Gaylord P. Harnwell Papers
Held at: University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center [Contact Us]3401 Market Street, Suite 210, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
Gaylord P. Harnwell was born in Evanston, Illinois, on September 29, 1903--the only child of Frederick William, a lawyer in Chicago, and Anna Jane Wilcox Harnwell. He received his secondary education at Evanston Township High School, and was graduated from Haverford College, Haverford, Pennsylvania, in 1924. He studied physics at Cambridge University, England, from 1924 to 1925 and later at Princeton University where he received his M.A. in 1926 and Ph.D. in 1927.
After his university training, Harnwell spent a year, 1927-1928, at the California Institute of Technology as a National Research Council Fellow before he returned to Princeton. He taught physics at Princeton from 1928 to 1938, first as assistant professor, and was promoted to associate professor in 1936. In 1938, he joined the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania as Professor of Physics, chairman of the Department of Physics, and director of the Randal Morgan Laboratory.
During World War II, Harnwell was called into governmental service and was granted a leave of absence from the University of Pennsylvania. From 1942 to 1946, he served as director of the University of California Division of War Research for the U.S. Navy Radio and Sound Laboratory, San Diego, California. For this service, Harnwell was awarded a Medal for Merit in March 1947. The citation that accompanied the Medal gave him credit "for the severing by submarines of the last sea route from Japan to the mainland of Asia" through "the work of preparing for the United States Navy certain special weapons and devices." His work, the citation continued, "contributed directly to the destruction of the enemy's ships and shore establishments, and thus to the victory."
After the end of the war, Harnwell returned to the University of Pennsylvania and continued his work at the Department of Physics until he was elected president of the University in 1953. The University underwent spectacular changes during the seventeen years of his presidency from 1953 to 1970. The campus was expanded, many new buildings erected, and all major areas and programs strengthened. His administration has been acclaimed as a new milestone in the history of the development of the University.
In addition to his Penn connections, Harnwell continued his services for the United States defense in the post-war years. He was chairman of the Ordnance Committee of the Research and Development Board of the Department of Defense (1951-1953), chairman of the Committee on Undersea Warfare of the National Research Council (1950-1955), elected to the Advisory Panel on Ordnance, Transport and Supply of the Department of Defense in 1950 and to the Advisory Board of the U. S. Navy Ordnance Laboratory (Silver Spring, MD) in 1953 and was a member of the Science Information Council of the National Science Foundation (1961-1965). In February 1958, he was appointed to a special advisory panel to the congressional Subcommittee on Military Applications of Atomic Energy. In September of the same year he received the Navy Distinguished Public Service Award for his contributions to the Navy in the field of scientific research and development.
Until assuming his duties as President of the University, Harnwell was editor of three prestigious publications in physics-- the "International Series in Pure and Applied Physics," published by McGraw-Hill Book Company, The Review of Scientific Instruments, and Physics Today.
He was author or co-author of many erudite books on physics, among them Principles of Electricity and Electromagnetism (1929), Experimental Atomic Physics (1936, with John J. Linvingood), Atomic Physics (1955, with William E. Stephens), and Physics: Energy, Matter, and the Universe (1967, with George J. F. Legge).
In 1958, Harnwell joined a number of other prominent American educators for a tour of the former Soviet Union. The American delegation visited many educational and research institutions in the U.S.S.R. He published Russian Diary in 1960. In the summers of 1960 and 1961, at the request of the government of Iran and under the auspices of the United States Department of State, Harnwell visited Iran. The delegation he led studied the feasibility of establishing an America-type university in the city of Shiraz. In 1962 he published his account of the tour in the book Educational Voyaging in Iran. Pahlavi University, the newly-established Iranian university, developed a strong academic relationship with Penn during the term of his administration.
Harnwell was member of many academic institutions, among them the American Physical Society, the Acoustical Society, the American Philosophical Society, the Newcomen Society of North America, and the National Education Association. He served as chairman of the American Council on Education from 1959 to 1960 and was a longtime member of the Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. From 1965 to 1966 he was the first chairman of the Council of Presidents of Universities Research Association, Inc. He served on the Board of Managers of Haverford College from 1964 to 1981.
Harnwell's activities and achievements went far beyond the educational and academic circles. He was extensively engaged in civic and governmental affairs. He helped organize the West Philadelphia Corporation, which he served as board chairman for eighteen years. He also played a leading role in organizing the University City Science Center. A major goal of these two institutional initiatives was to improve the West Philadelphia neighborhood. He was also actively involved with the Greater Philadelphia Movement as a member of its board, and served as co-chairman for a number of years.
In 1958 Harnwell became a member of the board of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company and continued on that board until 1970. The next year he was elected chairman of the Board and president of the Penn Central Company. From 1965 to 1968, Harnwell also served as Public Governor of the New York Stock Exchange. Other directorships included the Chamber of Commerce of Greater Philadelphia, the First Pennsylvania Banking and Trust Company, the Philadelphia CARE Committee, Rore-Amchem, Inc., the United Fund of the Philadelphia Area, the Food Distribution Center Corporation, the National Society of Scabbard and Blade, and the Institute for Educational Management (Boston).
For government services, Harnwell served as chairman of Governor Scranton's Council of Science and Technology in 1963, was elected to Governor Shafer's Committee on Tax Administration in 1967, served as a member of the Governor's Tax Study and Revision Commission from 1967 to 1968, and member of the Commonwealth Priorities Commission (1968-1970).
He had honorary degrees from some thirty-four institutions of higher learning and was member of many honorary fraternities including Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, Sigma Pi Sigma, Alpha Epsilon Delta, Beta Alpha Psi, Sigma Tau Sigma, Alpha Phi Omega. In 1964, Harnwell was made Commander of the National Order of the Republic of Ivory Coast, and ten years later, won the title of Honorary Commander of the Order of the British Empire. He was also an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. In May, 1965, he received the 42nd annual Philadelphia Award.
After retiring from Penn presidency in 1970, Harnwell remained in service of the University for consultancy on development and planning, fund-raising and as an academic coordinator for the Penn-Pahlavi program. He also continued his contribution in civic and governmental services until he died in April, 1982.
The first series consists of biographical material of Harnwell as represented in two bio files, a file of early job offers to him, a file of family tree, an interview about his life and career, and files of obituary material and memorial articles. Also included in this series is his thesis on physics completed when he graduated from Haverford College in 1924.
The second series of personal correspondence, spanning from 1953 to 1981, concerns matters of personal or family interest.
The third series contains all business correspondence, administrative or professional. This series has been arranged alphabetically by subject. Major entries of this series include files of an Asian trip in 1956, a cyclotron project for the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania in the year of 1940-1941, a file of Foreign Policy Research Institute of the University related to a conference on transatlantic technological collaboration in 1967, files concerning the Graduate School of Education in the period of 1961-1964, files of Iran and Pahlavi University dating from 1960 to 1980, files of the Department of Physics of the University from 1939 to 1973, a file of the Philadelphia Award he received in 1965, and files of his work with the United States military services from 1944 to 1981.
The series of Administrative files include a chronologically-arranged file of administrative correspondence from 1953 to 1967, a sub-series of Desk Calendar from 1960 to 1980, a General File arranged by the initials of correspondents running from 1960 to 1981, and miscellaneous files related to the history and administration of the University or other outside organizations Harnwell was associated with. Also included in this series is a file of loyalty investigation conducted in the year of 1952-1953 concerning a Penn faculty.
The series of Addresses and Lectures has been arranged chronologically, running from 1955 to 1977. Also included in this series is a taped farewell speech Harnwell made to the University Senate in 1970.
The sixth series is all of teaching and research files consisting of teaching notes or reference material related to various topics in physics. The files date from 1920s to 1950s.
The seventh series consists of manuscripts and notes made by Harnwell including those that were later published in book forms--Atomic Physics, Introduction to Physical Science, and Principles of Electricity and Electromagnetism. Published articles and books are to be found in the eighth series, which includes, occasionally, correspondence related to specific publishing matters. Reference reprints in the ninth series comprise basically published articles of others that Harnwell collected for his reference.
The tenth series is for records of civic or governmental organizations outside the University of Pennsylvania where Harnwell served at different times. Major organizations represented in this series include the Congress of World Unity, 1973-1975; Governor's Committee on Tax Administration, 1959-1967; Governor's Council of Science and Technology, 1962-1964; Governor's Priorities Commission, 1968-1970; Governor's Tax Study and Revision Commission, 1967-1969; Greater Philadelphia Movement, 1960-1975; Greater Philadelphia Partnership, 1975-1980; Committee on Undersea Warfare of the National Research Council, 1950-1979; New York Stock Exchange, 1965-1968; Penn Central Company, 1958-1974; and the University City Science Center, 1970-1981.
Series XI collects awards, diploma and certificates Harnwell received. Series XII includes portraits of Harnwell and others as well as group photographs taken on various occasions. Series XIII is of memorabilia items including a plaque of award for the support of the study of Baltic Language and Culture, Harnwell's name plate used in the New York Stock Exchange, a metal plate of appreciation from Penn students, and two academic hoods he used for graduation ceremonies at Princeton University.
The fourteenth series holds all clippings, mostly from newspapers, that were originally collected by Mrs. Harnwell and pasted in bound scrapbooks. The clippings, running from 1938 all the way to 1971, record Harnwell's life and work with Penn as well as the development of the University in multifarious aspects during the period.
For records of the President Office when Gaylord P. Harnwell served as University President from 1953 to 1970, see the collection of UPA 4.
This collection has been organized into the following series:
I. Biographical and personal material, 1924-1992
II. Correspondence, personal, 1953-1981
III. Correspondence, administrative and professional, 1938-1981
IV. Administrative files, 1948-1981
V. Addresses and lectures, 1955-1977
VI. Teaching and research files, 1926-1957
VII. Manuscripts and notes, 1922-1976
VIII. Publishing, 1933-1980
IX. Reference reprints, 1889-1957
X. Organizations outside the University of Pennsylvania, 1950-1981
XI. Awards, diploma, certificates, 1916-1977
XII. Photographs, 1945-1973
XIII. Memorabilia, 1927-1970
XIV. Scrapbooks, 1938-1971
The Gaylord P. Harnwell papers were donated to the University Archives in 1973, 1981, 2004 and 2005.
- Stephens, William Edwards
- Ravdin, Isidore S. (Isidore Schwaner)
- Nichols, Jeannette Paddock
- Ono, Eisuke
- Schlekat, George A.
- Shen, Benjamin
- Radhakrishnan, S. (Sarvepalli)
- Nguyen, Thai Van
- Nichols, Roy F. (Roy Franklin)
- Looby, Joseph T.
- MacIntosh, Archibald
- Arnold, William Edwin
- Angell, Donald K. (Donald Kinney)
- Hetherston, John C.
- Day, William Lang
- Berger, David
- Larson, Randell, Mrs.
- Gu, Yiqiao
- Klein, Lawrence Robert
- In, Ho Oh
- Williams, Edwin B. (Edwin Bucher)
- Widmann, R.L.
- Tai, En-shui
- Dirac, P. A. M. (Paul Adrien Maurice)
- Condon, Edward Uhler
- Taylor, George W. (George William)
- Epstein, Paul S. (Paul Sophus)
- Meyerson, Martin
- Eiseley, Loren C.
- Congress of World Unity
- Pennsylvania Governor's Committee on Tax Administration. Pennsylvania Tax Advisory Committee
- Pennsylvania Governor's Council of Science and Technology
- American Council on Education
- University of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Gazette
- Rorer-Amchem, Inc.
- Tandem Accelerator Laboratory
- Wistar Association
- Yale & Towne Manufacturing Company
- Yeshiva University
- United World Colleges
- University of Pennsylvania. Development Fund Committee
- West Philadelphia Community Free School
- West Philadelphia Corporation
- United States Department of Defense. Research and Development Board
- United States Department of the Army. Ordnance Research and Development Advisory Committee
- United States Department of the Navy. Naval Ordnance Laboratory Advisory Board
- United States Department of the Navy. Office of Research and Inventions
- Princeton University
- Union League of Philadelphia
- United States Department of Defense. Office of Ordnance Research
- Physics Today
- Philadelphia Committee on Foreign Relations
- Philadelphia Award
- University of California. Division of War Research
- National Science Foundation (U.S.)
- Pahlavi University
- International House of Philadelphia
- Institute for Educational Management
- Loyola University of Chicago
- University of Pennsylvania -- General subdivision--History; Chronological subdivision--20th century.;
- Royal Society of Arts (Great Britain)
- American Educational and Historical Film Center
- American Association for the Advancement of Science
- Association of American Universities
- Associated Universities, Inc.
- American Philosophical Society
- American Institute of Physics
- University of Pennsylvania. Hospital
- Association of American Medical Colleges
- Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
- Grammateis Organization
- University of Pennsylvania. Graduate School of Education
- University of Pennsylvania. General Alumni Society
- University of Pennsylvania. Foreign Policy Research Institute
- Haverford College
- Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital of Philadelphia
- Haddonfield Art League
- Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.)
- National Research Council (U.S.)
- English Speaking Union
- Wharton School
- University of Pennsylvania. Department of Physics
- New York Stock Exchange
- Penn Central Transportation Company
- University City Science Center
- Pennsylvania Governor's Priorities Commission
- Pennsylvania Governor's Tax Study and Revision Commission
- Greater Philadelphia Movement
- Greater Philadelphia Partnership
- Education -- Soviet Union
- Education -- Iran
- Physics -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
- Optics -- Study and teaching
- Universities and colleges -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Administration
- Nuclear physics -- Study and teaching
- University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center
- Finding Aid Author
- Kaiyi Chen
- Finding Aid Date
- August 2005, revised March 2006
- Access Restrictions
Access to collections is granted in accordance with the Protocols for the University Archives and Records Centers.