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ELM Press collection of Enid Mark lithographs, photographs, and ephemera


Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts [Contact Us]3420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6206

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Enid Mark was the founder of ELM Press and an American editor, publisher, and artist specializing in handmade books.

She was born in New York City on June 4, 1932 to Russian and English Jewish immigrant parents, Harry Epstein and Eva Goodman.

As a child, Mark took art courses at the Brooklyn Museum and attended the High School of Music and Art in the Upper West Side. She went on to earn her bachelor's degree in English Literature and Composition from Smith College in 1954. That same year, she married her husband, Eugene Mark, with whom she had two children, Peter and Melanie. The family lived in Wallingford, PA, near Eugene Mark's parents and business.

She worked in various mediums, including painting, printing, woodcutting, and silk screening until she became interested in "the idea of holding an art object in your hand and not just seeing it on the wall." (Downey) With this realization, she took a course on book design and learned the processes of letterpress printing, hand-set typography, fine papers, hand lithography, and hand-binding.

Her early book work, Promises was produced in the early 1980s in her studio in Wallingford, PA. In 1986, she established ELM Press and produced The Bewildering Thread.

According to The Philadelphia Inquirer, "Mrs. Mark's limited-edition books explore the relationship between image and text, which are often from contemporary poems by women. Her book About Sylvia was a tribute to poet Sylvia Plath, a friend of hers at Smith. Other book themes include travel, mythology, botany, time and space." (Downey)

Mark's work is found in numerous library and museum collections, including Cambridge University, London; Cornell University, New York; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington; and the Library of Congress.

She additionally exhibited her work widely, holding solo exhibitions at Yale University, Farnsworth Art Museum, Smith College Library, and Eric Makler Gallery. Her work has been included in group exhibition at the National Museum of Women in the Arts, The British Library, and Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego. She has received Purchase Awards from Delaware Art Museum, Beaver College, and the University of Delaware.

She was the recipient of numerous awards and fellowships, notably including a Pew Fellowship in 2001.

She died of multiple myeloma on September 30, 2008.

ELM Press, founded in 1986 by Enid Mark, published limited-edition books featuring hand-lithography, letterpress binding, and archival hand-binding. It was named for both Enid and Eugene Mark's initials: "E," "L," and "M." The works of ELM Press were a collaborative endeavor as Enid Mark was not a "papermaker, compositor, printer, or binder." Mark was the artist, image-maker, and designer who ultimately oversaw and directed all projects, but collaborated with other specialists and creators on each one.


Downey, Sally A. "Enid Epstein Mark, 76, maker of books." The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 3, 2008.

ELM Press collection of Enid Mark, lithographs, photographs & ephemera, 1971-2008, Ms. Coll. 1560, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books, and Manuscripts. University of Pennsylvania

Mark, Peter D. "Enid Mark, A Remembrance." A Tribute to Enid Mark, 3 Oct. 2008,

"The Pew Center for Arts & Heritage." Enid Mark : The Pew Center for Arts & Heritage, Accessed 17 Oct. 2023.

The ELM Press collection of Enid Mark lithographs, photographs, and ephemera measures 5.3 linear feet in thirteen boxes and one drawer and dates from 1971 to 2008. It primarily documents Enid Mark's work on limited-edition art books with ELM Press and exhibitions featuring this work.

This collection is useful to any researcher looking to learn more about Enid Mark's career, works, and process. There is material that demonstrates her artistic process, there are components of her artists' books in various stages of completion, and there is considerable information relating to exhibitions featuring her work.

The first series, I. Works, comprises the majority of the collection (approximately 8 boxes), is arranged alphabetically by the title of Mark's works, and features a range of material relating to each of these works. This includes binding mockups, calligraphy plates, correspondence, drafts, exhibition material, lithographs, portfolio prints, press, and photographic material relating to About Sylvia; An Afternoon at les Collettes; Ars Botanica; The Bewildering Thread; Beyond the Map; Black Pulse; The Elements; Fanfare; Fantasy; Hand in the Fan; Grace from Simple Stone; In Mifflin County; The Inconstant Moon; Pages from a Summer Album; Precessional; Promises; Springs; and To Persephone. The first series additionally contains slides documenting Mark's weaving, printmaking, and other various works.

The second series, II. Exhibitions, mostly contains catalogs and printed material relating to Mark's solo and group exhibitions.

The third series, III. Awards, education, photographs, printed material, etc., primarily contains printed and ephemeral material relating to Mark's career and education. It notably contains printed material related to her Lee Foundation and Pew Fellowship awards, artistic and travel photographs, press, and printed material relating to the work of other artists.

Gift of Eugene L. Mark, 2015.

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Finding Aid Author
Kelin Baldridge Smallwood
Finding Aid Date
2023 October 17
Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books, and Manuscripts.

Collection Inventory

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Binders mockup of About Sylvia with lithographs and annotation, 1996.
Box 4 Folder 3-4
Calligraphy notes and drafts, photo shoot notes, photograph negatives, lithographs, and prints, circa 1996.
Drawer OS FF 02
Calligraphy plate, 1996.
Box 4 Folder 1
Drafts, photographs, sketches, and final prints, 1996.
Box 4 Folder 2
Slides, 1997.
Box 1 Folder 1
Catalog from La Salle University Art Museum and photograph of Enid Mark working on the piece, 1987, 1990.
Box 1 Folder 2
Digital image of Renoir's house, 1985.
Box 5 Folder 3
Envelope of lithographic positives, circa 1988.
Box 5 Folder 3
Lithographs, circa 1988.
Box 5 Folder 3
Slides, 1985-1989.
Box 1 Folder 3
Correspondence, 2004.
Box 1 Folder 4
Photographic negatives, 2004.
Box 10 Folder 2
Photographic prints, 2004.
Box 10 Folder 3
Portfolio sheets [drafts], 2004.
Box 5 Folder 1-2
Portfolio sheets [drafts] with notes and annotations, 2004.
Box 10 Folder 1
The Print Center exhibition printed material and Smith College reception photograph, 2004, 2006.
Box 1 Folder 5
Slides, 1996-1997, 2004-2005.
Box 1 Folder 6
Tracing sheets, planning notes, and sketches, 2004.
Box 10 Folder 4
Typed document with notes and annotations, circa 2004.
Box 5 Folder 1
Binding mockup, lithographs without text, 1986.
Box 6 Folder 1
Lithographs ["Made by Hand," "Arachne," "Gradual Clearing," and "Elizabeth, 1905"], 1986.
Box 6 Folder 1
Poetry reading and reception announcement and press, 1985, 1987.
Box 1 Folder 7
Slides, 1988.
Box 1 Folder 8
Title page, portfolio sheet, 1986.
Box 6 Folder 1
Correspondence with Carole Holden regarding an exhibition at The British Library, 1999.
Box 2 Folder 13
Portfolio sheets, some with lithographs, 1995.
Box 6 Folder 2
Slides, 1994.
Box 1 Folder 9
Travel ephemera, possibly used for Beyond the Map, 1995.
Box 6 Folder 2
Book or binder's copy [printed accordion volume], 2007.
Box 1 Folder 10
Bound mock-up, circa 2002.
Box 12 Folder 1
Carl Hertzog Award for Excellence in Book Design, programs and press, 2004.
Box 1 Folder 11
Correspondence and press release, 2001-2002, 2004.
Box 1 Folder 12
Lithographs, circa 2002.
Box 13 Folder 1-2
Photographs of artists and art professionals looking at the work, 2002 June.
Box 1 Folder 13
Photographs for "Sung from the Generation of Air" and negatives for "Wrought from the Generation of Earth", circa 2002.
Box 12 Folder 2
Slides, 2002.
Box 1 Folder 14
Unbound mock-up, circa 2002.
Box 12 Folder 3
Slides, 1982, 1985.
Box 1 Folder 15
Portfolio sheets, some with lithographs, 1992.
Box 6 Folder 3
Postcard of Edna St. Vincent Milay, circa 1992.
Box 6 Folder 3
Press, 1993.
Box 1 Folder 16
Slides, 1992.
Box 1 Folder 17
Slides, 1988.
Box 1 Folder 18
Draft pages and portfolio sheets, some with imprints and lithographs, 2007.
Box 7 Folder 2-3
Lithographs and lithograph sketches, circa 2007.
Drawer OS FF 02
Slides, undated.
Box 1 Folder 19
Exhibition, Franz Bader Gallery, pamphlet, 1988.
Box 2 Folder 1
Slides, 1986.
Box 1 Folder 20
Catalog listing, 2000.
Box 1 Folder 21
Exhibition opening announcement, event invitation, and photograph, 1998-1999.
Box 1 Folder 22
Lithographs, photographs, and portfolio sheets, circa 1998.
Drawer OS FF 02
Portfolio sheets, some with lithographs, 1998.
Box 7 Folder 1
Slides, 1998.
Box 1 Folder 23
Slides, 1986, undated.
Box 1 Folder 24
Drafts, oblong sheets, some with lithographs, circa 1988.
Box 8 Folder 2
Envelope with seventeen positives, possibly used for Springs lithographs, circa 1988.
Box 8 Folder 1
Slides, 1990.
Box 1 Folder 25
Calligraphy plate, 2000.
Box 9 Folder 1
Lithographs, lithograph negatives, and page mockup, circa 2000.
Drawer OS FF 02
Portfolio sheets, 2000.
Box 9 Folder 2-4
Slides, 2000.
Box 1 Folder 26
Weaving, slides, 1979-1980, 1984.
Box 1 Folder 27
Printmaking, slides, 1971-1972, 1974-1981, 1996.
Box 1 Folder 28
Various works, slides, 1972, 1974, 1979-1998, 2003.
Box 1 Folder 29-30

Biennial '91, Delaware Art Museum, checklist and wall label, 1991.
Box 1 Folder 31
Book as Art III: Artists' Books About Artists, National Museum of Women in the Arts, programs, 2001.
Box 1 Folder 32
Book as Art V, National Museum of Women in the Arts, programs and press release, 1992 September 14-1993 February 19.
Box 1 Folder 33
Bound/Unbound, Free Library of Philadelphia, printed material for event, 2006.
Box 1 Folder 34
The Camera Rediscovered, Woodmere Art Museum, printed material and press, 1994.
Box 1 Folder 35
Collaborations: Enid Mark and the ELM Press, Smith College Libraries, printed material, 2004.
Box 1 Folder 36
The Meandering Thread, Smith College, posters, 2009 May 14-July 31.
Box 11
A Passion for Word & Image, University of Washington Libraries, printed materials, 2007.
Box 2 Folder 2
Philagrafika, group exhibition, catalogs, 2006-2007.
Box 2 Folder 3
A Steepletop Album: The Landscapes of Edna St. Vincent Millay, wall labels, 1992.
Box 2 Folder 4
A Steepletop Album: The Landscapes of Edna St. Vincent Millay, wall labels, 1992 May.
Box 11
A Steepletop Album: The Landscapes of Edna St. Vincent Millay, printed material, 1992.
Box 2 Folder 5
Group, Earth Art '73, catalog, 1973.
Box 2 Folder 6
Group, Printed by Women, catalog, 1983.
Box 2 Folder 7
Group, various catalogs, 1985, 1988, 1990-1991.
Box 2 Folder 8
Group, various checklists and pamphlets, 1990-1991, 1994-1995, 1999, 2007-2008.
Box 2 Folder 9
Wall labels, Swarthmore College and unidentified, after 1998, unidentified.
Box 2 Folder 10

Awards, The Lee Foundation, printed material, 2002.
Box 2 Folder 11
Awards, Pew Fellowship, printed material, 2001.
Box 2 Folder 12
Education, Phi Beta Kappa, handbook for new members, 1950.
Box 2 Folder 14
Education, Smith College, alumnae magazines and newsletters, 1986, 2002, 2006.
Box 2 Folder 15
Events, exhibitions, and studios, slides, 1998, 1990, 1994-1997.
Box 2 Folder 16
Invitations, gallery openings, and artists' receptions, 1980, 1988, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2008.
Box 2 Folder 17
Joshua Heller Rare Books, catalogs, 1998-1999, 2001, 2004, 2006.
Box 2 Folder 18-19
Lectures, "Bucking the Trend: A Classical Approach to Artists' Books, pamphlets and fliers, 1994 March 10.
Box 2 Folder 20
Photographic material, mostly of artists and creators in the studio, 1994, undated.
Box 2 Folder 21
Photographic material, nature, prints, undated.
Box 2 Folder 22
Photographic material, nature, objects, and still lifes, film and contact sheets, undated.
Box 2 Folder 23
Photographic material, travel [Bloomsbury, Sissinghurst, Charleston Farm, and Monk's House], prints, undated.
Box 2 Folder 24
Photographic material, travel, film and contact sheets, undated.
Box 2 Folder 25
Press, 1996, 1998, 2000-2003, undated.
Box 2 Folder 26
Printed material, The Art of Advanced Photography, 1999.
Box 2 Folder 27
Printed material, catalogs not featuring Enid Mark, 1985, 1989, 1998-1999.
Box 2 Folder 28
Printed material, catalogs not featuring Enid Mark, 1986-1987, 1994.
Box 3 Folder 1
Prospectuses for Mark's projects, 1992, undated.
Box 3 Folder 2
Scrapbook documenting Enid Mark's career including exhibition material and press, 1987-1998, 2001.
Box 11
The Stinehour Press, font showings, 1980-1982, undated.
Box 3 Folder 3-4
Works by other artists, slides, 1994.
Box 3 Folder 5
Unidentified annotated print ["horton tank"], undated.
Box 3 Folder 6

Print, Suggest