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Charles Malan New Caledonia photograph album

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Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts [Contact Us]3420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6206

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

This album likely belonged to French Chemist Charles Malan, who possibly operated a sandalwood factory in New Caledonia. He won a certificate award at the International Exhibition in Sydney in 1879.

Allan Hughan (1834-1883), whose photographer's stamp is on many photographs in this album, was a British photographer. He was a ship captain who was shipwrecked in New Caledonia in 1870. In 1871, he set up a photography business in Nouméa and later became the government photographer of New Caledonia.

Île des Pins is an island in the French overseas country of New Caledonia and was once a penal colony, established in 1872 when members of the 1871 Paris Commune were sent there as political prisoners.

The Paris Commune was the May 1871 insurrection against the French government after the French National Assembly's peace agreement with Prussia. At this time, the city of Paris refused to submit to the National Assembly and its leader, Adolphe Thiers, and elected its own municipal council, the Commune of Paris, in hopes of eventually acquiring economic reform.

Sources:

"Allan Hughan." The British Museum. https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/term/BIOG185402. Accessed 29 Jan. 2024.

"Île Des Pins." Encyclopædia Britannica, www.britannica.com/place/Ile-des-Pins. Accessed 29 Jan. 2024.

"Paris: Capital of the 19th Century, 7. War, Siege, the Commune (1870-1871)." Brown University Library Center for Digital Scholarship, library.brown.edu/cds/paris/chronology7.html. Accessed 29 Jan. 2024.

This photograph album contains fifty-eight images mostly documenting New Caledonia and the French penal colony of Île des Pins, probably around the time of its establishment in 1872 to about 1879. The album seems to have belonged to French chemist Charles Malan. The fifty-eight photographs mostly depict indigenous people, landscapes, and landmarks within Nouméa, Île des Pins, and Sydney.

The majority of the images in this album are of New Caledonia, twelve of which represent the penal colony for members of the Paris Commune. The Île des Pins images include the landing dock, French police, the garrison, the officer's refectory, a butcher, Communards in and around a lean-to, the palace of Queen Hortense and King Samuel, the Vao Mission, and the Catholic Church.

The remainder of the New Caledonia images largely represent indigenous people and landscapes in and around Nouméa. There are also three portraits of indigenous people, two of a New Caledonia family and one of Kanak women.

Several images depict indigenous leaders, including Chef Guaro, Chef Gélina, and King Samuel and Queen Hortense.

The images of Sydney, Australia include city landmarks and local businesses, including T.W. Stilling Outfitter. There is also an image of a certificate awarded to Charles Malan at the 1879 International Exhibition in Sydney.

Some of the images bear a stamp on the verso reading, "Allen Hughan," referring to the official government photographer of New Caledonia.

Sold by Antipodean Books, Maps & Prints (Garrison, NY), 2024.

Publisher
University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Finding Aid Author
Kelin Baldridge Smallwood
Finding Aid Date
2024 January 26
Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

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Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.

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"Naturels de l'Île des Pins".
Volume 1
"Banian (Vao Mission) Île des Pins".
Volume 1
"Hat of Gillima & natives of Canala".
Volume 1
Panorama, possibly of Charles Malan's factory.
Volume 1
"Banian Vao Mission Île des Pins".
Volume 1
"Vue de Nouméa".
Volume 1
View of Nouméa x 4.
Volume 1
"Nouméa".
Volume 1
"Col de Sougoube prés Nouméa".
Volume 1
"Village canaque de St. Louis".
Volume 1
"Bananiers de St. Louis".
Volume 1
"Rivière entre la Foa et Pierras".
Volume 1
"Rivière entre la Foa et Dagny".
Volume 1
"Rivière entre la Foa et Pierras".
Volume 1
"Rivière entre la Foa et Dagny".
Volume 1
"Ichbo, near Nouméa".
Volume 1
"Case canaque à la Foa".
Volume 1
"Maison Wreght à Lifu".
Volume 1
"Case du d'Oubatche".
Volume 1
"Case du chef Quaro (chef révolté)".
Volume 1
"Case du chef Gélima à Canala".
Volume 1
"Cascade à Ciu prés Canala".
Volume 1
"Forêt de la chaine centrale".
Volume 1
"Naturels de l'Île des Pins".
Volume 1
"Banian capillards (Île des Pins)".
Volume 1
"Famille Néo-Calédonienne".
Volume 1
"Femme Canaques".
Volume 1
"Case du fils du chef de Canala".
Volume 1
Famille Néo-Calédonienne.
Volume 1
"Boucherie (Île des Pins)".
Volume 1
"Embarcadère de Landing (Île des Pins)".
Volume 1
"Gendarmerie (Île des Pins)".
Volume 1
"Route de la baie du Hute (Île des Pins)".
Volume 1
"Pirogues du Chef de l'Île des Pins".
Volume 1
"Garnison de l'Île des Pins".
Volume 1
"Réfectoire des Officiers (Île des Pins)".
Volume 1
"Case des Communards (Île des Pins)".
Volume 1
"Palais de la Reine Hortense".
Volume 1
"Indigène à Vao Mission (Île des Pins)".
Volume 1
"Eglise Catholique (Nouvelle Calédonie)".
Volume 1
"Hortense et Samuel Reine et Roi de l'Île des Pins".
Volume 1
"New Vay Bay (Sydney)".
Volume 1
"Martin Dale (Sydney)".
Volume 1
"Harbrown Ironi dutie domain".
Volume 1
"Hill Gibraltar Martin dale (Sydney)".
Volume 1
"Forest Ben a Bullie (Sydney)".
Volume 1
"Jardin botanique (Sydney)".
Volume 1
"Eglise à Sydney".
Volume 1
"General Post Office (Sydney)".
Volume 1
"Cathédrale de Sydney".
Volume 1
"Palais du Gouverneur (Sydney)".
Volume 1
"Cathédrale de Sydney".
Volume 1
"Palais de l'Exposition (Sydney)".
Volume 1
"Cimetière Rochwood (Sydney)".
Volume 1
"Jardin botanique (Sydney)".
Volume 1
"Jardin botanique (Sydney)".
Volume 1
"Lavoir des moutons (Sydney)".
Volume 1
"Magasin à Sydney" [T.W. Stilling Draper, Fitter, Importer].
Volume 1
[Carte de l'arrondissement de Bouloupari].
Volume 1
[Sydney International Exhibition 1879 Certificate Award Charles Malan].
Volume 1

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