George W. Taylor Papers
Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Biddle Law Library [Contact Us]3460 Chestnut Street, Biddle Law Library, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3406
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Overview and metadata sections
George W. Taylor was born in the Kensington neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1901. He attended the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School, graduated with a Bachelor's Degree in Economics in 1921 and a Ph.D. in 1929.
Taylor taught at Wharton for over 30 years. During that time, he became an influential expert in the field of industrial relations, including arbitration, mediation, and alternative dispute resolution. Taylor first received major acclaim when he mediated an end to the Apex Hosiery Strike in Philadelphia in 1932. A career advocate of improved labor standards, Taylor orchestrated the passage in 1967, of the Public Employees Fair Employment Law, which is commonly known as "the Taylor Law." The law defines the rights of union members in the State of New York.
Taylor died in 1972.
The George W. Taylor Papers, 1921-1970, consists of correspondence, trade negotiations, laws, agreements and studies surrounding the hosiery labor industry in the early to mid 20th century. The collection also contains files pertaining to memo series, decision series, and umpire decisions pertaining to the hosiery industry. Taylor's original file names have been largely retained.
- American Federation of Hosiery Workers Convention
- Condon-Wadlin Act
- Hosiery Statistics
- Memorandum Series
- Public Employees' Fair Employment Act
- Rates Files
- "Settled Without Decision" Series
- Taylor Law
- Subject Files
Transferred from The Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania, circa 1976.
An offline container list is available. Please contact the archives for more information.
Processed by Megan Good in March-May 2010.
- University of Pennsylvania: Biddle Law Library
- Finding Aid Author
- Megan Good
- Finding Aid Date
- Access Restrictions
The archives reserves the right to restrict access to materials of sensitive nature. Please contact the department for further information.
- Use Restrictions
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
The Agreements series consists of records relating to the National Labor Agreement, Keystone Agreement, Uniform Labor Agreement, New Agreement, and others between the Full-Fashioned Hosiery Industry and the American Federation of Hosiery Workers. These agreements were created in response to mediative bargaining between union workers and the hosiery industry. The material dates from 1938 to 1951.
The American Federation of Hosiery Workers Convention series contains includes addresses given by William Simkin and George Taylor and related records. The years represented are 1941, 1942, 1953, and 1955.
The Correspondence Files series contains copies of letters between the American Federation of Hosiery Workers, the Full Fashioned Hosiery Manufacturers Association, and various labor mediators, including William Simkin. They range in date from 1942 to 1961.
The Condon-Wadlin Act series contains an article reexaming the act, 1965, and staff study papers about the act, undated.
The Decisions series, 1931-1964, consists of decisions made by an impartial chairman on labor disputes between the hosiery industry, union mills, and union workers. The series contains copies of case decisions, correspondence between plaintiffs, defendants, and the impartial chairmen, and personal notes on the cases, hearings, and decisions.
The Decisions series contains cataloged decisions from AA-1 to AA-46, E-1 to E-77, ER-7 to ER-14, F-1 to F-25, G-1 to G-46, H-1 to H-58, J-1 to J-8, K-1 to K-56, L-1 to L-33, M-1 to M-10, N-1 to N-47, O-1 to O-22, P-1 to P-5, Q-1 to Q-5, S-1 to S-27, S-100 to S-426, SA-1 to SA-94, U-1 to U-23, V-1 to V-22, W-1 to W-34, X-1 to X-13, Y1 to Y30, and Z-1 to Z19.
The Hosiery Statistics series is comprised of statistics from 1942-1946, 1951-1953, and 1954-1955 compiled by the National Association of Hosiery Manufacturers. These statistics cover production, shipments, stocks, retail sales, purchasing power, industrial activity, and exports.
The Memorandum series, 1932-1954, relates to decisions made by the impartial chairman regarding union claims, rates, union requests, and union protests. The files are comprised of handwritten notes of the chairman, correspondence between parties, and official memorandums. The records are filed from numbers 1-39, 80-114, 150-180, 220-249, 290-299, and 385-626.
The Negotiations series consists of files that cover trade negotiations between hosiery manufacturers and hosiery unions, insurance negotiations, and negotiations between various hosiery mills and the American Federation of Hosiery Workers. These files range in date from 1932 to 1960. The records contain actual agreements between parties, copies of the proceedings, and correspondence between parties.
The Public Employees' Fair Employment Act series, 1964-1968, contains the constitution and bylaws, procedures, and an officer's manual of the Civil Service Employees' Associations, copies of the New York State Court of Appeals decision regarding the Public Relations Employment Relations Board, and correspondence between Taylor and Robert Douglass, counsel to the Governor of the state of New York. The series also contains a draft of the proposed act.
The Rates Files series, 1938-1953, consists of records relating to rates, rate changes, and style change rates of the various machine equipment used in the hosiery industry and union mills. The files contain published information on rates and personal hand calculations of rates by Taylor.
The Reports series contains four files including a handbook of decision principles of Taylor, an officer's report on the 41st Annual Convention of the American Federation of Hosiery Workers in 1953, a monograph written by Taylor with the Industrial Research Department at Penn and the National Association of Hosiery Manufacturers on changes in the hourly earnings of hosiery industry employees, and a bound manuscript on grievance arbitration written by Taylor.
The "Settled Without Decision" series, 1932-1951, contains copies of correspondence and reports relating to labor mediation cases that were settled without a decision from the impartial chairman. They are arranged by numbers SWD-1 to SWD-127 and SWD-1a to SWD-86a.
The Taylor Law series, 1968-1970, consists of newspaper clippings of the Kheel Report, a report on the Taylor by Kheel, copies of the New York State Public Employment Relations Board News, copies of the bill of the Taylor Law before New York State Assembly, and correspondence between Taylor and the chairman of the New York State Public Employment Relations Board. The Taylor Law gives union employees the right to elect and organize their union representatives, defines the foundation for the Public Employees' Relations Board, and states the boundaries for public employers to negotiate and enter into agreement with public unions.
The Subject Files series, 1928-1970, consists of time studies, wage tribunals, hosiery industry records regarding industry processes, and wage studies. There are also files containing records relating to industry employees and an article and statements made by labor mediation professionals about the hosiery industry field.
The Publications series, 1929-1953, contains an index on decisions of the impartial chairman, a report on time standards by the American Full Fashioned Hosiery Workers and Full Fashioned Hosiery Manufacturers Association, and publications of earnings of hosiery workers in union mills. The series also contains a copy of the Hosiery Labor Agreement and time studies regarding machine conversions. Some of these volumes were written by Taylor, while others were part of his personal collection.