Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts [Contact Us]3420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6206
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
This album likely belonged to French Chemist Charles Malan, who possibly operated a sandalwood factory in New Caledonia. He won a certificate award at the International Exhibition in Sydney in 1879.
Allan Hughan (1834-1883), whose photographer's stamp is on many photographs in this album, was a British photographer. He was a ship captain who was shipwrecked in New Caledonia in 1870. In 1871, he set up a photography business in Nouméa and later became the government photographer of New Caledonia.
Île des Pins is an island in the French overseas country of New Caledonia and was once a penal colony, established in 1872 when members of the 1871 Paris Commune were sent there as political prisoners.
The Paris Commune was the May 1871 insurrection against the French government after the French National Assembly's peace agreement with Prussia. At this time, the city of Paris refused to submit to the National Assembly and its leader, Adolphe Thiers, and elected its own municipal council, the Commune of Paris, in hopes of eventually acquiring economic reform.
"Allan Hughan." The British Museum. https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/term/BIOG185402. Accessed 29 Jan. 2024.
"Île Des Pins." Encyclopædia Britannica, www.britannica.com/place/Ile-des-Pins. Accessed 29 Jan. 2024.
"Paris: Capital of the 19th Century, 7. War, Siege, the Commune (1870-1871)." Brown University Library Center for Digital Scholarship, library.brown.edu/cds/paris/chronology7.html. Accessed 29 Jan. 2024.
This photograph album contains fifty-eight images mostly documenting New Caledonia and the French penal colony of Île des Pins, probably around the time of its establishment in 1872 to about 1879. The album seems to have belonged to French chemist Charles Malan. The fifty-eight photographs mostly depict indigenous people, landscapes, and landmarks within Nouméa, Île des Pins, and Sydney.
The majority of the images in this album are of New Caledonia, twelve of which represent the penal colony for members of the Paris Commune. The Île des Pins images include the landing dock, French police, the garrison, the officer's refectory, a butcher, Communards in and around a lean-to, the palace of Queen Hortense and King Samuel, the Vao Mission, and the Catholic Church.
The remainder of the New Caledonia images largely represent indigenous people and landscapes in and around Nouméa. There are also three portraits of indigenous people, two of a New Caledonia family and one of Kanak women.
Several images depict indigenous leaders, including Chef Guaro, Chef Gélina, and King Samuel and Queen Hortense.
The images of Sydney, Australia include city landmarks and local businesses, including T.W. Stilling Outfitter. There is also an image of a certificate awarded to Charles Malan at the 1879 International Exhibition in Sydney.
Some of the images bear a stamp on the verso reading, "Allen Hughan," referring to the official government photographer of New Caledonia.
Sold by Antipodean Books, Maps & Prints (Garrison, NY), 2024.
- University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
- Finding Aid Author
- Kelin Baldridge Smallwood
- Finding Aid Date
- 2024 January 26
- Access Restrictions
This collection is open for research use.
- Use Restrictions
Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.