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U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 20 (WWI) Records


Held at: University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center [Contact Us]3401 Market Street, Suite 210, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Base Hospital No. 20 was created by the University of Pennsylvania, the American Red Cross, and the War Department in 1916 as a response to World War I. After Congress declared war against Germany in 1917, the War Department called Base Hospital No.20 into active service in the Medical Corps of the United States Army. A total of 22 medical officers, 2 dentists, 1 chaplain, 65 nurses, and 153 enlisted men, the vast majority of whom were affiliated with Penn, worked at the Base Hospital. The unit went to France during 1918 and 1919 and treated American soldiers, French soldiers, and some German prisoners. The unit successfully operated around 4000 surgeries and treated 5000 medical and gas patients with only 65 deaths. While the hospital treated battle casualties and disease, it was also known for its work on tuberculosis and influenza.

This collection includes laboratory records, lists of supplies, pathology of influenza and pneumonia reports, and professional correspondence regarding hospital protocols, medical procedures, and medical supplies from the Base Hospital. It also includes personal portraits as well as architectural drawings of buildings used by the Hospital.

This collection is arranged alphabetically.

University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center
Finding Aid Author
Zhangyang Xie
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Access to collections is granted in accordance with the Protocols for the University Archives and Records Center.

Collection Inventory

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Autopsy Reports, 1918-1919.
Box 1 Folder 1
Book of Correspondence, 1917-1918.
Box 1 Folder 2
Buildings Used by the Hospital, 1918-1919.
Box 1 Folder 3
Correspondence and Notes, 1918-1919.
Box 1 Folder 4
Laboratory Records, 1918-1919.
Box 1 Folder 5
Minutes of Post Exchange, 1918-1919.
Box 1 Folder 6
Miscellaneous Portraits, n.d.
Box 1 Folder 7
Numerical Summary of Lab Work, 1918-1919.
Box 1 Folder 8
Pathology of Influenza and Pneumonia Reports, 1918.
Box 1 Folder 9
Reichert, Edward Tyson Portrait, n.d.
Box 1 Folder 10
Section of Wound Bacteriology Monthly Statistical Report, 1918.
Box 1 Folder 11
Supplies List (1), 1918.
Box 1 Folder 12
Supplies List (2), 1918.
Box 1 Folder 13
Supplies List (3), 1918.
Box 1 Folder 14
Supplies List (4), 1918.
Box 1 Folder 15

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