Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts [Contact Us]3420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6206
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
The identity of the creator of this collection is entirely unknown, beyond that he or she lived and wrote during the late Georgian era and probably in London. Though anonymous, these diaries present an accurate picture of England around the turn of the 19th century and are characteristic of personal journals at the time. Diary-keeping was popular in England during the 17th century and became even more widespread by the end of the 18th. Notable examples of this trend include the diaries of Samuel Pepys (1660-1669) and Joseph Farington (1793-1821) and the Memoirs of Charles Greville (1821-1860).
Source: Birch, Dinah. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. (Oxford: OUP, 2009), 291-292
This collection contains four journals of an unknown Londoner cataloguing current events from 1789 to 1810 and from 1829 to 1831. The books meticulously present short news extracts in chronological order, with a date assigned to each entry. Occasionally the list of events is broken up by a table or chart providing information such as the amount of beer brewed in London over the course of a year, the rise and fall of bread prices across a set time, or the results of an election. Each volume is paginated and includes a comprehensive, alphabetized index of topics at its end.
A combination of notes by the author, some labeling, and a chronological gap indicate that these books were part of a larger set; the other volumes of which have been separated or lost. The first volume in this collection is the second in the original set and contains entries from April 23, 1789 to May 27, 1798. The following two books date from May 27, 1798 to July 11, 1805 and July 11, 1805 to May 24, 1810, respectively. Then follows a significant gap in the records; the final volume (number eight in the original set) contains entries from April 8, 1829 to May 1831.
All four journals are very consistent in their presentation, style and content. Some of the most recurrent entries describe aspects of everyday life in London including bread prices, unusual weather and the location and extent of fires in the city. Certain news items that are recorded are rather sensationalistic, such as accounts of shipwrecks, duels, the court verdicts of gruesome murder cases and their ensuing executions. Nevertheless, the diaries also deal, to a large extent, with political and military news. The results of city, county and national elections as well as significant parliamentary motions are diligently set down. The outcomes of battles from the Napoleonic Wars are also noted, along with news of the development and repression of the Irish Rebellion of 1798. Other themes in the journals include the deaths of important figures (with a particularly detailed account of the illness and death of King George IV), information about the London theaters and news of the royal family, such as their whereabouts and birthday celebrations.
The material volumes themselves are all bound in calfskin but vary slightly in their dimensions. The paper used in all four volumes shows the same watermark, and alternates with sheets of blotting paper (some of which have been torn out, or have had paper with writing pasted on).
- University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
- Finding Aid Author
- Rive Cadwallader
- Finding Aid Date
- 2015 October 7
- Access Restrictions
This collection is open for research use.
- Use Restrictions
Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.