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Elihu Burritt Papers

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Held at: Swarthmore College Peace Collection [Contact Us]500 College Avenue, Swarthmore 19081-1399

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Swarthmore College Peace Collection. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

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Elihu Burritt was born on December 10, 1810, in New Britain, Connecticut, into a working class family of deep religious faith and compassion for those less fortunate. He attended school briefly, but was largely self-educated. Burritt became a blacksmith to support himself, but he continued to study languages at night. Word of his erudition spread; he became known as the "Learned Blacksmith", and was offered opportunities to speak in public. While writing a lecture on "The Anatomy of the Earth", he was so impressed by the interdependency of its parts that he ended with a plea for international peace. This became his lifelong passion. He became acquainted with other social reformers and began his career as a prophet for peace. Burritt joined the American Peace Society in 1843, but quickly took issue with its direction and approach. He aligned himself with the "radical" element, which rejected all war, including defensive war. By the mid 1840s, he had gained recognition as one of the leading peace advocates in the United States. In 1846 he edited the Advocate of Peace, the journal of the American Peace Society, but he became increasingly disenchanted with the APS, and resigned from the executive committee when it tried to justify the Mexican War as a defensive action. Burritt wished to reach the widest possible audience; in order to disseminate his peace principles he published several periodicals, which were aimed at families, children, and people of the middle and working classes. He made eloquent appeals especially to members of the working class, reminding them that it was they who bore the financial and physical burden of war. He hoped that laboring men would form a vast union system, and make a universal strike against the war system. From 1844 to 1851 he edited the Christian Citizen. In 1845 he proposed that brief statements written by peace reformers be sent to newspapers in Europe and America. Known as "Olive Leaves", hundreds of newspapers carried the articles, which were read by an estimated two million people. In 1846 he expanded his idea of international cooperation by organizing the "Friendly Address" program, which paired cities in England and America to exchange greetings and expressions of good will. (The Peace Collection holds a surviving example of a Friendly Address, written by the women of Exeter, England, to the women of Philadelphia in 1846). In 1846, Burritt went to England to found the League of Universal Brotherhood. Eventually, 50,000 people (male and female, over the age of 12), pledged to renounce all war and to refrain from military service. Burritt also attempted to foster international goodwill by promoting "Ocean Penny Postage," a form of inexpensive transatlantic mail, and by organizing several international peace conferences in Europe, notably the first Peace Congress in Brussels in 1848. (It originally was to have been held in Paris, but unrest in that city prompted the move to Brussels. The second Peace Congress was held in Paris in 1849, and the third in Frankfort in 1850). The international peace movement was shattered by the American Civil War and by the Crimean War in Europe. Burritt was in an especially difficult position because, although he had been an early and passionate advocate of the abolition of slavery and of complete equality among the races, he was branded a traitor by those who thought that the Civil War must be fought to eliminate the absolute evil of slavery. He had formulated a plan of "compensated emancipation", which would have paid slave owners to free their slaves with proceeds from the sale of public lands in the western United States. Appalled by the war and convinced that the North had erred in not recognizing the independence of the Southern Confederacy, Burritt at first retired to his farm, then returned to England to lecture and write. He served as the American consular agent there from 1865 to 1869. He returned to New Britain, Connecticut in 1870. The years after the Civil War found Burritt's reform labors decreasing substantially, yet he continued to reaffirm the moral principles upon which he had based his life. Burritt died in New Britain on March 6, 1879. *Parts of this introduction were adapted from the Biographical Dictionary of Modern Peace Leaders. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1985, entry for Elihu Burritt, and from Elihu Burritt: Crusader for Brotherhood by Peter Tolis, Hamden, Conn. : Archon Books, 1968.

The Elihu Burritt Papers consist of correspondence (primarily Burritt's holographs), published writings by and about Burritt, including books, pamphlets and newspaper clippings, photographs, and two serial publications edited by him: Advocate of Peace and Universal Brotherhood (1846) which was edited for the American Peace Society, and Burritt's Citizen of the World (1855-1856).

Burritt's correspondence spans the years of 1841-1878, much of it pertaining to his speaking engagements and publications. Included in his unpublished writings is a typewritten copy of his Last Will and Testament, unsigned, dated November 25, 1878. The Peace Collection holds a miscellany of Burritt's books and pamphlets published between the years of 1846 and 1875. Some are in DG 96; others are in the book collection and are listed on the Tripod computerized catalogue. The Friends Historical Library also has a small amount of correspondence to and from Burritt. The papers also include two books on astronomy by Burritt's brother, Elijah Burritt (1794-1838). Correspondents include Mary Carpenter and E.W. Jackson.

Items are arranged by type of material, then chronologically.

Guide to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection, 2nd ed., p. 14.

This collection was obtained through various gifts and purchases.

This collection was processed originally by various Peace Collection staff, and by Barbara Addison in January, 1993. This finding aid was revised by Wendy Chmielewski in July, 2008.

Items removed from this collection include: serials (removed to the Peace Collection retired periodicals area), photographs, two Ocean Penny Postage envelopes for 1850 and 1851 (removed to the Peace Covers album; photocopies are in DG 96, box 2), and advertisement and pencil sketch of Burritt (removed to Oversize Collection).

    Removed to the Photograph Collection:
  1. Portrait of Elihu Burritt [ca. 1846?]. 2 copies.
  2. Portrait of Elihu Burritt, undated. Signed "Your faithful friend, Elihu Burritt".
  3. Photo of Elihu Burritt, full-length, with knapsack, undated.
  4. Portrait of Elihu Burritt seated, with right hand at ear, undated. 2 copies.
    Removed to Oversize Collection:
  1. "The Late Mr. Elihu Burritt" (aged 68 years): Pencil sketch, artist and date unknown.
  2. "Elihu Burritt's newspaper" (advertisement)

Publisher
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Access Restrictions

Access is provided through photocopies. The originals are restricted.

Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Use Restrictions

None.

Collection Inventory

Bibliographies of material by, about and related to Burritt, (1958-1962, undated).

"Remarks on the Developments and Attainments of E. Burritt, the Learned Blacksmith, of Worcester, Mass.," The American Phrenological Journal, Vol. 3, no. 1 (October 1840), p. 27-31. , 1840.
"The Mental Qualities in Part Hereditary, Not Entirely Acquired," The American Phrenological Journal, Vol. 4, no. 6 (June 1842), p. 159-163., 1842.
"Eloquent Extract" Democratic Expositor, Vol. 1, no. 5 (August 9, 1845), p. 68-69., 1845.
"Memoir of Elihu Burritt" by Mary Howitt, The People's Journal, No. 44 (October 31, 1846), p. 239-252. 2 copies., 1846.
"Elihu Burritt's League of Universal Brotherhood, Christ Church Branch, Hampshire, England.", 1846-1847.
"The Phrenological and Physiological Organization of Elihu Burritt, the Learned Blacksmith, Illustrated with a Likeness," The American Phrenological Journal, Vol. 9, no. 9 (September 1847), p. 265-271. , 1847.
"Enlistment for the Peace Militia" Hansard's Parliamentary Debates: Third Series, Vol. 124 (10 February 1853-10 March 1853), p. 358. [Typewritten copy], 1853.
"Men of the Time" [Entry for Elihu Burritt] (1872), p. 168-169, 1872.
"Portrait of Elihu Burritt" The Village Blacksmith Calendar (1882), p. 1-6., 1882.
"Elihu Burritt, -- The Learned Blacksmith" by Ellen Strong Bartlett, The New England Journal, Vol. 16, no. 4 (June 1897), p. 385-403., 1897.
"Elihu Burritt" in New Britain the Center of Hardware Manufacture…with Various Illustrations of its Factories and Portraits of the Men Who Have Built them Up, (1903), p. 14-18., 1903.
The Burritt Bulletin [three separate issues, each dated December 12, 13, and 14, 1907], 1907.
"Hymn to Elihu Burritt" by Elise Traut, ., 1907.
"Elihu Burritt," by Ozora S. Davis, 28 p. 2 copies., 1907.
"Reminisces of Elihu Burritt," series of 4 letters., 1908-1909.
"Burritt Peace Memorial " The Boston Herald (April 12, 1910) , 1910.
"Honoring a Blacksmith-Prophet" by Herbert A. Jump, The Congregationalist and Christian World (May 7, 1910), p. 640. , 1910.
"New Britain City of Elihu Burritt" (May 1910) [26 p.], 1910.
Material relating to Elihu Burritt Day (May 10, 1910) 5 postcards, 4 handwritten sheets of paper., 1910.
"Sketch of Elihu Burritt" New England Arbitration and Peace Congress (May 8, 9, 10, 11, 1910) p. 10-11., 1910.
New England Arbitration and Peace Conference, May 11, 1910.
"Symbolism of Flags of Many Countries Happily Explained at International Peace Sociable" New Britain Daily Herald , May 25, 1910.
"A Festival of Nations: The Birthday of Elihu Burritt, the New Britain 'Apostle of Brotherhood'" by Herbert A. Jump, The Survey (June 4, 1910), p. 393-396., 1910.
"Burritt Convinced Men Nations Could Settle Disputes Amicably" by James L. Tryon, The Christian Science Monitor, April 29, 1911.
The Commonweal (Melbourne, Australia), Vol. 18, no 9 (May 1, 1911). Photo of Burritt on cover., 1911.
"The Burritt Memorial Design" The Hartford Courant, November 3, 1914.
"Blacksmith and Peacemaker" League News (February 1929), p. 6., 1929.
"Burritt, Elihu" Dictionary of American Biography ([1929-30?]), p. 328-330., 1929.
"Elihu Burritt from a Plaster Medallion at Friends House" Friends Historical Society Journal, 1936.
"Brain and Brawn" [book review by Henry Steele Commager], LD Tribune Books (April 11, 1937). Review of The Learned Blacksmith by Merle Curti., 1937.
"Review Written on Burritt Book" [publication unknown], (1937). Review of The Learned Blacksmith by Merle Curti., 1937.
"Assembly Approves New Burritt Stamp" New Britain Daily Herald (May 16, 1939), p. 1-2., 1939.
"Mission Built by Burritt is to be Sold Now" [publication unknown], 1930s?.
"An American Crusaded For Penny Postage" The Cover Collector, Vol. 3, no. 4 (June 1942), p. 3-6., 1942.
Letter, F.D. Lane to Miss E. Emmons, about Elihu Burritt, September [?], 1956.
Letter, E.W. Jackson to Elias Lane, May 29, 1847 [1857?] ALS, 1 leaf folded. Re: Burritt and Ocean Penny Postage, and "the League" (League of Universal Brotherhood?).
Elihu Burritt and International (Universal) Postage, Marion L. Hoar, Master's thesis, 1936.
General

See Swarthmore College Peace Collection office file-Burritt, Elihu

Lucretia Mott and Fifty-Four Forty or Fight, Ellen Starr Brinton, [1946]; references to Burritt's peace efforts.
"Elihu Burritt, the Learned Blacksmith", by E.S. Bartlett, New England Magazine, Vol XVI, no. 4, June 1897.
"The Burritt Collection in the Elihu Burritt Library, Central Connecticut State University", 1985.

Worcester [Massachusetts], to My Dear Sir, ALS, 1 leaf., 1841 December 6.
Worcester, to Isaac J. Smith, ALS, 1 leaf., 1842 February 25.
Worcester, to Charles Sanman, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1842 February 26.
Syracuse, to C.M. Davidson, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1842 March 14.
Worcester, to Dear Sir, ALS, 1 leaf., 1842 June 17.
Worcester, to Amasa Walker, ALS, 1 leaf., 1844 October 1.
Worcester, to Friend Mitchell, ALS, 1 leaf, with printed biographical information about Burritt pasted to letter., 1845 February 20.
Worcester, to My Dear Sir, ALS, 1 leaf., 1845 November 8.
Bristol, to My Dear Sir, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1846 September 5.
Antislavery Office [England], to My Good Friend, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1846 October 9.
York [England], "As much a brother...", ADS, 1 leaf folded., 1846 November 5.
Manchester, to Friend Lane, ALS, 1 leaf, with typewritten copy., 1846 December 4.
Manchester, to Mrs. Howitt, ALS, 1 leaf folded, mounted on another sheet., 1846 December 26.
Birmingham, to Friend Lane, ALS, 1 leaf, with typewritten copy., 1847 January 6.
Birmingham, to Friend Gilpin, ALS, 1 leaf., [1847?] February 4.
Birmingham, to My Dear Sir, ALS, 1 leaf, with typewritten copy., 1847 February 6.
London, to Miss Richardson, ALS, 1 leaf., 1847 May [?] 24.
Wrexham, "As there is no one square inch...", ADS, 1 leaf., 1847 August 9.
[London], to Friend Lane, ALS, 1 leaf folded, with typewritten copy., [1847] September 26.
London, to Dear Sir, ADS, 1 leaf. (2 copies: copy 2 had been mounted on wood). At head of letter: "Peace Convention in Paris"., 1848 March 30.
London, to Dear Friend, ALS, 1 leaf, with typewritten copy., 1848 July 27.
London, to Thomas Harvey, ALS, 1 leaf., 1848 August 1.
Paris, to Dear Fry, [Edmund Fry], ALS, 1 leaf. Re: Brussels Peace Congress, held in 1848., [1848?] August 31.
London, to Dear Lacan, [Ernest Lacan], ALS, 1 leaf., 1849 January 8.
[London], to Dear Lacan, [Ernest Lacan], ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1849 January 20.
[London], to My Dear Friend, ALS, 1 leaf. May be 1848., [1849] March 29.
to Sir, ALS, 1 leaf. (In another hand?, letter is signed by Burritt and Henry Richards)., 1849 Juillet 31.
to Sir (M. de Coquerel, Paris), ALS, 1 leaf folded. (In another hand, signed by Burritt and Henry Richards), with typewritten copy., 1849 September 18.
London, to My Dear Sir, ALS, 1 leaf. Re: Burritt's speech "The Impolicy of War"., [1849?], November 24.
to My Dear Sir (John Stetson), ALS, 1 leaf., 1849 November 28.
Ocean Penny Postage envelope, [1850].
Ocean Penny Postage envelope addressed to Caleb H. Canby. (Original in Peace Covers album)., 1850.
Worcester, to My Dear Sir, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1850 February 19.
Ocean Penny Postage envelope. (Original in Peace Covers album)., 1851.
London, to My Dear Friend, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1851 April 2.
London, to Sir,printed letter, 1 leaf folded. At head of letter: "Congress of the Friends of Peace"., 1851 June 26.
[London?], to Wm. Darlington, ALS, 1 leaf folded. Mounted (removably) on document explaining the Ocean Penny Postage motif which was used on this letterhead., 1851 July 15.
York, to Rev. Mr. Young, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1852 January 30.
Washington, to My Dear Friend,Photocopy of ALS [1 leaf?]., 1854 April 10.
Ocean Penny Postage envelope., [1856?].
Livonia, N.Y., to My Dear Sir, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1856 January 19.
Manchester, to Friend Lane, ALS, 1 leaf., [1857?] March 5.
Buffalo, to My Dear Sir, ALS, 1 leaf., 1857 March 10.
Edinburgh, to Friend Lane, ALS, 1 leaf., [1857] March 22.
London, to Friend Lane, ALS, 1 leaf folded., [1857] April 24.
London, to Friend Lane, ALS, 1 leaf, with typewritten copy., [1857] May 2.
London, to Friend Lane, AL, 1 leaf, with typewritten copy. Burritt's signature apparently has been cut off from the bottom of the letter., [1857] July 1.
London, to Dear Friend, ALS, 1 leaf., 1857 July 16.
New Britain, Conn., to Mssrs. Fowler and Wells, ALS, 1 leaf. Written on prospectus for Burritt's periodical The North and the South., 1858 April 20.
New Britain, Conn., to Prof. Benjamin Silliman, ALS, 1 leaf., 1859 August 12.
Islington, to Elias Lane, ALS, 1 leaf folded, with typewritten copy., 1862 January 5.
Islington, to B.B. MacArthur, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1863 January 13.
Birmingham, to Collector of Customs at New York, ADS, 1 leaf., 1867 January 28.
Birmingham, to My Dear Young Friend [Elihu Burritt Lane, son of Elias Lane]ALS, 1 leaf folded., [1867?] March 31.
Birmingham, to Bigelow, Kennard and Co., ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1867? May 4.
[Birmingham], to Daniel A. Wells, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1867 June 15.
Birmingham, to Mrs. Griffass, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1868 January 13.
Birmingham, to Mrs. Griffass, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1868 January 30.
Birmingham, to My Dear Sir, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1868 November 25.
Birmingham, to Elihu Burritt Lane, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1869 October 5.
New Britain, Conn., to Edwin A. Mercun, ALS, 1 leaf folded., 1872 May 4.
New Britain, Conn., to Alderman Mechi, ALS, 1 leaf, with envelope. Re: William H. Miller., 1874 May 6.
[s.l.], to Mr. Mecker, ALS 1 leaf., 1876 March 8.
New Britain, Conn., to the Editor of Scribner's Magazine, ALS, 1 leaf., 1878 October 11.
Last Will and Testament of Elihu Burritt, typed document, not signed, 5 leaves. Recorded March. 17, 1879., 1878 November 25.
Letter to My Dear Sir, ALS, 1 leaf. "I thank you heartily for your kind letter...", undated.
Card, 3.5 in. x 2.5 in., signed. "God is love. Love is the source...", undated.
ADS, 1 leaf. "The capacity of acquiring, preserving, and enjoying freedom...", undated.
ADS, 1 leaf. "Look on Bunker Hill...", undated.

ALS from Mary Carpenter (British social reformer), 1 leaf, introducing her enclosed pamphlet The Duty of Society to the Criminal Classes, Montreal : D. Rose, 1873 [letter and pamphlet have been photocopied; originals are restricted collection], 1873 May 26.

Wars and Their Consequences, The Young People's Magazine, Vol. 1, no. 3 (March 1846), p. 67-68., 1846.
Sparks from the Anvil. London: C. Gilpin, 1847., 1847.
A Dream, The Ladies' Wreath and Literary Gatherer, Vol. 9, no. 2 (February 1847), p. 42-47., 1847.
Literary Notice, reprints "The Natural Bridge" from Burritt's Sparks from the Anvil. Howitt's Journal [October 25, 1847], 1847.
Ocean Penny Postage: Its Necessity Shown and Its Feasibility Demonstrated. London : C. Gilpin, [1848?], [1848?].
One Blood and One Brotherhood, in Gems of Reform. New Concord, O[hio?] : M.R. Hull, 1848., 1848.
An Olive Leaf for the French People. [S.l. : s.n., 1849?] 2 copies, one encapsulated, one with trimmed margins., [1849?].
A Congress of Nations : Addresses at the International Peace Congresses at Brussels (1848), Paris (1849), and Frankfort (1850). Old South Leaflets, No. 146. Boston : Directors of the Old South Work, [1850?] 2 copies., [1850?].
Elihu Burritt's Miscellaneous Writings. Worcester, Mass. : T. Drew, Jr., 1850., 1850.

A Plan of Brotherly Copartnership of the North and South, for the Peaceful Extinction of Slavery. New York : Dayton and Burdick, 1856., 1856.
The Year-Book of the Nations, for 1856. New York : D. Appleton, 1856., 1856.
Address of Elihu Burritt, in Thirty-Third Anniversary of the American Peace Society. Boston : American Peace Society, 1861., 1861.
Jonas Webb, His Life, Labours and Worth. London : Sampson Low, Son and Marston, 1868., 1868.
The Electric Post, Phrenological Journal and Packard's Monthly, Old Series Vol. 51, (July 1870)., 1870.
The Western and Eastern Questions of Europe. Hartford : Hamersly, 1871., 1871.
Remarks of Elihu Burritt..., An Historical Discourse Delivered at the Celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Erection of the Congregational Church...October 16, 1872. Hartford : Case, Lockwood and Brainard, 1873., 1873.
The Twin Daughters of the Horseleech. New Vienna, Ohio : Peace Association of Friends in America, 1875., 1875.
Twenty Reasons for Total Abstinence From Slave-Labour Produce. Bucklersbury [England] : J. Unwin, [n.d.] Probably written between 1852 and 1860. 2 copies., undated.
The Rabbit and the Peasant. [S.l. : s.n., n.d.] 1 leaf mimeographed., undated.

Advocate of Peace and Universal Brotherhood (1846) (serial publication). Removed to Peace Coll. Periodicals, retired area under American Peace Society., 1846.
Unity and Peace, a Sermon Preached...by John Weiss. Worcester : E. Burritt, [1847?], [1847?].
Prospectus for The Christian Citizen. [1850?]. Large, tabloid-type advertisement., [1850?].
Prospectus for Burritt's Christian Citizen [1850?] 7.25 x 4.5 in., [1850?].
Prospectus for Burritt's Citizen of the World [1855?], [1855?].
Burritt's Citizen of the World (1855-1856) (serial publication) [removed to Periodical Collection], 1855-1856.
Prospectus for The North and the South [1858?], [1858?].

The Geography of the Heavens and Class Book of Astronomy...5th ed. New York : F.J. Huntington, 1841., 1841.
The Geography of the Heavens and Class Book of Astronomy... Ed. "greatly enlarged, revised and illustrated". New York : Mason Brothers, 1859, 1859.

Letter, Elijah Burritt to Theodore Hinsdale, 1835, January 2.
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Letter, David Hoffman to Elihu Burritt, 184[?], August 15.
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Letter, Elihu Burritt to sister Almira Strickland, 1849, April 15.
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Letter, Elihu Burritt to Sister, 1849, November 26.
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Letter, Elihu Burritt to sister Almira Strickland, 1850, October 13.
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Letter, Elihu Burritt to Sister, 1851, March 28.
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Letter, Elihu Burritt to Sister, 1852, January 2.
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Letter, Elihu Burritt to Brother Strickland, 1854, August 25.
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Letter, Elihu Burritt to Brother, 1855, August 3.
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Letter, George Beach to Elihu Burritt, 1857, July 28.
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Letter, Horatio King to Elihu Burritt, 1857, November 5.
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Letter, John G Fee to Elihu Burritt, 1862, June 16.
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Letter, George Searle to Elihu Burritt, 1862, January 4.
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Letter, Alice Lemon to Elihu Burritt, 1864, July 4.
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Letter, Alice Lemon to Elihu Burritt, 1865, May 29.
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Letter, Lord Sandon [Earl of Harrowby] to Elihu Burritt, 1867, September 13.
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Letter, to Gerrit Smith to Elihu Burritt, 1867, November 26.
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Letter, Louisa Fellow to Elihu Burritt, 1868, June 12.
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Letter, E Marston[?] to Elihu Burritt, 1869.
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Letter, Brame to Elihu Burritt, 1872, August 31.
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Letter, Isaac Burritt to Sir, 1873, February 3.
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Letter, Elihu Burritt to Bartlett, 1875, February 23.
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Letter, Alex Kirkpatrick to Elihu Burritt, 1876, September 25.
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Letter, George W. Taylor to Burritt's Family, 1879, March 25,.
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Letter, Ellen Bartlett to Joseph Conwell, 1922, November 12.
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Letter, Ellen Bartlett to Joseph Conwell, 1923, May 7.
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Letter, Ellen Hopkins to Elihu Burritt, Undated.
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Letter, ASK to Elihu Burritt, Undated, Undated, May 27.
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Letter, Philippa Bracey to Elihu Burritt, Undated, August 2.
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Letter, Harold Hinde to Elihu Burritt, Undated.
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Letter, Elihu Burritt to Bennett Andrews, Undated, July 26.
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Lecture, Elihu Burritt, The Dignity and Comfort of the Farmer's Life, Pages 27 to 39, 1858.
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Poem, [in Elihu Burritt's handwriting], Undated.
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Writings, Undated, [legacy of sciences versus moral inheritance] Pages 2 to 5, Undated fragment.
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Letters appear of reverse of pages,: John G Fee to Elihu Burritt, 1862, June 16.
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George Searle to Elihu Burritt, 1862, January 4.
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Writings, Elihu Burritt, "America and England and the Future Peace of the World," Pages 5 to 7, Undated fragment.
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Writings, Elihu Burritt [America and England and the Future Peace of the World-copy without edits] Page 1 only, Undated fragment.
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Writings, Elihu Burritt [from the Confederate Government . . . ], Page 3 only, Undated fragment.
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Writings, Elihu Burritt, [felt the guilt and shame of sin. . . ] Pages 9 to 12, Undated fragment.
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Writings, Elihu Burritt, [Great Britain] Page 15, Undated fragment.
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Writings, Elihu Burritt, Higher Law and the Mission of Commerce,.
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Writings, Elihu Burritt, [For the New York Times] "Reunion by Expansion", Undated.
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Manuscript and Letter Labels.

Print, Suggest