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Association on American Indian Affairs Records

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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Public Policy Papers. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

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Association on American Indian Affairs

The Association on American Indian Affairs traces its beginnings to 1922, when legislation inimical to the interests of New Mexico's Pueblo Indians was approved by the United States Senate. Sponsored by Senator Holm Bursum and endorsed by Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall, S. 3855 was designed to "ascertain and settle land claims of persons not Indian within Pueblo Indian land, land grants, and reservations." Its critics, however, charged that it did so in a manner which favored non-Indian claimants and, thus, promoted the disinheritance of Native Americans under an avowedly assimilationist Indian administration. Among the groups which coalesced to fight this bill was the Eastern Association on Indian Affairs, forerunner of the AAIA. The EAIA was initially composed of men and women residing in and around the city of New York who shared an interest in "the crafts and life and art of these Pueblo people" but, according to its spokesman, were not "exclusively artists, scientists, or members of women's clubs." These sectors of society were nevertheless well-represented in the campaign to defeat S. 3855, a campaign which achieved success but led to a bitter falling out among reformers. The EAIA, soon strengthened by an energetic branch in Massachusetts, and the New Mexico Association on Indian Affairs, with which it enjoyed close ties, took a moderate stand in this and other matters, preferring cooperation to confrontation. In contrast, the American Indian Defense Association, led by John Collier, future Commissioner of Indian Affairs, aggressively assailed the entire system of Indian administration, which it equated with a "dungeon."

The EAIA, which was incorporated in 1924, did not consider its work accomplished with the passage in that year of new legislation regulating Pueblo lands. It widened its focus to embrace seven areas of concern to Native Americans: education, industry, health and sanitation, land tenure, irrigation, religion, and autonomy. In elaborating on these topics, the EAIA asserted that "the best education of our Indian wards would be achieved by developing instead of destroying their pride of race and by calling into active service, instead of suppressing, their group loyalties and communal responsibilities." Positions such as this marked a seminal change in non-Indian thinking and were destined to find juridical expression in the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, the centerpiece of a sweeping reformation in Indian affairs effected during the Roosevelt administration. Two major preoccupations of the EAIA during the tenure of its first and second presidents -- chemist Ellwood Hendrick and, beginning in 1927, anthropologist Herbert Spinden -- were the health and the arts and crafts of Native Americans, particularly those of the Southwest. In conjunction with the New Mexico Association on Indian Affairs, the EAIA placed sorely needed nurses among the Pueblo and Navajo and, through diligent investigation, instruction, and promotion, helped to revive the artistic expression and, conjointly, the economic activity of these and other Indians.

Notwithstanding its achievements, the EAIA was on the verge of collapse when, in 1933, Oliver La Farge, an anthropologist who had won acclaim as a writer, became its president. As he reported in 1934, "A year ago, it looked as if we might have to dissolve and go out of business for lack of funds and support. Last spring that seemed almost certain.... We had laid off our Field Nurses, and had no means of paying the Field Representatives without whom our existence would be sterile." The EAIA was fearful, too, that the newly elected Roosevelt administration, with its ties to the American Indian Defense Association, would prove uncooperative, further hamstringing its activities. Under La Farge's energetic leadership, however, the EAIA, renamed the National Association on Indian Affairs in 1933, revived, forming a cordial, though not uncritical, working relationship with Collier's Bureau of Indian Affairs. In La Farge's words, "The new Commissioner met us better than half-way, and indeed, in the atmosphere of the New Deal we are enjoying as much authority in Indian Affairs as we have ever had, perhaps more."

It was against this cooperative backdrop that the NAIA and the American Indian Defense Association, which had itself fallen on hard times, amalgamated, giving birth, in 1937, to the American Association on Indian Affairs, headquartered in New York. Its mission was defined in the following terms: "to promote the welfare of the American Indian in the United States by creating an enlightened public opinion, by assisting and protecting him against encroachment of his constitutional rights, and by promoting suitable legislation and enforcement of law; by aiding in the improvement of health and educational conditions and in preserving and fostering his arts and crafts; and in furtherance of this object it shall gather and disseminate facts bearing on the welfare of the Indians and shall assist in formulating and making effective a constructive national policy on Indian affairs."

Even before this union, the NAIA had expanded its reach. Its field representatives, Moris Burge and Margaret McKittrick, had visited Colorado and Oklahoma in 1935, and while the Southwest would continue to be a primary locus of activity, the Association was destined to turn its attention to Native American communities as far afield as North Carolina and Alaska in the years preceding the United States' entry into the Second World War.

The war saw an adjustment in but not a cessation of the AAIA's activities as national attention shifted overseas and key players in the Association entered their country's service -- La Farge joining the United States Army and Burge, who had assumed the role of a part-time executive director, the War Relocation Authority. Haven Emerson, a physician who had presided over the American Indian Defense Association at the time of its merger with the NAIA, headed the Association from 1943 to 1948. A major project undertaken during his presidency was the formation of "Program Study Committees" in the spheres of education, health, law, and social and economic organization: forums in which authorities in these fields could develop solutions to the fundamental problems confronting Native Americans. Noteworthy, too, was the appointment in 1947 of a full-time executive director, Alexander Lesser, in the face of what La Farge described as "the greatest possible need for restoring the Association on American Indian Affairs [so renamed in 1946] to the fullest possible effectiveness, and increasing that effectiveness."

In this, La Farge, who reassumed the presidency of the AAIA in 1948, though he was himself now permanently based in Santa Fe, anticipated the punishing battles of the 1950s, when the federal government sought to end its involvement in the lives of Native Americans by abruptly relinquishing its responsibilities towards both tribes and individuals. Termination, as this phenomenon was known, drew the Association's fire, for, if fully implemented, it threatened to do incalculable harm to the material well-being and cultural identity of Indians throughout the United States. As La Farge declared in 1958, "Our federal policy does not actually aim to destroy the bodies of living Indians -- although, as recent U.S. Public Health Service reports show, that is one of its by-products -- but to disintegrate their communities, their hopes, their very souls, and to create as the end result broken creatures who will not be white men, obviously, but who will no longer be recognizably Indians and hence will be from the point of view of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, as good as dead." In 1956, rather than serving simply as a critic, the Association presented an alternative to these policies in the form of an "American Indian Point IV Program" aimed at developing the social and economic potential of Native American communities, thereby eliminating the grave disparities between Indians and non-Indians, without destroying the former's uniqueness. The 1950s were significant, too, in that they marked the birth of an Indian presence within the councils of the AAIA itself, beginning with the election to its Board of Directors of Edward Dozier of the Pueblo of Santa Clara in 1955.

This year also witnessed the appointment of La Verne Madigan as the AAIA's Executive Director. During her productive tenure, La Farge reflected on her untimely death in 1962, "she led us to entirely new levels of effectiveness, often in regions that had been hitherto little known to us." Three areas of the country which commanded much of her attention and that of the Association as a whole in these years were the Great Plains, where a program known as We Shake Hands sought to lessen the isolation and empower the inhabitants of Indian communities; Florida, where a campaign was waged to win federal recognition, territorial security, and developmental assistance for the Miccosukee; and Alaska, where far-reaching organizational work was undertaken to safeguard aboriginal rights, including all-important land rights, a process highlighted by historic gatherings of Alaskan natives in 1961 and 1962. Madigan's death in a riding accident was widely mourned, as was La Farge's passing in 1963.

Madigan's successor, William Byler, who served the Association from 1962 to 1980, operated in a significantly different world from the one in which Madigan had found herself in the 1950s. Within the AAIA itself, La Farge's death created a void which subsequent presidents, despite their varied contributions, were unequipped to fill. The tenures of La Farge's immediate successors were relatively brief. Alden Stevens, a writer, headed the Association from 1964 to 1968, and Roger Ernst, a former Assistant Secretary of the Interior, held its reins from 1968 to 1973. While Princeton University and, later, University of New Mexico anthropologist Alfonso Ortiz of the Pueblo of San Juan, the first Native American to serve as president, presided over the AAIA far longer, from 1973 to 1988, the resources he could commit to its work were limited. (Ortiz's successor, to complete this roster, was Navajo educator Joy Hanley. Her tenure is the last to fall within the ambit of these Records.) Had Byler been a less masterful executive director, greater responsibility would undoubtedly have devolved upon La Farge's successors, but, as it was, Ortiz could say of Byler's tenure that "The Association you left is, in all important respects, the house that Byler built. We would not be fair to your legacy if we thought of it in any other sense."

If Byler faced a new internal dynamic in La Farge's absence, he also confronted new political realities in the country at large. While the interests of Native Americans still required stalwart advocates, the 1960s and 1970s saw the abandonment of termination, in any immediate sense, as a governmental objective, though not until 1988 was the Congressional resolution sanctioning it repealed. These decades witnessed the formulation of legislative and administrative policies designed to foster tribal self-determination through such means as economic development, enhancements in health and education, and the involvement of Indians in the formation and implementation of programs affecting them. By 1980, more than three-quarters of the staff of the Bureau of Indian Affairs was Native American. For their part, Indians grew increasingly assertive -- and, in some cases, militant -- in this period, taking action on their own behalf through tribal bodies and a proliferation of articulate organizations with an interest in fields in which the AAIA had hitherto few partners.

Under Byler's leadership, the AAIA took many steps to promote the self-sufficiency of Indian communities: some in the interests of particular tribes, others on behalf of Native Americans as a whole. As Ortiz expressed it in 1973, "The Association has set as its major and immediate goal the comprehensive implementation of Indian self-determination in all its aspects.... American Indian people today are at a crossroads in their destiny; the Association stands ready to help insure that Indian people themselves ultimately determine that future." Among the spheres in which the AAIA was active were health, education, and welfare; economic life; arts and crafts; and land and water rights. Its contributions in these areas included its designation of 1964 as "Indian Health Year" (a means of focusing attention on the deplorable state of Native American health and such environmental factors as sanitation); its persistent promotion of day schools over boarding schools; its influential role in the enactment of the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (bolstered by its legal activities on behalf of fractured Indian families); its creation of the Alaska Native Business Credit Fund with the aim of stimulating small-scale economic enterprise; its establishment of the American Indian Arts Center in New York (a showcase for Native American arts and crafts); and its involvement, albeit beset by controversy, in the Pueblo of Taos' campaign to recover its sacred Blue Lake. The Association's vigorous advocacy of the land claims of Alaskan Natives, its defense of Paiute interests regarding Pyramid Lake and Havasupai interests regarding the Grand Canyon, and its promotion of central Arizona tribal water rights also reflected its commitment to the bases of Native American self-determination.

Byler's successors, Executive Directors Steven Unger (1980-1985), Idrian Resnick (1985-1989), and Gary Kimble, the first Native American to serve in this capacity (1989-1994), continued to pursue a multifaceted agenda, though the issues on which they focused varied. The inadequacy of Indian educational funding, programs, and facilities was one of Unger's major concerns, and during his time in office these shortcomings were highlighted, new instructional models and organizational networks were promoted, and practical assistance was extended to educational authorities in locations ranging from the Native Village of Goodnews Bay in Alaska to the Navajo community of Black Mesa in Arizona. Resnick's tenure saw such undertakings as the revision of tribal codes and constitutions, the facilitation of federal acknowledgement of unrecognized tribes, and the formulation of tribal-state agreements relating to child welfare. The latter half of the 1980s also marked the onset of a critical self-examination by the AAIA, a process spurred, in part, by the multiplicity of organizations in the field of Indian affairs. Indeed, in 1986, the Association committed itself "to work closely with other organizations, especially those directly representing American Indians and/or Alaskan Natives, taking care not to duplicate efforts nor to undermine their work." Under Kimble, the AAIA became deeply involved in issues relating to Native American religiocultural freedom, including the protection of sacred sites, the preservation of ceremonial practices, and the repatriation of Indian remains and artifacts. The Association offered assistance to organizations dedicated to the furtherance of these objectives and, together with the National Congress of American Indians and the Native American Rights Fund, founded the American Indian Religious Freedom Coalition to secure the passage of favorable federal legislation in this sphere.

Kimble's successor was Jerry Flute, a onetime chairman of South Dakota's Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux who had represented the AAIA in the field before his appointment as executive director. He inherited an active but financially troubled organization and, in 1995, was faced with calls to disband the Association rather than suffer bankruptcy. Flute and like-minded individuals on the Board of Directors, which became a wholly Indian body in this year in an unsuccessful attempt to qualify for federal funding, avoided this expedient by moving the AAIA's headquarters to Sisseton, South Dakota and narrowing the scope of its activities. While the Association faces an uncertain future, it continues to meet a variety of needs -- from the defense of sacred sites to the granting of scholarships -- and serves as a voice for marginalized communities. This new and as yet unfinished chapter lies outside the time span of these Records. There can be little doubt, however, that La Farge and other architects of the Association would be gratified to know that their Indian heirs have maintained their faith in the AAIA and its ability to play a constructive role in the lives of America's first peoples.

The Records of the Association on American Indian Affairs consist primarily of textual records, with modest but revealing bodies of photographic and audiovisual material. They represent the work of many hands, both paid and unpaid, and testify to the durability of the AAIA and the needs which called it into existence. The activities documented in these Records are myriad and reflect a complex pattern of relationships, not only within the AAIA itself but with representatives of governments, tribes, and other organizations. While the different facets of the Association's work cannot be compartmentalized in any absolute sense, the series and subseries into which these Records have been divided highlight broad areas of interest and involvement, such as "Legislation" or "Legal Cases;" significant organizational and functional elements, such as "Administration" or "Correspondence;" and the individuality of officers, such as Oliver La Farge or Hildegarde Forbes, whose personal files relating to the AAIA have been subsumed into -- though not interfiled with -- the overall collection. The single largest component of these Records and, arguably, the keystone, is "Tribal," a subseries which documents the Association's work on behalf of hundreds of Native American communities and its concern with local issues. In contrast, matters of national scope, including entities with a national constituency, are to be found in "General," a subseries second only to "Tribal" in size. Researchers can therefore plumb both the microcosm and the macrocosm of Native American life, as well as charting the links between the two. The picture of the AAIA formed by the thousands of files which collectively constitute these Records, contains innumerable brush strokes. Some are disappointingly broad and some are numbingly detailed, but for the most part they are illuminating: an invaluable source of insight into the controverted but, as these Records attest, sometimes constructive relationship of Indians and non-Indians in the twentieth century.

The Records of the Association on American Indian Affairs are divided into twenty series, five of which have been divided into subseries. Series 1, Subseries 1 is arranged hierarchically to reflect the organizational structure of the AAIA. Other series and subseries are arranged alphabetically or maintain the original order they were received in from the donor. The overall arrangement of these Records is as follows:

The AAIA donated its Records to Princeton University Library in 1971. The records of the Association have been transferred to the Library on an irregular basis over the years.

The material in Series 3 is distinct in that it consists of the personal files of five men and women who played prominent roles in the Association. The AAIA-related papers of Henry S. Forbes were donated in 1970, those of Hildegarde B. Forbes in 1987, those of Oliver La Farge in 1986, those of Corinna Lindon Smith in 1979, and those of Alden Stevens in 1971. Each of these donations was made by the family of the papers' creator or, in the case of Mrs. Forbes, by the creator herself.

Series 6 through 12 were donated by Jack Trope between 2005 and 2011. Other additions by AAIA staff have been added to the collection periodically since November 2011.

A cache of sound recordings was found in Firestone Library and transferred to the Mudd Library in 2012 (the accession number for this transfer is ML.2012.040). A letter found in the Mudd Library was added to the collection in 2016 (the accession number for this transfer is ML.1000.008).

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

This collection contains materials acquired from an Apple iMac desktop computer and other unknown desktop computers. Researchers are responsible for meeting the technical requirements needed to access these materials, including any and all hardware and software.

These Records were initially arranged and described between December 1995 - June 1997 by John S. Weeren, with the able assistance of many hands and, in particular, Tom Rosko, Mitra Martin, Christina Aragon, and Shawneequa Callier. Additions received from 2005 to 2008 were processed in 2008 by Lynn Durgin. An inventory, the MARC record and the finding aid were updated at this time. Materials from subsequent additions from 2009-2016 were added to the collection as separate series. Box and folder lists for these additionss were created and the MARC record and finding aid were updated. Some materials in the May 2011, September 2012, and 2014 additions were re-housed in archival boxes or folders during accessioning. Digital materials in Series 8 were processed by Elena Colon-Marrero in July 2015.

No information about appraisal is available for this collection prior to the 2007 addition. Materials related to particular scholarships were separated from the August 2007 addition [ML.2007.027] and returned to the donor as requested.

No materials were separated from subsequent additions in 2008-2015. The exception is the 2014 addition [ML.2014.007]; AAIA newsletters that had already been catalogued by Princeton's Firestone Library were removed.

Approximately 1.5 linear feet consisting of routine financial information, personnel records, and other out-of-scope materials were removed from the October 2016 addition [ML.2016.034].

People
Organization
Subject
Place

Publisher
Public Policy Papers
Finding Aid Date
Published in 1997.
Sponsor
These records were processed with the generous support of The National Endowment for the Humanities and The John Foster and Janet Avery Dulles Fund.
Access Restrictions

Records of the AAIA are closed for a period of 15 years following the date of their creation. For practical purposes, any folder containing material dated within the past 15 years is deemed to be closed. Exceptions to this rule are as follows:

The Family Law component and portions of the Criminal Law and Legal Aid components of Legal Cases (Series 2, Subseries 4) are closed for a period of 75 years following the date of their creation. Certain folders in more recent additions are also restricted for 75 years; these are noted in the applicable series-level access notes and folder lists.

Scholarship files in Series 9; Series 11; Series 12, Subseries C; Series 15; and Series 20 are closed for a period of 75 years following the date of their creation.

Photographs are open immediately.

Researchers wishing to consult restricted material should apply to the AAIA for permission to do so. On presentation of written authorization, specifying which folders are to be made available to the researcher, the staff of the Public Policy Papers will grant access to the material in question.

Use Restrictions

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, any copyright vested in the donor has passed to The Trustees of Princeton University and researchers do not need to obtain permission, complete any forms, or receive a letter to move forward with use of donor-created materials within the collection. For materials in the collection not created by the donor, or where the material is not an original, the copyright is likely not held by the University. In these instances, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have a question about who owns the copyright for an item, you may request clarification by contacting us through the Ask Us! form.

Collection Inventory

Scope and Contents

Series 1: Organizational Files (1922-1995) contains four subseries that document the internal workings of the AAIA, including the formulation of its policies and programs; its relationship with its branches; the views of its presidents, executive directors, general counsel, and staff as embodied in their correspondence; and its financial situation.

Arrangement

The materials in this series are arranged into four subseries: Administration, Affiliates and Offices, Correspondence, and Finances.

Physical Description

56 boxes

Scope and Contents

Series 1: Organizational Files, Subseries 1: Administration (1923-1994) consists of correspondence, minutes, agenda, transcripts, reports, incorporation papers, articles, and clippings spanning most of the AAIA's existence: from its days as an "Indian interest organization," with non-Indians at the helm, to its days as an "Indian organization," under Native American leadership. This subseries documents the AAIA's administrative activities through the workings of its Board of Directors, committees, and staff; chronicles its evolving goals and the programs designed to realize them; delineates its organizational structure and manner of conducting business; and, last but not least, records the enormous variety of issues it considered over the years.

More than half of this subseries consists of files relating to Annual, Board of Directors, and Executive Committee meetings. These files typically contain minutes, reports, and correspondence regarding the arrangement of meetings and the issues discussed at them. Files from the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s often contain transcripts as well. The recordings from which many of these were made can be found in Series 5 (Audiovisual Material). A wide variety of internal committees are also represented in this subseries, including the Health Committee, which concerned itself with such matters as the over-representation of certain diseases, including tuberculosis and trachoma, in the Native American population; the Nominating Committee, which was charged with proposing candidates for the Board of Directors and its committees; the Film Committee, which focused on the frequently unflattering portrayal of Indians in motion pictures; and the Education Committee, which discussed, among other things, boarding schools, head start programs, home study, and the awarding of AAIA-sponsored scholarships.

Files designated "Program & Budget" consist of annual discussions of the AAIA's plans for the forthcoming year in both their programmatic and financial aspects, as well as general long-term planning. Important issues raised in these files include Native American health, education, and welfare; the arts; land and water rights; the termination of federal responsibilities and tribal self-determination; and community development. Additional material related to the budgetary process can be found in Series 1, Subseries 4 (Finances). Other files document wide-ranging policy debates and organizational analyses, including a discussion in the 1950s regarding the merits of converting from a board-run to a staff-run association. Underpinning these deliberations are various foundational documents, such as by-laws, which, among other things, document the various changes in name which the AAIA has undergone. Of particular interest are several files on the merger in 1937 of the National Association on Indian Affairs, as the AAIA was then known, and the American Indian Defense Association, including correspondence reflecting the jockeying for power which accompanied this union of onetime foes.

This subseries also contains numerous reports, including annual reports, albeit inconsistently published; reports of the executive director; and activity and program reports from various board and staff members, all of which offer useful insights into the day-to-day workings of the AAIA, as well as its overall vision. The different styles of the Association's executive directors are well-illustrated by the material in this subseries: from the expressive La Verne Madigan, whose reports could assume the character of stories, to the dispassionate Idrian Resnick, with his emphasis on system.

In sum, this subseries provides a concise overview of the history of the AAIA and the personalities who shaped its course. Many, though not all, of the Association's internal dynamics are laid bare, including the changing relationship between board and staff and their divergent perspectives on the handling of such matters as the administration of programs and fund raising. Gains and setbacks are recorded -- from Secretary of the Interior Fred Seaton's disavowal of involuntary termination in 1958 to Madigan's untimely death in 1962 -- as is the frequently unglamorous activity between such poles. The changing concerns and changing terms of reference of the AAIA can be found elsewhere in this collection, but nowhere does this evolution unfold more plainly.

Arrangement

The materials in this subseries related to Annual, Board of Directors, and Executive Committee meetings for the most part are organized chronologically on a meeting by meeting basis. Committee files are arranged in alphabetical order by name of the committee, followed by Program and Budget files, the various reports, materials related to staff, and general files.

Physical Description

30 boxes

Annual Meetings, 1925-1936. 32 folders.
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32 folders

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Annual Meetings, 1959-1968. 10 folders.
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10 folders

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Annual Meetings, 1969-1989. 20 folders.
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20 folders

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Annual Meetings, 1990-1993. 4 folders.
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4 folders

Board Meetings, 1924. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1925. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1926. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1927. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1928. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1929. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1930. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1931. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1932. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1933. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1935. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1936. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1937. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1938. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1940 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1940 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1940 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1941 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1942 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1942 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1943 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1943 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1944 June. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1945. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1946 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1947 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1948 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1949 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1950 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1951 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1952 March. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1952 November. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1953 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1954 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1955 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1956 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1956 November. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1957 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1958 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1959 January. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1959 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1960 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1960 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1961 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1961 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1962 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1962 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1963 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1963 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1964 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1964 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1965 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1965 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1966 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1966 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1967 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1967 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1967 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1968 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1968 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1968 November. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1969 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1969 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1969 November. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1970 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1970 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1970 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1971 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1971 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1971 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1972 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1972 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1973 February. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1973 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1973 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1974 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1975 January. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1975 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1975 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1976 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1976 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1977 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1977 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1978 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1978 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1979 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1979 November. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1980 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1980 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1981 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1981 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1982 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1982 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1983 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1983 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1984 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1984 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1985 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1986 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1986 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1986 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1987 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1987 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1987 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1988 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1988 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1989 March. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1989 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1989 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1990 March. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1990 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1990 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1990 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1991 March. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1991 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1991 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1992 March. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1992 May. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1992 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1993 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1993 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1993 December. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Meetings, 1994 April. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Membership: Biographies, 1951-1968. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Board Membership: Listings, circa 1930. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Board Membership: Prospects, 1940-1944. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Board Retreat, 1989. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Executive Committee Meetings, 1930. 13 folders.
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13 folders

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Executive Committee Meetings, 1948-1957. 35 folders.
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35 folders

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Executive Committee Meetings, 1957-1966. 29 folders.
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29 folders

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Executive Committee Meetings, 1967-1979. 37 folders.
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37 folders

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Executive Committee Meetings, 1980-1985. 16 folders.
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16 folders

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Executive Committee Meetings, 1985-1991. 11 folders.
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11 folders

Executive Committee Meetings, 1992-1994. 6 folders.
Physical Description

6 folders

Mailings to Board and Executive Committee, 1940-1942. 13 folders.
Physical Description

13 folders

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Mailings to Board and Executive Committee, 1968-1973. 17 folders.
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17 folders

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Mailings to Board and Executive Committee, 1990-1993. 5 folders.
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5 folders

Committees: Administrative, 1942-1944. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Committees: Advisory, 1973. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: Arts and Crafts, 1958-1963. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Committees: Budget, 1956-1957. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Committees: Education, 1955-1957. 9 folders.
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9 folders

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Committees: Film, 1949-1950. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Committees: Film, 1951. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Committees: Finance, 1952-1956. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Committees: Fund Raising, 1991-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Committees: Government Relations, 1944-1946. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Committees: Health, 1953. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Committees: Health (Environmental Sanitation Project), 1959. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: Health, 1960-1970. 8 folders.
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8 folders

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Committees: Health, 1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Committees: Indian Relations, 1955-1958. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: Indian Welfare, 1956-1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: Industrial Development, 1956-1958. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Committees: Institute Planning, 1942. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: Legal, 1955-1959. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Committees: Legislative, 1943. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: Membership, 1942-1946. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: Nominating, 1934. 9 folders.
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9 folders

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Committees: Personnel, 1944-1946. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: "Program Study", 1943-1944. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: "Program Study:" Education, 1943-1944. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: "Program Study:" Health, 1943. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: "Program Study:" Law, 1943-1944. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: "Program Study:" Social and Economic Organization, 1943. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: "Program Study:" Steering, 1943-1944. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: Public Education, 1955-1957. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Committees: Public Education: Map, 1958-1959. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: Publications, 1942-1943. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Committees: Reorganization, 1954-1955. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: Ways and Means, 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committees: General, 1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Program and Budget: Annual Discussions, 1942. 6 folders.
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6 folders

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Program and Budget: Annual Discussions, 1960-1987. 26 folders.
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26 folders

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Program and Budget: Annual Discussions, 1987-1991. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Program and Budget: General, circa 1930. 6 folders.
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6 folders

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Policy Debate, 1985-1987. 2 folders.
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2 folders

Reports: Annual, 1927-1936. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Reports: Executive Director's, 1950. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Reports: Activity and Program, 1923. 10 folders.
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10 folders

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Reports: Activity and Program, 1988-1991. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Reports: Activity and Program: Flute, Jerry, 1982-1993. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Certificates of Incorporation, 1923-1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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By-Laws, 1933-1969. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Merger of National Association on Indian Affairs with American Indian Defense Association, 1935-1937. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Merger of National Association on Indian Affairs with American Indian Defense Association: Restructuring, 1936-1937. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Organizational Analysis and Restructuring, 1957-1958. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Staff: Benefits, 1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Staff: Employment Policies, 1953-1956. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Staff: Executive Director Search, 1947. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Staff: Job Descriptions, 1954. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Staff: Listings, circa 1962-1990. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Staff: Meetings, 1964. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Staff: Office Reports, 1932-1936. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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General: Indian Advisory Board, 1953. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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General: Membership Lists, 1941-1979. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Scope and Contents

Series 1: Organizational Files, Subseries 2: Affiliates and Offices (1922-1964) consists of correspondence, reports, minutes, by-laws, membership lists and other documents relating to a number of local organizations with ties to the AAIA. Also to be found in this subseries are somewhat meager files concerning the AAIA's Southwest and Washington, D.C. offices. The character and sphere of the Association's affiliates, which were also known as branches or chapters, varied considerably. At one end of the spectrum can be found the short-lived Missouri Association on Indian Affairs, which was little more than a source of funds and where "no one," it was reported, "is really more than mildly interested." Positioned at the other extreme is the long-running New Mexico Association on Indian Affairs -- later known as the Southwestern Association on Indian Affairs -- with its noteworthy history of involvement in and advocacy of Indian concerns, be it the preservation of their lands, the improvement of their health, or the promotion of their arts and crafts.

The relationship between the AAIA and its affiliates lacked definition, reflecting the circumstances of each party rather than a systematic pattern. While this ambiguity did not go unchallenged, General Counsel Arthur Lazarus, Jr. voiced a prevailing view when, in 1958, he noted that the "present thinking of the Association is that its relationship with local organizations should not be in accordance with a rigid formula, but rather should depend upon the wishes of the local citizenry and the nature of their organization." Establishing affiliates was a precarious undertaking, as files on abortive ventures in Arizona, Idaho, and Illinois attest. Success was often attributable to the presence of a zealous individual, and the material in this subseries bears witness to the potency of women such as Mary Wheelwright in Massachusetts, Margretta Dietrich in New Mexico, and Pearl Chase in California.

While the file on the AAIA's Massachusetts Branch includes a comprehensive set of minutes, among other internal documents, and while such material can be found in modest amounts elsewhere, it is the relationship between the AAIA and its affiliates which is the focus of this subseries. In the course of a rich correspondence, harmony -- "the Colorado Springs Chapter has done nobly" -- and discord -- "the whole Santa Barbara branch business is certainly a nightmare" -- are documented, as are many intervening shades of feeling. (The words are President Oliver La Farge's in 1933 and 1955 respectively.) What emerges from these exchanges is the strength, the weakness, and, above all, the individuality of the AAIA's affiliates, the product of local initiative and national outreach.

Arrangement

Materials in this subseries are arranged in alphabetical order by the state of the affiliated office.

Physical Description

4 boxes

Arizona, 1938-1952. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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California, 1932-1939. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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California, 1939-1962. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Colorado, 1933-1940. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Idaho, 1950. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Illinois, 1938-1941. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Massachusetts, 1923-1944. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Massachusetts: Branch Minutes, 1922-1943. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Michigan, 1958. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Missouri, 1935-1942. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Missouri, undated. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Montana, 1937-1947. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Nebraska, 1958. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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New Mexico, 1923-1958. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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New Mexico, 1959-1964. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Oklahoma, 1956-1960. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Southwest Office, 1950. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Washington (State), 1955-1962. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Washington, D.C., 1933-1934. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Washington, D.C. Office, 1954-1957. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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General, 1944-1958. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Scope and Contents

Series 1: Organizational Files, Subseries 3: Correspondence (1929-1995) consists primarily of typescript letters from or to the AAIA's presidents, executive directors, general counsel, and staff members. While this subseries sheds considerable light on the AAIA's activities, it is especially useful in defining the preoccupations and, at a broader level, the personalities of the principal players in the Association: from its businesslike executive director, William Byler, to its colorful president, Alden Stevens. The consolidation of correspondence under the names of particular individuals, while a bar to ready access by subject, represents a distillation of viewpoints over an extended period, viewpoints which would otherwise lie scattered throughout the collection. Passing from one executive director to another, one encounters a diverse parade of topics: the right of tribes to legal counsel of their own choice (Alexander Lesser, 1951); the state of tension between President Oliver La Farge and onetime Commissioner of Indian Affairs John Collier (La Verne Madigan, 1955); the AAIA's relationship with the American Civil Liberties Union (Byler, 1975); the rationale behind postage-paid envelopes in fund raising appeals (Steven Unger, 1981); the solicitation of video recording equipment for Project Dream, a Native American rock group committed to the prevention of youth suicide (Idrian Resnick, 1987); the appointment of Robert Reich as Secretary of Labor (Gary Kimble, 1993); and the dearth of financial contributions from tribal casinos (Jerry Flute, 1995). Correspondence with the AAIA's general counsel of over 30 years, Arthur Lazarus, Jr. and Richard Schifter, and their predecessor, Felix Cohen, likewise chronicle a wide array of matters affecting the Association and its constituents. Of particular import were their opinions as to the advisability of filing amicus curiae -- "friend of the court" -- briefs in cases involving such issues as land and water rights.

The general section of this subseries includes incoming and outgoing letters and facsimiles and is arranged chronologically. The facsimiles were maintained as a unit by the AAIA on the basis of their form and, thus, represent a broad spectrum of subjects. The letters, for their part, were segregated by the AAIA because of their generality. Many are inquiries from the public, and, due to their repetitive character and negligible value, only a sample has been preserved. Genealogical questions, which the AAIA was not in a position to answer, and requests for information about Indians were among the most common matters raised in these letters. Numerous letters, distinguished, in many cases, by their untrained penmanship, came from schoolchildren. In the words of one, "If you have any information on Sioux Indians, send me some. But if you don't have any on Sioux Indians, forget it. Please make it all free."

While many of the exchanges in this subseries are comparatively pedestrian, some are highly revealing. For example, the correspondence between La Farge, then based in New York, and Moris Burge and Margaret McKittrick, the AAIA's field representatives, chronicles the difficulty of redefining and energizing the Association in the 1930s, as well as their mutual affection and their devotion to the Indian cause in the face of personal financial hardship. Following La Farge's death in New Mexico in 1963, administrative power was effectively concentrated in New York. This, coupled with a general decline in the involvement of the Association's president and directors in its daily activities, reduced the need for informal internal correspondence. Letter writing was limited primarily to exchanges between the AAIA and the parties it served or influenced, a shift which saw a falling off in the wit, candor, and elegance which had characterized much of the Association's correspondence in times past.

Arrangement

The correspondence in this subseries is arranged alphabetically by last name of the correspondent, with general files at the end of the subseries.

Physical Description

21 boxes

Argel, Greg, 1983-1984. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Burge, Moris and McKittrick, Margaret, 1930-1933. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Burge, Moris and McKittrick, Margaret, 1933-1939. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Burge, Moris and McKittrick, Margaret, 1939-1943. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Byler, William, 1962-1973. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Byler, William, 1973-1981. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Cohen, Felix, 1947-1953. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Emerson, Haven, 1937-1956. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Ernst, Roger C, 1958-1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Flute, Jerry, 1978-1995. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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General Counsel, 1952-1962. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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General Counsel, 1962-1971. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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General Counsel, 1971-1987. 6 folders.
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6 folders

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Hanley, Joy J, 1979-1994. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hirsch, Bertram E, 1968-1975. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Hirsch, Bertram E, 1976-1985. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Hirschfelder, Arlene B, 1969-1991. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Kimble, Gary Niles, 1989-1994. 1 folder.
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1 folder

La Farge, Oliver, 1929-1938. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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La Farge, Oliver, 1938-1951. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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La Farge, Oliver, 1951-1963. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Lesser, Alexander, 1947-1969. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Locker, Corinne H, 1953-1967. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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McKay, Iliff, 1965-1977. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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McKay, Iliff, 1977-1979. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Madigan, La Verne, 1952-1961. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Newman, Jeffrey, 1967-1974. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Ortiz, Alfonso, 1967-1988. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Rappoport, Lawrence A, 1976-1977. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Resnick, Idrian N, 1985-1990. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Stevens, Alden, 1943-1968. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Trope, Jack F, 1985-1994. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Unger, Steven, 1973-1978. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

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Unger, Steven, 1978-1985. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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Zimmerman, William Jr, 1956-1957. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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General: Facsimiles, 1991. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

General: Facsimiles, 1992-1993. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

General: Facsimiles, 1993. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

General: Facsimiles, 1993-1994. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

General: Facsimiles, 1994-1995. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

General: Letters, 1947-1973. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

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General: Letters, 1974-1989. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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Scope and Contents

Series 1: Organizational Files, Subseries 4: Finances (1933-1995) consists of correspondence, financial statements, spreadsheets, and reports. It documents the financial workings of the AAIA, including fund raising efforts, budgetary planning, allocation of funds, and auditing of accounts. This subseries includes official treasurer's reports as well as the annual and semi-annual reports of the Association's auditors Zeller & Goldschmidt. Together, they offer a precise measure of the fluctuating fortunes of the AAIA, stretching from the 1930s, when general receipts and disbursements could total $3,244 and $4,415 respectively, to the 1990s, when general revenue and expenses could stand at $1,597,703 and $1,504,704 respectively. The essential role played by Zeller & Goldschmidt in furnishing financial guidance to the Association is reflected in letters admonishing the AAIA for not improving its internal bookkeeping. Under the heading of "Budgets" can be found the financial outlines for the annual discussions of the AAIA's program and budget. Additional information on the budgetary process is contained in the files on these discussions in Series 1, Subseries 1 (Administration). Also contained in this subseries is material relating to the AAIA's exemption from various types of taxation and its understandable concern over changing tax laws and their effect on its non-profit status.

A significant component of this subseries documents the AAIA's endeavors to raise money by a diversity of means, including direct mail solicitations, luncheons, benefits, personal contacts, the use of development consultants, and the establishment of funds such as the American Indian Fund and the Oliver La Farge Indian Fund, which was created as a memorial to the AAIA's long-serving president. These files illustrate the Association's reliance on well-to-do and well-placed board members for contributions and contacts; the importance to its financial welfare of major donors, many of whom remembered the AAIA posthumously; and its creativity in capitalizing its programs. Examples of direct mail solicitations can be found in files designated "Fund Raising Appeals" in Series 2, Subseries 6 (Publications and Circulars).

Arrangement

The materials in this subseries are arranged in alphabetical order by subject.

Physical Description

4 boxes

Auditors: Zeller and Goldschmidt, 1967-1976. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Budgets, 1935-1942. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

Budgets, 1976-1982. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Consultants: John Holtshopple and Associates, 1993-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Consultants: Lenore Blitz Consultants, 1990-1991. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Consultants: Leo Craig/KRC, Inc.: Direct Mail, 1984-1986. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Contributors: Lists, 1953-1965. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Contributors: Major Donors, 1973-1984. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Contributors: Major Donors, 1985-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Dun and Bradstreet Reports, 1987-1990. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Financial Statements, 1934-1993. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

Financial Statements: American Indian Defense Association, 1937. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Financial Statements: Massachusetts Branch, 1933-1938. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Financial Statements: New Mexico Association on Indian Affairs, 1933. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Fund Raising, 1933. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Fund Raising, 1951-1959. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

Funds: American Indian Fund, 1948-1962. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Funds: Emergency Fund, 1975. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Funds: Oliver La Farge Indian Fund, 1964-1966. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Funds: Oliver La Farge Indian Fund: Minutes, 1964-1966. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

National Support Council, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Tax Exemption, 1938-1979. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Treasurer's Reports, 1934-1938. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Wills and Bequests, 1971-1986. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Series 2: Subject Files (1851-1995) document the broad issues, such as child welfare or economic development, and the individuals and national entities with which the AAIA dealt; the hundreds of tribes, local organizations, and state-based issues in which it took an interest; the federal legislative and administrative actions which concerned its constituents; the litigation it pursued or monitored; a number of major activities it undertook on behalf on Native Americans; and the newsletters, brochures, and other printed matter with which it publicized its agenda.

Arrangement

The materials in this subseries are arranged into six subseries: General, Tribal, Legislation, Legal Cases, Programs, and Publications and Circulars.

Physical Description

332 boxes

Scope and Contents

Series 2: Subject Files, Subseries 1: General (1868-1995) is distinguished by its breadth, embracing, as it does, the wide array of subjects -- and the even greater range of individuals and groups -- with which the AAIA has been associated over the years. It contains a diverse assortment of correspondence, running the gamut from official circulars to informal notes, as well as articles, brochures, reports, and clippings. Some files are notable for their fullness, attesting to the salience of a particular topic or the productivity of a particular individual, while others provide only the most general of glosses. This subseries also represents an interesting mix of the personal and the impersonal: from the reflections of Executive Director La Verne Madigan on Native American nationalism -- "our democracy is impure to the extent that the people we conquered do not accept it as their democracy" -- to an Acting Deputy Commissioner of Indian Affairs' memorandum on the cancellation of reimbursable charges "pursuant to the Indian Financing Act of 1974." Broadly speaking, this subseries can be divided into three categories: people; corporate bodies, both governmental and nongovernmental; and issues.

Files which bear the names of individuals encompass board and staff members; elected and appointed public officials such as Senator George McGovern and Commissioner of Indian Affairs Philleo Nash; Native American leaders such as Vine Deloria, Jr. and John Woodenlegs; and citizens with an interest in Indian matters, including a past and future First Lady of the United States, Eleanor Roosevelt and Hillary Rodham. While the leanness of some files, including those of certain board members, reflect the peripheral or transitory nature of their subjects' involvement in the AAIA's concerns, others bear witness to years of diligent activity in the interests of Native Americans. Angie Debo's file, for instance, exemplifies the model board member, documenting her extensive knowledge of Indian affairs in Oklahoma, her interest in wider issues, and her wholehearted commitment to the work of the Association, for whom she was an important source of counsel.

The interest taken by the AAIA in other entities concerned with Native Americans -- be they Indian or non-Indian in composition -- is also documented in this subseries. Particularly well-represented are the American Indian Development Corporation, the American Indian Policy Review Commission, the Association of Contract Tribal Schools, the National Congress of American Indians, the National Indian Education Association, and the Organization for Social and Technical Innovation. There are files which contain only informational material and, thus, suggest a minimum of interaction, as in the case of the American Indian Archaeological Institute, and there are files which reveal a collaborative spirit, as in the case of the Native American Rights Fund. Cordiality as well as hostility can be found. The American Indian Press Association, which the AAIA lauded as serving "an extremely useful and much needed function," is illustrative of the former, while the American Indian Federation, with its Nazi proclivities, -- "a notoriously disreputable group," in La Farge's words -- falls squarely in the latter camp. While the AAIA offered support to organizations such as the American Indian Nurses Association, it sought assistance from charitable institutions such as the John Hay Whitney Foundation. Indeed, the significant number of philanthropic bodies contained in this subseries underscores the financial pressures experienced by the Association as it sought to mount a diversified and effective program. Governmental bodies are also well-represented, either in their own right or in files addressing specific issues. Not unexpectedly, material relating to the Bureau of Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior predominates: evidence of the pervasive role its programs and personnel have played in Native American life. Of particular interest are files relating to the Association's vexed relationship with Commissioners of Indian Affairs Dillon Myer and Glenn Emmons in the 1950s, both of whom espoused the speedy termination of federal responsibilities for Native Americans.

Rounding out this subseries are sometimes substantial files on the issues which engaged the attention and consumed the energies of the AAIA. While the files in this category hold evidence of concrete action, they also contain the accumulation of data on which the Association based its policies. A fluid picture emerges as the rejuvenation of Indian arts and crafts or the struggle to halt the termination of recognized tribes gives way to the preservation of Indian families or the struggle to secure the acknowledgement of unrecognized tribes. Issues such as health and education loomed large from one decade to the next, even if the focus shifted, for example, from trachoma to acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Still other matters, such as the occupation of the Bureau of Indian Affairs' headquarters by the American Indian Movement in 1972, flared up and died down suddenly, baring old antagonisms. Taken as a whole, this subseries sheds a revealing light on the AAIA, the players who shared its stage, and the dramas -- sometimes resolved and sometimes not -- in which it acted. It also demonstrates that over the years this stage has grown ever more crowded and ever more Indian in representation, though the challenges confronting Native Americans have not thereby abated.

Arrangement

The materials in this subseries are arranged alphabetically by name of individual, corporate body or issue.

Physical Description

116 boxes

"The AAIA: Four Decades of Indian History", 1962. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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A and S Tribal Industries, 1985. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Aaron E. Norman Fund, 1957-1966. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Aboriginal Public Policy Institute, 1990-1991. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Acorn Foundation Trust, 1963. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), 1987-1994. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Ad-Net, 1991-1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Advance, 1954. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Advisory Committee on Indian Affairs, 1959-1962. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians, 1955-1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Agricultural Extension Services, 1955-1961. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Agriculture, 1975-1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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AKC Fund, 1962-1963. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Alcohol and Drug Abuse, 1916-1976. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Alcohol and Drug Abuse, 1977-1992. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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Alliance of Native Americans, 1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Alovis, Barbara, 1973-1975. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Amazon Network, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 1973-1985. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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American Anthropological Association, 1984-1985. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

American Civil Liberties Union, 1932-1976. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Civil Liberties Union: Pamphlet on Indian Reorganization Act, 1938-1939. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Freedom From Hunger Foundation, 1971-1974. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Heritage Foundation, 1958-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian/Alaskan Native Nurses Association, 1979-1982. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Archaeological Institute, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

American Indian Businessmen's Association, 1974. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Charter Convention, 1960-1962. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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American Indian College Fund, 1990-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

American Indian Dance Theatre, 1987-1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

American Indian Defense Association, 1923-1937. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Development Corporation, 1980. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Development Corporation, 1980-1981. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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American Indian Development Finance Institute Planning Conference, 1980. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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American Indian Federation, 1937-1939. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

American Indian Forestry Association, 1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Graduate Student Association, 1978-1983. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Law Clinic, 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

American Indian Law Students Association, 1979. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Law Symposium, 1986. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

American Indian Lawyer Training Program, 1974-1980. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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American Indian Lawyers Association, 1972. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Memorials, 1955-1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Movement, 1974-1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian National Bank, 1979-1984. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Nurses Association, 1973-1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Policy Review Commission, 1975-1976. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Policy Review Commission Report, 1977. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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American Indian Policy Review Commission Report, 1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Press Association, 1971-1975. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Ritual Object Repatriation Foundation, 1992-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

American Indian Science and Engineering Society, 1981-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Scouting Outreach, 1976-1981. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Society of Creative Arts, 1961. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indian Technical Services, 1987. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

American Indian Women's Service League, 1960. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Indians -- United, 1968-1969. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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American Institute of Architects, 1966-1970. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Americans for Children's Relief, 1971-1972. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Americans for Indian Opportunity, 1970-1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Amnesty International, 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Amory, Cleveland, 1961-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Anderson, Arnold T, 1976-1983. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Anderson, Frank R, 1963-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Anderson, Owanah, 1985-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Anderson/Lucey Presidential Campaign, 1980. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Angelita's Fund, 1973. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Anti-Indian Sentiment, 1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Appointment Calendar, 1985-1986. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Arizona State University Indian Education Program, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Arrows in the Dust (Columbia Broadcasting System), 1948. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Articles, 1918-1927. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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Articles, 1954-1968. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

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Articles: La Farge, Oliver, 1934-1960. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Artists Space, 1986-1987. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Arts and Crafts, 1915-1934. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Arts and Crafts, 1934-1945. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

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Arts and Crafts Resource Guide, 1988-1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Associated Indigenous Communications, 1986. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Association of American Indian Physicians, 1975-1987. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Association of Contract Tribal Schools, 1979-1982. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Association of Contract Tribal Schools, 1983-1986. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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Association of Native American Health Professionals, 1973-1974. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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ATLATL, 1978-1981. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Attorney Contracts With Tribes, 1950-1952. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Aurora Foundation, 1986-1987. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Australia: Aboriginal Child Welfare, 1975-1978. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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Australia: Aboriginal Child Welfare, 1979-1985. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Australia: Aboriginal Land Rights, 1974-1979. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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Australia: Aboriginal Law Centre, 1985-1986. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Australia: Kimberley Land Council, 1980. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Australia: Law Reform Commission, 1977-1982. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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Australia: National Aboriginal Education Committee, 1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Australia: Publications, 1972-1980. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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Australia: Queensland Aboriginal Legislation, 1971-1979. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Australia: Tomlinson, John, 1980. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Australia: Trade Union Committee on Aboriginal Rights, 1979. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Australia: Uranium, 1976-1980. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Australia: General, 1975-1984. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Avalon Foundation, 1952-1953. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Avon Glove Corporation, 1984. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

B. de Rothschild Foundation for the Arts and Sciences, 1955-1958. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Bad Hand, Howard P, 1972-1976. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Baer, Linda L, 1986. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bahti, Tom, 1969-1972. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Baker, John E., Sr, 1969-1972. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Ban the Dam Jam, 1991. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Banbury Fund, 1984-1985. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Barbara Warden Foundation, 1963. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Barker Welfare Foundation, 1948-1953. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Barksdale Foundation, 1962. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Barrett, Janet, 1985-1986. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Basso, Keith H, 1978-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Battelle Memorial Institute, 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bauer, Gary, 1987. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Baumgartner, Leona, 1962-1980. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Beardsley, Helen M, 1971. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Becker, Edward J, 1949. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Beddall, Thomas H., Jr, 1969-1978. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bell, Griffin B, 1979. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Ben-Ami, Henri, 1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Benefit Performance of Indians, 1969. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bennett, Robert L, 1966-1969. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bergen, Alfreda Janis, 1966-1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Better Business Bureaus, 1944-1994. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

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Bibb Company, 1972-1977. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Bibliographies, 1939-1992. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Big Bear Spiritual Run, 1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bigart, Homer, 1970-1971. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Birchfield, J. Kermit, Jr, 1982-1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bison, 1989. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Black, Algernon D, 1955. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Black, Charles L., Jr, 1950-1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Black Hills Sioux Nation Council, 1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Black War Veterans of the United States Association, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Blackbird, Edith, 1954-1961. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Blackwolf, Charles, 1953. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Blanchard, Evelyn Lance, 1977-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Blatchford, Herb, 1969-1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Blue Hill Foundation, 1954-1960. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Board for Fundamental Education, 1958. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Boarding Schools, 1868-1894. 6 folders.
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6 folders

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Boarding Schools, 1980-1986. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Bobelu, Carolyn, 1985-1987. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bolivian Textiles, 1990. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Borbridge, John, Jr, 1970. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Borg-Marks and Payne Company, 1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Botelho, Eugene, 1960. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bowler, Alida C, 1947-1958. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Boy Scouts of America, 1960. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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Brackish Groundwater, 1965-1978. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Bradford, Penelope S, 1974-1985. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Brady, Steven C., Sr, 1990. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Brando, Marlon, Sr, 1963-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Brennan, Jere, 1975. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Broadcasting, 1988-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Broden, Leo, 1966-1974. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Broken Arrow (20th Century Fox), 1949-1956. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bronson, Ruth Muskrat, 1951-1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Brookings Institution, 1956. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Brophy, William A, 1945-1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Brown, Ivan, 1969-1972. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Brown, Oscar Deric, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Brown Thunder, Joseph, Jr, 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bruner, Edward M, 1952-1955. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Buder, Kathryn M, 1988-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bureau of Indian Affairs: Aberdeen Area Office, 1958. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Bill of Particulars Against, 1952. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Conferences, 1939. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Credit Program, 1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Directory of Field and Central Offices, 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Bureau of Indian Affairs: Directory of Field Offices, 1990. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Bureau of Indian Affairs: Economic Development Initiative, 1982. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Education Report, 1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Bureau of Indian Affairs: Employment and Volunteering, 1979-1982. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: General Assistance Program, 1972. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: History, 1957. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Indian Industrial Development Program, 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Indian Involvement Program, 1971. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Information Service, 1951-1953. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Job Placement Program, 1949-1951. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Occupation of Headquarters, 1972-1973. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Personnel, 1941-1962. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Policy Matters, 1953-1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Reorganization, 1923. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Scholarship Program, 1973-1974. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: Window Rock Area Office, 1951-1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bureau of Indian Affairs: General, 1930-1938. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Burge, Moris, 1939. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Burke, Charles H, 1925-1929. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Burnette, Robert Philip, 1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Bush Administration, 1991-1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Byler, Mary Lou, 1972-1973. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Byler, William, 1962. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Campbell, Ben Nighthorse, 1987-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Canada, 1946-1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Canada, 1971-1993. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Canadian Indian Child Welfare, 1973-1984. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Cannon, Bruce K, 1990-1991. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Carlos, Filmore, 1968-1975. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Carnegie Corporation of New York, 1952-1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Carter/Mondale Presidential Campaign, 1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Carver, John A., Jr, 1961-1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Cassadore, Marlowe, 1986-1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Catano, Yolima, 1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Cazenovia College, 1986-1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Census, 1971-1974. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Census, 1987-1992. 2 folders.
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2 folders

Center for Life Cycle Sciences, 1990-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Charles A. Frueauff Foundation, 1952-1960. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Charles and Lily H. Weinberg Foundation, 1957. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Charles Luckman Associates, 1971-1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Chavers, Dean, 1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Chestnut, Peter C, 1968-1970. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Child Abuse, 1966-1975. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Child Abuse, 1976-1991. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Child Abuse Survey, 1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Child Welfare, 1960. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Child Welfare, 1973-1975. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Child Welfare, 1976-1991. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Child Welfare, undated. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Child Welfare and Reasonable Efforts, 1984-1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Child Welfare Book, 1976-1989. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Child Welfare Crisis, 1972. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Child Welfare League of America, 1968-1977. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Child Welfare Resource People, 1972-1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Child Welfare State-of-the-Field Study, 1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Child Welfare Statistics: AAIA, 1966-1978. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Child Welfare Statistics: Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1967-1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Children's Bureau, 1949-1950. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Christian Century, 1954-1959. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Christopher Columbus Quincentenary, 1989-1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Churches, 1950-1956. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Churchman, 1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Civil Rights, 1950-1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Claflen, George L., Jr, 1982-1985. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Claflin, Charlotte Isabel, 1961-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Clapp, Winifred I, 1957-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Clark, Ella E, 1954-1991. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Clergy League for America, 1938-1939. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Clifford, John, 1976-1980. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Clinton/Gore Presidential Campaign, 1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Coal Slurry Pipelines, 1977-1983. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Coalition for American Indian Justice of the Riverside Church, 1984-1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Coalition of Eastern Native Americans, 1973-1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Coalition of Indian Controlled School Boards, 1971-1985. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Cohen, Felix S, 1945-1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Cohen, Lucy Kramer, 1954-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Colcord, Charles E, 1980. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Coleman, Nancy R, 1935-1939. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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College Board, 1986-1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Collier, John, 1933-1934. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Colorado, Pamela Kiser, 1975-1981. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Columbia University, 1953-1969. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Commissioner of Indian Affairs Appointment, 1932-1933. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Committee on Indian Affairs Report to Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government, 1948. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives, 1957. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Commonwealth Fund, 1951-1957. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Community Chests and Councils of America, 1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Community Funds, 1973-1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Community Health Representatives, 1972. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Community Leaders Conference on Tuberculosis and Health, 1969. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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"A Comprehensive Evaluation of Office of Economic Opportunity Community Action Programs on Six Selected Indian Reservations", 1966. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Conference of Friends of the American Indian, 1938. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Conference on Wildlife, Recreation and Related Resource Problems, 1947. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Congressional Coalition on Adoption, 1985. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Congressional Investigation into Un-American Activities, 1958. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Conn, Stephen, 1974-1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Conscientious Objectors, 1970-1974. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Conservation Foundation, 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Contract Schools, 1980-1981. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Contract Schools, 1981-1986. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Cooke, Alan, 1961. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Cooperative School Agreements, 1983-1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Coordinating Committee of Indian Affairs, 1946-1953. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Cordova, Valentino, 1975. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Coroma Indian Textiles, 1988-1989. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Corrections, 1934-1967. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Council of Energy Resource Tribes, 1980-1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Council of Energy Resource Tribes, 1986-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Council of Three Rivers, 1975. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Council on Indian Affairs, 1963-1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Council on Interracial Books for Children, 1966-1971. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Courts of Indian Offenses, 1975-1986. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Covington, Lucy, 1982. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Coykendall, Glenn B, 1959-1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Crane Foundation, 1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Criminal Justice, 1968-1985. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Criminal Justice Survey, 1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Culpeper Foundation, 1967-1985. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Curry, James E, 1947-1953. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Curtis Photographs, 1974. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Custer Battlefield, 1989-1990. 1 folder.
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1 folder

D.S. and R.H. Gottesman Foundation, 1977. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Dain, Norma Reinke, 1967. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Dallas Market Center Company, 1989-1990. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Danforth Foundation, 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Danziger, Michael S, 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Darcy, Cindy, 1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Data Project, 1985-1989. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Daughters of the American Revolution, 1934-1939. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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"A Day School Opportunity For All Indian Children", 1980. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Debo, Angie, 1946-1969. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Debo, Angie, 1970-1982. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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DeBruyn, Myra, 1989. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Deer, Ada E, 1981-1994. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Defense for Children International - USA, 1984-1985. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Deloria, Ella Cara, 1957-1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Deloria, Philip S, 1973-1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Deloria, Vine, Jr, 1979-1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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DeMott, Richard, 1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Department of Agriculture, 1983. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Department of Defense Contracts, 1986-1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Department of Health and Human Services, 1985-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1956-1976. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Department of Housing and Urban Development, 1970-1984. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Department of Labor, 1981-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Department of the Interior, 1952-1953. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Department of Transportation, 1982. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Depo-Provera, 1979-1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Derogatory Images: American Broadcasting Company's Custer, 1967. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Derogatory Images: Calvert Distillers Company, 1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Derogatory Images: Con Edison, 1967. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Derogatory Images: Ford Motor Company, 1966-1967. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Derogatory Images: General Electric Company, 1966-1967. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Derogatory Images: Hallmark Cards, 1968-1969. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Derogatory Images: Mascots, 1989-1994. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Derogatory Images: "Nutty Mad Indian", 1966. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Derogatory Images: Pillsbury Company, 1966. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Derogatory Images: Television, 1960. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Derogatory Images: General, 1949-1994. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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DeRoin, Dee Ann, 1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Deuschle, Kurt W, 1969-1973. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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D'Ewart, Wesley A, 1955-1956. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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d'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1944-1961. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Diabetes, 1965-1989. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Diehl, H.C., 1959. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Disabilities, 1985-1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Discrimination, 1954-1963. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Dr. Rosa Minoka Hill Fund, 1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Domestic Violence, 1986-1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Doris Duke Foundation, 1952-1957. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Dornfeld, Glenn E, 1983. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Dorsey, Thomas, 1955. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Dowell, Dudley, 1966-1970. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Dowling, Noel S, 1991. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Dozier, Edward P, 1954-1971. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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D-Q University, 1971-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Draper, Tom and Gurievitch, Grania, 1985-1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Dubois, Winnifred, 1951. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Ducheneaux, Karen R, 1970. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Ducheneaux, Wayne, 1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Duncan, D.C., 1953-1955. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Dyer, W. Earl, Jr, 1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Eagleshield, John, undated. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Earth Day, 1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Echohawk, John, 1987-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Echohawk, Larry, 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Economic and Community Development Resource Guide, 1987-1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Economic Development, 1962-1972. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Economic Development, 1982. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Economic Development Administration, 1967-1982. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Education: Policy, 1932-1956. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Education: Policy, 1957-1970. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Education: Policy, 1970-1979. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Education: Policy, 1979-1985. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Education: Policy, 1986-1993. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Education: Theory, 1932-1961. 6 folders.
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6 folders

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Education: Theory, undated. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Educational Facilities, 1979-1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Educational Foundation of America, 1992-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Edward Elliot Foundation, 1969-1971. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Elderly, The, 1967-1988. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Elias, Nathaniel M, 1962-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Elida B. Langley Charitable Trust, 1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Eligibility for Federal Services, 1959-1961. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Elliot, Abigail A, 1965-1967. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Elkus, Charles de Y, 1942. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Elmina B. Seawall Foundation, 1987-1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Ely, Gertrude, 1944-1966. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Emerson, Haven, 1949-1957. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Emerson, Larry W, 1984. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Emerson, William, 1947-1955. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Emerson, William C, 1953-1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Emmons, Glenn L, 1953-1958. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Emmons, Glenn L. and Tribal Tour, 1953. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Employment, 1972-1985. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Engelhorn, Willard A, 1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Enrollment and Adoption Conference, 1973. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Ensemble Studio Theatre, 1987-1989. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Enterprise Zones, 1982-1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Environmental Defense Fund, 1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Environmental Policy Center, 1973-1981. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Episcopal Church, 1991-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Epps, Joseph, 1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Ernst, Roger C, 1959-1968. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Escoto, Leopoldo, 1987-1990. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Ettinger Foundation, 1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Evans, Brock, 1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Ewing, Thomas W, 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Exxon Corporation, 1979-1982. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Farley, Edward I, 1968-1972. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Farmers Home Administration, 1979-1982. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Fashion Show, 1949. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, 1943. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Federal Field Organization, 1972. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Federal Funding, 1975-1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Federal Recognition of Tribes, 1977-1979. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Federal Recognition of Tribes, 1987-1989. 5 folders.
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5 folders

Federal Recognition of Tribes, 1989-1994. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, 1987-1990. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Feuerstein, Reuven: Cognitive Modifiability, 1977-1986. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Feuerstein, Reuven: Learning Potential Assessment Device/Instrumental Enrichment Workshop, 1980-1986. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Field Foundation, 1944-1967. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Fieldcrest Mills, 1968-1969. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Films, 1948-1977. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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First American Credit Union, undated. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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First Nations Financial Project, 1982-1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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First Summit of Indigenous Peoples, 1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Fishing and Hunting Rights, 1956-1973. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Fishing and Hunting Rights, 1974-1993. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Flanell, Rose, undated. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Flute, Jerry, 1983-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Foard, Fred T, 1948-1958. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Food Assistance Programs, 1971-1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Food Surplus, 1950. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Forbes, Henry S, 1953-1968. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Forbes, Hildegarde B, 1957-1988. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Forbes, Jack D, 1968-1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Force Accounts, 1960-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Ford Administration, 1974-1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Ford Foundation, 1950-1973. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Forestry, 1958-1982. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Foster, Henry H, 1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Foundation for Ethnic Understanding, 1992-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Foundation for Indian Leadership, 1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Foundation for the Higher Education of American Indians, undated. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Foundation of North American Indian Culture, 1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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"Foundation Presentation", 1957. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Foundations, 1940-1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Foundations Investigation, 1952-1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Four Rivers Indian Legal Services, 1983. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Four Tribes Children's Program, 1981. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Freedman, Alan, 1971. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Freedman, Joel L, 1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Friedenberg, Daniel M, 1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Friends of Verne Dusenberry Committee, 1968. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Fritz, Milo H, 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Fund for the American Indian, 1959. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Fund for the Republic, 1955-1961. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Fund of the Four Directions, 1992-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Gaming, 1992-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Gellman, Ida, 1991. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Genealogy, 1977-1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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General Federation of Women's Clubs, 1933-1958. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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"A Generation at Risk: American Indian Youth in the Great Plains", 1985. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Gerard, Byler and Associates, 1984-1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Gerard, Forrest J, 1974-1979. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Gillespie, Louis J, 1938. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Giving of Thanks Project, 1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Goldwater, Barry, 1953. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Goodiron, Vance, 1972. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Goodluck, Charlotte, 1975-1985. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Goody Fashions, 1983. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Gordon, Lester E, 1967-1971. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Goslin, Jan C, 1987-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Gotkin, Lassar G, 1967. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Governors' Interstate Indian Council, 1951-1952. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Grant Foundation, 1948-1953. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Grants Awarded by AAIA, 1969-1976. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Grants Awarded by AAIA, 1988-1994. 6 folders.
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6 folders

Gribble, John E, 1956-1958. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Grobsmith, Elizabeth S, 1984-1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Gross, Michael P, 1978-1985. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Grossman, Steven, 1990. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Grunstein, Ethan, 1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Gruver, William R., II, 1959-1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Guayule, 1981. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Gypsies, 1973-1978. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hale, Thomas Shaw, 1964-1972. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Halfmoon, Richard A, 1972-1990. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Handprints Productions, 1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Hanley, Joy J, 1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Harper, Allan G, 1934-1941. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hartford Seminary Foundation, 1960. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Harvard Divinity School, 1990. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development, 1987-1988. 2 folders.
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2 folders

Harvard-Radcliffe Indian Project, 1961. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Harvey, Steven W, 1968-1969. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hauptman, Laurence M, 1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Havens Relief Fund Society, 1963-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Head Start, 1968-1985. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Healing Circle, 1991-1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Health, 1925-1938. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Health, 1966-1970. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Health, 1970-1974. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Health, 1974-1980. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Health, 1980-1988. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Health, 1992-1995. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Hecht, Robert A, 1978-1991. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hensley, William L, 1974. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hertzberg, Hazel W, 1982. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hetzel, Theodore Brinton, 1955-1957. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hickel, Walter J, 1968-1969. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hiram Edward Manville Foundation, 1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hirsch, Bertram E, 1968-1989. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hirschfelder, Arlene B, 1982-1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hobbs, Straus, Dean and Wilder, 1983-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hochschild Fund, 1962-1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Hoebel, E. Adamson, 1944-1961. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hoey, Jane M, 1958-1967. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Home Missions Council of North America, 1941-1942. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Homeland Foundation, 1955. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hoopes, Donelson W, 1958-1959. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hopkins Funds, 1959-1966. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Houser, Allan, 1985. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Housing, 1949-1992. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Houston, James A, 1968-1980. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Howard Bayne Fund, 1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Howard, Joseph Kinsey, 1948-1949. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Howe Brothers, 1985. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Howells, William W, 1942-1952. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Huber Foundation, 1955-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Hughes, Henry J, 1950. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Hughes, Michael D, 1977-1978. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Human Ecology Fund, 1963-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Human Resources Development Institute, 1979-1981. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Ickes, Harold L, 1951-1952. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Ickes, Raymond W, 1968. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Impact Aid Program, 1981-1988. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Incentive Aid Foundation, 1963-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Administration Conference, 1948. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Administration Research Report, 1947. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Adoption Project, 1966-1972. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian and Native American Employment and Training Coalition, 1980-1989. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Association of America, 1948-1950. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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"Indian Child Welfare and Community Action", 1972. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Claims Caucus, 1973. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Claims Commission, 1948-1967. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Council Fire, 1933-1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Council Fire, 1981-1983. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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"Indian Country Jurisdiction and the Assimilative Crimes Acts", undated. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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"Indian Court Judges Directory", 1983. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Defense League of America, 1944-1945. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian-Eskimo Association of Canada, 1959-1972. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Fairs, 1932-1935. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Family Defense, 1974-1975. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Growth Center, 1976-1977. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Hall of Fame, 1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Health Year, 1963-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Leaders' Conference, 1966. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Indian Money Accounts, 1951. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Moneys, Proceeds of Labor, 1980-1982. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Olympians, 1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Indian Peoples Advisory Center, 1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Indian Prisoner Project, 1967-1971. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Indian Remains and Artifacts, 1985-1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Indian Remains and Artifacts, 1988-1992. 4 folders.
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4 folders

Indian Rights Association, 1937-1963. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Indian School Equalization Program, 1980. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act Regulations Revision, 1975. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act Regulations Revision, 1977-1983. 5 folders.
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5 folders

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Indian Youth of America, 1978-1981. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indian Youth of America, 1982-1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indians in the Military, 1940-1949. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Indians Into Medicine, 1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Indians of All Tribes, 1970-1971. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Indirect Costs/Contract Support, 1980-1984. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Indirect Costs/Contract Support, 1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Information about Native Americans, 1973-1992. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Inouye, Daniel K, 1990-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Institute for First Americans, 1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Institute of American Indian Arts, 1961-1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Institute of Ethnic Affairs, 1948-1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Institute of the American West, 1983. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Inter-American Indian Institute, 1958-1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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International Border Rights Conference, 1991. 1 folder.
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1 folder

International Indian Treaty Council, 1980-1992. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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International Seminars, 1958. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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International Youth and Elders Camp, 1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Interorganizational Cooperation, 1933-1943. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Intertribal Agriculture Council, 1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Intertribal Articles and Constitutions, undated. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Inter-Tribal Indian Ceremonial, 1923-1957. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Intra-Departmental Council on Indian Affairs, 1987. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Irrigation, 1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Irrigation, 1975-1981. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Italian Radio TV System, 1988. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Jackson, Helen Hunt, 1884. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Jackson, Henry M, 1975-1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Jackson, Leroy, 1993. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Jackson, Percy, 1932-1937. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Jackson Whites, 1957. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Jacobs, William, 1952. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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James Foundation of New York, 1951-1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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James Irvine Foundation, 1990-1994. 2 folders.
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2 folders

Jemison, Jessica Lee Tandy, 1953-1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Jensen, Sandy, 1963-1972. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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J.M. Kaplan Fund, 1963-1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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J.M. Mcdonald Foundation, 1958. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Job Training Partnership, 1983. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, 1982-1986. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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John Hay Whitney Foundation, 1950-1974. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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John Hay Whitney Foundation: Opportunity Fellowships, 1949-1954. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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John, Hazel Dean, 1976-1979. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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John Lindsley Fund, 1967-1968. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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John Randolph Haynes and Dora Haynes Foundation, 1942-1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Johnson Administration, 1968. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Johnson, Charles S, 1953-1956. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Johnson, Emery A, 1973-1993. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Johnson, Lyndon B, 1956. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Johnson-O'Malley Act Regulations Revision, 1974-1975. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Jojoba, 1975-1981. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Jones, Audrey, 1969-1976. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Jones, Robert C, undated. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Jones, Stephen, Jr, 1950-1953. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Josephy, Alvin M., Jr, 1963-1991. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation, 1970. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Juelfs, Joseph J, 1991. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Jurisdiction, 1961-1975. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Jurisdiction, undated. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Juvenile Delinquency, 1954-1973. 3 folders.
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3 folders

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Juvenile Justice Standards Project, 1973-1977. 2 folders.
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2 folders

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Juvenile Justice Survey, 1983-1984. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Juvenile Justice System, 1974-1975. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Juvenile Justice System, 1977-1985. 4 folders.
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4 folders

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Kabance, Joseph W, 1973-1974. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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Kane, Linda, 1986. 1 folder.