Held at: Science History Institute Archives [Contact Us]315 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Science History Institute Archives. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
Samuel R. Natelson was an American clinical chemist. He was born in Brooklyn, New York on February 28, 1909, to a Jewish family. He attended City College of New York and received his B.S. in 1928. Upon receiving his Ph.D. from New York University in 1931, he did a variety of consulting work while also teaching at Girls Commercial High School in Brooklyn, New York. His consultation work included working with several pediatricians at the Jewish Hospital in Brooklyn on determining the causes of newborn infant mortality rates. This marked his introduction to clinical chemistry, and he became a founding member of the American Association for Clinical Chemistry, known as the AACC.
In 1949, Natelson was recruited to set up a Pediatric Research Laboratory at the Rockford Memorial Hospital in Rockford, Illinois. Natelson's title was Chairman of the Department of Biochemistry. The work Natelson and his colleagues did at Rockford resulted in The Immature Infant published in 1953, which was ill received by his contemporaries in neonatology. Only later would the findings put forth in The Immature Infant be accepted and Natelson and his colleagues vindicated. In the 1960s, Natelson served as a consultant to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, helping analyze the effects of weightlessness on astronauts' blood. Natelson was later director of laboratories at the Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago.
Upon his retirement in 1979, Natelson moved to Knoxville, Tennessee where he taught as Adjunct Professor of Chemistry at the University of Tennessee School of Veterinary Medicine. He died in Houston, Texas on March 31, 2001 and, before his death, he was the last surviving founding member of the AACC.
Samuel R. Natelson Collection, Science History Institute Archives, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Oral History Interview with Samuel R. Natelson, Science History Institute Oral Histories, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Pesce, Amadeo J. Samuel Natelson: Genius, Heretic, Savior. 2003
Arranged in its original order, the Samuel R. Natelson Collection contains the papers, photographs, audio recordings and a video recording of Samuel R. Natelson. The collection consists of publications relating to neo-natal and pediatric medicine and biographical information, related to a biography of Natelson written by Amadeo J. Pesce. Biographical materials include two transcripts of an oral history by Natelson (with accompanying CD-ROMs), tributes to Natelson written after his death, and the typescript of an informal biography written by Pesce. Also of interest is a copy of "The Learned Aged and the Young", a collection of stories and poems written by Natelson for his children. A VHS videotape "Dr. Natelson's Tape Copy" is preserved in this collection as well.
The Samuel R. Natelson Collection was donated to the Science History Institute (formerly known as the Chemical Heritage Foundation) in 2004 by Amadeo J. Pesce.
The Samuel R. Natelson Collection was processed by Andrew Mangravite in February 2017. This finding aid was revised by Birch Mezzaroba in February 2022.
- Science History Institute Archives
- Finding Aid Author
- Finding aid created by Andrew Mangravite and encoded into EAD by Birch Mezzaroba.
- Finding Aid Date
- Access Restrictions
There are no access restrictions on the materials and the collection is open to the public.
- Use Restrictions
The Science History Institute holds copyright to the Samuel R. Natelson Collection. The researcher assumes full responsibility for all copyright, property, and libel laws as they apply.
Stored in the Audio – Visual Archives