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Samuel Bernard Hadden Papers


Held at: University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center [Contact Us]3401 Market Street, Suite 210, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

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Samuel Bernard Hadden was born in Dunmore, Pennsylvania in 1900. He was educated in the Dunmore public school system and graduated from high school in 1918. He attended the University of Pennsylvania and received an A.B., 1922 and M.D., 1924. He served his internship and residency with the Philadelphia General Hospital. Dr. Hadden served in several teaching capacities from 1926 to 1941 at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Department of Neurology. In 1941 he was appointed Associate Professor, 1941-1947.

Early in his career Samuel Hadden's main interest was neurology. Gradually he became more interested in the neuro-psychology. By 1953 his professional attention turned almost exclusively to mental health. Hadden is best known as a pioneer in group psychotherapy. His interest in group psychotherapy developed as a student working the summer months of 1923 at the White Haven Free Hospital for the Treatment of Poor Consumptives of Philadelphia. His mentors, Dr. Joseph Walsh and Dr. H.R.M. Landis, were students of Dr. Joseph Pratt, who was the first to employ the technique for the treatment of tuberculosis patients. By 1928 Hadden had joined the American Group Psychotherapy Associates. He began using group psychotherapy actively in 1937 when in charge of the combined neurological and psychiatric out patient department at Presbyterian Hospital.

During World War II and the Korean War, Hadden served as consultant to the Army Surgeon General. He wrote extensively on the topic of post-military adjustment and therapy.

In 1949 Hadden joined with other colleagues to argue that alcoholics be treated as sick individuals rather than morally depraved misfits. He played an active role on the Addiction Committee of the Philadelphia County Medical Society until 1987. Hadden also became an advocate for the parental guidance in child development, lecturing extensively and heading the Presbyterian Hospital Parent Guidance Institute. Believing that healthy interaction between child and parent, in addition to rough and tumble play, contributed significantly to mentally healthy adults, Hadden spent much of his career pursuing this point in his work with male homosexuals.

For Hadden, homosexuality was an "experientially determined and treatable condition." His greatest professional interest being group psychotherapy, Hadden was the first psychiatrist to use this method of treatment with exclusive male homosexual groups. Although compassionate in his approach, his professional and personal outlook remained consistent even after homosexuality was taken off the DSMIII list of diseases. Although his views on homosexuality are controversial at best, Hadden was highly respected in his field for his contribution to the development of group psychotherapy.

Hadden served as president of: the American Group Psychotherapy Association, 1949-1950; the International Association for Group Psychotherapy, 1973; the Delaware Valley Group Psychotherapy Society; the Philadelphia Psychiatric Society; and the Philadelphia County Medical Society. In 1971 he received the Strittmatter Award from the Philadelphia County Medical Society.

For a brief period of time Samuel Hadden owned and operated the Medical Dental Educational Recording Company, located on Schoolhouse Lane in Philadelphia. The company produced phonographic recordings primarily on medical topics. The business did not meet with success and produced only a few sound discs.

Dr. Hadden was married on October 18, 1924 to Alice O'Horo. They had three children: Samuel B. III, Michael A., and Alice Marie.

The Samuel Bernard Hadden Papers, 1918-1988, n.d. mainly document the professional contributions of Dr. Hadden in the field of Psychiatry, and in particular group psychotherapy. There is a small group of personal papers but these papers generally refer to his education and preparation for his profession.

The professional papers concentrate on Hadden's efforts and dedication to the principles of group psychotherapy. The correspondence, 1945-1988, n.d. is mainly concerned with his publication and research efforts.

There are early papers devoted to his interests in neurology. Topics include: tryparsamine in the treatment of general paralysis, bismuth arsphenamine in the treatment of tabes dorsalis, parkinsonism, neuritis and multiple neuritis for rowing serum therapy, hemophilia, cadium poisoning, poliomyelitis vaccination, and psychosomatic illness.

Although there is some material on post-military therapy dating from his work during World War II, Hadden's recommendations on treating post-military trauma is best seen from his papers dating from his service during the Korean War.

The bulk of the collection illustrates his interest in group psychotherapy and may be seen in papers devoted specifically to this topic, 1942-1981, n.d. as well as in his papers on: addiction, 1950-1987; child development, 1949-1983, n.d.; and homosexuality, 1955-1981, n.d.

Photographs from his college days to his reunion give a fair look at friends and colleagues. There are twelve phonographic records produced by his Medical Dental Educational Recording Company devoted to various medical topics. Oversized certificates and a few books finish out the collection.

The papers of Samuel Bernard Hadden are arranged in four series. They include personal papers, professional papers, photoprints, books, sound discs, and diplomas/certificates. The professional series is further divided into the following subseries: correspondence, neurological, neuro-psychological, psychological -- mental health, and miscellaneous papers.

These papers were donated to the University of Pennsylvania Archives and Records Center by Frank Hadden, the grandson of Samuel Bernard Hadden, March 20, 1991.

University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center
Finding Aid Author
Theresa R. Snyder
Finding Aid Date
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Autobiographical Essays, n.d.
Box 1 Folder 1
Education--University of Pennsylvania, 1918-1924.
Box 1 Folder 2
Education--College Courses for Teachers, 1927-1934.
Box 1 Folder 3
World War II Ration Cards, 1941-1946.
Box 1 Folder 4
Personal Loan, 1943.
Box 1 Folder 5

Civil Service Exam for Interne, 1924.
Box 1 Folder 6
National Board Exam, 1924-1926.
Box 1 Folder 7
Licensure, 1926.
Box 1 Folder 8
First case as medical doctor, 1926.
Box 1 Folder 9
Correspondence, 1945-1946.
Box 1 Folder 10
Correspondence, 1954-1955.
Box 1 Folder 11
Correspondence, 1956.
Box 1 Folder 12
Correspondence, 1957-1958.
Box 1 Folder 13
Correspondence, 1959-1960.
Box 1 Folder 14
Correspondence, 1961-1967.
Box 1 Folder 15
Correspondence, n.d., 1970-1988.
Box 1 Folder 16
Wendell Reber Correspondence, 1908-1914.
Box 1 Folder 17
"Tryparsamine in the Treatment of General Paralysis", 1926.
Box 1 Folder 18
"Bismuth Arsphenamine Sulphonate in the Treatment of Tabes Dorsalis," "Incipient Parkisonism", 1931.
Box 1 Folder 19
"Neuritis and Multiple Neuritis for Rowing Serum Therapy", 1932.
Box 1 Folder 20
"Treatment of Hemiplegia", 1934.
Box 1 Folder 21
"Trans-Cerebral Diathermy on Parkisonism of Chronic Epidemic Encephalitis", 1935.
Box 1 Folder 22
"Neurological Symptoms in Posthemorrhagic Secondary Anemia," "Nonspecific Measures in the Management of Neurosyphilis", 1936.
Box 1 Folder 23
"The Neuroses-Their Development and Suggestions for their Management", 1938.
Box 1 Folder 24
"Neuralgic Headache and Facial Pain", 1940.
Box 1 Folder 25
"A Case of Industrial Cadmium Poisoning with Predominating Neurological Symptoms", 1942.
Box 1 Folder 26
"Increased Intra-Thoraco-Abdominal Pressure as a Factor in the Paraplegic States," [1950].
Box 1 Folder 27
"A Sensitivity Reaction to Poliomyelitis Vaccine", 1958.
Box 1 Folder 28
"Objective Symptoms of Spinal Cord Involvement in Pernicious Anemia Removed by Treatment," n.d.
Box 1 Folder 29
Neurology Lecture, n.d.
Box 1 Folder 30
"The Genesis of the Neuroses", 1942.
Box 1 Folder 31
"A Health Problem of Prime Importance", 1943.
Box 1 Folder 32
Post-Military Therapy, 1946-1947.
Box 1 Folder 33
Orders, 1953.
Box 1 Folder 34
Report, 1953.
Box 1 Folder 35
Diary, 1953.
Box 1 Folder 36
Conferences, 1953.
Box 1 Folder 37
Photoprints, 1953.
Box 1 Folder 40
Clippings, 1953.
Box 1 Folder 38
Ephemera, 1953.
Box 1 Folder 39
Minutes, 1981-1984.
Box 1 Folder 41
Correspondence, 1967-1983.
Box 1 Folder 42
Legal, 1978.
Box 1 Folder 43
Directories, 1982 1987.
Box 1 Folder 44
Newsletters, 1980-1981.
Box 1 Folder 45
Symposiums, 1979-1983.
Box 1 Folder 46
"Alcoholism", 1950.
Box 1 Folder 47
"Effect of Alcohol on Person and Personality", 1954.
Box 1 Folder 48
"Emotional Roots of Sobriety", 1954.
Box 1 Folder 49
"People Who Drink", 1957.
Box 1 Folder 50
"Denial", 1979.
Box 1 Folder 51
"Alcoholism", 1984.
Box 1 Folder 52
"Alcoholism and Marriage," n.d.
Box 1 Folder 53
Notes, n.d.
Box 1 Folder 54
Age and Ageism, n.d.
Box 1 Folder 55
Presbyterian Hospital Parent Guidance Institute, 1949-1953.
Box 1 Folder 56
"Who is the Kindergarten Child", 1954.
Box 1 Folder 57
"Do We Encourage Delinquency", 1958.
Box 1 Folder 58
"Child Rearing and Responsibility", 1963.
Box 1 Folder 59
"Nature or Nurture", 1983.
Box 1 Folder 60
"Congratulations-I hear you're Pregnant," n.d.
Box 1 Folder 61
"Ethics," n.d.
Box 1 Folder 62
Box 1 Folder 63
"Treatment of Neuroses by Class Technic", 1942.
Box 2 Folder 1
"The Utilization of a Therapy Group in Teaching Psychotherapy", 1947.
Box 2 Folder 2
"Group Therapy in Prisons", 1948.
Box 2 Folder 3
"Group Psychotherapy in General Hospitals", 1951.
Box 2 Folder 4
"A Group Method of Teaching Psychiatry to Medical Students," "Countertransference in the Group Psychotherapist," "Dynamics and Clinical Applications of Group Psychotherapy", 1953.
Box 2 Folder 5
"Group Psychotherapy as an Aid in Training", 1954.
Box 2 Folder 6
"Historic Background of Group Psychotherapy," "A Group Method of Teaching Psychiatry to Medical Students", 1955.
Box 2 Folder 7
"La Dinamia de la Psicoterpia en Grup", 1956.
Box 2 Folder 8
"A Note on the Impact of Group Psychotherapy on Psychiatry", 1957.
Box 2 Folder 9
"Dynamics of Group Psychotherapy", 1959.
Box 2 Folder 10
"Group Psychotherapy in Medicine", 1960.
Box 2 Folder 11
"Training Staff Personnel for Patient Group Work", 1964.
Box 2 Folder 12
"The Use of Group Psychotherapy in Psychosomatic Disorders", 1966.
Box 2 Folder 13
"Group Psychotherapy as Medical Practice", 1967.
Box 2 Folder 14
"Group Psychotherapy: A Superior Method of Treating Larger Numbers of Neurotic Patients," "Treatment of the Neuroses by Class Technic", 1974.
Box 2 Folder 15
"A Glimpse of Pioneer in Group Psychotherapy", 1975.
Box 2 Folder 16
Sixth International Congress of Group Psychotherapy Program, 1977.
Box 2 Folder 17
"Group Psychology in Teaching and a Lesson to be Learned by Disregarding Some Techniques", 1978.
Box 2 Folder 18
Joseph H. Pratt, Father of Group Psychotherapy, 1911-1981.
Box 2 Folder 19
"Major Forerunners of Group Practice," n.d.
Box 2 Folder 20
Third Party Reprints, 1950-1955.
Box 2 Folder 21
Third Party Reprints, 1956-1958.
Box 2 Folder 22
"Trends in Treatment of Homosexuality and Sexual Deviants", 1955.
Box 2 Folder 23
"Attitudes Toward and Approaches to the Problem of Homosexuality", 1956.
Box 2 Folder 24
"Male Homosexuality: Observations on its Psychogenesis and on its Treatment by Group Psychotherapy", 1964.
Box 2 Folder 25
"Treatment of Homosexuals in Groups", 1965.
Box 2 Folder 26
"Etiologic Factors in Male Homosexuality", 1966.
Box 2 Folder 27
"Newer Treatment Techniques for Homosexuality", 1966.
Box 2 Folder 28
"Play and Sexual Adjustment", 1966.
Box 2 Folder 29
Group Treatment, 1966.
Box 2 Folder 30
Group Treatment, 1967.
Box 2 Folder 31
"A Way Out for Homosexuals", 1967.
Box 2 Folder 32
"Rehabilitation of Sexually Delinquent", 1969.
Box 2 Folder 33
"Group Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Homosexuals", 1971.
Box 2 Folder 34
"Treatment of Male Homosexuals in Groups", 1971.
Box 2 Folder 35
"Viewpoints: What Outcome Can Be Expected in Psychotherapy of Homosexuals", 1971.
Box 2 Folder 36
"Group Psychotherapy with Homosexual Males", 1972.
Box 2 Folder 37
"The Problem with Treating Homosexuals", 1975.
Box 2 Folder 38
"The Homosexual Group: Formation and Beginnings, 1976.
Box 2 Folder 39
"Homosexuality- Its Questioned Classification", 1976.
Box 2 Folder 40
Unpublished book manuscript "Homosexuality: An Experientially Determined and Treatable Condition," [1981].
Box 2 Folder 41
Unpublished book manuscript, n.d.
Box 2 Folder 42
Group Psychotherapy Treatment for Homosexuals, n.d.
Box 2 Folder 43
"The Homosexual and the Armed Services," n.d.
Box 2 Folder 44
"The Homosexual in Education," n.d.
Box 2 Folder 45
"The Problem with Being Homosexual," n.d.
Box 2 Folder 46
"Rehabilitation of Sexual Delinquents," n.d.
Box 2 Folder 47
"What is Homosexuality?," n.d.
Box 2 Folder 48
Notes, n.d.
Box 2 Folder 49
Clippings, 1964-1971.
Box 2 Folder 50
Third Party Reprints, 1963-1976.
Box 2 Folder 51
One, 1956-1957.
Box 2 Folder 52
Box 2 Folder 53
Hostility, n.d.
Box 2 Folder 54
Hypnosis (Herbert Spiegel Reprints), 1960-1970.
Box 3 Folder 1
Hypnosis (Other Third Party Reprints), 1974-1975.
Box 3 Folder 2
Molecular Psychology notes, n.d.
Box 3 Folder 3
Preventative Psychology, n.d., 1961.
Box 3 Folder 4
Preventative Psychology, n.d.
Box 3 Folder 5
Psychiatry, 1962-1980.
Box 3 Folder 6
Public Health, 1981 1982.
Box 3 Folder 7
"Negative Side of Debate on 'Resolved That Sterilization of Mentally Unfit is Justifiable and Desirable", 1935.
Box 3 Folder 8
Abortion, 1981-1982.
Box 3 Folder 9
"Doctor, Do You Treat Sick People?", 1955.
Box 3 Folder 10
"Total Justice, Can It Be Attained?", 1956.
Box 3 Folder 11
"The Doctor's Diagnosis of Public Relations", 1957.
Box 3 Folder 12
Book Reviews, 1966-1972.
Box 3 Folder 13
Bibliography, 1958.
Box 3 Folder 14
Speeches, 1950.
Box 3 Folder 15
Directories, n.d., 1968.
Box 3 Folder 16
Philadelphia General Hospital, 1954.
Box 3 Folder 17
Certificates (see oversized), n.d., 1918-1985.
Box 3 Folder 18
Emeritus Associate Professor Award, 1968.
Box 3 Folder 19
Miscellaneous Ephemera (Business card, Eye prescription).
Box 3 Folder 20

College Days (see oversized), [1917-1918].
Box 3 Folder 21
Friends and Colleagues.
Box 3 Folder 22
Philadelphia General Hospital.
Box 3 Folder 23
Lantern Slides--Nervous System.
Box 3 Folder 24
Loose from album, [1918-1924].
Box 3 Folder 25
Reunion Shots, 1974.
Box 3 Folder 27
Album, [1918-1924].
Box 3
Classroom Setting, ca. 1970.
Box OS 1

Opium Addiction, 1929-1930.
Box 4
Dr. Kirkbride and His Hospital/ Earl D. Bond, M.D. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company), 1946.
Box 4
Their Mothers' Sons/ Edward A. Strecker, M.D. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company), 1946.
Box 4

Adrenals in Health and Disease / William E. Ehrich, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).
Box 4
Psychoneurosis, Anxiety Reaction Type / O. Spurgeon English, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).
Box 4
Management of Head Injuries / Francis C. Grant, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).
Box 4
Dynamics of Group Psychotherapy / Samuel M. Hadden, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).
Box 4
Group Psychotherapy in General Hospitals / Samuel M. Hadden, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).
Box 4
Origin and Control of Epilepsy / William G. Lennox, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).
Box 4
The Family in the Changing World / William C. Menninger, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).
Box 4
The Silver Cord / Edward A. Strecker, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).
Box 4
Coronary Artery Disease / William D. Stroud, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).
Box 4
Psychosomatic Medicine / Edward Weiss, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).
Box 4
Three Medical Eras / Paul Durdley White, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).
Box 4
Report of a Fifteen Year Experiment on Cancer Control (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company).
Box 4

Dunmore High School Certificate, 1918.
Box OS 2 Folder 1
University of Pennsylvania -- Medical Doctor Diploma, 1924.
Box OS 2 Folder 1
Philadelphia General Hospital -- Certificate of Internship, 1926.
Box OS 2 Folder 2
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Public Instruction. Bureau of Medical Education and Licensure -- License, 1926.
Box OS 2 Folder 1
National Board of Medical Examiners of the United States, 1926.
Box OS 1
American Neurological Association -- Elected Active Member, 1938.
Box OS 2 Folder 2
United States Selective Service System.
Box OS 1
American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology Certificate, 1942.
Box OS 1
American Group Psychotherapy Association -- President, 1948-1949.
Box OS 1
American Group Psychotherapy Association -- Scroll to Honor, 1949.
Box OS 2 Folder 2
38th Parallel Medical Society of Korea -- Honorary Membership, 1951.
Box OS 2 Folder 1
Philadelphia County Medical Society -- 96th President, 1957.
Box OS 1
American College of Physicians -- Life Member, 1958.
Box OS 1
Mental Health Association of South Eastern Pennsylvania -- Earl D. Bond Award, 1967.
Box OS 1
Philadelphia County Medical Society -- Strittmatter Award, 1972.
Box OS 1

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