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Jo Ann Ashley papers


Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing [Contact Us]Claire Fagin Hall, 418 Curie Boulevard, Floor 2U, Philadelphia, PA, 19104-4217

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Jo Ann Ashley (1939-1980), nurse, author, and educator, was born and raised in Kentucky. She obtained a nursing diploma from Kentucky Baptist College in 1961, a B.S. degree from Catherine Spaulding College (Louisville, KY) in 1964, and a doctorate from Teachers College, Columbia University in New York in 1972. A highly regarded teacher and sought-after speaker, Ashley achieved national recognition with the publication of her book, Hospitals, Paternalism, and the Role of the Nurse (New York: Teachers College Press, 1976). This book, published at the height of the women's movement in the 1970s, created (and still engenders) controversy with its pointed condemnation of sexism towards and exploitation of nurses by hospital administrators and physicians. Ashley remained, almost to her death, a prolific writer, public speaker, and lecturer on a variety of topics germane to nursing, but she was particularly interested in the role of nursing within the health field, power in nursing, and nursing's historical perspective. A woman of almost boundless energy, Ashley also composed nearly three hundred poems. Much of Ashley's poetry reflected her interest in social thought and ideas on woman's role in society. Cancer tragically brought an abrupt end to her exceptionally productive career.

This collection spans Ashley’s professional life, documenting both her educational and academic experiences. Also included is an extensive collection of her speeches, articles, and research files documenting her association with various institutions. Included as well are correspondence, photographs, audio-cassette tapes of Ashley’s participation in talk shows, addresses, and class discussions which reflected her interest in the role of nursing within the health field, power in nursing, and nursing’s historical perspective.

Gift of Jewell Ashley and Edith Ashley Shinbach, 1996.

University of Pennsylvania: Barbara Bates Center for the Study of The History of Nursing
Finding Aid Author
Finding aid prepared by Center staff, updated by Bethany Myers
The Ashley family
Access Restrictions

Portions of this collection (in Series 2 and Series 4) are restricted.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Collection Inventory

Scope and Contents note

This series contains curriculum vitae and “Steppingstones of Life” which outlines Ashley’s activities from birth (1939) to 1976, as well as personal correspondence relating to faculty positions, cards and letters from friends and family, and letters in which Ashley expresses her thoughts and feelings about health, life, and death to a friend. Also included is a complete set of Ashley’s personal poetry.

Curriculum vita, 1961-1978 and "Steppingstones in life of Jo Ann Ashley," 1977, 1977-1978.
Box 1 Folder 1
Certificates, registered professional nursing license and membership cards to professional organizations, 1972-1973.
Box 1 Folder 2
Availability of dean and faculty positions at colleges and universities, 1972-1980.
Box 1 Folder 3
Barbara Curtis, "Sharing her thoughts and feeling about health, life and death", 1979.
Box 1 Folder 4
Dental consultation report, A. B. Hoskins, DDS, 1992.
Box 1 Folder 5
Letters and cards from family and friends, 1980.
Box 1 Folder 6
Inspirational quotes and references, undated.
Box 1 Folder 7
Office of Placement, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY, professional file and personal references, 1972.
Box 1 Folder 8
Recipes, handwritten, from Edith and Jane, undated.
Box 1 Folder 9
Reprints, "Spiritual awakening: the mystical prayer of Teresa of Avila and John of the Cross," book review, undated.
Box 1 Folder 10
Lives of Contemporary Womin, outgrowth of oral history project, 1976.
Box 1.5 Folder 11
Poems from selected speech folders (noted on each poem), 1976-1977.
Box 1.5 Folder 12
Writings of Childhood and Youth, undated.
Box 1.5 Folder 13
Initial Steppingstones: the Shaping and Making of a Human Soul, 1977-1980.
Box 1.5 Folder 14
A Time to be Free.
Box 1.5 Folder 15
Life in Transition: Windblown Years.
Box 1.5 Folder 16

Scope and Contents note

This series is of papers accumulated in the period when Ashley studied or worked at Columbia University, New York and finally, at West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia. Included are class notes, teaching notes, masters thesis and dissertation. Some folders are restricted and closed to research.

Handwritten notes from Kentucky Baptist Hospital, 1959-1962.
Box 1.5 Folder 0a
Handwritten notes from Kentucky Baptist Hospital, 1959-1962.
Box 1.5 Folder 0b
Notification granting doctoral degree, 1972.
Box 1 Folder 1
Nursing archives, 1970-1971.
Box 1 Folder 2
Form, Final Placement Survey for 1971-72 (blank).
Box 1 Folder 3
TF 3602, paper: "Views of Mary Adelaide Nutting on apprenticeship in nursing education", January 13, 1969.
Box 1 Folder 4
TN 5010, paper on selected problems, December 16, 1969.
Box 1 Folder 5
TN 5013, Practice Oriented Nursing Theory, undated.
Box 1 Folder 6
TY 5500, "A Review of the Literature on Concept of Apprenticeship", 1969.
Box 1 Folder 7
TY 5570, reports, reference materials and bibliography, 1969.
Box 1 Folder 8
Writing outline, chapters I-VII and abstract, undated.
Box 1 Folder 9
Chapter II "Aspects of Local Influence" (rough draft) and oral examination reading list, undated.
Box 1 Folder 10
Chapters IV and V (rough draft with handwritten notations), undated.
Box 1 Folder 11
"Departmental Bibliography for Curriculum Teaching and Administration in Nursing Education," Department of Nursing, and course outline for research design, 1967.
Box 2 Folder 12
Statement of appointment of trainee, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, and transcripts, 1966-1969.
Box 2 Folder 13
Student identification card, undated.
Box 2 Folder 14
References for faculty position, 1972.
Box 2 Folder 15
Inter-office correspondence to nursing faculty re: psychiatric-mental health concept integration, October 12, 1973.
Box 2 Folder 16
Appointment to University, Press Board, 1976.
Box 2 Folder 17
Medical treatment and patient's concern, Rose-Jean Art, North Hollywood, CA, 1976-1977.
Box 2 Folder 18
Recognition by Board of Regents for contribution to the nursing profession, 1977.
Box 2 Folder 19
Requesting reference material for dissertation, Connie Tiffany, 1975.
Box 2 Folder 20
Research and consulting policy, to faculty from assistant provost - personnel, 1976.
Box 2 Folder 21
Resignation from faculty position, including memo to other faculty, staff and response from students, 1977.
Box 2 Folder 22
Vitae to Holy Cross Hospital, Alberta, Canada, 1976.
Box 2 Folder 23
Criteria for evaluating term paper", course 501, Summer 1974.
Box 2 Folder 24
Pages 1-104.
Box 2 Folder 25
Pages 105-224.
Box 2 Folder 26
Pages 225-354.
Box 2 Folder 27
Experiential preface and preliminary proposal for dissertation, "A nursing ethics," Rod Yarling, Michael Reese Medical Center, Chicago, IL, 1977.
Box 2 Folder 28
Nursing 303, Guest lecturer, J.A. Ashley, "Historical prospectives in nursing", April 11, 1975.
Box 2 Folder 29
Research seminar, reading references and research needs, undated.
Box 2 Folder 30
Responses of 402 Rockford to: "The way of power", February 1975.
Box 2 Folder 31
Transpersonal Psychology and Education, Spring 1977, includes memos and reference materials, 1976-1977.
Box 2 Folder 32
Administration faculty and curriculum changes and administration problems, 1977.
Box 3 Folder 33
Faculty position proposal with reference and tentative agenda for meeting with members of Texas Woman's University College of Nursing, 1977.
Box 3 Folder 34
General changes in policy, including news paper clippings, 1977.
Box 3 Folder 35
Resignation, November 21, 1977.
Box 3 Folder 36
Schedule for activities of opening fall semester, August 28 to September 30, 1977 and newspaper clipping "Denton, meet Jo Ann Ashley," August 28, 1977, 1977.
Box 3 Folder 37
Syllabus, Historical perspectives in nursing, summer session, 1977.
Box 3 Folder 38
"Nursing and the Public: Images and Opinions of the Profession, 1896-1976," Linda Carol Hughes, BSN, August 1978.
Box 3 Folder 39
"The Relationship Between Locus of Perceived Control and Assertiveness Levels of Nurses," Paula J. Christensen, RN, BSN, August 1978.
Box 3 Folder 40
Chronology, placement of School of Nursing within the Wright State University, 1978-1980.
Box 3 Folder 41
Committee, nursing promotion and tenure, tenure document and correspondence, 1979.
Box 3 Folder 42
Appointment to faculty position with correspondence, 1977.
Box 3 Folder 43
Renewal of contract, 1980.
Box 3 Folder 44
Brochures, pamphlets and booklets in reference to personnel policies and fringe benefits, 1976-1977.
Box 3 Folder 45
Grant of tenure, Dr. Jo Ann Ashley, fall quarter, 1979.
Box 4 Folder 46
Proposal - To place School of Nursing under the auspices of the Division of Health Affairs.
Box 4 Folder 48
Proposal - To place School of Nursing under the auspices of the Division of Health Affairs.
Box 4 Folder 47
Nursing educational program, clinical experiences, 1977-1979.
Box 4 Folder 49
Reference for Elsie L. Bandman for promotion, Hunter College, New York, NY, 1979.
Box 4 Folder 50
Thesis committee memorandums and "Defense of Thesis Proposal", 1979-1980.
Box 4 Folder 51
Curriculum- School of Nursing, Chapter 4, pp.134-204, 1970s.
Box 4 Folder 52
"The game of parenthood: You play mommy and I'll play daddy," free lecture series, school of nursing, April 21, 1979.
Box 4 Folder 53
School of Nursing Faculty Views of "The issues to begin new nursing programs under the vice-president for affairs", 1980.
Box 4 Folder 54
Historical Research: Guidelines to Methodology, Dorothy Fiorino, spring 1979.
Box 4 Folder 55
Faculty research, proposed guidelines, 1978.
Box 4 Folder 56
An epidemiological survey of the presence of children with men and women, undated.
Box 4 Folder 57
Attachment behaviors in early triadic encounters of new infants and parents, and anticipated child care arrangement, reprint, 1979.
Box 4 Folder 58
Newspaper clippings re: conflict of establishing a new nursing education program under the University Health Division which includes School of Medicine, 1980.
Box 5 Folder 59
NUR 304, Foundation of Nursing Research, 1980.
Box 5 Folder 60
NUR 414, Nursing and politics of social thought and action, 1979-1980.
Box 5 Folder 61
NUR 701, Professional issues in nursing, 1979.
Box 5 Folder 62
NUR 702, clinical seminar - Problems and field work associated with people having maximum health potential, 1979.
Box 5 Folder 63
NUR 703, Problems and fieldwork associated with maximum health potential for people experiencing impaired health, 1980.
Box 5 Folder 64
NUR 704, clinical seminar - Problems and fieldwork associated with maximum health potential for people experiencing depleted health (includes student papers), fall 1979.
Box 5 Folder 65
NUR 707, Introduction to Research Design and Methodology, 1978.
Box 5 Folder 66
NUR 708, Theoretical basis of nursing process, 1977.
Box 5 Folder 67
NUR 781, thesis seminar, 1980.
Box 5 Folder 68
"An historical survey examining the treatment and images of nurses in pornography, 1950-1978".
Box 5 Folder 69
"The role of misogyny in patterns of homicide: a historical survey examining the killing of women by men in city of Dayton, Ohio, 1973-1978".
Box 5 Folder 70
"An historical study of the development of the medical profession as a business: impact on nursing and society, 1896-1950".
Box 5 Folder 71
"Under the authority of the superintendent: an autonomous nursing school Cincinnati, 1888-1896".
Box 5 Folder 72
"Acceptance of responsibility for treatment-related behavior in hypertensive clients in an outpatient setting", 1980.
Box 5 Folder 73
"An historical study of the development of the medical profession as a business: impact on nursing and society, 1896-1979", 1980.
Box 6 Folder 74
"An historical study of the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates/Practitioners (NAPNAP), 1973-1978", 1980.
Box 6 Folder 75
"Contradiction between nursing's ideology of professionalism and nursing practice: a historical examination, 1965-1979", 1980.
Box 6 Folder 76
"Determination of locus of control and assertiveness of nurses in a hospital setting", 1980.
Box 7 Folder 77
"Economic and general welfare program of the Ohio Nurses Association, 1956-1979", 1980.
Box 7 Folder 78
"Male supremacy, gender arrangements and their implication for sexual inequality in health field", 1980.
Box 7 Folder 79
"Measurement of assertion levels in women in nursing majors and women in non-nursing majors", 1979.
Box 7 Folder 80
"Nurses and pornography: An historical survey examining the images and treatment of nurses in pornography, 1950-1978", 1980.
Box 7 Folder 81
Relationship between early triadic attachment and plans for participation in child care, 1980.
Box 7 Folder 82
Cooperative Seminar: Miami Valley Hospital and School of Nursing Wright State University, re: ‘Self-growth on changing professional attitudes and productivity of practicing nurse.".
Box 8 Folder 83
"Power, polictics and nursing", June 25, 1978.
Box 8 Folder 84
Appointment offer and acceptance, May 1980.
Box 8 Folder 85
Availability of faculty positions and agenda for faculty candidate, May 1-2, 1980.
Box 8 Folder 86
Committee member, Women's Studies Program, 1980.
Box 8 Folder 87
Course planning with West Virginia Department of Welfare including newspaper article "Who killed the ERA? Women did", 1980.
Box 8 Folder 88
Meeting, graduate academic unit, memos, agenda and photograph of class of 1983, 1980-1983.
Box 8 Folder 89
School programs includes handwritten notations, 1980.
Box 8 Folder 90
Jo Ann Ashley, office hours and schedule, winter quarter, 1980, blank form, 1980.
Box 8 Folder 91
Committee on the Function of Nursing, handwritten notes (no indication where meeting was held, no date), undated.
Box 8 Folder 92
Dissertation, "Autonomy: an institutional Study: Yale University School of Nursing, 1923-1934," Marcia Curtis, 1969.
Box 8 Folder 93
"Dysfunctional parenting of a profession," Martha J. Welch, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, accepted for publication, Nursing Outlook, 1980.
Box 8 Folder 94
Nursing, 805, Ohio State University, School of Nursing, "An analysis of an organization and a change model", undated.
Box 8 Folder 95
Report of major curriculum revision, College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, May 3, 1977.
Box 8 Folder 96
Workshop, Georgetown University School of Nursing, continuing education,"Nursing practice, politics, power," Washington D.C., June 13, 1979.
Box 8 Folder 97

Scope and Contents note

Included in this series are the large number of addresses Ashley presented on various occasions, journal articles, and her bibliographical notes on specific subjects (spanning the years 1896-1979) relating to her major field. Also, found here is correspondence referring to the publication of Ashley’s book Hospitals, Paternalism and the Role of the Nurse, and comments to Ashley on her published articles and book.

"Methodological problems in historical research," seminar for graduate students at New York University, Division of Nursing Education, October 31, 1972.
Box 8 Folder 1
"Historical consideration of pertinent issues in nursing," presented at the fall conference of Affiliating Community Agency Personnel, Department of Nursing, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, November 6, 1973.
Box 8 Folder 2
"Power in nursing practice: problems of the past and future possibilities," presented to Northern Illinois Association of Industrial Nurses, Chicago, IL, September 10, 1974.
Box 8 Folder 3
"Progress in nursing: social climate ripe for change," speech presented to District 3, Illinois State Nurses Association, Rockford, IL, September 12, 1974.
Box 8 Folder 4
"N-Cap: a force for social reforms in health care", paper presented to Nursing Forum, sponsored by the Department of Nursing, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, January 31, 1975.
Box 8 Folder 5
"Power, politics and progress in nursing practice," Illinois State Nurses Association, district 2, Joliet, IL, January 14, 1975.
Box 8 Folder 6
"Historical analysis of economic factors influencing nursing's development," Nursing Research Symposium, School of Nursing, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, February 5, 1975.
Box 8 Folder 7
"The strategic role of nursing care delivery: old and new perspectives," Illinois State Nurses' Association, district 19, Elmhurst College, Elmhurst, IL, February 6, 1975.
Box 8 Folder 8
"Myths and realities of apprenticeship in nursing: paternalism in practice," 13th Annual Stewart Research Conference in Nursing, sponsored by the Department of Nursing Education, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY, March 7, 1975.
Box 8 Folder 9
"Women and the political process: their social influence yesterday, today and tomorrow," Zonta International Aurora Area Zonta club, Aurora, IL, April 17, 1975.
Box 8 Folder 10
"Reflections on myths and symbols pinning nursing down," pinning ceremony, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb IL, April 20, 1975.
Box 8 Folder 11
"Social and political reforms in health care: implications for organized nursing," Illinois State Nurses Association, district 18, Chicago, IL, May 8, 1975.
Box 9 Folder 12
"The economic abuse and political repression of nurses: a need for new consciousness," open Forum presentation, NLN Convention, New Orleans, LA, May 21, 1975.
Box 9 Folder 13
"Mobilization of nursing energies for constructive action on national and local levels," First Annual Dialogue with the Leaders, Columbia Hospital, Nursing Staff Development, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, September 11, 1975.
Box 9 Folder 14
"Team Effectiveness in health care: myth or reality", Nurses Association of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (NAACOG) district 8, annual conference, Salt Lake City, UT, September 25, 1975.
Box 9 Folder 15
"Nursing is powerful energy for rehumanizing health care," Nebraska Nurses' Association, annual convention, Omaha, NE, September 29, 1975.
Box 9 Folder 16
"Action today for better tomorrow: Nurses can transform health care" 72nd Annual Convention, Iowa Nurses' Association, Council Bluff, IA, October 13, 1975.
Box 9 Folder 17
"Nursing in pursuit of excellence: a new image of the feminine," New Jersey State Nurses' Annual Convention, Cherry Hill, NJ, October 16, 1975.
Box 9 Folder 18
"Nursing power and health care reforms: the spirit of ‘76," United Nurses' Association, annual convention, San Diego, CA, October 18, 1975.
Box 9 Folder 19
"Nursing and the Challenge of Change," Illinois State Nurses, October 22, 1975.
Box 9 Folder 20
"Nursing and the achievement of excellence in health care," Mount St. Mary College, Newburgh, NY, December 11, 1975.
Box 9 Folder 21
"Women in white: comments on historical role in health care", Evanston Hospital School of Nursing, Evanston, IL, February 12, 1976.
Box 9 Folder 22
"Nursing and the need for revolutionary change in health care," cosponsorship - Pennsylvania Nurses Association, Pennsylvania League for Nursing and Nurses Now, Pittsburgh, PA, March 11, 1976.
Box 9 Folder 23
"Political action: involvement for organized effectiveness," legislative workshop, "Nurses Involved in Political Action," Northern Illinois University, School of Nursing, and Illinois Nurses Association, March 18, 1976.
Box 9 Folder 24
"Nursing power: viable, vital, visible," keynote address, Texas Nurses Association, annual convention, San Antonio, TX, April 7, 1976.
Box 9 Folder 25
"The lethal game of nursings' devaluation" 12th Annual Clinical Psychiatric Nursing Conference, Veterans Administration Hospital, Brecksville Division, Cleveland, OH, April 23, 1976.
Box 10 Folder 26
"Nursing today and in the future," Howard Young Medical Center, Woodruff, WI, June 16, 1976.
Box 10 Folder 27
"American style health care: helter skelter par excellence," Connecticut Nurses Association, annual convention, Windsor Locks, CT, October 7, 1976.
Box 10 Folder 28
"Freeing nurse power from harness: asserting personhood," lecture and dialogue session, Wright State University, Department of Continuing Education, Dayton, OH, October 29, 1976.
Box 10 Folder 29
"Components of power: identification, acquisition, usage," keynote address, South Carolina Nurses Association, annual convention, Columbia, SC, November 11, 1976.
Box 10 Folder 30
"Research to enliven the art and science of nursing: the necessity of historical thinking," College of Nursing, Distinguished Scholar Series, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, December 10, 1976.
Box 10 Folder 31
Introductory comments for workshop "Woman's health and well-being: Life is more than coping," Woman Space Center, Rockford School of Medicine, Rockford, IL, November 22 1977.
Box 10 Folder 32
"Professionalism and the law," Festival of Life and Learning Program, School of Nursing University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, February 4, 1977.
Box 10 Folder 33
"Consumer's rights - nurses' rights," Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Illinois Nurses Week, Chicago, IL, March 15, 1977.
Box 10 Folder 34
"Foundation for scholarship in the art and science of nursing: the value of historical research," College of Nursing, Texas Woman's University, Houston and Dallas, TX, April 14-15 1977.
Box 10 Folder 35
"The experience of change and expansion in nursing: a time for growth," College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, graduation ceremony, Lexington, KY, May 8, 1977.
Box 10 Folder 36
"The death of paternalism: nursing's renewal," New York University, Upsilon chapter, Sigma Theta Tau, New York, NY, May 25, 1977.
Box 10 Folder 37
"The emergence of new horizons in nursing: a timely commencement," School of Nursing, University of Oregon Health Sciences Center, graduation ceremony, Portland, OR, June 11, 1977.
Box 10 Folder 38
"The Image of nursing: pride in power," keynote address, Massachusetts Nurses Association Convention, Worcester, MA, October 12, 1977.
Box 10 Folder 39
"Nursing reborn: new horizons, new attitudes, new life," New Jersey State Nurses Association, Tinton Falls, NJ, October 17, 1977.
Box 10 Folder 40
"Nursing and marks of paternalism," Fifth annual combined scientific assembly of the American College of Emergency Physicians and Emergency Department Nurses Association (ACEP-EDNA), San Francisco, CA, November 10, 1977.
Box 10 Folder 41
"Health care problems: the search for solutions," Mississippi University for Women, Interdisciplinary Conference on Social Issues in Health Care, Columbus, MI, April 5, 1978.
Box 10 Folder 42
"Nursing roots: impact on role change," workshop, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, April 20, 1978.
Box 11 Folder 43
"Alienation and medical hierarchy: a humanistic response," Hunter College, Bellevue School of Nursing, New York, NY, May 10, 1978.
Box 11 Folder 44
"Management of conflict in life: nursing's opportunity," University of Louisville, Division of Nursing, Louisville, KY, May 18, 1978.
Box 11 Folder 45
"Nursing in the future: choosing conflicts wisely," Wright University, May 31, 1978.
Box 11 Folder 46
"Historical evolvement of the nursing role," workshop, Sinclair Community College, Dayton, OH, June 1, 1978.
Box 11 Folder 47
"Deception and conflict in health field: alternatives for the future," comments for panel discussion, Pediatric Nurse Association and Practitioners of Ohio, September 30, 1978.
Box 11 Folder 48
"Overcoming deception: an ethical and practical proposition," keynote address, State NAACOG Conference, Dayton, OH, November 1, 1978.
Box 11 Folder 49
"Power in structured misogyny: implications for nursing, politics and practice," Georgetown University School of Nursing, Washington DC, June 13, 1979.
Box 11 Folder 50
Abstract, "Hospital sponsorship of nursing schools: influence of apprenticeship and paternalism on nursing education in America, 1893-1948, E.A. Ashley, undated.
Box 11 Folder 51
"Breakthrough to ideas: education for freeing minds," J.A. Ashley and B. LaBelle, undated.
Box 11 Folder 52
"Historical overview of selected development in nursing practice implications for quality in clinical care", undated.
Box 11 Folder 53
"Power in nursing, its use, misuse and abuse", undated.
Box 11 Folder 54
"This I believe about power in nursing," J. A. Ashley, Nursing Outlook, 21:10:10/73, 1973.
Box 11 Folder 55
"Health care and oppression of a women's profession," J.A. Ashley, submitted for publication by the Committee on Publications of the Department of Nursing Education, Teachers College, 2/74, 1974.
Box 11 Folder 56
"Power, freedom and professional practice in nursing," editorial, "The love hate syndrome," Supervisor Nurse, 6:1:1/75, 1975.
Box 11 Folder 57
"Reforms in nursing and health care: Industrial nurses can lead the way," J.A. Ashley, Occupational Health Nursing, 23:6:11-14:6/75, 1975.
Box 11 Folder 58
"Nurses and the meaning of law and order," submitted for publication, Imprint, Journal of National Student Nurses Association, 8/76, 1976.
Box 11 Folder 59
"A conversation with Jo Ann Ashley," Oregon Nurse, Oregon Nurses Association, 42:5:77, 1977.
Box 11 Folder 60
"Power of structured misogyny: implications for the politics of care," Advances in Nursing Science, 2:3:10/79, 1979.
Box 11 Folder 61
"Power in nursing: some historical perspectives on current conflicts," submitted to Nursing Outlook, 1973.
Box 11 Folder 62
E-1-7, 1896-1928.
Box 12
E-8-19, 1896-1979.
Box 13
E-20-32, 1900-1940.
Box 14
Card index file.
Box 15
Apprenticeship, Scrimshaw, notes on Chapters I-III, VI-XI and XIII.
Box 16 Folder 63
Apprenticeship, handwritten notes.
Box 16 Folder 64
American Apprenticeship and Industrial Education, P.H. Douglas (Thoughts and ideas related to comparisons with nursing).
Box 16 Folder 65
"American social thought since 1865," Prof. Kershner, undated.
Box 16 Folder 66
By and about Mary Adelaide Nutting.
Box 16 Folder 67
Cooperative nursing and cooperative plans in nursing education.
Box 16 Folder 68
Doctors and nurses prior to 1900.
Box 16 Folder 69
Economics, handwritten mostly from John K. Galbraith's books.
Box 16 Folder 70
Economic and Social History of Medieval Europe, 1939, Henri Pirenne, handwritten notes, 1939.
Box 16 Folder 71
Economic status of nurses and facts on nursing, 1940s.
Box 16 Folder 72
Educational index, began 1929.
Box 16 Folder 73
Efforts to establish relationships with colleges and universities (reprints).
Box 16 Folder 74
Hospital sources on nursing questions, 1921-1930.
Box 16 Folder 75
Medical reports on nursing and nursing education.
Box 16 Folder 76
Medical sources and opinions on nursing, 1940's.
Box 16 Folder 77
Miscellaneous ideas and papers (handwritten notes).
Box 16 Folder 78
National League for Nursing, Annual Reports 1894-1939; Adelaide Nutting Historical Nursing, Collection, 1929, 1894-1929.
Box 16 Folder 79
Nursing question, 1900-1910; and medical sources, 1898-1919, 1898-1919.
Box 17 Folder 80
Box 17 Folder 81
Physicians views on nursing.
Box 17 Folder 82
Selected quotes from the works of Ranier Maria Rilke, and Civilization in Transition, translated by Carl Jung.
Box 17 Folder 83
The Give and Take in Hospitals, T. Burling, E.M. Lentz, R.N. Wilson, handwritten notes, 1956.
Box 17 Folder 84
Transpersonal psychology in education, 1975.
Box 17 Folder 85
"System of vocational Education," Minnesota Report; Smith-Hughes Act and Nursing Education, handwritten notes, 1937-1938.
Box 17 Folder 86
Academic Women on the Move, Chapter Six, "From sugar and spice to professor," p. 125.
Box 17 Folder 87
"Accountability for Professional Standards," Journal N.Y.S.N.A., 7:3:8/76, 1976.
Box 17 Folder 88
Apprenticeship as a Method of Vocational Education, Isabel M. Stewart, (booklet), 1911.
Box 17 Folder 89
"American Nurses' Association's first position on education for nursing", 1965.
Box 17 Folder 90
Battered women; anorexia nervosa, female psychology, politics, and women's movement, 1973-1980.
Box 17 Folder 91
Chronicle of Higher Education, re: issues of nursing education, 1980.
Box 17 Folder 92
Comment to "Nursing power: viable, vital, visible," Texas Nursing, 11/76, 1976.
Box 17 Folder 93
Committee on Nursing education report, Rockefeller Foundation grant, early 1900's.
Box 17 Folder 94
"Contraceptive tied to cancer," Bob Wyrich, Newsday, June 8, 1979.
Box 17 Folder 95
"Creative individuals: paradoxical personages," W.E. McMullan, The Journal Creative Behavior, 10:4, fourth quarter, undated.
Box 17 Folder 96
"Disgruntled interns prove how bad a "good" program can be," J.B. Wilder, M.D., Hospital Physician, 1/72, 1972.
Box 17 Folder 97
"Economic status of nursing; working conditions of public health, private duty and staff nurses, 1947.
Box 17 Folder 98
"Education for health services administration," American Journal of Public Health, June 1970, and "The Delivery of Medical Care," Scientific American, 222:4:4/70, 1970.
Box 17 Folder 99
Florence Nightingale, Health Heroes Series, Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, 1959.
Box 17 Folder 100
"Historical information concerning problems in function and education," Kentucky Occupational Health Nurses Association Seminar, moderator, Edith D. Ashley, undated.
Box 17 Folder 101
Hospital conference of city of New York, "Nursing situations in hospitals", 1912.
Box 17 Folder 102
"The case for historical research," Mildred E. Newton, Nursing Research, 14:1:1965, 1965.
Box 17 Folder 103
Homemakers, Pittsburgh, PA, brochures and agency information, 1976.
Box 17 Folder 104
"A Marxist critique of humanistic psychology," Walter Nord, Journal Humanistic Psychology, 17:1:'77; and "Medical Malpractice," Scientific American, 235:2:8/76, 1976.
Box 17 Folder 105
Nursing education and practice in New York state, 1934, handwritten notes by J.A. Ashley, 1970.
Box 17 Folder 106
"Nursing profession and physicians," Sacramento Bee, July 22, 1979.
Box 17 Folder 107
"Nurses see more bad than good," The Mavi News, February 14, 1979.
Box 17 Folder 108
Physician's view on nursing situation, Robert Elliott, MD, The Journal of Medical Education, 4/69 and "Medicine and Nursing, J.A.M.A., 213:11:9/14/70, 1969-1970.
Box 17 Folder 109
Political, economy of health care, 1975.
Box 17 Folder 110
Policies and procedures of accreditation of nursing education programs, National League for Nursing, includes NLN position statement on the education of nurse practitioners, 1980.
Box 17 Folder 111
Problems of nursing education, The Nursing Education Bulletin 1:2:8/1928, 1928.
Box 17 Folder 112
"Dr. Jo Ann Ashley: Protagonist for power, freedom and commitment in a suffering profession," Sharon L. Sterner, undated.
Box 17 Folder 113
Radicalism in nursing "sexist" - reprints and newspaper clippings, 1976-1977.
Box 18 Folder 114
"Repression of nurses," Texas, reprints from newspaper articles and manual, 1977.
Box 18 Folder 115
Research, re: theories: components, development and evaluation, 1968-1974.
Box 18 Folder 116
Research, "Nursing research: key to a locked-in profession," Susan J. Misner, Supervisor Nurse, 8:8:4/77, 1977.
Box 18 Folder 117
"Research grant application, what they are not and should be," S.R. Gortner, Nursing Research, July-August, 1971.
Box 18 Folder 118
The American Nurse, July and Sept., ‘78, 1978.
Box 18 Folder 119
"The development of intense positive counter transference feelings in the therapist toward a patient," C. Vidoni, American Journal of Nursing, 75:3:3/75, 1975.
Box 18 Folder 120
The Educational Frontier, Chapter II and III, Kilpatrick, undated.
Box 18 Folder 121
"The female patient, heeded? Hustled? Healed?," S. Schiefelbain, Saturday Review, 1980.
Box 18 Folder 122
"The false promise: professionalism in nursing," Boston Nurses' Group, Science for the People", July-August, 1978.
Box 18 Folder 123
"The leadership crisis in nursing: A critical problem and challenge," M. Leininger, Journal of Nursing Administration, March-April, 1974.
Box 18 Folder 124
"The liberation of women," The Center Magazine V:3, May-June, 1972.
Box 18 Folder 125
"The medicalization of society: the sickness unto death," Denise Donnell Connnors, 6/76, 1976.
Box 18 Folder 126
"The sick aged, the nursing profession, and the larger society," R.J. Yarling, Journal of Gerontological, March-April, 1977.
Box 18 Folder 127
"The significance of movement," Main Currents, September-October, no year listed.
Box 18 Folder 128
"The teacher as environmental victim and how to overcome such pollution," James J. Van Patten, Kappa Delta Pi Record, April, 1977.
Box 18 Folder 129
"Strikes in nursing, reprints, 1976-1977.
Box 18 Folder 130
"Value-laden technologies and politics of nursing," Sandra Harding, 1979.
Box 18 Folder 131
"Women and health care: a comparison of theories", E. Fee, International Journal of Health Services, 5:3:1975, 1975.
Box 18 Folder 132
Women workers in health care, reprints from professional journals, 1975-1976.
Box 18 Folder 133
Advances in Nursing Science, editorial board member, 1978-1980.
Box 18 Folder 134
Nurses' Coalition for Political Action, (N-CAP), board of trustee member, 1974-1978.
Box 18 Folder 135
Nursing and Women's Archives Associates, membership, 1960-1972.
Box 19 Folder 136
Nursing Consultation, Inc., re: nursing research involvement, 1977.
Box 19 Folder 137
Nursing Research, member, manuscript review panel, 1978.
Box 19 Folder 138
Articles, re: publishing articles in professional nursing journals, 1973-1977.
Box 19 Folder 139
Agreement with C.V. Mosby Company, St. Louis, MO to contribute first volume of Current Perspectives in Nursing: The Changing Educational Scene, 1974-1977.
Box 19 Folder 140
Box 19 Folder 141
Box 19 Folder 142
Box 19 Folder 143
Current Issues in Nursing, 1979-1980.
Box 19 Folder 144
Nursing and the Health Needs of Americans: Issues and Alternatives, 1974.
Box 19 Folder 145
Women's Issues in Nursing, 1980.
Box 19 Folder 146
Box 19 Folder 147
Box 19 Folder 148
Box 19 Folder 149
Comments to Ashley's presentations, 1973-1978.
Box 19 Folder 150
Health Services Research and Development, Blue Cross Association, Chicago, IL, re: health care systems and reimbursement, 1976-1977.
Box 19 Folder 151
Historical research, critique of research proposals for Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, 1976.
Box 19 Folder 152
"Letters to the editor," re: "Health care, American style: helter skelter par excellence," J.A. Ashley, 1977.
Box 20 Folder 153
Letters and notes from students and former associates (handwritten), 1975-1978.
Box 20 Folder 154
Vincente Navarro, MD, re: health care services, (includes reprint articles), 1976.
Box 20 Folder 155
"New Image for Nurses," Woman produced by PBS by WNED-TV, appearance on program, 9/2/76, and Transcript of "Talk Show" Part I and II, 1976-1977.
Box 20 Folder 156
Box 20 Folder 157
Box 20 Folder 158
Box 20 Folder 159
Letters of reference or position recommendations, 1976-1980.
Box 20 Folder 160
Permission to quote from books and journal articles, (form letter, blank), undated.
Box 20 Folder 161
Box 20 Folder 162
Box 20 Folder 163
Reviews and comments to Hospitals, Paternalism and Role of the Nurse, 1975-1977.
Box 20 Folder 164
Roundtable Film Company, Cambridge MA, re: documentary film, "Role of the Nurse in U.S. Health Care System", 1976-1977.
Box 20 Folder 165
Edith Ashley, re: nursing problems and concerns, including newspaper clippings (incoming), 1976-1979.
Box 20 Folder 166
Television and radio talk show appearances, 1975-1978.
Box 20 Folder 167
Abigal Van Buren (Dear Abby) re: nursing, 1975.
Box 20 Folder 168
Book promotion, journals and brochures, 1976.
Box 20 Folder 169
Book reviews in professional journals, 1975-1977.
Box 20 Folder 170
Newspaper clippings, nursing and health care system, 1975-1977.
Box 20 Folder 171

Scope and Contents note

This is a small series which includes Ashley’s projects, “Lives of Contemporary Nurses: An Oral History Project,” which is comprised of audio cassette tapes and typed transcripts of the interviews done by Ashley.

Proposal, undated.
Box 21 Folder 1
Handwritten notes guidelines for oral history interview, purpose of study, and release form.
Box 21 Folder 2
Non-medical human subjects review committee, meeting minutes, May 1, 1979.
Box 21 Folder 3
Oral history participants, 1979.
Box 21 Folder 4
Participants signed permission and release forms, 1979.
Box 21 Folder 5
Participants agreement with E.A. Shinbach for project completion and placement of data in archives (restricted), 1981.
Box 21 Folder 6
Correspondence, outgoing from E.A. Shinbach to participate re: release and consent to use content of interview with Jo Ann Ashley (restricted), 1981.
Box 21 Folder 7
Original transcript and tape, May 30, 1980.
Box 21 Folder 8
Re-typed transcript, May 30, 1980.
Box 21 Folder 9
Esther Schooleg, June 27, 1979.
Box 21 Folder 10
Velma Morton, June 29, 1979.
Box 22 Folder 11
Anonymous (no tapes), July 2, 1979.
Box 22 Folder 12
Anonymous, July 16, 1979.
Box 22 Folder 13
Anonymous (no tapes), July 17, 1979.
Box 22 Folder 14
Anonymous (no tapes), July 18, 1979.
Box 22 Folder 15
Anonymous, July 23, 1979.
Box 22 Folder 16
Anonymous, July 25, 1979.
Box 23 Folder 17
Anonymous, July 30, 1979.
Box 23 Folder 18
Anonymous, July 31, 1979.
Box 23 Folder 19
Anonymous, August 6, 1979.
Box 23 Folder 20
Restricted (cannot use) no permission (Package E), August 8, 1979.
Box 23 Folder 21
Anonymous, August 12, 1979.
Box 23 Folder 22
Myrtle Kesling (Package A), August 14, 1979.
Box 24 Folder 23
Betty Shondel, August 15, 1979.
Box 24 Folder 24
Anonymous, August 16, 1979.
Box 24 Folder 25
Anonymous (no tapes), August 21, 1979.
Box 24 Folder 26
Patsy O'Kolish, August 29, 1979.
Box 24 Folder 27
Anonymous (no tapes), August 30, 1979.
Box 24 Folder 28
Correspondence re: "Theoretical Constructs for Nursing Practice," by Beverly M. LaBelle, School of Nursing, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, from Department of Health Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, 1975.
Box 24 Folder 29
"Health as a focus of nursing practice: An historical analysis of factors influencing its development and implementation in community settings, 1900-1970", undated.
Box 24 Folder 30
Audio cassette tapes, "Lives of contemporary nurses," restrictions requested by five participants, (Package D) 9 cassettes, 1981.
Box 25

Scope and Contents note

Included in this series are addresses, interviews, class discussions led by Ashley, and one audio cassette tape purchased by Ashley from the Analytic Psychology Club of Chicago.

WNED TV (PBS) Part I, "A New Image for Nurses," 1976 (side 1), WNED TV (PBS) Part II, "A New Image for Nurses" (side 2), 1976.
Box 26 Tape 1
"The economic abuse and political repression of nurses: a need for a new consciousness," J.A.. Ashley, Open Forum 18: Changing Role of Women in Society: Implications for Nursing Education, National League for Nursing Convention, New Orleans, LA, (tape 1), 1975.
Box 26 Tape 2
Open Forum 18: "Changing Role of Women in Society: Implications for Nursing Education, National League for Nursing Convention, New Orleans, LA, dialogue (tape 2), 1975.
Box 26 Tape 3
"Team effectiveness in health care: myth or reality", J.A. Ashley, District VIII Annual Conference of the Nurses Association of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (NAACOG), Salt Lake City, UT, Tape I.
Box 26 Tape 4
"Team concept in the provision of health care of women," J. Marshall, M.D. reacts to J.A. Ashley's speech, Tape II (side 1) "Women and health: an anthropological approach," P. Albers, PhD, District VIII Conference of the Nurses Association of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (NAACOG), Salt Lake City, UT, 9/25/75, Tape II (Side 2), 1975.
Box 26 Tape 5
"Women and health: an anthropological approach," continued, followed by panel discussion, Jo Ann Ashley, John Marshall, Patricia Albers, District VIII Conference of the Nurses Association of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (NAACOG), Salt Lake City, UT, 9/25/75, Tape III, 1975.
Box 26 Tape 6
"Power in nursing practice: problems of the past and future possibilities," J.A. Ashley, Northern Illinois Association of Industrial Nurses, Chicago, IL, 9/10/74, 1974.
Box 26 Tape 7
"Political action: involvement for organized effectiveness," J.A. Ashley, Nurses Involved in Political Action, presented at legislative workshop, Co-sponsored by Northern Illinois University, School of Nursing and the Illinois Nurses Association, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, 3/18/76, 1976.
Box 26 Tape 8
"Professionalism and the law," J.A. Ashley, Festival of Life and Learning Program, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada, 2/4/77 (first part of this tape is audible, but the last part is taped over by another speaker), 1977.
Box 26 Tape 9
"Professionalism and the Law," J.A. Ashley, Festival of Life and Learning Program, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada, 2/4/77 (beginning of this tape is inaudible, the last part is cut off before session completed, but has more of the dialogue than other tape), 1977.
Box 26 Tape 10
Betty Lindwall Group, APHASIA (side 1), Sharon Szypulski, Legal prob. (side 2), Ashley's voice is heard in this discussion.
Box 26 Tape 11
J.A. Ashley, class discussion (possibly City University of New York, City College School of Nursing) Ashley states "Last year nursing was 100 years old", if determined by that statement, the year would be 1972), 1972.
Box 26 Tape 12
"Research to Enliven the Art and Science of Nursing," J.A. Ashley, Distinguished Scholar Series, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, 12/10/76, 1976.
Box 26 Tape 13
Information written on tape says: Penn State, 1973; but on tape Ashley states, "Progress in nursing: social climate ripe for change," this would be speech presented to District 3, Illinois State Nurses Association, Rockford, IL, 9/12/74, 1974.
Box 26 Tape 14
J.A. Ashley, film interview with Roundtable Co., Cambridge, MA, 11/22/76, for documentary film: Nursing: The Politics of Caring, two tapes, 1976.
Box 26 Tape 15
"Energy and imagination," S. Keen, 2/6/76, 1976.
Box 27 Tape 1
"Energy and childhood," E. Sullwold, 2/7/76, 1976.
Box 27 Tape 2
"Of archetypes and exetypes," J. Houston, 2/7/76, 1976.
Box 27 Tape 3
"On maturing and maturity," T. Kapacinskas, 2/7/77, 1977.
Box 27 Tape 4
"Energy of beginning," L. Roloff, 2/8/76, 1976.
Box 27 Tape 5
"Archetypal energy constellations in analysis, M. Stein, 2/8/76, 1976.
Box 27 Tape 6
"The energies of enactment," E. Irwin, 2/8/76, 1976.
Box 27 Tape 7

Scope and Contents note

This series includes photographs from Ashley’s childhood and teenager years, senior class pictures from her school of nursing, and a portrait for promotional purposes for her book. It also includes an Ashley family portrait.

Age 3, 1942.
Box 28 Photo 1
Age 6, 1945.
Box 28 Photo 2
Teenage years.
Box 28 Photo 3
Teenage years sitting in home front yard in Kentucky, 195?.
Box 28 Photo 4
Teenage years sitting on tree stump.
Box 28 Photo 5
Teenage years sitting in rocking chair.
Box 28 Photo 6
Student nurse uniform, junior class, Kentucky Baptist Hospital School of Nursing, 1960.
Box 28 Photo 7
Senior class picture, Kentucky Baptist Hospital School of Nursing, 1961.
Box 28 Photo 8
Ashley family photograph, 1972.
Box 28 Photo 9
Washington DC, 1975.
Box 28 Photo 10
Portrait, promotional purpose for book, Hospitals, paternalism, and the role of the nurse.
Box 28 Photo 11a
Sitting on logs at home in Kentucky, 1980.
Box 28 Photo 12
Jo Ann Ashley and two employees, Veteran's Administration Hospital, Brecksville, OH, 1976.
Box 28 Photo 13
Jo Ann Ashley standing at podium, presenting paper, Medical Center, College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, School of Nursing, Lexington, KY, May 8, 1977.
Box 28 Photo 14abc
Negative, photo #6.
Box 28 Envelope 1

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