P.A.

Adlum - Cutler.
Box 88 Folder 2539-2586
Darlington - Morris.
Box 89 Folder 2587-2641
Neville - Young, anon.
Box 60 Folder 2642-2697
Miscellaneous Records.
Box 91 Folder 2698-2725
Papers, volumes 1 and 2.
Box 92 Folder unknown container
Papers, volumes 3 and 4.
Box 93 Folder unknown container
Box 94 Folder unknown container
Col. George Morgan and Dr. John Morgan.
Box 95 Folder unknown container
George Logan and James Mease.
Box 95 Folder unknown container
George Clymer and Col. Pickering.
Box 95 Folder unknown container
Elias Boudinot et al.
Box 96 Folder unknown container
Richard Peters.
Box 96 Folder unknown container
Nicholas Biddle and Craig Biddle.
Box 96 Folder unknown container
John Beale Bordley.
Box 97 Folder unknown container
Farmer's Club.
Box 97 Folder unknown container
Description & Arrangement

Correspondence, notes and drafts, compiled comments and reviews, illustrations, galleys relating to the publication of Memoirs VI. Included in correspondence are letters promoting the book, and regarding orders, sales, or billing, arranged alphabetically by correspondent. At the end of this series are drafts of form letters and memoranda. Drafts and excerpts of Memoirs are arranged by subject, along with illustrations and duplicates of photos used in the publication. Excerpts and typescript copies of reviews and commentary on the volume are filed with Comments on Memoirs VI, a two volume compilation of responses to the work. Galleys of the work, and negatives of photographs used for Memoirs fall at the end of this section.

Planning and drafts.
Box 98-99 Folder 2726-2791
Comments and Reception, Notes and Drafts.
Box 100 Folder 2792-2797
Comments and Reception of Memoirs VI. (2 vol.).
Box 100 Folder unknown container
General Physical Description note

(2 vol.)

Negatives for illustrations.
Box 101 Folder unknown container
Box 102 Folder unknown container
Miscellaneous Oversize Material.
Box 103 Folder unknown container
IV. Appendices.
Appendix B
    Significant Correspondents of the 20th Century
  1. Agricultural History Society
  2. Agricultural Society of South Carolina
  3. Alampi, Phillip.
  4. American Guernsey Cattle Club
  5. Ayrshire Breeder's Assoc.
  6. Bache, Franklin
  7. Baker, T. A.
  8. Ballard, Ernesta Drinker
  9. Barnes, M. F. (Miller Freeman)
  10. Bartlett, J. Kemp
  11. Bayard, E. S.
  12. Blair, A. W.
  13. Breck, William R.
  14. Bucher, F. S.
  15. Bull, Leland Hudson
  16. Burlew, John S.
  17. Burpee, David
  18. Burpee, W. Atlee III
  19. Butz, Earl L. (Earl Lauer), 1909-
  20. Campbell, Milton
  21. Campell, Walter J.
  22. Carothers, G. R.
  23. Cathey, Henry Marcellus, 1928-
  24. Chambers, Franklin S.
  25. Chaney, Arthur U.
  26. Chemurgic Council
  27. Christian, Portia
  28. Clawson, Marion, 1905-
  29. Colonial Pennsylvania Plantation
  30. Comfort, Henry W.
  31. Corn Industries Research Foundation
  32. Cox, H. R. (Herbert Randolph)
  33. Crompton, Robert Donald
  34. Crowell, Samuel B.
  35. Delaware State Board of Agriculture
  36. Deming, W. C.
  37. Deubler, E. S. (Ezra Strickland)
  38. Dick, G. A. (George Alexander)
  39. E. I. Du Pont and Nemours Co.
  40. Edgerton, J. Russell
  41. Edmunds, Henry
  42. Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David) 1890-1969.
  43. Farm Journal
  44. Farm Museum
  45. Fletcher, S. W. (Stevenson W.)
  46. Ford Motor Company
  47. Foster, Frank Brisbin
  48. Franklin Institute (Philadlephia, PA)
  49. French, J. Hansell
  50. Gill, Ephraim Tomlinson, b. 1861
  51. Gill, John
  52. Glenmede Trust
  53. Grundy, Joseph R. (Joseph Ridgway), 1863-1961
  54. Haley, D.E.
  55. Hallowell, Charles K.
  56. Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute
  57. Harper, William Warner
  58. Hart, Charles
  59. Haskell, H. G. (Henry G.)
  60. Hershey Estates
  61. Hetzel, R. D.
  62. Hibsham, E. K.
  63. Hoskyns-Abrahall, John
  64. Houston, Samuel F.
  65. International Conference of Soil Science
  66. Irving, George W.
  67. Jeffers, Henry W., Jr.
  68. Johnson, D. Gale
  69. Johnstone-Wallace, D. B.
  70. Jones, J. F.
  71. Kleberg, Robert J., Jr.
  72. Lipman, J. G. (Jacob Goodale), 1874-1939
  73. Lippincott, J. Bertram (Joshua Bertram), 1857-1940
  74. Lloyd, William M.
  75. Lorimer, Graeme
  76. Lynn, William C.
  77. McIlvaine, Herbert
  78. McMillen, Wheeler, 1893-
  79. McNeil, J. H.
  80. Marshall, Donnell
  81. Maryland Agricultural Society
  82. Mechling, Benjamin S.
  83. Mechling, Edward A.
  84. Mohler, John R. (John Robbins), b. 1875
  85. Moon, Henry T.
  86. Moore, Henry W.
  87. Morris, Effingham Buckley, 1856-1937
  88. Mount Hermon School
  89. Munce, T. E.
  90. National Farm Chemurgic Council
  91. National Research Council
  92. New Jersey Farm Bureau
  93. New Jersey State Agricultural Society
  94. New York State Agricultural Society
  95. Nixon, E. L.
  96. Palmer, C. C.
  97. Pearson, Raymond A. (Raymond Allen), 1873-1939
  98. Pennsylvania Dept. of Agriculture
  99. Pennsylvania Farmer
  100. Pennsylvania Horticultural Society
  101. Pennsylavania State Farm Products Commission
  102. Pennsylvania State University
  103. Pepper, George Wharton, 1867-1961
  104. Peters, Richard, Jr.
  105. Pew Charitable Trust
  106. Pew, William H.
  107. Philadelphia High School of Agriculture and Horticulture
  108. Phillips, M. T. (Morris T.)
  109. Prentice, E. Parmalee (Ezra Parmalee), 1863-1955
  110. Preston, C. F.
  111. Reber, Norman F.
  112. Ross, A. B. (Abram Bunn), b. 1866
  113. Royal Agricultural Society of England
  114. Rutgers University Extension Service
  115. Shreiner, Charles W.
  116. Smith, J. Russell (Joseph Russell), 1874-1966
  117. Smith, Lawrence M. C. (Lawrence Meredith Clemson) 1902-1975
  118. Soil Conservation Society of America
  119. True, Rodney H. (Rodney Howard), 1866-1940
  120. United States Dept. of Agriculture
  121. University of Delaware
  122. Waltz, R. G.
  123. Watts, R. L.
  124. White, Elizabeth C.
  125. Woodward, Carl Raymond
  126. Worrilow, G. M.
  127. Younkin, Stuart G.
Appendix C
    Officers of P.S.P.A.
  1. Allam, Mark: Secretary, 1961-1962; President, 1962-1966
  2. Arny, L. Wayne: Secretary, 1939-1957
  3. Auchincloss, Richard S.: Vice-President, 1962-1972; President, 1972-1976
  4. Auchincloss, Richard S., Jr.: Asst. Sec., 1983-1984
  5. Barlow, Malcolm, Vice-President, 1992-1993
  6. Bartholomew, Ralph E.: Secretary, 1983
  7. Biddle, Nicholas: President, 1958; Vice President, 1960-1963
  8. Biddle, Robert: Vice President, 1929-1930; President, 1930-1932
  9. Bishop, John VI: Vice President, 1960-1968
  10. Collins, Daniel W.: Vice President, 1967-1968
  11. Collins, Lester: President, 1932-?
  12. Comfort, Henry W.: C & A, 1922-1929; President, 1929-1930
  13. Coslett, Edward W. Jr.: Treaurer, 1961-1968
  14. Curwen, George F.: Asst. Secretary, 1918-1920; Secretary 1920-1923; 1927-1939
  15. DeCou, Samuel: President, 1966-1967
  16. Dolan, Thomas: Vice President, 1986-
  17. Eastwick, Joseph L.: Vice President, 1963-1967
  18. Feldstein, Joshua: Asst. Sec. 1992-1993
  19. Fell, D. Newlin: President: 1909-1911; Vice President 1911-1913
  20. Fetterman, J. Gordon: President 1957
  21. Fleming, Edward J.: Vice President, 1978-1983
  22. Francis. Robert E.: Asst. Secretary, 1984-1989; President, 1991
  23. Hand, Paul: Treasurer, 1968-
  24. Hansell, Standish Ford: Vice President, 1978, President, 1980-1983
  25. Hare, Jay V.: Treasurer, 1942-?
  26. Harrison, C. C.: Vice President, 1915-1920
  27. Hoopes, Edward: Librarian, 1916-?; Treasurer, 1920-1937
  28. Hoopes, Herman: Membership, 1913-1920; Vice President, 1920-1922
  29. Hornor, James C.: Vice President, 1970-1976, President, 1978-?
  30. Howell, Lardener: Asst. Secretary, 1920-1923
  31. Gill, E. T.: Vice President, 1911-1923; President, 1922-1929
  32. Ginley, Thomas H: Vice President, 1986-1989; President, 1989-1990
  33. Jeffers, Henry W. III: Vice President, 1968-1973
  34. Kates, Clarence Sears: Membership, 1912-1916
  35. Kirby, Amos: Asst. Sec., 1962-1980
  36. Klein, Louis A.: Curator, 1912-?
  37. Ligget, Robert E.: Treasurer, 1930-1942
  38. Lippincott, Bertram: Asst. Secretary, 1960-1961
  39. Lippincott, J. Bertram: President, 1911-1916; Vice President, 1922-1928
  40. Lloyd, John E.: Secretary, 1915-1920; President, 1920-1922
  41. Loveland, Samuel C. Jr.: Vice President, 1978-1984
  42. McCreery, Samuel: Vice President, 1958?-1962
  43. McMillan, Wheeler: President, 1960-1962; Vice President, 1962-1963
  44. Magill, Edward W.: Membership, 1912-1916
  45. Marshall, Clarence J.: Curator, 1911-1929; Vice President, 1929-?
  46. Marshall, Donnell: President, 1947-?
  47. Michener, Walter W.: Vice-President, 1992-1993
  48. Mirick, Henry: Vice-President, 1979-1983; President, 1983-1984
  49. Montgomery, Archibald R.: C & A, 1911-1916
  50. Morris, Lawrence J.: Vice President, 1930-1940
  51. Morris, R. Henry III: Secretary, 1958-1961
  52. Murphy, William Beverly: President, 1985-1986
  53. Palmer, Lane: Vice President, 1988
  54. Partain, Lloyd: Vice President, 1961-1962
  55. Phillips, Frederick M.: President, 1968-1972
  56. Okie, John M.: Asst. Secretary, 1922-1939
  57. Reeve, Eldrow: Vice President, 1991; President, 1992-1993
  58. Seltzer, Charles M.: Librarian, 1911-1916
  59. Sharp, Joseph W. Jr.: Vice President, 1942-1947
  60. Staake, Wm. H.: Curator, 1911-1912
  61. True, Rodney H.: Curator, 1929-1940
  62. van Ingen, William D.: Vice President, 1991-1993
  63. Wallace, Frank R. Jr.: Vice President, 1976
  64. Waybright, Richard C.: Vice President, 1984, 1992
  65. Wetherill, Samuel P.: Vice President, 1961-1963; President, 1959-1960
  66. White, William H.: Asst. Sec., 1961-1962; Secretary, 1962-1983
  67. Wister, John C.: Vice President, 1958
  68. Williams, Carroll R.: C & A, 1911-1922; President, 1925-1928
  69. Wood, Emlen: Asst. Secretary, 1911-1918
  70. Wood, R. Francis: Secretary and Treasurer, 1909-1915, President, 1916-1920
  71. Woolman, Edward: Treasurer, 1947-?
  72. Younkin, Stuart: President, 1988-1989
  73. Zook, W. H. Dunwoody: Vice President, 1968; President, 1976-1977
Appendix D
Member Files (* files contain biographical information on the member)
Abbot, Edward*
Abbot, George (nomination withdrawn)
Alampi, Phillip*
Alexander, J. Deaver*
Allen, Henry B.
Allinson, E. Page
Altemus, Edward L. *
Anderson, Robert O. *
Andrews, Dale E.
Andrews, James
App, Frank
Ashbridge, George
Ashton, William H.
Auchincloss, Richard S.
Auchincloss, Richard S. Jr.*
Bache, Franklin
Bailey, Richard A.*
Barclay, David M.
Barlow, Malcom B.
Bartlett, J. Kemp
Barton, Lewis W.*
Bartram, Lewis
Bartholomew, Ralph E.*
Bates, Joseph Sumner
Bayard, Edward Stanton*
Beale, Horace A., Jr.
Beatty, Edward F.*
Bell, C. Herbert
Bent, Quincy
Berger, Arthur W.*
Biddle, Charles J.
Biddle, James*
Biddle, Nicholas (officer)
Biddle, Robert* (officer)
Bishop, John
Bishop, John V., V (officer)
Bishop, Thomas L.*
Bjarnason, Bjarni*
Boehm, Edward Marshall*
Bole, John C.
Branson, Thomas F.
Breck, William R.
Brooks, Robert C.*
Brown, Alexander
Brown, Arthur R., Jr.
Brown, Francis Shunk
Budd, Clifford Edman*
Budd, Theodore H.
Burget, Dean E., Jr.*
Burlew, John S.
Burpee, David*
Butler, Allen*
Butler, Thomas Richard*
Cadwalader, John*
Campbell, Alfred M., Jr.*
Campbell, Alfred M. III*
Campbell, L. Graham
Campbell, P.
Campbell, William Martin
Carson, James Tyson*
Castle, James M.
Childers, Norman Franklin*
Clark, Thomas Williams*
Clothier, William J.
Coale, James S.
Cochrane, James A., Jr.*
Coles, Henry B.
Collins, Alfred M.
Collins, Daniel Wills*
Collins, Lester (officer)
Corbit, Daniel
Corson, Bolton L.
Corson, Walter H.
Crossan, Donald Franklin
Crowell, Samuel B., Jr.
Cummin, Graham F.*
Cunnion, Donald O.*
Davis, Clark W.*
Davis, J. W.
Dawes, Edmund K.*
Dayton, S. Grey
Dearnley, Charles E.
De Cou, Charles Howard*
De Cou, Samuel C.*
Deshon, Ralph*
Deubler, Earnest C.
Deubler, Ezra Strickland
Develin, James A., Jr.
Dever, Robert M.
Dick, George A.
Dickson, William J.
Diemand, John A.
Dietrich, Richard*
Diffenbeck, Emily
Diffenbeck, George G.*
Dixon, Fitz Eugene, Jr.*
Dohan, Joseph M.
Dolan, Thomas IV*
Donoghue, Daniel C.
Dorrance, Arthur C.
Dorrance, John T.
Doughten, W. W.
Drake, Lawrence
Drayton, Henry E.
Driscoll, Lee*
Du Pont, Francis I.
Eastwick, Joseph L.
Eberlein, Harold Donaldson
Edgerton, J. Russell
Ely, Thomas C.
Evans, Donald E.
Evans, S. W., Jr.
Ewing, Joseph Neff
Fallon, Ed*
Feldstein, Joshua
Fernley, Robert C.
Fetterman, J. Gordon
Fisher James Logan
Fleming, Edward J.*
Fleming, Edward J., Jr.*
Fogg, David Allen*
Foltz, Edwin J.
Foster, Frank B.
Francis, Robert E.
Frazier, William West III
French, J. Hansell*
Freudenthal, David M.*
Fuguet, Stephen
Garrison, William E.*
Gauntt, Edwin A.*
Gemmill, Kenneth W.*
Gibson, Henry C.*
Gill, Ephraim Tomlinson
Gill, John
Gillespie, S. G.
Ginley, Thomas H., Jr.*
Gordon, Wallace E.*
Gordon, William R.*
Gould, Erl C. B.*
Green, Ward Chichester
Grosse, Aristid V.*
Grundy, Joseph R.
Gubb, Larry E.*
Gwinn, David M.*
Haffert, William A., Jr.*
Haines, Albertson
Haines, William
Haines, William C., Jr.
Hale, William J.
Hall, Henry
Hallowell, Charles K.
Hallowell, Joseph W., Sr.*
Hallowell, Penrose*
Hancock, Joseph Griscom*
Hancock, F. Woodson*
Hancock, Howard B.
Hand, Paul E.*
Hannum, John B.*
Hanscom, Richard S.*
Hansell, Stadish Forde*
Hare, J. V.
Harper, William Warner
Harrison, Alfred C.
Harrison, Charles C.
Hart, Charles
Harvey, Thomas B.*
Haskell, Harry G.
Haughton, Richard
Hausser, Bruce E.*
Hayward, Harry
Henry, J. Norman
Hibsham, E. K.
Hill, John III*
Hoffman, Benjamin R.
Hollenbeck, William M., Jr.*
Honan, James E.*
Hoopes, Wilmer W.
Hopkinson, James P.*
Horner, James C.*
Horner, William C.
Howell, Lardner
Hunt, Wells E.
Hunter, Barton C.*
Hutchinson, Isaac H.
Hutchinson, Richard Bell*
Jardine, William M.
Jeffers, Henry William*
Jeffers, Henry William, Jr.
Jeffers, Henry William III
Jenkins, A. Sidney*
Jensen, Charles J.*
Johnson, Russell H., Jr.
Jones, David*
Jones, Lester*
Jones, Russell B.*
Keen, Francis D.*
Keen, Frank A.
Keller, Joseph S.
Kennedy, John M. III*
Kirby, Amos*
Kleberg, Robert J., Jr.*
Klein, Louis A.
Klein, William M.*
Koltes, John A.*
Kramer, John F.
Kurland, Lawrence
Lamb, James G.
Landreth, Burnet
Latta, John Y.*
Lea, Robert C.
Leary, Fairfax
Lee, David L.
Lees, Carlton B.*
Lewis, Andrew L.
Lewis, Andrew L., Jr.*
Ligget, Robert C.
Lipman, Edward V.*
Lippincott, J. B.
Liva, Henri J.*
Lloyd, William McClure, Jr.
Lorimer, Graeme
Loveland, Brian H.*
Loveland, Samuel C., Jr.*
McAllister, Donald G.*
McCloud, Cameron, Jr.
McConnell, Howard
McCreery, Samuel
MacDowell, William Dunlap*
McFadden, George H.
McIlvain, J. Gibson
McIlvain, Walter B.
McIlvaine, Donald
McIlvaine, Herbert R.
McInnes, Walter S.
McMillen, Robert D.*
McMillen, Wheeler*
Malone, E. B.
Marshall, C. J.
Marshall, Donnell
Martin, Carl N.*
Martin, Charles E., III*
Martin, Oliver
Martin, William H.*
Martin, Sydney E.*
Mather, Charles E. II
Mather, Gilbert
Mather, Victor C.
Mechling, B. F., Jr.
Mechling, William Harrison
Meigs, Henry Houston
Meinel, W. J.
Meinfelder, Edmund L.*
Merrill, Leland G., Jr.*
Meyer, Malcolm*
Mills, William Hayne*
Milne, David J.
Mirick, Henry D.*
Mohler, John Robins*
Montgomery, Archibald R.
Montgomery, R. Alexander*
Montgomery, Robert A.
Montgomery, Robert L.
Montgomery, William W., Jr.
Moon, Henry T.
Moore, Henry W.
Morris, Effingham*
Morris, Lawrence J.
Morris, Robert
Morris, Samuel W.*
Morris, William P.
Morse, R. C.
Most, Harry R.*
Mower, D. Roger, Jr.
Murphy, William Beverly*
Myrin, H. A. W.
Niedermayer, George H.*
Northrop, Vernon D.
Okie, John M.
Okie, William R.
O'Neil, William Paul
Palmer, Lane M.*
Parry, Albert M.*
Partain, Lloyd*
Patrick, Ruth
Paul, Arthur Folsom
Paxson, Henry Douglas
Pearson, Raymond Allen
Peck, Frederick W. G.*
Peters, Richard, Jr.*
Pickering, Timothy (rejected for membership)
Piszek, Edward
Phillips, Frederick M.*
Phillips, Frederick M., Jr.
Phillips, Walter M.
Plansoen, Louis M.
Platt, John O.
Plummer, John R.
Porter, William W.
Prock, Harry A.*
Pusey, Fred Taylor
Pyle, Robert
Raab, Frank E.*
Ramsay, W. Howard
Rauch, R. Stewart, Jr.*
Raymayley, Francis A.*
Read, William B.
Rebmann, G. Ruhland, Jr.*
Reeve, Eldrow
Reeve, Reginald C.
Reeve, W. F.
Reeve, Francis B. III
Reeves, S. French
Rhoads, C. Brewster
Rhoades, E. Clinton
Richards, John H., Jr.*
Ridgway, Caleb S., Jr.
Ridgway, Jacob E.
Rivinus, Francis Markoe*
Robb, David Buzby*
Robb, William K.*
Roberts, Kenneth S.*
Roberts, Owen J.
Robertson, James B.*
Rodebaugh, Everett G.*
Roosevelt, Nicholas G.
Rosato, Donald J.
Rosengarten, George D.
Ross, Abram Bunn
Russell, Norman F. S., Jr.*
Schaub, James Carter*
Scheetz, J. Paul*
Scheetz, William Cramp, Jr.*
Scott, Robert D.
Scull, William C.
Seabrook, B. Lawrence, Jr.*
Seabrook, John M.
Sharp, Joseph W., Jr.
Shearer, Leon A.
Shell, E. Wayne*
Shepheard, Peter
Sheridan, Phil*
Shoemaker, S. M.
Shreiner, Charles W.*
Simmons, Thomas F.
Sinkler, Wharton
Smedley, Samuel L.
Smedley, Samuel L., Jr.
Smedley, Walter
Smith, Edgar A.
Smith, Lawrence M. C.
Smith, Norman J.*
Smith, Wikoff
Stanford, E. A.
Starr, Robert J.*
Steele, George
Stevenson, James H., III*
Stoddart, Harry T.
Stokes, Charles P.
Stokes, J. Bispham
Stokes, J. Stogdell
Stokes, William S., Jr.
Stonorov, Oskar G.*
Stout, R. Gwynne
Streeter, Carroll P.*
Stroud, William B. Dixon*
Stubbs, Evan L.
Taylor, Lawrence N.
Taylor, Roland L.
Thayer, John B.
Thompson, Alvan C.
Thomson, Frank Graham
Toll, John D.
Trelogan, Harry C.*
Trout, Thaddeus*
True, Rodney H.
Tunis, T. R.
Twaddell, Edward W.
Tyson, Chester J., Jr.*
Van Alen, William L.*
Vanderslice, Franklin Fisher*
Van Mater, Daniel D.*
Van Ness, Marjorie S.
Van Shaick, David L.*
Vaughan, Henry N.*
Vaux, Norris W.
Wallace, Frank R.
Wallace, Frank R., Jr.*
Ward, E. Smedley, Jr.
Waybright, Richard C.*
Wayne, William, Jr.
Webster, George E.*
Weeks, S. Merrill
Wentz, Clarkson*
Wetherill, Elkins*
Wetherill, Proctor*
Wetherill, Samuel P.
White, Ferdinand Roebling*
White, William H.*
Whittaker, Robert L.*
Widener, George D.
Wiechec, Frank
Wilcox, Harry O.*
William, John S. II
Willis, Charles O.
Wilson, C. Colket, Jr.
Wilson, C. Colket, III
Wilson, David
Wilson, Winfield S.
Winsor, Curtin*
Winter, Fred Shipman*
Winters, A. Burnett*
Wister, John C.
Wolcott, R. W.
Wolf, Alfred L.
Wood, Edward S.
Wood, Emlen
Wood, George
Wood, Grahame*
Wood, Harelston R. (never became a member)
Wood, Richard D., Sr.*
Woodward, ---
Woolman, Edward
Woolman, H. N.
Worrilow, George Melville*
Wurts, John Wister*
Yerkes, William, Jr.
Younkin, Stuart G.
Zimmerman, L. Wilbur*
Zook, W. H. Dunwoody
Zook, W. H. Dunwoody, Jr.*
Appendix E
11/11Thomas F. Hunt, "Making the Country Life Movement Effective"01/13W. J. Spillman02/13Clyde L. KingCharles Caldwell, Remarks Robert S. Wright, "The Railroad and the Farmer"J. I. Buchanan, "The Banker and Agricultural Credit"J. C. Marquis, "The Farmer's Answer to the City's Call"01/19Nicholas Schmitz, Dry Farming 12/21Thomas J. HeadleeC. H. Hadley, "Fruit Culture"01/22David Wilbur Horn, "Helping out the Farmer"George M. Marshall, "How can the business of farming be stabilized?"04/22J. Clyde MarquisE. A. HartleyFrederick C. Peters, Insects A. Peterson06/22George M. RommelFred Rasmussen12/22Charles F. Noll01/23R. H. True, P.S.P.A. Library Lardner Howell, Church Farm School Howard Jenkins, Dairy Show 02/23George H. NashF. P. Willits12/23John W. Harshberger, Upland Pastures in Norway and Switzerland01/25F. P. Willits, Remarks Dr. Stubbs, Chicken Disease Charles W. Holman, Farm Cooperatives Charles F. Jenkins, Remarks R. H. True, History of P.S.P.A. 12/26Sidney B. Hutton, Blueberries Charles S. Beckwith, "The Story of the Cranberry"10/26Robert Chodat, "Alpine Botanical Garden in Switzerland"12/26Charles S. Beckwith, Cranberry growing in N.J.Sidney B. Hutton, Blueberry Culture 12/27William J. Campbell, Country Life01/28Raymond A. Pearson03/19William H. Pew, "Beef production and Marketing in the East"03/32E. L. Nixon01/33R. H. True, "Short History of the Society"Richard A. Kearn, "Undulent Fever"M. F. Barnes, "Bang's Disease"12/33Robert Brown, "Detouring Arabia"01/34Edward M. Wooton, SurveyingC. P. Wilber, Forestry04/34Arthur U. Chaney, Cranberries Elizabeth Coleman White, "The Development of Blueberry Culture"11/34Edward S. Bayard, "Agriculture in 1934"11/35Wilfred H. Osgood, "Ethiopians and their Stronghold"03/36Conway Zirkle, "The First Hybrids"Reginald D. Forbes, "Investigating a Neglected Crop"10/36D. E. Haley, "Industrial Utilization of Agricultural Crops"12/36F. F. Linginger, "Consumer Cooperative Movement here and Abroad"02/37L. Wayne Arny, "Raising plants in a Bottle"10/37Carl B. Fritsche, "An Alliance between Industry and Agriculture"02/38John W. Shive, Growing Plants in Artificial Media12/38D. Marshall, "Color in Milk"Louis Klein, "Bovine Mastitis"01/39D. B. Johnstone Wallace, "Pasture Imrpovement and Management"03/39Kenneth V. Thimann, "Growth Hormones in Plants"04/24William H. Martin, "Conditions and Prosepcts of Fruit Industry in the East"03/40Franklin D. Jones, "Vitamins and Hormones in Plants"03/40Carl R. Woodward, "Meet Dr. Franklin"05/40Dr. Johnstone-Wallace, "War and Agriculture"04/41William J. Hale02/49Dr. Kelser12/49R. B. Donaldson, "Looking Ahead in Marketing Pa. Fruits and Vegetables"02/50R. B. Farnham, "Community Planting in N.J."10/50Charles K. Hallowell11/50Benjamin H. Welty03/51Samuel P. Wetherill, Soil Preservation01/52T. Walter Reed, Inseticides and Fungicides 02/52Robert B. Donaldson, "The Pennsylvania Apple Industry"04/52Nicholas Biddle, Control of Rabid Foxes 07/52James H. Eakin, Soil Management01/53L. Wayne Arny, Soil Fertility03/53William A. Haffert, Jr., Role of Television in Farm Education04/53James F. Keim, "Opportunities for International Understanding"11/53Nicholas Biddle, Wildlife on the Farm01/54L. Wayne Arny, Trace Elements in Economic Plant Production01/54Jackson B. Hester, "Economy in Cash Crop Rotation"12/54L. Wayne Arny, "Problems of the Farmers of Tomorrow"01/55Charles K. Hallowell, Vegetable Varieties 02/55I. E. Parkin, "New Methods of Milk Transporation"06/55Charles K. Hallowell, Turf Management 01/56James E. Allen, Flood Control 03/56Fred Robertson, Federal Farm Program 03/56William L. Henning, "The Agricultural Situation Today"10/56Harry O. Wilcox11/56William Campbell, Independence National Historical Park12/56Bertram L. Lutton, Wissahicken Farm School02/57Belford L. Seabrook, New Vegetable Varieties (changed to urban farm areas?) 03/57James Dutt, Vegetable Varieties and Cultural Methods 04/57William I. Myers, "Farm Programs and Food Prices"05/57Samuel P. Wetherill, Soil Management and Technology 11/57James K. Rathmell, Jr.01/58Samuel P. Wetherill, "Field Hardy Mycorrhizal Inoculants"02/58John C. Wister, "Revolutionary Changes in Horticulture"03/58William H. Martin, Science and Agriculture11/58Robert F. Raffauf, "Science in Africa"04/59George W. Irving04/59Byron T. Shaw, "Tomorrow's Agriculture: The Research Perspective"11/59Wheeler McMillen, Address, notes and figures 04/60Wheeler McMillen, "Farm and City: an Honest Look"06/60Henry W. Jeffers, Jr., "Ox under the Master's Eye"09/60Vernon D. Northrop11/60Robert D. McMillen02/61Phillip Alampi, "Challenge and Change Facing N.J. Agriculture Today"03/61Claude W. Gifford, "The Reds Grounded Missile"05/61Carl R. Woodward, "Benjamin Franklin's Agricultural Interest"08/61Francis A. Hughes, Atlas Industries 11/61Russell Jacob Seibert, "Longwood Gardens and its Place in Modern Horticulture" 12/61Stuart G. Younkin, "Research Activities of Campbell Soup Co."01/62Richard S. Darsie, "What U.S. Land Grant Colleges can do for Latin America"02/62Lyall F. Taylor, "New Developments in Chemical Weed Control"03/62Lloyd Partain, "Food is a Bargain"04/62James H. Eakin, "How to Make the Best Buy in Fertilizers" 04/62W. T. Spanton, "Vocational Agriculture"05/62Frank Kral, "Life Behind the Iron Curtain"10/62George M. Worrilow, "The Modern College of Agriculture: Servant of Change" 03/63William E. Kenny, N.J. Agricultural Delegation to Eastern Europe 10/63Leland H. Bull, "How Green are our Valleys?"12/63Russell E. Larson12/63William G. Latourette, "The Farm Labor Dilemma: the harsh realities"01/64William B. Murphy, "Some New Dimensions for Agriculture"03/64Earnesta D. Ballard12/64Herman Purdy, "Beef Cattle" (speech cancelled) 01/65Roy L. Flannery, "Automation of Soil Testing" 03/65Lawrence B. Sheppard05/65Worrilow, George M., "Land, Food, and People"05/65Earl L. Butz, "Modern Agriculture, a Story of Progress and Power"11/65Herman Purdy12/65Samuel S. Baxter, "Water supply situation of the Delaware River Basin"01/65Paul J. Wuest?02/66Jack McCormick03/66Leland G. Merrill, Jr.11/66C. R. Studholme, "Predator Control"02/67Virgil E. Crowley, "Linear Programming: Farm Management's New Tool"03/67F. Morris Phillips, "Ocean Farming"04/67Carl R. Woodward, "Franklin as an Agriculturalist"12/67Edwin C. Dryden, "New Wealth from Agriculture"03/68Harry Wilcox, "Turf Farming in Pa."Edwin Gauntt, "Agriculture in India"11/68Coles Roberts, "Blossoms to Bite"12/68Michael A. Farrell02/69Francis A. Ramaley, "Farm Life in the Antipodes"03/69Charles Mills, "Hogs and Corn"04/69Amos Kirby, "Changing Conditions in Agriculture"10/69Henry R. Fortmann11/69Fred Peck02/70Paul Dobin, "N.J. Farm Leaders Visit the Middle East in '64"04/70W. Atlee Burpee, "What's new in flower and vegetable breeding"05/70Philip Alampi, Remarks 03/71R. A. Mulford, "More Power to You" 11/71Mark E. Singley12/71Nicholas Biddle, History of PSPA02/72William M. Cranstoun10/72Owen Schmidt, "Landscaping"02/73Bruce A. Dorbian, "The Urban Conservation Ethnic"04/73Robert C. Fringer, Gypsy Moths01/74Thomas Dolan, "The Abatement of Environmental Waste"03/74Phillip Alampi04/74David Gwinn02/65Lane Palmer, "The Myth and Math of Our Food Supply"04/75Aristid Victor Grosse, "Desert Agriculture"10/75Jay Anderson, "Direct Marketing- Where is it going?"02/76Henry D. Mirick, "A Three-Story Suburban Garden"03/76Edward L. Kozicky, "Pride and Land"07/76Christopher Bird11/76Mabel J. Cohen03/77Hope Scott, "An Ayrshire Herd from 1909-1977"04/77H. G. Cawood11/77PA Livestock Assoc.12/77Wesley Lamar Harris02/78Mark Kooker for Wm. McDaniel, "Background of the U.S. Agricultural Movement"05/78Lane Palmer, "Success and Failure in 50 yrs. of Federal Farm Prgms"03/80Richard C. Waybright07/80Howard Kellogg, "Walking the Appalacian Trail"11/80Norman A. Berg, "The Adequacy of U.S. Agricultural Land"03/82Clifton A. Baile, "Modern Swine Practice"undated (Listed alphbetically by speaker)Hayward, Harry, Animal Husbandry East, Russell G., "Soybean Exhibit Car"Arny, L. Wayne, "Hydroponics"Arny, L. Wayne, "American Agriculture-Where is it going from here?"Williams, D.G. with A. L. Hacker, "The Engineer Looks at Agriculture"Lippincott, Horace Mather, "Bolton Farm"
Appendix F
Award Recepients
1932Ernest Leland Nixon1933Miller Freeman Barnes1934Elizabeth White and Arthur Chaney1935John Robins Mohler, E. S. Bayard, J. G. Lipman, Lloyd Steinmetz Bucher, C. J. Marshall, Henry William Jeffers, E. T. Gill, Abram Bunn Ross, E. S. Deubler, George F. Curwen, John M. Okie, Lester Collins, Harry Hayward1936Rodney Howard True1938Leonard Pearson Memorial1945Lester Collins1949Henry W. Jeffers1950David Burpee1950Selman A. Waksman1952Firman E. Bear1953County Agricultural Agents in Extension1953Milton S. Eisenhower1954S. W. Fletcher1955Ezra Taft Benson1956William L. Henning1957William Irving Myers1958William H. Martin1959Byron T. Shaw1960Wheeler McMillen, Vernon D. Northrop, R. Henry Morris III1961Charles B. Shuman1962William T. Spanton1963Robert J. Kleberg, Jr.1964George M. Worrilow1965John James Williams1966Carroll Perry Streeter1967Percy Albert Wells1968Leland Hudson Bull1969Earl L. Butz1970Phillip Alampi1971Mark Whittier Allam1972Edmund Howard Fallon1973Amos Kirby1974Marion Clawson1975Ruth Patrick1976Norman F. Reber1977John Wieland Oswald1978Lane M. Palmer1979Gordon M. Cairns1980Lloyd E. Partain1981Norman J. Smith1983Maurice K. Goddard1992William Beverly Murphy, Richard C. Waybright, Stuart G. Younkin

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