Samuel Hazard scrapbook and ephemera
Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts [Contact Us]3420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6206
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
Samuel Hazard (1784-1870) was a prominent Philadelphia historian who studied the early records of colonial Pennsylvania and also collected engravings, prints, and ephemera documenting his own time in the developing city and state.
Hazard was born on May 26, 1784 to Ebenezer (1744-1817) and Abigail Arthur (1759-1820) Hazard. Ebenezer Hazard, born in Philadelphia and educated at the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University), was a partner in Noel and Hazard, a publishing company in New York from 1769 to 1775 and Benedict and Hazard; postmaster general of New York from 1775 to 1776; surveyor general of the Continental Post Office; Postmaster-General of the United States from 1782 to 1789; and co-founder of the Insurance Company of North America. He also authored Historical Collections: Consisting of State Papers and Other Authentic Documents: Intended as Materials for an History of the United States of America, which no doubt served as an inspiration to his son, Samuel.
Samuel Hazard received his education at the Second Presbyterian Church school in Philadelphia, at an academy at Woodbury, New Jersey from 1793 to 1796, and at Princeton University (from which he did not graduate due to illness). Following his education, he apprenticed in the counting house of Robert Ralston; made supercargo trips during the War of 1812; and operated Hazard & Co., a cotton brokerage and general mercantile business in Huntsville, Alabama, which resulted in bankruptcy. Hazard returned to Philadelphia in 1827 and founded the Register of Pennsylvania, a weekly periodical containing public documents and research materials pertaining to the history of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania. This endeavor resulted in only sixteen volumes produced from 1827 to 1836. However, his interest in the history of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania attracted the attention of the newly formed Historical Society of Pennsylvania and, from 1829 to 1847, Hazard served as its curator. From 1839 to 1842, Hazard published the United States Commercial and Statistical Register, which according to Roland M. Baumann, "ended in failure because he was involved in dull, dry publications and he had no sense of what the larger public wanted," (page 198). In 1850, Hazard published Annals of Pennsylvania, From the Discovery of the Delaware, 1609-82 and then was appointed "to the task of selecting and editing the documents that would later be called 'Series 1' of the Pennsylvania Archives," (Baumann, page 203) a twelve volume edition which included copies of original documents, letters, treaties, and other papers dating before 1790. In 1862, Hazard became the sixth Librarian of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, a position he held until 1864, when he retired due to failing eyesight. Hazard also served as Secretary of the Board of the Second Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia and wrote a historical sketch of the church just before his retirement from that position in 1864. Hazard died on May 22, 1870 in his Germantown, Pennsylvania home.
In 1868, Hazard gave his scrapbook to his daughter Maria Percy Hazard, who clearly added material, including items related to the 1876 Centennial celebrations in Philadelphia.
Baumann, Roland M. "Samuel Hazard: Editor and Archivist for the Keystone State." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 107 (April 1983): 195-215.
This collection consists of Samuel Hazard's scrapbook of collected engravings, prints, and ephemera relating to the development of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania as well as a number of loose documents that may have been intended for the scrapbook. At the time of acquisition, all loose items were already separated from the volume and therefore, original order and intent for insertion into the scrapbook are unknown.
The scrapbook, entitled "Views & Portraits Philadelphia," contains prints, photographs, and drawings of Philadelphia and area buildings; infrastructure including bridges, roads, and canals; churches; portraits of notable individuals; educational and charitable institutions; businesses; and articles about historical events and sites of the early United States, but more frequently, of Philadelphia. Researchers will find numerous images of churches and religious leaders, particularly relating to the Presbyterian Church, of which Hazard was a prominent member. There are also images and articles relating to the Centennial Celebrations held in Philadelphia in 1876. The scrapbook contains over half a dozen original photographs taken before 1860 of people and buildings by W.L. Germon, Richards & Betts, and others. Hazard also included images in the scrapbook from both William Birch's original series of "Views of Philadelphia" as well as the reprints done by John McAllister Jr. from the original Birch plates in 1860. In addition to collecting material from his contemporary city (the bulk of material in the scrapbook dates from the 1830s to 1860s), Hazard included a number of items from the United States' revolutionary and early national periods. Researchers will find several items relating to Benedict Arnold's treason and a 1798 fight on the floor of Congress between Vermont Representative Matthew Lyon and Roger Griswold of Connecticut. The material in the scrapbook is described in the order in which it was compiled by Hazard. The inside front cover of the scrapbook is inscribed, "Given to Maria Percy Hazard, December 1868." Pages 69v to 117r and 188r-127r are blank.
The loose items in the collection fall into roughly the same themes as the documents contained within the scrapbook, including buildings, bridges, and infrastructure; businesses and industry; churches (with a focus on the Second Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia); prominent people; religious figures; schools, institutes, and other educational facilities; societies and associations; towns and views; and miscellaneous engravings, prints, and ephemera. Of particular interest may be Samuel Hazard's history of the Second Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia (box 1, folder 3, "Communication of Samuel Hazard") as well as the various buildings in which the members worshipped over its history. Also of interest are the notes from Hazard's work at the Pennsylvania Secretary's Office where we served as the editor of "Series I" of the Pennsylvania Archives. There is also a certificate from Ebenezer Hazard's membership in the Humane Society of Philadelphia, an organization for "recovering persons from suspended animation." Importantly, the scrapbook formerly contained Benjamin Franklin's first known Philadelphia printing job (the only known copy), "Elegy on the Death of Aquila Rose," by printer-poet Samuel Keimer. The research materials of bookseller Carmen Valentino are included in the collection.
Sold by Carmen Valentino, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2016.
Samuel Keimer, "An Elegy on the much lamented death of Aquila Rose," printed by Benjamin Franklin, originally in the scrapbook, has been physically separated from the collection. Researchers interested in viewing the broadside should specifically request the item, not this collection generally.
- University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
- Finding Aid Author
- Holly Mengel
- Finding Aid Date
- 2017 January 11
- Access Restrictions
This collection is open for research use.
- Use Restrictions
Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.