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Peace Association of Friends in America Records

Notifications

Held at: Swarthmore College Peace Collection [Contact Us]500 College Avenue, Swarthmore 19081-1399

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Swarthmore College Peace Collection. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

The Peace Association of Friends in America was organized in 1867 by Orthodox Friends in the New York, Baltimore, North Carolina, Ohio, Indiana, Western and Iowa Yearly Meetings in reaction to the Civil War, with its mission being to convince Friends and others that war was unchristian, inhumane and unnecessary. The Association was incorporated in 1894 and was based in Richmond, Indiana. From that time, the Association was managed by its Board of Directors, consisting of seven members, which were to be chosen by the 13 representatives appointed by the Five Years' Meeting, one from each Yearly Meeting. Subsequently, all the Yearly Meetings of the Five Years' Meeting united in it, and in 1940 it became the Board of the Five Years' Meeting on Peace and Arbitration, or the Peace Board of the Five Years' Meeting. The Association became affiliated with the American Peace Society in 1914.

Daniel Hill was an early president of the Association, when it was headquartered in New Vienna (Ohio), a position he held until his death in 1899. Allen D. Hole was president from 1899 (1900?) to 1927. He was followed by Thomas R. Kelley (October 1927 - December 15, 1928) and William T. Berry (1929-?). Murray S. Kenworthy was chosen as chairman of the Association in 1938.

The Association's major project through the years was the publication of Messenger of Peace. Originating in 1870, it ran as a continuous series through 1889; it was called The Christian Arbitrator and Messenger of Peace from 1891-1894. It was revived again under its original title in 1900 and ran through 1943 (it appeared as a supplement to the American Friend from 1933-1943). Also published was The Messenger from 1889-1899.

Other projects of the Association included publication of tracts and pamphlets, organization of public meetings and lectures, efforts to avert a war with Mexico in 1914, the awarding of prizes for peace essays in contests among high school and college groups, and aiding the Emergency Committee organized by English Friends for the assistance of Germans, Austrians and Hungarians who were in distress from the war.

This collection contains correspondence from 1914 through 1935, consisting mostly of carbon copies of outgoing letters sent by Allen D. Hole; scattered meeting minutes and financial reports; and miscellaneous other material that documents various programmatic efforts of the Association. Correspondents include John R. Cary, Theodore Foxworthy, W. Spencer Hadley, Mary Mendenhall Hobbs, Rufus M. Jones, Ray Newton, Levi T. Pennington, and Walter C. Woodward. See on-line library catalog (tripod) for location of periodicals and other publications.

This collection is organized with correspondence, administrative records, and lastly publications.

Guide to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection, 2nd ed., p. 52.

This collection is available on microfilm (reels 80.1-80.3). Microfilming was done by Alpha Systems in May 1979 under NEH Grant #RC-27706-77-739. Microfilm is available on-site by appointment and through interlibrary loan from the Swarthmore College Peace Collection.

Unknown.

This collection was Re-processed, and the checklist was revised by Anne Yoder in May, 2003. This finding aid was prepared by Chloe Lucchesi-Malone in July, 2009.

Three books from box 4 were removed to the Book Collection (they were not microfilmed): The Primitive Christian's Estimate of War and Self-Defence by Josiah W. Leeds, 1876; Review of the Life of William Ladd by Jacob S. Willets, 1875; and Letters Addressed to Caleb Strong, Esq. by Samuel Whelpley, 1875.

Publisher
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Access Restrictions

None.

All or part of this collection is stored off-site. Contact Swarthmore College Peace Collection staff at peacecollection@swarthmore.edu at least two weeks in advance of visit to request boxes.

Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Collection Inventory

Correspondence, 1914. 4 folders.
Box 1 [SCPC-3734] Reel 80.3
Related Materials

Microfilm reel 80:1)

Physical Description

4 folders

Correspondence, 1915. 3 folders.
Box 1 [SCPC-3734] Reel 80.3
Physical Description

3 folders

Correspondence, 1920.
Box 1 [SCPC-3734] Reel 80.3
Correspondence, 1921.
Box 1 [SCPC-3734] Reel 80.3
Correspondence, 1922.
Box 2 [SCPC-3735] Reel 80.2
Correspondence, 1924.
Box 2 [SCPC-3735] Reel 80.2
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:2

Correspondence, 1925.
Box 2 [SCPC-3735] Reel 80.2
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:2

Correspondence, 1927, 1927. 4 folders.
Box 2 [SCPC-3735] Reel 80.2
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:2

Physical Description

4 folders

Correspondence, (1928-1930 and 1935).
Box 2 [SCPC-3735] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Reports, work plans, 1894-1944.
Box 3 [SCPC-3736] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Speeches and articles, 1920-1927.
Box 3 [SCPC-3736] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Printed information re: Peace Association of Friends in America.
Box 3 [SCPC-3736] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm 80:3

Indiana Yearly Meeting: correspondence and reports, 1921-1929.
Box 3 [SCPC-3736] Reel 80.3
Mailing lists, 1914-1927.
Box 3 [SCPC-3736] Reel 80.3
Circular letters [form letters], 1925-1927.
Box 3 [SCPC-3736] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Peace contests, 1924-1929.
Box 3 [SCPC-3736] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Cartoons/illustrations [no originals]; miscellaneous.
Box 3 [SCPC-3736] Reel 80.3

Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "An Account of the Sufferings of Friends of North Carolina Yearly meeting, in Support of Their Testimony Against War, from 1861 to 1865," (2nd ed.), 1868.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm 80:3

Pamphlet "An Essay on War, and On Its Lawfulness Under the Christian Dispensation" (no. 2) by Joseph John Gurney, 1869 [this is a 1940 reprint], 1869.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "Chalmers on Peace" (no. 4), a sermon by Rev. Thomas Chalmers, 1869.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "Defensive War. Extracted from a Lecture Delivered at the Hall of Commerce, Threadneedle Street, London, February 5, 1845" (no. 5) by Rev. Henry Richard, 1869.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Leaflet "Twelve Reasons in Favor of Arbitration as a Substitute for War in the Settlement of International Disputes" (no. 6), 1869.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Leaflet "Four Aspects of War" (no. 7), 1869.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "The Churches of Christendom Responsible for the Continuance of War" (no. 13) by Thomas Chase, 1869?.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3

Booklet "The True Grandeur of Nations. An Oration Delivered Before the Authorities of the City of Boston, July 4, 1845" by Charles Sumner, 1870.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm Reel 80:3

Pamphlet "On Universal Peace; Being Extracts from a Discourse Delivered in October 1813 by the Rev. David Bogue" (no. 3), 1870.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Leaflet "Spurgeon on the French and German War" (no. 13), 1870.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Leaflet "War on Christian Principles" (no. 4), 1870.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Leaflet "War as a Judicial Redress" (no. 8), 1870.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "What is War" (no. 10) by J.H. Douglas?, (1870-1873?).
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "Defensive War. Extracted from a Lecture Delivered at the Hall of Commerce, Threadneedle Street, London, February 5, 1845" (no. 5) reprint, 1872.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "Standing Armies" (no. 14) by H. Richard, M.P., (1870-1873?).
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Mircrofilm reel 80:3

Unlawfulness of War" (no. 17), 1873.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Leaflet "The Root-Principle of the Peace Question" (no. 19), 1874.
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Leaflet "Missions and Their Defense" (no. 21), 1874.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737]
Pamphlet "The Footprints of the Destroyer" (no. 27), 1875.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Leaflet "Does the Capital Penalty Prevent or Produce Murderers?" (no. 25), 1875, 1875.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet (photocopy) "A Visit to the Battlefields Around Paris" (no. 31) by Lewis Appleton.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Leaflet "An Appeal to Ministers of the Gospel of All Denominations in Behalf of the Cause of Peace", 1876.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet (photocopy) "Christ, the Prince of Peace" (no. 32) by Luke Woodward, 1876.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "A Lesson on War: A Mother's Story" (no. 34), (ca. 1876-1880?).
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "A Peace Professor in Patagonia", ( ca. 1880-1881 ).
Box 4 [SCPC-3737]
Existence and Location of Copies

Not on microfilm

Pamphlet (photocopy) "The War Demon" (no. 39) by John Hemmenway, 1885.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet (photocopy) "The 'Arm of the Lord' and the 'Arm of Flesh'" by Harris Knight, 1889.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "Neighbor Malloy's Pat" , (ca. 1880s?).
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Leaflet "A Missionary's Encounter with Highwaymen" (no. 50), (ca. 1880s?).
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet (photocopy) "Can a Christian Be a Soldier?" by John Ashworth], 1894.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "William Penn, the Founder of Philadelphia, and His Government", 1896.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737]

Pamphlet (photocopy) "The Blood of the Nation: Abstract of an Address Given at Stanford University, May 9, 1900" by David Starr Jordan, 1901.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "Patriotism: An Oration Delivered Before the Phi Beta Kappa of Harvard College, Commencement, 1900" by William Everett, 1901.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "Patriotism: An Oration Delivered Before the Phi Beta Kappa of Harvard College, Commencement, 1900" by William Everett, 1903.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737]
Pamphlet "The World's Court", 1903.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet (photocopy) "Daniel Webster's Experience", 1904.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "The Coming of the Prince of Peace", 1908.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Reports of the Philadelphia Peace Association of Friends, 1907, 1909.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "The Waste of War -- the Wealth of Peace" by Arthur Foraker Young, 1910.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "Neighbor Malloy's Pat," 1910, 1910.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "The Other Cheek" from Evangelical Messenger, 1910, 1910.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Reports of the Philadelphia Peace Association of Friends, 1910-1913.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "The Minister and the Peace Question" by C.F. Hersey, 1911.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "Dim-Eyed: A Novelette" by Mary B. Seabury, 1912.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "An Attic Banquet and What Came of It" by Anna D. Stephens, 1914.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilmr reel 80:3

Report of the Executive Committee of Philadelphia Peace Association of Friends, 1914-1915.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Periodical "The Messenger of Peace" (vol. XL:6): Supplement No. 1 "Friends...and the...Morality of War by Isaac Sharpless", September 1915.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microflm reel 80:3

Periodical "The Messenger of Peace" (vol. XL:9): Supplement "Jesus and Militarism by Elbert Russell", December 1915.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "The Quaker Peace Position" by Rufus M. Jones, 1915.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "A Quaker View of the War" by Henry T. Hodgkin, 1915.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "War and Peace: A Course of Twelve Lessons", 1915.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Scope and Contents

2 editions

Leaflet "The Spiritual Danger to the United States from the War in Europe", 1915.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "The Modern Paradox" by Francis Case, 1916.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "Dim-Eyed: A Novelette" by Mary B. Seabury, 1917 edition.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "Jesus and Militarism: An Address Delivered at the Friends' National Peace Conference, Winona Lake, Indiana, July 25, 1915" by Elbert Russell,, 1917.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "Conscientious Objectors and Alternative Service" by Allen D. Hole, 1917.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "The Great War and the Years to Follow. A Brief Statement of the Beliefs and the Faith of the Friends (Quakers) with Respect to Important Questions Arising Out of the Present World Crisis" by Allen D. Hole, 1917.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Existence and Location of Copies

Microfilm reel 80:3

Pamphlet "A Truth-Glinting Phantasie" by Mary B. Seabury, 1920.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "Lady Leal: An Imaginary Autobiography" by Mary B. Seabury, 1921.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "A Better Way: An Oration", 1922.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "Stepping-Stones to World Peace" by Allen D. Hole, 1922.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "Dies Irae -- Day of Wrath" by E. Merrill Root, 1924.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "The Present Crisis" by Allen D. Hole, 1924, 1924.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Leaflet "Shall We Catch the Goose-Step", 1924.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "Shadows of Truth" by Jack Hempstead, 1926.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "Preparation for Peace" by Roscoe Trueblood, 1926.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3

Leaflet (no. 47): poem "The Warrior" by Whittier; "War's Record"; "Childhood Religion"; "After the Battle".
Box 4 [SCPC-3737]
Pamphlet "The Evolution of Peace" by Jessie A. Carey .
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Leaflet "A Battle as it Appeared to an Eye-Witness" by Rowland B. Howard.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Leaflet "A Baby Among the Slain".
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "Little Maurice, The Soldier".
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Leaflet "The 'Military Craze' in America" by William G. Hubbard.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "On Playing at Soldiers".
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "The Opportunity and Duty of the Schools in the International Peace Movement" by Stewart D. White.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "The Providence of God".
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Leaflet "Substitutes for War".
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "Teedyuscung, the Indian Chief".
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Pamphlet "Do We Want Rifle Practice in the Public Schools".
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3
Form Letters, etc.
Box 4 [SCPC-3737] Reel 80.3

Print, Suggest