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Sergio Ramírez Papers

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Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Ramírez, Sergio

Sergio Ramírez Mercado was born in Masatepe, Masaya (Nicaragua) on August 5, 1942. He attended Universidad Autónoma Nacional de Nicaragua – León, where he obtained a degree in law in 1964. Ramírez's activities combined an active participation in the political life of Nicaragua with a prolific output of fiction and nonfiction writings.

Ramírez literary career began in the 1950s, when he published short stories and poems in literary supplements of newspapers. In 1960 Ramírez founded the literary journal Ventana, and, together with Fernando Gordillo, led the literary movement of the same name. His first book, Cuentos, was published in 1963. Between 1973 and 1975 he participated in the Artists-in-Berlin Program of the DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service). He wrote and published without interruption from 1971 to 2008.

His writing output includes novels, short stories, poems, plays, forewords, and several essay books related to Nicaraguan political history and Central American literature. His books and stories received many awards: the Dashiell Hammett Award in 1990 ( Castigo divino), the Premio Internacional de Novela Alfagura in 1998 ( Margarita, está linda la mar), the Laure Bataillon Award in 1998 ( Un baile de máscaras), and the Premio Latinoamericano de Novela José María Arguedas Casa de las Américas in 2000 ( Margarita, está linda la mar). Ramírez was member of the Academia Nicaragüense de la Lengua and of the Real Academia Española.

A big portion of Ramírez's output consists of articles and essays about literature and politics which were regularly published in several newspapers, electronic publications, and blogs in Latin America, the United States, and Europe.

Major Published Works: De Tropeles y Tropelías (San Salvador: Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de El Salvador, 1972) El Pensamiento vivo de Sandino. Editor. (San José: EDUCA, 1975) Charles Atlas también muere (México: Joaquín Mortiz, 1976) ¿Te dio miedo la sangre? (Caracas: Monte Ávila, 1978) Castigo Divino (Madrid: Mondadori, 1988) Clave de Sol (México: Cal y Arena, 1993) Un baile de máscaras (México: Alfaguara, 1995) Cuentos Completos (México: Alfaguara, 1998) Margarita, está linda la mar (Madrid: Alfaguara, 1998) Adiós muchachos (Madrid: Aguilar, 1999) Mentiras Verdaderas (México: Alfagura, 2001) Catalina y Catalina (México: Alfaguara, 2001) Sombras nada más (México: Alfaguara, 2002) El viejo arte de mentir (México: FCE; ITESM, 2004) Mil y una muertes (México: Alfaguara, 2004) Señor de los tristes (San Juan, P.R: La Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, 2006) El reino animal (México: Alfaguara, 2006).

Political and Public Service Career: Sergio Ramírez started his public service career serving two terms as General Secretary of the Confederación de Universidades Centroamericanas (CSUCA) in Costa Rica in 1968 and 1976. In 1977 he was the leader of Grupo de los Doce, a group formed by intellectuals, businessmen, priests, and civic leaders supporting the activities of the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN) against the Anastasio Somoza regime. In 1979, with the success of the revolution, he became part of the Junta de Gobierno de Reconstrucción Nacional. In 1984 he was elected Vice President, and as part of his activities he was the chair of The Consejo Nacional de Educación. Between 1990 and 1995 Ramírez was leader of the Sandinista party in the National Assembly, and in 1995 he founded the Movimiento de Renovación Sandinista (MRS). As leader of this party he ran for the presidential elections in 1996 where the MRS got 1.33% of the votes. In 1997 he retired from all political activities.

Sergio Ramírez received several awards, including honorary degrees from Universidad Central del Ecuador (1984), Universidad Blaise Pascal de Clermont-Ferrand (2000), and Universidad de Catamarca (2007); Bruno Kreisky Award in Human Rights (Vienna 1983), Ordre des Arts et des Lettres de France (1993), Orden Mariano Fiallos Gil del Consejo Nacional de Universidades de Nicaragua (1994), Medalla Presidencial del Centenario de Pablo Neruda (Chile, 2004), and Verdienstorden der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (2007).

Ramírez also had a very active career as teacher and conference lecturer. He taught in the Cátedra Julio Cortázar in the Universidad de Guadalajara (1996), in the Cátedra Alfonso Reyes of the Instituto Tecnológico de Monterrey (2002), at the Freie Universität Berlin in the Samuel Fischer Guest Professorship for Literature (2001), at UCLA in the Regents' Lecturer Program (2003), and as guest teacher at the University of Maryland-College Park (1999-2000). In the United States he was guest lecturer at Princeton University, Cornell University, Rutgers University, Boston University, University of Colorado at Boulder, University of California-Irvine, University of Miami, and Middelbury College. He also lectured regularly in Spain (Casa de América, El Ateneo, Universidad de Salamanca, Universidad de Alicante, and Universidad de Albacete), France (Université de Poitiers and Université Blaise Pascal-Clermont-Ferrand) and Mexico (Centro Nacional de las Artes, Colegio Nacional de México, and Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México).

Ramírez was also an active force in publishing in Central America. He founded the Editorial Universitaria Centroamericana (EDUCA) in 1978 and in 1981 the Editorial Nueva Nicaragua (ENN). He was a founding member of El Semanario, a newspaper that was published in Managua from 1990 to 2000. In 2004 he started the electronic journal Carátula (www.caratula.net) dedicated to cultural and literary studies.

In 2004, the Fondo de Cultura Económica published Una vida por la palabra, a biographical interview made by Silvia Cherem, with foreword by Carlos Fuentes.

This collection consists of the personal, political, and literary papers of Sergio Ramírez Mercado.

The Writings section of the collection includes both drafts and final versions in manuscript and typed manuscript format of most of Ramírez's fiction, nonfiction, and short expository works, covering the period 1954 to 2004. It also includes interviews and translations of Ramírez's works by others into at least ten languages. Some manuscripts are accompanied by related items such as publishers' proofs, correspondence, and source materials. Also included in this section are writings in printed format when this is the only format that preserves a work.

The extensive Correspondence section covers the period 1960-2004, and includes letters from family members, letters about a specific work, general chronological correspondence, and correspondence with a wide range of renowned writers and politicians, such as Claribel Alegría, Arnoldo Alemán, Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, Mario Benedetti, Ernesto Cardenal, Jimmy Carter, Julio Cortázar, Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel García Márquez, Felipe González, Augusto Monterroso, Ronald Reagan, and Mario Vargas Llosa.

The Political Archive consists of two main sections. The first section follows Ramírez's political activities, from the early actions of his student days in the 1960s, to his retirement from the political field in 1997. It includes documents and materials about Ramírez's participation in the Sandinista revolution against the Somoza regime, the Junta de Gobierno de Reconstrucción Nacional, his activities as vice president and as leader of the Sandinista Party, the foundation of the Movimiento de Renovación Sandinista, and his participation as candidate for president in 1996. The second section consists of documents and materials collected by Ramírez related to Nicaraguan political history, mostly related to Augusto C. Sandino, the Somoza family, and various political events of the twentieth century before the Sandinista revolution.

Of special interest is the Writings of Others section, which includes adaptations of Ramírez's works, essays and reviews about Ramírez's writings, and a small collection of writings by other authors in different formats, including Claribel Alegría, Ernesto Cardenal, Abelardo Cuadra, Carlos Fuentes, Fernando Gordillo, Ernesto Mejía Sánchez, and Octavio Paz.

This collection also includes documents and materials about awards, literary contracts, teaching activities, trips, and some cultural and social projects in which Ramírez was involved.

Free-standing photographs, and other graphic materials related to Ramírez's literary and political career, can be found in Series 7. However, some photographs and graphic materials were kept in their original context and can be found throughout the collection.

Finally, the collection includes many miscellaneous and printed materials. Of special interest are the materials about Masatepe (Ramírez's birth place) in Series 8 and the wide array of printed materials that include Ramírez's short writings. These printed materials not only show the context in which Ramírez's short writings were published, but also represent a rich collection of ephemera from Latin America, difficult to find outside the local context.

Additional materials consist of writings by Sergio Ramírez; photographs of Sergio Ramírez and family, friends, colleagues and politicians; interviews; correspondence, cards and invitations; writings by others; awards and recognitions; posters; some drawings; and materials related to foundations, symposia, conferences, fairs, presentations, festivals and other events.

Ramírez's website (www.sergioramirez.org.ni) consulted during preparation of biographical note.

Purchased from Sergio Ramírez in June 2006. Additional material acquired in March 2011.

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

This collection was processed by Carolina Gamboa-Hoyos in 2007-2008. Finding aid written by Carolina Gamboa-Hoyos in May 2008.

Additional materials processed by Armando Suárez in January 2023.

No appraisal information is available.

Publisher
Manuscripts Division
Finding Aid Author
Carolina Gamboa-Hoyos
Finding Aid Date
2008
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Collection Inventory

Scope and Contents

This series contains Ramírez's writings in manuscript, typed manuscript, and printed format, accompanied by related material such as notes, corrections, source materials, publisher's proofs, and few pieces of correspondence. To see some of the manuscript writings of this series in printed format, see Series 9.

Arrangement

Arranged in six subseries: fiction, nonfiction, short expository works, interviews, translations of Ramírez's works by others, and miscellaneous writings.

Physical Description

36 boxes

Scope and Contents

Contains manuscripts, printed materials, and related items of Ramírez's novels, short stories, short stories collections, and plays.

Arrangement

Arranged by genre first, then alphabetically by work title.

Physical Description

7 boxes

Scope and Contents

Contains notes, drafts, publisher's proofs, source materials, and some printed materials. Organized alphabetically by title.

Physical Description

5 boxes

Physical Description

1 box

First Draft: Chapters I-V, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with few notes.

Physical Description

1 folder

Final version, 1992-1994. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

2 folders

Publisher's proofs, 1994-1995. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material with holograph notes.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

3 boxes

Source materials, 1988. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Newspaper clippings about Oliverio Castañeda.

Physical Description

1 folder

Source materials. Ley Fuga, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

2 pages of Ms notes, 2 pages of TMs material about Ley Fuga.

Physical Description

1 folder

Source materials. Script of the Film "Payment Deferred", 1932. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Script of the film "Payment Deferred" (1932) and related correspondence (1987).

Physical Description

1 folder

Source materials: Castañeda Case, 1933. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printouts of newspaper clippings related to the Castañeda Case.

Physical Description

1 folder

Source materials: Castañeda Case, 1962-1992. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs and newspaper clippings related to the Castañeda Case.

Physical Description

1 folder

Payment Deferred: Strychine Poisoning in Nicaragua 65 Years Ago, 2000. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Toxicological report of the Castañeda Case done by The College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences of Butler University (Indianapolis, USA).

Physical Description

1 folder

Final notes and acknowledgments, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs

Physical Description

1 folder

Draft with notes, Part I, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph notes. Chapters 1-13.

Physical Description

1 folder

Draft with notes, Parts II and III, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph notes. Chapters 14-27.

Physical Description

1 folder

Chapter Drafts 1, undated. 5 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph notes.

Physical Description

5 folders

Nuevo Original. Part I: Chapters 1-7, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Original title: "Nuevo Original. Editado el 19/09."

Physical Description

1 folder

Nuevo Original, undated. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Original title: "Nuevo Original. Editado el 19/09."

Physical Description

2 folders

Corrections to the first version, 1988. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material with holograph corrections. Related correspondence with Mondadori España.

Physical Description

1 folder

Transparencies, undated. 4 folders.
Scope and Contents

Transparencies (5'' x 8'') (12 x 20 cm). One transparency forr each page of the novel.

Physical Description

4 folders

32 newspaper installments, 1988. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. 32 installments of the novel, published in "El Nuevo Amanecer Cultural" (El Nuevo Diario).

Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence, 1988-1998. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence related to "Castigo Divino" and the Castañeda Case.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Notebook, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Notebook with information about drafts, chronologies, chapters, etc.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

3 boxes

Logbook, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ms notes on the original folder and on loose pages.

Physical Description

1 folder

Source material, draft notes, and corrections, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two newspaper clippings. One TMs with possible titles for the novel and corrections. Ms notes.

Physical Description

1 folder

Fragment of first chapter, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Fragment of first chapter. Original folder kept (Casa de América). Probably from 2002.

Physical Description

1 folder

Draft, undated. 4 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

4 folders

Final Draft Part I, undated. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Ms corrections in the front page.

Physical Description

3 folders

Final Draft (Last Folder), undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Discarded Chapters, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs, some chapters have holograph corrections, others not. One newspaper clipping included. Ms "Work in Progress" page.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Fragment, 1968. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Fragment of "Tiempo de fulgor" published in the Journal "ECO, Revista de la Cultura de Occidente."

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Contains individual short stories that are part of a collection, and related documents to both each story and the collection itself. Organized alphabetically by title of the collection.

Physical Description

2 boxes

El asedio Short Story Collection, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs of a short story collection named "El Asedio" which includes "Bendito escondido," "El centerfielder," "El asedio," "Quince primaveras," "Son de pascuas," "Historia de una madre en la noche," "Domingo y ni un alma," "Caminante en el paraje," "Un lecho de bauxita en Weipa," "Nicaragua es blanca,"and "De las propiedades del sueño." This collection was never published as such, but some of these stories were published in other collections or individually.

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Contains TMs of the whole collection and of "Ya todo está en calma," "La viuda Carlota," "Primavera de ventanas encendidas" (Published as "Vallejo"), and "Catalina y Catalina."

Physical Description

1 box

Short Story Collection - Final Version, dates not examined. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Includes title page, table of contents, "Aparición en la fábrica de ladrillos," "El Pibe Cabriola," "Perdón y Olvido," "Gran Hotel," "Un bosque oscuro," "Ya todo está en calma," "La viuda Carlota," "Catalina y Catalina," and "Vallejo."

Physical Description

2 folders

"Ya todo está en calma", 1997-1999. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Dated: September 1997/July 1999 but date is whited out.

Physical Description

1 folder

"La viuda Carlota", 1995 January. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Primavera de ventanas encendidas" Drafts and notes, circa 1975. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Unidentified TMs fragments. TMs titled "El Popol Vuh: Resúmen de un argumento dramático para ballet." Ms titled "Libreto para Ballet." Unidentified Ms notes. Note: "Primavera de ventanas encendidas" was published as "Vallejo." Only one TMs is dated 1975, the rest are undated.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Primavera de ventanas encendidas" First Draft, 1974-1992. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Dated: Managua, December 1992 (Berlin, Summer 1974)

Physical Description

1 folder

"Primavera de ventanas encendidas" Final Version, 1993 July. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Dated: Managua, December 1992/July 1993 (Berlin, Spring 1974)

Physical Description

1 folder

"Catalina y Catalina" Three versions, 1994-1995. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs plus 1 related letter. 1 TMs with few holograph corrections. 1 TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

2 boxes

"Clave de Sol" Short Story Collection, 1984-1991. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs of Table of Contents, TMs of list of short stories with Ms annotations. TMs of "Juego perfecto," "Heiliger Nikolaus," "Volver," "La múcura está en el suelo," "La múcura que está en el suelo," and three versions of "Pero no lloraré," one of which has holograph corrections. Two TMs versions of "Historia de Kalimán el magnífico y la pérfida Mesalina," one with holograph corrections. Two TMs versions of "Tarde de sol." One TMs of "La suerte es como el viento." Each manuscript is dated.

Physical Description

2 folders

"Juego perfecto" Three Drafts, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Draft 1 is a TMs with holograph corrections and loose Ms pages. Draft 2 is a TMs with holograph corrections. Draft 3 is a TMs with holograph corrections and loose Ms pages.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Heilige Nikolaus" Three Drafts and related material, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Clippings from German magazines. Photocopy of printed material: "Dioses acuáticos" (unknown origin). Loose Ms pages. Three TMs drafts with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Bound Collection, 1968. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Bound volume with a photocopy of the full collection in TMs format. Includes: "El Centerfielder" (undated), "El asedio" (1968), "Un lecho de bauxita en Weipa" (1968), "Nicaragua es blanca" (undated), "Charles Atlas también muere" (June 1970), and "A Jackie, con nuestro corazón"(1971).

Physical Description

1 folder

Source Material, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Newspaper clippings about Charles Atlas. Some in English, some in Spanish.

Physical Description

1 folder

Individual Story Draft, 1970. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph and TMs corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

"A Jackie, con nuestro corazón" Two Drafts, 1971. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Draft 1: TMs with holograph corrections. Draft 2: TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Contains photocopies of printed material of three of the short stories of this collection: "Los graneros del Rey," "Son pascuas," and "Tumulto."

Physical Description

1 box

"Los graneros del Rey", undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Short story published in "Revista Presente" (Tegucigalpa, Guatemala).

Physical Description

1 folder

"Son pascuas", 1963. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Short story published in the newspaper "Diario de Costa Rica" (12/20/1970). Note: This short story is also part of e collection "Decesos y Agonías."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Tumulto", undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Fragment. Photocopy of printed material. Short story published in the newspaper "El Mundo" (Granada).

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Short Story Collection, 1963. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs with holograph corrections of the full collection. Includes: Table of Contents, "Son de pascuas" (1963), "Luceat Aeternam" (1965), "Tanto se le quiso" (1965), "Quince primaveras" (1965), "Espejo de luto" (1965), and "Bendito-Escondido" (1965).

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Contains manuscripts and printed material of some of the short stories of this collection as well as manuscripts that were not published with the collection.

Physical Description

1 box

"De Aficiones y Tropelías", 1971. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Short Story Collection - Manuscripts and Related Material, 1974. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

2 boxes

Physical Description

1 folder

First Draft, 1991 November-December. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Second Draft, 1992 January. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Final Version, 1991 November-December. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 box

First Draft, 1991 December. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Draft A, 1991 October-November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

Draft B, 1991 October-November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

Draft with corrections by Enrique Polo, 1991 October-November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Final Draft, 1991 October-November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Veintitrés", 1960. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Contains short stories that are not part of collections. TMs and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 box

"Arboles de Nicaragua: El Chilamate", 1997 June. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Short story published in the periodical "Nuevo Amanecer Cultural" (Year 17, No. 874) Text by Sergio Ramírez, Photos by Luis Rocha.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Ballena Jorobada", 2003 October-December. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Short story published in the Mexican periodical "etcétera," January 2004.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Casa de estudiantes", 1961 April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Short story published in the periodical "Ventana" (Year 2, Series 2, No. 9, 1961). Also included a photocopy of the same short story, published in 1998 in the periodical "La Tribuna" (10/25/1998).

Physical Description

1 folder

"La cita", 1959 September. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Short story published in the periodical "Ventana" (Year 1, No. 3, August 1960)

Physical Description

1 folder

"Domingo y ni un alma", undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Fragment. Photocopy of printed material. Probably published in "La Prensa Literaria."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Ilusión perdida", 1990 November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

"La multa", 1964 April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Title at the top of the page: "Hombre y Jaguar." Unidentified publication. Other side of the page has an anonymous short story titled "El Contrabando," dated May, 1964.

Physical Description

1 folder

"El estudiante", 1960 March. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Three different publications of the short story. 1) Photocopy of printed material. Published in the first issue of the periodical "Ventana" (Year 1, No. 1). 2) Photocopy of printed material. Published in the periodical "La Noticia" (06/03/1963). 3) Photocopy of printed material. Published in unidentified and undated periodical.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Lejos de la manada", 2002 April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Noticias de Nicaragua", 1971 November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Sábado", 1971. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with few holograph corrections. Manuscript undated, but from a folder with writings from 1971.

Physical Description

1 folder

"La tarjeta", 1960 September. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Short story published in the periodical "Ventana" (Year 1, No. 5, October 1960).

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Contains notes, drafts, cards, publisher's proofs, source materials, and some printed materials and related correspondence. For books that are compilations of essays, see also Subseries 1C "Short Expository Works," where individual essays are archived.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by title of the book.

Physical Description

8 boxes

Physical Description

7 boxes

Physical Description

1 box

First draft, 1999 January 19. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Electronic Printout

Physical Description

2 folders

Draft, dates not examined. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs

Physical Description

3 folders

Publisher's proofs, dates not examined. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Electronic Printout

Physical Description

3 folders

Corrections, 1999 June. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Corrections and related correspondence. Fax and e-mail printout. Corrections are TMs with holograph annotations.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Final Version, 1973-1984. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs

Physical Description

3 folders

Physical Description

1 box

Cards, 1973. 1 box.
Scope and Contents

Ms and TMs cards titled "Balcanes y volcanes" (Berlin, 1973).

Physical Description

1 box

Physical Description

1 box

Final Version, 1991. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs

Physical Description

2 folders

Foreword by Ernesto Cardenal, 1991 April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Individual Essay: "Confesión de amor." Draft of English translation, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Individual Essay: "Confesión de amor.", undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs

Physical Description

1 folder

Individual Essay: "Confesión de amor." Draft of English translation, 1990 September. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs with corrections

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

2 boxes

Fragments, notes, and preliminary material, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ms and TMs

Physical Description

1 folder

"Vestir de plumas al águila" and "El águila es calva." Draft, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Cortázar entre nosotros" and "La estrategia del águila", 1985 May. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs and Photocopy of TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

First Draft, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Chapter "Envío" is in Ms format. All other chapters are in TMs format with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Second Draft, 1985 May. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Third Draft. List, 1985 March-June. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs with holograph corrections. List of people who received a copy of the book.

Physical Description

1 folder

Fourth Draft, 1985 March-June. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs with holograph and TMs corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Fifth Draft, 1985 March-June. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs with holograph and TMs corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Sixth Draft, 1985 March-June. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs with holograph and TMs corrections. Includes 3 pages with a list of corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

2 boxes

Draft of the Introduction, 1977 March. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Source material and drafts, undated. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Bound volume with various formats. Includes photocopy of Ms by Abelardo Cuadra and photocopies of TMs of his transcribed memoirs with corrections.

Physical Description

2 folders

Source material and drafts. (Last Folder), undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Bound volume with various formats. Includes photocopy of Ms by Abelardo Cuadra and photocopies of TMs of his transcribed memoirs with corrections. Chapters not numbered.

Physical Description

1 folder

Draft. I. La Guerra Civil de 1926, undated. 7 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

7 folders

Chapters 3 and 4, 1976. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs. Includes a TMsS note addressed to Abelardo.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

3 boxes

Interview with Francisco Rivera (El Zorro), 1988 August. 8 folders.
Scope and Contents

Interview transcript. TMss with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

8 folders

Interview with Francisco Rivera (El Zorro), 1988 December 5. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Interview transcript. TMs with holograph corrections and notes. Dated 5/12/88.

Physical Description

1 folder

Interview with Carlos Rojas, 1987 August. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Interview transcript. TMs with holograph and TMs corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Interview with Elías Noguera, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Interview transcript. TMs with holograph and TMs corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Interview with Francisco Rivera (El Zorro) with corrections and notes by Roberto Catina. Parts I-III, 1988 August-September. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Interview transcript. Photocopy of TMs with holograph corrections and notes. Notes by Roberto Catina.

Physical Description

3 folders

Sinópsis histórica de la ciudad de Estelí, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material with holograph dedicatory.

Physical Description

1 folder

Related material, 1989 January. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs draft of chapter titles. Ms map and notes. Correspondence with attached information related to the interviews with Francisco Rivera. An oversize topographic map of Estelí found in this folder is now kept in Box 147.

Physical Description

1 folder

Related materials and notes by Roberto Cajina, 1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

First Draft, undated. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

3 folders

Second draft: chapters 1-7, undated. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs with holograph corrections and few loose Ms pages.

Physical Description

2 folders

Second Draft. (Last Folder), undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Notes by Roberto Cajina, 1989 March. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Letter, notes, and corrections by Roberto Cajina related to the draft of the book.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Metido en la piel del Zorro" (Foreword to "La marca del Zorro"), undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ms.

Physical Description

1 folder

Foreword, 1989. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs

Physical Description

1 folder

Presentación del conversatorio INSFORP, 1988 September. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Conference meeting transcript. Francisco Rivera (El Zorro) was present.

Physical Description

2 folders

Physical Description

2 boxes

Related Material, 1934-1968. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ms and TMs notes about Mariano Fiallos. Includes interviews with Rafael Gutiérrez, the family of Mariano Fiallos, Carlos Tünnermann, and Ernesto Barrera. Chronology of the life and times of Mariano Fiallos and information about Grupo Proa and Revista Proa.

Physical Description

1 folder

Cards, dates not examined. 1 box.
Scope and Contents

Cards with Ms notes about Mariano Fiallos.

Physical Description

1 box

Physical Description

1 box

Publisher's proofs, 2000 October. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Letter from César Gutiérrez (Alfaguara). TMs. Material was written in 1997, proofs are dated 2000.

Physical Description

2 folders

Physical Description

1 box

Individual Essay, 1991-2000s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Six versions of the essay. 1991, 1992, 1995, 1999, circa 2000, and undated.

Physical Description

1 folder

Related material, 1993. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Chapter index of the book, detailed description of each essay, related correspondence and contracts, TMs of "Armando Morales, el clásico" (included in the book), and TMs version of "Volver a la esperanza," essay read for the official presentation of the book. Note: Ms, TMs, and related material to individual essays of this books are archived chronologically in "Short Expository Works"

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

"El muchacho de Niquinohomo", 1973-1975. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with TMs corrections. This essay is the introduction of the book "El pensamiento vivo de Sandino"

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

"El Centerfielder" Radio Script by María Blanca de Diego, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs

Physical Description

1 folder

"La Educación en Centroamérica." Emisiones para la SFB, 1975 March. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two radio scripts about Education in Central America in TMs format. I. El sistema educativo general. II. La universidad y el desarrollo. Written in Berlin, 1975.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Historia cinematográfica, 1976. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs. Description of the film and narrative text for the film

Physical Description

1 folder

Summary guide for the script, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph notes. Summary guide for the script. In English.

Physical Description

1 folder

First Draft, 1977 January. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph notes.

Physical Description

2 folders

Second Draft, 1977 February. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with few notes. Includes fragment of original folder with Ramírez's Ms title.

Physical Description

1 folder

Documents Annex, 1930-1934. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs documents with notes. All documents are related to Sandino and the Film script."Blanca y sus verdugos" included.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Sandino: A Screenplay" Draft by Sergio Ramírez and David Munro, 1987. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph notes. Fragment of an English version of the "Sandino" script.

Physical Description

1 folder

English Film Script. Fragments, 1987. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph notes. Includes scenes 1-26, outlines of scenes 22-49, fragment of scene 23, scenes 24-30, and fragment of scene 31.

Physical Description

1 folder

Radio Script. IKON Radio Netherlands, 1991. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs of radio script for IKON Radio, Netherlands. Includes related correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

"Retrato de familia.", undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ms notes and preliminary material. Three short drafts in TMs format with holograph notes. TMs of final draft with holograph notes.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Retrato de familia con violín", 1997. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Related correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Retrato de niño con Ángel", undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Retrato de niño estrábico con lentes", 1998 August. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two versions in TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Contains short writings by Ramírez such as speeches, essays, articles for newspapers, journals, periodicals, lectures,conferences, and forewords. Some writings were used in several occasions, or published in various ways. There are manuscripts, typed manuscripts, printed materials, and photocopies of printed materials, some of which have alternate versions, drafts, notes, and related material and correspondence.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically by year, each folder contains all types of works and formats. Undated materials are in the end. Individual titles are generally not listed.

Physical Description

11 boxes

Physical Description

10 boxes

First published article: "Todavía hay más piedras para un Andrés Castro", 1956 September 14. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material and photocopy. First published article. Published in "La Prensa" (09/14/1956).

Physical Description

1 folder

Album: 1959-1960, 1959-1960. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Album with newspaper clippings of Ramírez's works (poems, articles, and short stories) as well as some reviews and news about Ramírez's activities, and two photographs. Preservation photocopies and original.

Physical Description

1 folder

1962, 1962. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

"Greenwich Village, turismo y desesperación." Published in the periodical "Ventana"

Physical Description

1 folder

1966, 1966. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1967, 1967. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

"Los conversos."

Physical Description

1 folder

1968, 1968. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1969, 1969. 4 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes two versions of "La Narrativa Centroamericana." See cards about Central American Writers, probably used as study material for this article.

Physical Description

4 folders

Central American Writers Cards, dates not examined. 1 box.
Scope and Contents

Cards with Ms notes about central american writers, probably materials for "La Narrativa Centroamericana"

Physical Description

1 box

1970, 1970. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1971, 1971. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1972, 1972. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Mostly "Ventana" columns. Includes "Los tres ángeles."

Physical Description

2 folders

1973, 1973. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1974, 1974. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1975, 1975. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1976, 1976. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1977, 1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1978, 1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1979, 1979. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1980, 1980. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

1981, 1981. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1982, 1982. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1983, 1983. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes "La edad presente es de lucha/The Present Age is one of Struggle," a speech for the ceremony of the "Orden de la Independencia Cultural Ruben Dario," which was given to Julio Cortázar. Also included is a transcription of Cortázar's speech in TMs format is included and various versions of "Nicaragua, la primera frontera" and "Nicaragua, the first frontier."

Physical Description

3 folders

1984, 1984. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes "Sandino y los partidos políticos."

Physical Description

3 folders

1985, 1985. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1986, 1986. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1987, 1987. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes a paper titled: "El proyecto político-educativo de la Revolución Popular Sandinista: Informe inaugural al IV Congreso Nacional de ANDEN" (04/22/1987).

Physical Description

2 folders

1988, 1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1989, 1989. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

1990, 1990. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

1991, 1991. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1992, 1992. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1993, 1993. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes "Por una relación moderna entre Estados Unidos y Nicaragua" / "Towards a Modern Relation Between the United States and Nicaragua" and "El artista frente a su modelo" / "The Artist and his Model."

Physical Description

3 folders

1994 (Folder 1), dates not examined. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes "El siglo XXI entre nosotros."

Physical Description

1 folder

1994 (Folders 2-3), dates not examined. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1995, 1995. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1996, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1997, 1997. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1998, 1998. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1999 (Folder 1), dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1999 (Folder 2), dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

2000, 2000. 5 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes "Una revolución o es moral, o no lo es del todo," "Nicaragua: Una Literatura en busca de editorial," and "Carlos en su Rincón."

Physical Description

5 folders

2001 (Folder 1), dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

2001 (Folders 2-8), dates not examined. 7 folders.
Physical Description

7 folders

2002, 2002. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

2003, 2003. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

2004, 2004. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

2004-2005, 2004-2005. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Seven issues of the periodical "Magazine" of the newspaper "La Prensa." Each issue contains a column by Ramírez. Column is called "Prosa Profana."

Physical Description

1 folder

Undated Works, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Various undated works in different formats.

Physical Description

1 folder

Untitled speech, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs. Initial words: "Señores: Los pueblos de Centroamérica han ejemplarizado quizá como ninguno otro de América Latina, esa condición de estar en los suburbios de la historia."

Physical Description

1 folder

Untitled Lecture Transcription, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs with corrections. Transciption of a Lecture by Ramírez followed by a session of questions and answers. Initial words: "Lo primero que debe hacer un escritor centroamericano como yo -entendiendo que 'centroamericano' no es un término limitativo sino de proyección-, es poner los pies en tierra."

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Organized alphabetically according to the book for which they were written.

Physical Description

3 boxes

Physical Description

1 folder

Draft and Notes, 1976. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMss with holograph notes. Ramírez's work for the book includes the Introduction, selection of the short stories, chronology, and notes.

Physical Description

1 folder

Salarrué Cards, dates not examined. 1 box.
Scope and Contents

Cards with Ms notes related to Salarrué

Physical Description

1 box

Final Version, 1977. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs (carbon).

Physical Description

1 folder

"Un viajero en su berlina." Foreword to "Mi carro de Nicaragua" by Forrest Colburn, 1995. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material and invitation to the presentation of the book.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Chema Méndez a la luz del día." Foreword to "Cuentos del alfabeto" by José María Méndez, 1992. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

3 versions in TMs format. Letter to José María Méndez included.

Physical Description

1 folder

Foreword to "El cuento nicaragüense" (Anthology), 1976. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

"La generación destronada." Foreword to "Los jóvenes otra cultura" by Melvin Sotelo, 1996. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

2 versions in TMs format.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Las mil puntas cruentas." Foreword to "En mí y no estando: Antología poética" by Ernesto Gutiérez. (Anthology), 1974. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs with corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Foreword to "Nicaragua: Gezien door Nicaraguanen", 1987. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Spanish and Dutch versions.

Physical Description

1 folder

"El dolor entero." Foreword to "El temple del gato" by Leoncio Varela, 1995. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

"El alba de los desterrados." Foreword to "Una tierra de pólvora y miel" by Hermann Schulz, 1975. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

"En el rincón de un quicio oscuro." Foreword to "España Contemporánea de Rubén Darío", 1997. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

Introduction to "Sandino del combatiente", 1981. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph notes. Final version. Manuscript note.

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Literary and political interviews in diverse formats. Main language is Spanish, but there are interviews in English, Italian, German, French, Russian, Finnish, Swedish, and Greek.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically by year of the interview.

Physical Description

4 boxes

1970-1978, 1970-1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1970-1979, 1970-1979. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1980-1982, 1980-1982. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1982, 1982. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1983, 1983. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1984, 1984. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1985, 1985. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1986, 1986. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1987, 1987. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes an interview in a Russian newspaper.

Physical Description

2 folders

1988, 1988. 4 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes interviews related to "Castigo Divino" and two versions of an interview with Mario Benedetti.

Physical Description

4 folders

1989, 1989. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

1990, 1990. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1991 (Folders 1-2), dates not examined. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

One interview in Finnish, one in Swedish.

Physical Description

2 folders

1991 (Folder 3), dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1992, 1992. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Interview with Mario Benedetti.

Physical Description

2 folders

1993, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1994, 1994. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1995, 1995. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1996, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1997, 1997. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1998, 1998. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1999, 1999. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

2000, 2000. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

2001, 2001. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes interviews in German, Greek, and French.

Physical Description

3 folders

2002, 2002. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Interviews: Silvia Cherem, 2002. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

2003, 2003. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

undated, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

This subseries consists of translations of Ramírez's writings by others in diverse formats and languages. It also includes related correspondence and materials.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by title of the work in its translated version. For translations with Cyrillic and Greek characters, entries are in the original Spanish title.

Physical Description

5 boxes

"El amor sólo aparece una vez en la vida." Fragment from "Castigo divino." Bulgarian Translation by Albena Shishkova, 1989-1990. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material with accompanying correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

"The Artist and his Model" English Translation by Lorna Shaughnessy, 1993. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies." Translation of "El artista frente a su modelo"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Atlantiküberquerungen" Anonymous German Translation, 1992. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in the journal "Blätter für deutsche und internationale Politik."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Die barfüßige Weltmacht" Anonymous German Translation, 2001. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Published in "Die Tageszeitung."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Die Belagerung" German Translation by Klaus Jetz, 1997. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "ILA Zeitschrift der Informationsstelle Lateinamerika: Schwule und Lesben in Lateinamerika." Translation of "El Asedio" from the Short Story Collection "Charles Atlas también muere."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Vom bürgerlichen Tod (Sieben politische Fabeln)" German Translation by Horst, Masuhr, and Schultze-Kraft, 1975. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Literatur-magazin 3: "Die Phantasie an die Macht" Literatur als Utopie." Translation of some parts of the collection "De tropeles y tropelías."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Celui qui ne cesse de grandir" French Translation by Joaquín Manzi, 2002. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Cortázar: De tous les côtés."

Physical Description

1 folder

"The Centerfielder" Anonymous English Translation, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs. Translation of "El centerfielder"

Physical Description

1 folder

"The Centerfielder" English Translation by Barry Eisenberg, 1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs accompanied by letter. Translation of "El centerfielder"

Physical Description

1 folder

"The Centerfielder" English Translation by Flaurie S. Imberman, 1980. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in 'Latin American Perspectives." Translation of "El Centerfielder"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Centerfielder" Polish Translation by Jerzy Kühn, 1983. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material with accompanying letter.

Physical Description

1 folder

"O centerfielder" Portuguese Translation by Eric Nepomuceno, 1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Leia." Translation of "El Centerfielder"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Chancen und Grenzen des politischen und sozialen Wandels in Lateinamerika" German translation by Petra Bendel, 1995. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Published in "Mittel-Amerika: Abschied von der Revolution?"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Charles Atlas Also Dies" English Translation by Richard V. McGehee, 1993. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Aethlon: The Journal of Sport Literature." Front cover has translator's dedicatory.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Charles Atlas Also Dies" English Translation by Zoe Anglesy, 1984-1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two TMs and related correspondence. Translation of "Charles Atlas también muere"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Charles Atlas Also Dies" English Translation by Tom Sullivan, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs. Translation of "Charles Atlas también muere"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Contre l'oubli de la révolution sandiniste" French Translation by Michel Picquart, 1999. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Volcans: Mexique - Amérique Centrale - Caraïbes." Translation of a fragment of "Adiós muchachos."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Cultura e caffè - Coltura" Italian Translation by Paola Mini, 1992. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Bollettario: Quadrimestrale di scrittura e critica."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Von Drachen und Paladinen" German Translation by Anna Jonas, 1983. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "L'80: Reagens Katastrophen-politik in Mittelamerika."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Vad drömmen kan" and "Julstämning." (Två prosastycken) Swedish Translation by Kerstin Cardelús, 2003. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in Karavan: Litterår Tidskrift på Resa Mellan Kulturer. Same volume contains an interview with Göran Skogberg.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Von des Eigenschaften des Traums (II)" German Translation by Peter Schulze-Kraft, 1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Die horen: Zeitschrift für Literatur, Grafik und Kritik." Translation of one story from "De tropeles y tropelías."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Einige Notizen für Gertrudis, um die Erinnerung an Berlin in Nicaragua wachzuhalten" German Translation by Barbara Richter, 1975. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "DAAD: 10 Jahre Berliner Künstlerprogramm."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Election night in Nicaragua" English Translation by Nick Caistor, 1991. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "GRANTA: Vargas Llosa for President"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Een essay van Sergio Ramirez, vice-president van Nicaragua" Dutch Translation by Aafke Steenhuis and Winanda van Vliet, 1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Published in "De Groene Amsterdammer" (07/17/1985). Translation of "La estrategia del águila"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Esquipulas e o ocaso da política das canhoneiras: Análises de Sérgio Ramirez" Anonymous Portuguese Translation, 1987. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Published in"Barricada Internacional" (12/31/1987). Summarized translation of a lecture given by Ramírez on 12/2/1987 in the University of Costa Rica.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Even Charles Atlas Dies" English Translation by Paul L. Goepfert, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs with holograph corrections. Translation of "Charles Atlas también muere"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Even Charles Atlas Dies" Anonymous English Translation, 1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Playboy." Translation of "Charles Atlas también muere"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Even Charles Atlas Dies" English Translation by Paul Goepfert for Playboy Magazine, 1984-1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs, drafts, notes, and correspondence. Translation of "Charles Atlas también muere"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Vom ewigen Vergessen" German Translation by Peter Schultze-Kraft, circa 1974. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs (undated) and printed material (1974). Published in "Euro Päische Ideen: Schriftsteller in Berlin." Translation of one story from "De tropeles y tropelías."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Fatherland and Freedom: The Writings of Augusto C. Sandino, Nicaraguan Revolutionary" Translated and Edited, with an Introduction and Additional Selections by Robert Edgard Conrad, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs of "Contents," "Translator's Introduction," and "The Young Man from Niquinohomo." Two TMs letters between Juanita Bermúdez (Ramírez's Assistant) and Robert Conrad. This is a translation and different edition of "El Pensamiento Vivo de Sandino," published as "Sandino: The Testimony of a Nicaraguan Patriot, 1921-1934" by Princeton University Press.

Physical Description

1 folder

"The Flames of Madness" English Translation by Alfred Mac Adam, 2003. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in Review: "Literature and Arts of the Americas." Translation of a fragment of "Sombras nada más."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Heiliger Bimmbamm" German Translation by Erich Hackl and Peter Schulzte-Kraft, 1986-1991. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with Ms related correspondence and TMs literary contract. Translation of "Heiliger Nikolaus"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Heiliger Nikolaus" Corrections, 1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMss with corrections to a German translation of "Heiliger Nikolaus." The text itself of the translation is not included. Corrections addressed to Roberto Fernández Retamar (Cuba)

Physical Description

1 folder

"To Jackie, with all our heart" English Translation by Valerie Brown, 1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with related correspondence. Translation of "A Jackie, con nuestro corazón"

Physical Description

1 folder

"To Jackie, With all Our Heart" English Translation by Brigitte Vance, 2002. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Translation of "A Jackie, con nuestro corazón"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Für Jackie, von ganzem Herzen" German Translation by Peter Schulze-Kraft, 1974. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Lesebuch Dritte Welt." Translation of "A Jackie, con nuestro corazón"

Physical Description

1 folder

"A Jackie, de tout notre coeur" French translation by Françoise Barthélemy, 1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Published in "Le Monde Diplomatique." Translation of "A Jackie, con nuestro corazón"

Physical Description

1 folder

"The Kid from Niquinohomo" English Translation by Lyman Baker, 1984-1989. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs draft with corrections (1984). Ms and TMs correspondece (1984-1987) between Lyman Baker (Kansas University), Scott Cairns, Rosario Santos and Sergio Ramírez. TMs (undated) of final version. Photocopy of printed material of the published version (1989). Published in "Latin American Perspectives." Translation of "El muchacho de Niquinohomo."

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Translation of "Margarita, está linda la mar"

Physical Description

1 box

"Margarita, How Beautiful the Sea" Preparation for English Translation, circa 2002. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Printed material accompanied by a Ms note. Spanish original book highlighted for potential problems in the Spanish text.

Physical Description

2 folders

"Margarita, How Beautiful the Sea" Draft, 2004. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Draft or publisher's proofs in TMs format with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

2 folders

"Mein Managua" German Translation by Sandro Benini, 2001. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Published in "Die Weltwoche."

Physical Description

1 folder

Mit den Waffen der Zukunft: Texte zur sandinistischen Revolution in Nicaragua German Translation by Gertrud Siemssen-Marczinzik, 1989. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. German translation of selections from "El alba de oro." Published by Peter Hammer Verlag.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Nicaragua: Confession of Love" English Translation by Eric Hamovitch, 1991. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Condensed version of the original article. Published in "This Magazine." Translation of "Nicaragua: Confesión de amor"

Physical Description

1 folder

"E Nikaragova einai levke" and "Sten Tzakv m' ole mast ten kardia", 1988. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Published in Greek Magazine.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Nicaragua Makes Its Case" English Translation by Darwin J. Flakoll, 1982. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Published in "The Nation."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Nicaragua: The Revolution is not for Export" English Translation by Stephen Kessler, 1984. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopies of TMss. Draft with holograph notes and final version. Two letters by Stephen Kessler to Roberto Vargas included. Translation of "Nicaragua: La revolución no se exporta"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Pedrón Kopf" German Translation by Wolfgang Fleischer and Peter Schultze-Kraft, 1980. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Die horen: Zeitschrift für Literatur, Grafik und Kritik."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Perfect Game" English Translation by Ruth A. Warner, 1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs. Translation of "Juego perfecto"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Le piume dell'aquila" Anonymous Italian Translation, 1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Published in "Il Manifesto: La domenica."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Popol Vuh" German Translation by Luis Iturrizaga, circa 1975. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs. Translation of a fragment of "Vallejo"/"Primavera de ventanas encendidas"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Portrait de famille avec violon" French Translation by Claude Fell, 1997. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Les belles étrangères: 14 écrivains d'Amérique Centrale." Translation of "Retrato de familia con violín."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Regarding the Stench of Cadavers" Anonymous English Translation, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs accompanied by a photocopy of printed material of the Spanish version titled "Del hedor de los cadáveres"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Ramioji naktis" Lithuanian Translation by Valdas Petrauskas, 1986. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of printed material. Published in "Literatura ir Menas" (01/18/1986)

Physical Description

1 folder

"Rivoluzione e tradizione culturale: Darío e Sandino" Anonymous Italian Translation, 1982. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Published in "Cubana: analisi testi dibatti sul Caribe e l'America Latina" (May-August 1982)

Physical Description

1 folder

"Saint Nick" English Translation by Will Baker, 1986. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with related correspondence. Translation of "Heiliger Nikolaus"

Physical Description

1 folder

"Der Tanz der Offiziere" German Translation by Inke and Peter Schulze-Kraft, 1976. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with TMs corrections and holograph dedicatory.

Physical Description

1 folder

"True Lies: On the Subject of Literary Creation" English Translation by Marguerite Feitlowitz, 2001. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Publisher's proofs. Related correspondence included. This is the translation "Mentiras verdaderas sobre la creación literaria," lecture given by Ramírez on May 10, 1999.

Physical Description

1 folder

"TSENTROVII"Russian Translation, 1976. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Russian publication. Ms letter from Arcángel Ariel to Julio y Uguó was inside the journal. Kept in this file.

Physical Description

1 folder

"The Twenty-First Century Betwixt Us" English Translation by Roberto Tejada, 1995. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy or fax printout of unknown printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Vergeben und vergessen" German Translation by Lutz Kliche, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Translation of "Perdón y Olvido."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Weihnachtsklänge" Anonymous German Translation, 2001. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs accompanied by related correspondence. Translation of "Son de Pascuas."

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

English Translation by D.J. Flakoll, 1989. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs. Letter from Mr. Flakoll to Ramírez included. Translation of "Estás en Nicaragua"

Physical Description

1 folder

English Translation by D.J. Flakoll, 1994. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Publisher's proofs. Letter from Mr. Flakoll to Ramírez included. Translation of "Estás en Nicaragua"

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

German Translation by Tilo Ballien, undated. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Chapters 1-10. Translation of "La Marca del Zorro."

Physical Description

2 folders

German Translation by Tilo Ballien, 1990. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence between Tilo Ballien and Sergio Ramírez or Juanita Bermúdez (Ramírez's Assistant). Photocopy of TMss of German translation chapters 1-4. Translation of "La Marca del Zorro."

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

This subseries includes poems and miscellaneous and unidentified writings by Ramírez. It also includes translations of other works and authors by Ramírez.

Arrangement

Ramírez's poems are arranged alphabetically by title. Ramírez's translations of other authors are arranged alphabetically by title of the translated work in its Spanish title. The rest of the miscellaneous materials do not follow a specific arrangement.

Physical Description

3 boxes

Physical Description

1 box

Poems, 1960. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopies of printed material. "Cuando a tu enemigo escribas," "La noche," "Después que hayas huído," "Bajo la estrella," and "Lápida." Includes a clipping with a picture of Ramírez.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Antología de Poesía Contemporánea de Nicaragua" Edited by Jorge Eduardo Arellano, undated. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Draft of a poetic anthology. Includes Mss, TMss, and clippings, many with holograph notes, of poems by several nicaraguan poets. 4 poems by Ramírez included: "La fina Pajarita Nocturna," "Después que hayas huído," "Bajo las estrellas...," and "Solterona."

Physical Description

3 folders

Physical Description

1 box

"Ana la pálida" By Heinrich Boll, 1997. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopies of printed material. Two versions of translation in different publications.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Mi crímen perfecto" By Ray Bradbury, 1971. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Una tierra de pólvora y miel: Viaje por Nicaragua" By Hermann Schulz. Draft, undated. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

2 folders

"Una tierra de pólvora y miel: Viaje por Nicaragua" By Hermann Schulz. Final Version, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Bound volume. Photocopy of TMs with few corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

"Formación del Derecho Constitucional Clásico", undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Probably a paper for Law School.

Physical Description

1 folder

"La problemática del Derecho Constitucional nicaragüense", 1964. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Bound TMs. Thesis. Universidad Nacional de Nicaragua. Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales.

Physical Description

1 folder

The NIREX Collection: Nicaraguan Revolution Extracts. Table of Contents and Indexes, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Bound volume. Photocopy of TMs or printed material. Table of contents and indexes to this collection of extracts. The collections includes several writings by Ramírez, which are indexed here.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

2 boxes

Unidentified fragment, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMss with holograph corrections and notes. Photocopies of printed material in German. Ms charts and notes. Content related to Nicaraguan and Central American history and socio-economic issues.

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified fragment, 1963. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph notes. First words are "Pero no quiero significar yo, al hablar de la marca de Darío en nuestra literatura."

Physical Description

1 folder

Work in Progress, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Various short stories in TMs format with holograph corrections from a folder titled "Work in Progress." 7 short stories: "Cazó la muerte," "No te quieren dar la cara," Untitled ("1. Ext/Mañana. 23 de noviembre de 1907"), "¿Y qué más negro que la muerte? ¡El yugo!," "Tres cuadros donde Rubén Darío llega y se va," "Dos destinos que se cruzan," Untitled ("Mientras llueve torrencialmente sobre la ciudad de León esta noche del 22 de julio de 1959").

Physical Description

1 folder

"La década de Rigoberto" and unidentified notes, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections titled "La década de Rigoberto." Additional Ms and TMs notes.

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified Material. Part I, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Unidentified Ms notes and TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified Material. Part II, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs titled "La múcura que está en el suelo, mamá no puedo con ella." Related to the short storty with the same title, part of the "Clave de Sol" collection.

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified Material. Part III, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with few holograph corrections. Untitled. Initial words: "Después de este necesario abrir de algunas puertas clausuradas del pasado, volvamos cuando antes al anochecer del 21 de septiembre de 1956."

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified Material. Part IV, revised, 1994. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ms notes. Includes a group titled "Bitácora Fin de Fiesta."

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified Material. Part V, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMss with few holograph corrections. Some material seems to be related to "Castigo Divino."

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified Material. Part VI, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs. Initial line: "Entrevistado: Lorenzo Sofonías Mayorga."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Los Hados", undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Original folder was titled "Los Hados." Several different types of fragmentary things inside. Ms notes, Ms cards, TMs with holograph corrections, and printed material

Physical Description

1 folder

"Trabajos", circa 1964. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Original folder was titled "Trabajos." Several different types of things inside. TMs poems, Ms writings, notes, and cards, and TMs with holograph corrections.

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified drafts and fragments 1974-1978, 1974-1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Several different types of things inside. Mss, TMss, and newspaper clippings.

Physical Description

1 folder

Clave de "Las Jaulas", undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

Entierro de 'la Caimana", 1971. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Original folder titled: "Entierro de "la Caimana."" TMs text with holograph corrections. 17 black and white photographs related to the funeral of "la Caimana," some have notes and dates in the back. Dates are August 17-19, 1971.

Physical Description

2 folders

Unidentified drafts and fragments. (Aurorita, Julio, Alfonso), undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Mss, TMss with holograph notes, and photocopies of printed material. 1 photocopy of TMs letter from Adán Pastora to Presbítero Capillán Miguel Angel Guevara Blanco, dated 07/12/1956. Ms fragments titled "Aurorita," "Muerte de Julio," "Alfonso," and "Hija de Alfonso." TMss titled "Zurita: Sobrio," "Alfonso, infancia," "Alfonso." Photocopies of newspaper clippings titled "Alfonso" dated 12/2/1978.

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified drafts and fragments, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Folder with Ms and TMs notes and fragments. Inside cover of the folder has a graphic chronology of events for "Coralia," "Julio," and "Alfonso" between 1959 and 1978. Some fragments have titles such as "El Padre Siero," "Mamá Dolores," "Zulema," "Jorge," "El Pretor," "Vida Estudiantil," and "V/E."

Physical Description

1 folder

Jorge Negrete, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Original folder titled: "Jorge Negrete." Untitled TMs with holograph corrections. Ms notes in loose cards. Fragment of Ms notes from the original folder.

Physical Description

1 folder

La Caimana, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Orginal folder titled: "La Caimana" crossed out. Contains and untitled TMs with holograph corrections. Initial words:"Proa al occidente el helicóptero se eleva sobre las soledades costaneras del lago Xolotlán y al volar sobre montes áridos..."

Physical Description

1 folder

Sergio, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Original folder titled: "Sergio*" Contains a TMs with holograph notes and 1 page of Ms notes.

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified drafts and fragments, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Untitled folder. Exterior cover of the folder has a label ("Comandante de la revolución Daniel Ortega Saavedra Presidente de la República Casa de Gobierno su Despacho") and an official seal ("Servicio de la Presidencia... 27 Set. 1985). Interior cover of the folder has a table in which the columns are "Quirón," "Jorge Negrete," "La Caimana," "Nosotros," and "Sergio." The folder contain Ms and TMs notes and drafts.

Physical Description

1 folder

Quirón, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Original folder titled "Quirón." 2 untitled TMs with holograph notes and corrections. Initial words "Volando hacia León. Marzo 1980. Proa al occidente, el viejo Sikorski se eleva sobre las soledades costaneras del lago Xolotlán" and "El cielo del amanecer finge una floresta incendiada por una llama púrpura.." Fragment of original folder with Ms notes.

Physical Description

1 folder

Los habitantes de la casa de la salud (Diciembre/1933), undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Original folder titled: "Los habitantes de la casa de la salud (Diciembre/1933). Fragments of the original folder with Ms notes and drawings. Loose Ms notes. Various TMs with holograph corrections. Photocopies of printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

INE, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Original folder titled: "INE." Ms notes and TMs fragments. Some fragments have titles such as: "Vida Estudiantil," "V/E," "Carballo," and "Goyito."

Physical Description

1 folder

23/, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Original folder titled: "23/" Contains several Ms and TMs fragments and notes, some with holograph corrections. It also contains photocopies of newspaper clippings and printed materials about the Managua earthquake of 1972 and about Gladys Báez.

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified notes and drawing, circa 1997. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ms notes and drawing

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified Poems, 1976. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with holograph corrections. Original folder with mixed materials was labeled "Te dio miedo la sangre?" Unknown author, but probably Ramírez.

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

This series consists of Ramírez's personal, literary, and political correspondence. Pieces of correspondence found with other materials were kept in their original context and can be found in other series.

Arrangement

This series is arranged in three major subseries: major correspondents, correspondece about Ramírez's works, and general correspondence.

Physical Description

21 boxes

Scope and Contents

This subseries consists of Ramírez's main correspondents, including friends, literary agents, important writers, scholars, and relevant political figures. Literary correspondents include Ernesto Cardenal, Claribel Alegría, Julio Cortázar, Gabriel García Márquez, Augusto Monterroso, Carlos Fuentes, Mario Benedetti, Mario Vargas Llosa, and many Nicaraguan writers. Political correspondents include Arnoldo Alemán, Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, Felipe González, two public letters to American presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan, and many of the actors in the Sandinista revolution and later Nicaraguan politics. .

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent.

Physical Description

4 boxes

Aguilar Camín, Héctor, 1992-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Aguirre, Erick, 1998. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Alegría, Claribel, 1970-1999. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Alemán, Arnoldo, 1998-1999. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Arce, Bayardo, 1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Arellano, Jorge Eduardo, 1970-1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Armijo, Roberto, 1970-1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

See the Cortázar correspondence folder for one TLS from Cortázar to Roberto Armijo .

Physical Description

1 folder

Baciu, Stefan, 1970-1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Baker, Lyman, 1990. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Balcells, Carmen, 1985-1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Belli, Gioconda, 1998. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Benedetti, Mario, 1997. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TLS from Sergio Ramírez to Mario Benedetti.

Physical Description

1 folder

Blandón, Erik, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bhutto, Benazir, 1989. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TLS from Benazir Bhutto to Sergio Ramírez

Physical Description

1 folder

Bremann, Karl, 1987-1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Cabrales, Julio, 1970. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Cajina-Vega, Mario, 1970-1976. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Campanella, Hortensia, 1982. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Cardenal, Ernesto, 1972-1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Cardenal, Fernando, 1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Carter, Jimmy, 1977. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes one TLS (copy) addressed to Jimmy Carter from a group of Central American intellectuals and politicians.

Physical Description

1 folder

Chamorro, Violeta Barrios de, 2001. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Chávez-Alfaro, Lizandro, 1970-1976. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Chamorro, Pedro J, 1972-1977. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes a photograph of a poster signed by Pedro J. Chamorro.

Physical Description

1 folder

Cobo Borda, Juan Gustavo, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Coronel Kautz, Ricardo, 1983. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Coronel Urtecho, José, 1970-1983. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Corriols, Marianela, 1996. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TLS from Sergio Ramírez to Marianela Corriols.

Physical Description

1 folder

Cortázar, Julio, 1976-1977. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Letters from Julio Cortázar to Sergio Ramírez. Also includes one letter from Cortázar to Roberto Armijo.

Physical Description

1 folder

Cuadra, Abelardo, 1935-1989. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Letters from Abeladro Cuadra to his brother, dated from 1935, about the assassination of Sandino. Sent by Luciano Cuadra to Sergio Ramírez in 1989.

Physical Description

2 folders

Cuadra, Manolo, 1972. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Cuadra, Pablo Antonio, 1970-1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Díaz-Castillo, Roberto, 1972-1989. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Díaz Quiñones, Arcadio, 1975. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Escuredo, Rafael, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Fernández, Idania, 1979. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

ALS (copy) by Idania Fernández to her daughter. Attached to a letter from Sergio Ramírez.

Physical Description

1 folder

Fonseca Amador, Carlos, 1960. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Fuentes, Carlos, 2000. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence from Sergio Ramírez to Carlos Fuentes and some correspondence from Kevin M. Cahill about Carlos Fuentes' A bridge to peace

Physical Description

1 folder

García Márquez, Gabriel, 1979-1980. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

One ALS by García Márquez. One telex from Sergio Ramírez to García Márquez.

Physical Description

1 folder

González, Felipe, 1999. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Gordillo, Fernando, 1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Grass, Günter, 1999. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

One TL from Sergio Ramírez to Günter Grass.

Physical Description

1 folder

Herrera, Norberto, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Kerrigan, Antonia, 1998-2001. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

López Castellanos, Nayar, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

López Vallecillos, Italo, 1973-1976. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lühr, Volker (and Ana María Lühr), 1972-1976. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Martínez Rivas, Carlos, 1970-2001. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes one TLS from Carlos Martínez Rivas's children (Emmanuel and Carlos E.)

Physical Description

1 folder

Mastretta, Angeles, 1997. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

From Sergio Ramírez to Angeles Mastretta.

Physical Description

1 folder

Mejía Sánchez, Ernesto, 1972. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Meneses, Carlos, 1975-1977. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Menton, Seymour, 1970-1975. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Monterroso, Augusto, 1972-1976. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes one TLS from Monterroso's wife to Sergio Ramírez.

Physical Description

1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
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Morales, Beltrán, 1970-1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Oviedo, José Miguel, 1972-1981. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pérez, Carlos Andrés, 1996. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TLS (copy) addressed to Carlos Andrés Pérez.

Physical Description

1 folder

Rama, Angel, 1972-1980. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Reagan, Ronald, 1983. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TL, draft, and notes. Public letter addressed to Ronald Reagan from a group of international intellectuals and politicians.

Physical Description

1 folder

Regàs, Rosa, 1998-1999. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Rincón, Carlos (and Gerda), 1974-1982. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Rocha, Luis, 1970-1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Rothschuch Tablada, Guillermo, 1970-2003. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Rovinsky, Samuel, 1972-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Schulz, Hermann, 1972-2000. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Schulze-Kraft, Peter (and Inke), 1970-2001. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Also includes some correspondence from Markus Schulze-Kraft, son of Peter Schulze-Kraft.

Physical Description

3 folders

Sobalvarro, Juan, 2000. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Tünnermann, Carlos, 1969-1977. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Valle, Francisco, 1970. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Valverde, José María, 1973. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Vargas Llosa, Alvaro, 1998. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

One TL from Sergio Ramírez to Alvaro Vargas Llosa.

Physical Description

1 folder

Open letter from Gioconda Belli, Ernesto Cardenal, and Sergio Ramírez, 2001. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

This subseries consists of correspondence between Sergio Ramírez and his close family. Correspondents include Ramírez's wife (Tulita Guerrero), children (Sergio Lisandro, María Gertrudis, and Dora Elián), and parents (Pedro and Luisa).

Arrangement

Arranged by family member.

Physical Description

1 box

Correspondence addressed to Gertrudis "Tulita" Guerrero Mayorga, 1973-1978. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence addressed to Tulita Guerrero from family members and some of Sergio's correspondents (Carlos and Gerda Rincón, Carlos Tünnermann, Peter Schulze-Kraft, Volker and Ana María Lühr)

Physical Description

2 folders

Correspondence between Sergio Ramírez and Tulita Guerrero, 1965-1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence from Ramírez's children, 1977-1989. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence from Ramírez's children Sergio Lisandro, María, and Dorel, addressed to both Sergio and Tulita.

Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez Mercado, Rogelio, 1970-1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes a posthumous letter from Ricardo Zambrana Díaz to Rogelio Ramírez in the anniversary of his dead.

Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez Mercado, Lisandro, 1973-1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez, Pedro, 1973-1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Mercado, Luisa, 1970-1976. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez, Luisa, 1972-1981. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Guerrero, Dora, 1970s. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Family Correspondence: Various, 1970s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence to the members of the Ramírez Guerrero family from various relatives.

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

This subseries includes correspondence related to a specific work.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by work title.

Physical Description

2 boxes

Adiós Muchachos, 1999-2000. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Baile de máscaras, 1993-1997. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Physical Description

1 box

General Correspondence, 1989-1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Costa Rica, 1989-1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Guatemala, 1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Mexico, 1988-1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Editorial Suramericana - Argentina, 1988-1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Austria, Japan, and France, 1988-1994. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Dutch Translation and Edition, 1989-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bulgarian translation, 1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

English translation, 1990-1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Russia, 1991. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

R. PIPER ET CO VERLAG - Germany, 1991-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

German Edition, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Television Adaptation, 1989-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Correspondence with ALTA, Canada, 1986. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Charles Atlas también muere - Various Correspondence, 1985-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

El centerfielder, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

El asedio, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

A Jackie, con nuestro corazón, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clave de sol, 1991-1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Confesión de amor, 1990-1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Cuentos, 1993-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Cuentos Completos: Correspondence with Alfaguara, 1997. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes a photocopy of Ramírez's short story "La banda del presidente" and a TLS addressed to Mario Benedetti.

Physical Description

1 folder

Hartful of Tigers: Correspondence with Curbstone, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

La marca del Zorro, 1989-1990. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

El pájaro del dulce encanto, 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

El pensamiento vivo de Sandino, 1990. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Primavera de ventanas encendidas, 1993. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Short story later published as "Vallejo" in Catalina y Catalina

Physical Description

1 folder

Sandino Film, 1976. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes transparencies of Nicaraguan maps.

Physical Description

3 folders

Sandino, 1990-1991. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Seguimos de frente (Venezuela), 1985. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

¿Te dió miedo la sangre? General correspondence - Spanish original and translations, 1976-1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

¿Te dió miedo la sangre? Editorial ARGOS VERLAG - Barcelona, Spain, 1982-1987. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Tiempo de fulgor Correspondence with Germany, circa 1974. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

De tropeles y tropelías: Danish Translation, 1985-1987. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

This subseries includes all remaining correspondence, in chronological order, which portrays the different activities that Ramírez developed as writer, politician, entepreneur, and professor. Correspondents include friends, writers, politicians, colleagues, educational institutions, publishers, among many others. This subseries also includes unidentified correspondents.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Physical Description

14 boxes

1965, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Vienna Institute for Development, 1969-1970. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Stanford University, 1969. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and related materials regarding Ramírez's application to Stanford University and The Ford Foundation.

Physical Description

1 folder

Stanford University and The Ford Foundation, 1970-1972. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

1970, 1970. 6 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's position in CSUCA (Confederación Universitaria Centroamericana), Costa Rica.

Physical Description

6 folders

DAAD - Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst, 1972-1979. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1972, 1972. 4 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's position in CSUCA (Confederación Universitaria Centroamericana), Costa Rica.

Physical Description

4 folders

1973, 1973. 7 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, correspondence related to Ramírez's position in CSUCA (Confederación Universitaria Centroamericana), Costa Rica, about Comité Permanente de Estudio sobre la situación de minoría en la URSS, and some correspondence related to Ramírez stay in Germany.

Physical Description

7 folders

1974, 1974. 6 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez stay in Germany.

Physical Description

6 folders

DAAD and Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung, 1974-1975. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Revolution, 1975. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Four TLs addressed to "Compañero" or to "Sergio Ramírez" and signed "W." or "William" about revolutionary activities.

Physical Description

1 folder

John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, 1974-1975. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence regarding Ramírez's application for a Guggenheim Fellowship.

Physical Description

2 folders

1975, 1975. 4 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez stay in Germany.

Physical Description

4 folders

La Prensa Literaria, 1975-1976. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence related to La Prensa Literaria Centroamericana.

Physical Description

2 folders

1976, 1976. 6 folders.
Physical Description

6 folders

1977, 1977. 5 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, some correspondence related to Ramírez's position in EDUCA (Editorial Universitaria Centroamericana), Costa Rica, and La Prensa Literaria Centroamericana.

Physical Description

5 folders

1978, 1978. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's position in CSUCA (Confederación Universitaria Centroamericana), Costa Rica, and La Prensa Literaria Centroamericana.

Physical Description

3 folders

1979, 1979. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's governmental position in the Junta de Gobierno de Reconstrucción Nacional, Nicaragua.

Physical Description

2 folders

1980, 1980. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's governmental position in the Junta de Gobierno de Reconstrucción Nacional, Nicaragua.

Physical Description

3 folders

1981, 1981. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's governmental position in the Junta de Gobierno de Reconstrucción Nacional, Nicaragua.

Physical Description

3 folders

1982, 1982. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's governmental position in the Junta de Gobierno de Reconstrucción Nacional, Nicaragua.

Physical Description

3 folders

1983, 1983. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's governmental position in the Junta de Gobierno de Reconstrucción Nacional, Nicaragua.

Physical Description

3 folders

Literary Correspondence - USSR, 1983-1985. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1984, 1984. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

1985, 1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

1986, 1986. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

1987, 1987. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

1988 January-August, 1988 January-August. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's position as Nicaragua's Vice-President.

Physical Description

1 folder

1988 September-December, 1988 September-December. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1989, 1989. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's position as Nicaragua's Vice-President.

Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence related to an anthology of sandinista texts, 1989. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes a speech by Daniel Ortega.

Physical Description

1 folder

1990, 1990. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's position as leader of the Sandinista block in the National Assembly.

Physical Description

1 folder

Literary Correspondence, 1990. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence with TELCOR, 1990-1991. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence Record Book, 1990-1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence with CSUCA, 1990-1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Letters of Recommendation for Universidad de Guadalajara, 1991-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1991, 1991. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's position as leader of the Sandinista block in the National Assembly.

Physical Description

2 folders

GRANTA, 1991-1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Contemporary World Writers - England, 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1992, 1992. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Literary Correspondence about Works by Other People, 1992-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Universidad de Guadalajara, 1992-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Correspondence, 1992-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Foreign Invitations - Not Confirmed or Formalized, 1993-1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1993 January-April, 1993 January-April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's position as leader of the Sandinista block in the National Assembly.

Physical Description

1 folder

1993 May-July, 1993 May-July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1993 August-December, 1993 August-December. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence supporting the nomination of Ernesto Cardenal for the Nobel Prize in Literature, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence Sent Via Fax, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Correspondence, 1993. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Various Invitations, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Domestic Invitations, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Correspondence, 1994. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Cultural and Literary Correspondence, 1994-1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence about sent or received texts and publications, 1994-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence Related to Press Release, 1995 January-February. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence showing support after a press release contrary to Ramírez)

Physical Description

1 folder

1995, 1995. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's position as leader of the Sandinista block in the National Assembly.

Physical Description

3 folders

Correspondence related to the nomination of Samuel Ruiz for the Nobel Peace Prize, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Canal 6 - Denial to Air an Interview, 1995. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Letter addressed to Nicaraguan President Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, regarding the denial of Canal 6 to air an interview with Ramírez. Includes reply from the Presidential House.

Physical Description

1 folder

Declined Invitations, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Letters of Recommendation, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Letters of recommendation by Ramírez for different people.

Physical Description

1 folder

Literary Correspondence, 1995-1997. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Correspondence, 1995-1998. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

1996, 1996. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Personal and literary correspondence, correspondence related to Ramírez's position as leader of the Sandinista block in the National Assembly, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's activities as presidential candidate.

Physical Description

3 folders

Correspondence with Raul Padilla - Mexico, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Letter about Imprisonned Students, 1996. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Letter addressed to Nicaraguan President Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, requesting the release of 107 students.

Physical Description

1 folder

Various Correspondence, 1996. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Correspondence with Universities, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Fundación Friedrich Ebert, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Meetings and Interviews, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Incoming Invitations, 1996. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Declined Invitations, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Personal Correspondence, 1997. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Domestic Correspondence, 1997. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Foreign Correspondence, 1997. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

"Cátedra de Poética" in the Freie Universität Berlin with the DAAD, 1997. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Article submissions to Foreign media, 1997. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Universidad de Guadalajara - Cátedra Julio Cortázar and letters of recommendation, 1997. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Personal Correspondence, 1998. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Domestic Correspondence, 1998. 6 folders.
Physical Description

6 folders

Foreign Correspondence, 1998 January-September. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

Foreign Correspondence, 1998 October-December. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Congratulation Letters related to Alfaguara Prize, 1998. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Declined Invitations, 1997-1998. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Domestic Correspondence, 1999. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

Foreign Correspondence, 1999. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

Blog Messages from Ramírez's Website, 1999. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Domestic Correspondence, 2000. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Foreign Correspondence, 2000. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

Blog Messages from Ramírez's Website, 2000. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Domestic Correspondence, 2001. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Foreign Correspondence, 2001 January-May. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Foreign Correspondence, 2001 June-December. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

Foro Nicaragüense de Cultura, 1997-2002. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Domestic Correspondence, 2002. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

Foreign Correspondence, 2002 January-August. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

Foreign Correspondence, 2002 September-December. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Domestic Correspondence, 2003. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Foreign Correspondence, 2003 January-July. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

DAAD - Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst, 2002-2003. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

2004, 2004. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

undated, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

2000s, 2000s. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

This series contains materials in various formats related to Ramírez's political activities and it also includes materials that Ramírez kept about Nicaraguan political history, especially about Sandino, Somoza, and the Nicaraguan revolution.

Arrangement

This series is arranged in two subseries: materials related to Ramírez's political activities and documents and materials related to Nicaraguan political history.

Physical Description

43 boxes

Scope and Contents

Documents, note cards, graphic material, printed material, and some correspondence related to Ramírez's participation in the Sandinista revolution and to the different positions that he held in the Nicaraguan government.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically following the main activities in which Ramírez participated, and the main positions that he held during his political career.

Physical Description

40 boxes

AP-02731 RAMÍREZ MERCADO, Sergio: Activities Record 1968-1978, 1968-1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Official Activities Record of Ramírez kept by the Nicaraguan government from 1968 to 1978.

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Documents related to the FSLN, Grupo de los Doce, Frente Amplio Opositor, and Comisión Mediadora.

Physical Description

5 boxes

FSLN Correspondence, 1976. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence between different members of the FSLN

Physical Description

1 folder

FSLN Photographs, 1976. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

4 group photographs of members of the FSLN

Physical Description

1 folder

Political Chronology, 1977-1982. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with a detailed chronology of the political events that took place in Nicaragua between 1977 and 1982.

Physical Description

1 folder

FSLN Manifestos and Correspondence stolen from the Guardia Nacional, 1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

FSLN Documents, 1977. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, projects, programs, and war reports.

Physical Description

1 folder

Grupo de los Doce, 1977. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Various Ms and TMs documents from the different members of the group.

Physical Description

1 folder

Grupo de los Doce - Book, 1977-1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMss with texts by members of the group to be included in a book. Includes twelve photographs of some members of the group.

Physical Description

1 folder

"De la toma del Palacio Nacional a las negociaciones políticas" Relatos del levantamiento popular de Septiembre, en Nicaragua, 1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

Daily Journal Note cards, 1978-1979. 1 box.
Physical Description

1 box

FSLN Documents, 1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Press releases, projects, programs.

Physical Description

1 folder

FSLN: Insurrection Personnel and Weapons, 1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Insurrection - Personal recollections, 1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Clippings and TMs fragments with recollections by different people about political events in 1978.

Physical Description

1 folder

OEA: "Informe sobre la situación de los derechos humanos en Nicaragua", 1978 November 17. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Related to the 1978 Insurrection.

Physical Description

1 folder

List of captured guards (June-July), circa 1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Grupo de los Doce, 1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Various documents.

Physical Description

1 folder

Grupo de los Doce - Statements, 1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"El gobierno del General Somoza es incapaz de resolver los problemas de la economía del país" Comité de Estudios en Investigación MDN, 1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes a letter by Alfonso Robelo Callejas, member of Grupo de los Doce.

Physical Description

1 folder

FAO Documents (July-September), 1978 July-December. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

Photos and Sandinista Armband (May; July), 1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Letter by Ernesto Castillo Salaverry, 1978 September 10. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Foreign Media Clippings (October-November), 1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Algunos datos sobre los acontecimientos recientes de Nicaragua", 1978 September 22. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs by unidentified author.

Physical Description

1 folder

Various Documents, 1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Programa inmediato del Movimiento Pueblo Unido MPU", 1978 November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Nicaragua: implicaciones económicas de los sucesos de Septiembre" INCAE, 1978 November. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Comisión Mediadora, 1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs with a detailed narrative chronology of the development of the OAS mediation in Nicaragua.

Physical Description

1 folder

Comisión Mediadora - Notes and Drafts, 1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Comisión Mediadora - Press Releases, 1978 October-November. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Comisión Mediadora - INDE, 1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Comisión Mediadora - Press Release, 1978 December 20. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes two related documents

Physical Description

1 folder

Comisión Mediadora - Printed Materials, 1978 November-December. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Comisión Mediadora - Printed Materials, 1978 December. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Comisión Mediadora and Partido Liberal Nacionalista, 1978-1979. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Comisión Mediadora - Printed Materials, 1979 January-February. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Comisión Mediadora - "Report to the Secretary of State on the Work of the International Commission of Friendly Cooperation and Conciliation for Achieving a Peaceful Solution to the Grave Crisis of the Republic of Nicaragua", circa 1979. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lawrence Pezzullo Case, 1978-1979. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Documents related to the designation of Lawrence Pezzullo as American Ambassador in Uruguay and Nicaragua.

Physical Description

1 folder

FSLN Documents, 1979. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Bases pragmáticas del FSNL para la democracia y la reconstrucción de Nicaragua", 1979 April. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Insurrection - FSLN Internal Correspondence and Documents, 1979. 5 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes photos and a map

Physical Description

5 folders

Insurrection - National Guard Documents, 1979. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Grupo de los Doce, 1979. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Insurrection - Costa Rica, 1979. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ms and TMs related to revolutionary activities , many of which were coordinated from Costa Rica.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Proyecto de Acta Constitutiva del Frente Patriótico Nacional", 1979 January. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Perspectiva inmediata de cambio en Nicaragua" by Sergio Ramírez, 1979 April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs

Physical Description

1 folder

FAO and COSEP Documents, 1979 June-July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Letter from US Congressman Fortney H. Stark, Jr, 1979 November 13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Daily Journal Notes, 1979-1980. 1 box.
Physical Description

1 box

FSLN - Programa, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Program and proposals of the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN). Printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

Biographies of Sandinistas Idania de los Angeles Fernández Ramírez, Roger Deshon Argüello, Carlos Manuel Jarquin López, Edgard Lang Sacasa, and Aracely Pérez Darias, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMss.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

3 boxes

Instauration of Provisional Government, 1977. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Documents related to the conception and installation of a provisional government in Nicaragua.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Programa de la Junta de Gobierno de Reconstrucción Nacional de Nicaragua", 1979 July 9. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Documents related to the conception and installation of a provisional government in Nicaragua.

Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence addressed to the Junta, 1979 June-July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Junta de Gobierno de Reconstrucción Nacional Documents, 1979. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Banking, 1979-1980. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Actas Sesiones Legislativas, 1980 May-1981 January. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Comité Operativo COSEP - GRN, 1980 July-November. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Actas Sesiones Ordinarias, 1980 May-1982 January. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Actas Sesiones Ordinarias, 1982 January-September. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Confidential Documents, 1980-1981. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

Confidential Letters, 1980 April-May. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

FSLN Sandinista Publications, 1981-1984. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Three bound printed materials about Sandisita ideology. "Luisa Amanda Espinoza: Mujer de Vanguardia" (1981), "Introducción al Pensamiento Sandinista" (1981), and "Ideario Sandinista" by José B. Escobar (1984).

Physical Description

1 folder

Documents about Edén Pastora, 1981. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Meeting with Sociedad Interamericana de Prensa, 1981 November 13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Confidential Letter from Carlos Andrés Pérez to The Socialist International, 1981 July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Pronunciamiento de intelectuales ante la ofensiva de USA contra Nicaragua en 1983", 1983. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Nicaragua's Peace Proposal" and "Political Parties Law", 1983. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Microfilm Junta's Activities (Discarded), 1983. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

16-mm microfilm (acetate) of JGRN records, 1983. The film was in an advanced state of disintegration, oozing, and cannot be used or duplicated. Discarded on May 2007.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Pesar por la muerte de Cortázar", 1984 February. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Telex

Physical Description

1 folder

Political trip to USA (not done), 1984. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Orden Miguel Ramírez Goyena, 1985. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various documents related to JGRN and FSLN, 1979-1985. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Daniel y Sergio: Seguimos de frente, con el Frente!", 1984-1985. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

Curiosities and witty thoughts by Ramírez, 1980-1988. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Juanita Bermúdez, Ramírez's secretary, collected these folders of curiosities and witty thoughts by Sergio Ramírez.

Physical Description

2 folders

Scope and Contents

Documents related to Ramírez's position as Vice-President of Nicaragua.

Physical Description

3 boxes

Case of Rosa Isabel Larios and José Antonio Gutiérrez Larios, 1984 October-1986 January. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Spain, England, Ireland, and France, 1985 February. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs official reports of the trip, notes and newspaper clippings.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trips to Countries of the Contadora Group During 1985, 1985 June-November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs and photocopies of TMs. Countries visited: Panama, Colombia, Venezuela (June); Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Peru (July); Colombia, Panama, Argentina, Uruguay, Peru (October); Brazil (October-Novemeber).

Physical Description

1 folder

Daniel Ortega's Speech at UN in New York, 1985 October 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

XI Reunión Ordinaria del Consejo Latinoamericano, 1985 December 6-8. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Meeting about Contadora. Documents about Ramírez's participation and reports.

Physical Description

1 folder

Press Articles. Debate in US Congress about Military Support for Nicaragua's Contras, 1985-1986. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TELEX of an article in The Washington Post (04/03/1986). Translation of an article on the same subject, also from The Washington Post (05/12/1986), and some related correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

Visit to Guatemala, 1986 January. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMss and Photocopies of TMs related to Ramírez's schedule.

Physical Description

1 folder

Foro de Vice-Presidentes Centroamericanos, 1986 May. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Cumbre de Esquípulas and Contadora.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to U.S.A.- 1, 1986 November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs of speeches, some with holograph notes. Correspondence about the trip. Photocopies of newspaper clippings and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to U.S.A.- 2, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Speeches in USA, 1986. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Speeches delivered during Ramírez's trip to the United States.

Physical Description

1 folder

USA trip notes, 1986. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Notes about meetings Ramírez held in the United States. Includes notes about meeting with former President Carter (USA) and President Alfonsín (Argentina)

Physical Description

1 folder

Visit to Cambridge (USA), 1986 November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Resolution from the City of Cambridge to welcome Ramírez

Physical Description

1 folder

Meeting with Miguel de la Madrid (Mexican President), 1987 May 13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Iraq, Algeria, Yugoslavia, and Libya, 1987 June-July. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Report of Ramírez's trip. Meetings included Chadli Benjedid, Ibrahims, Abdelaziz Khellef, Wisneski, Simeon Ake, Nguyen Giap, Yasser Arafat, Salem Essabah Salem, Jesus Ana, Lazar Mojsov, and Mouammar Kadhafi.

Physical Description

1 folder

Documents related to military supplies from Libya, 1987 July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Report of the visit of William Hupper and Carlos Zarruck to Greece, 1987 July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Comisión Nacional de Reconciliación - Actas Originales, 1987. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Comisión Nacional de Reconciliación - Actas Originales, 1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Documents, 1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Secret Document "Parte Diario Ministerio del Exterior", 1989 January 4. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Consejo Nacional de Cultura and Instituto de Cultura, 1989 March-April. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Open Letter to George Bush, 1989 January. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Open letter addressed to U.S. President George Bush about Nicaragua, signed by many artists, politicians, and intellectuals.

Physical Description

1 folder

Decreto "Donación de inmuebles a madres de héroes y mártires", 1989 June 30. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Vice-Presidency Petty Cash Stubs, 1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lists of Recipients. Orden Miguel Ramírez Goyena, Orden Augusto César Sandino, Orden Eduardo Green Sinclair, Orden de la Independencia Cultural Rubén Darío, Orden Comandante José Benito Escobar, and Orden Bernardino Díaz Ochoa, 1982-1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Water Service - Payment Stubs (Ramírez and employees), 1987-1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Daniel Ortega's Speech on the 10th Anniversary of the Revolution, 1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence with Jimmy Carter, 1989-1990. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

One letter addressed to Daniel Ortega, the other to Sergio Ramírez.

Physical Description

1 folder

Orden Miguel Ramírez Goyena and Orden Comandante José Benito Escobar to Various People, 1990. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

12 boxes

Laws and Decrees, 1990-1991. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Evaluación de las principales variables macroeconómicas durante el mes de Marzo 1990 y programación de Abril 1990" Secretaría de Planeación y Presupuesto, 1990 April. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Germany, 1990 June. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence about the trip

Physical Description

1 folder

Trips to Chile and Venezuela, 1990 September. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs report and related correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to San Francisco and Los Angeles (U.S.A.), 1990 September. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs reports, correspondence, and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Barcelona (Encuentros América Latina-Europea en la perspectiva de 1992), 1990 October. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Trip was not done. Related correspondence

Physical Description

1 folder

"Primer Banco de Comercio" Feasibility Study, circa 1990. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Speeches and Letters, 1991. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Proyecto Canal 4" and "Proyecto Radio Centro 800 KGz" Nueva Imágen S.A., 1990-1991. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Estrategia de desarrollo sostenible de Nicaragua", 1991 October 31. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Donor's Meeting for Nicaragua (Washington D.C.), 1991 March 25-26. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Meeting of the Consultative Group for Nicaragua (Paris), 1991 May. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Poll for 1992 - Public Opinion No. 5 (Gallup), 1991 November. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Political interviews, 1990-1991. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Asamblea's Audited Financial Statements, 1991-1992. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

"Proyecto de ley de reforma a la Ley de Municipios", 1992 May. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Documents of the Sandinista Party 1 "Mal uso de recursos de la Asamblea Nacional", 1992 July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Documents of the Sandinista Party 2 (Other documents and statements), 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Recurso de Amparo: Ramírez and Tablada vs. Aguirre" (Folders 1-2), 1992 September-October. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

"Recurso de Amparo: Ramírez and Tablada vs. Aguirre" (Folders 3-4), 1992 September. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

"Lineamientos estratégicos para una propuesta democrática de desarrollo: apuntes para una discusión" Equipo CRIES, 1992 July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence between the World Bank and Sergio Ramírez, 1992 March-April. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Political Parties, 1990-1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Documents of the Sandinista Party, 1993. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Sandinista Pary - Press Releases, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

National Assembly - Internal Correspondence and Documents, 1992 December-1993 December. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

National Assembly - Various Correspondence, 1992 October-1993 December. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondece with NGOs, 1992-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

National Assembly - Other Documents, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Correspondence, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

TELCOR - Privatization, 1992-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Código del Trabajo- Actas, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Código del Trabajo - Documents, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ley de Privatización, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

María Ramírez Guerrero - Salaries, 1992-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Consejo Municipal de Boaco, 1992-1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Mass Organizations, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Proyecto Tungla, 1993 October. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Licenciado Francisco Ramírez (Contraloría General de la República, Candidate), 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence (Rodrigo Reyes), 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence (Edmundo Jarquín ), 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Estudio Imagen Personalidades Políticas" M&R Consultores, 1993 July 12. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence with US Congress, 1992 December-1993 July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Consultative Group Meeting for Nicaragua (Paris), 1993 April 3. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Washington (U.S.A.), 1993 May. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Conference at the Latin American Program of the Woodrow Wilson Center. Meetings with various members of the US congress.

Physical Description

1 folder

USAID - Grant Agreement (Economic Stabilization and Recovery Program IVA) and WORLD BANK - Commercial Bank Debt Reduction Operation, 1993 May-June. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Portugal. Festival Mundial de IUSY "El poder de la solidaridad", 1993 July. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs notes, correspondence, and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere Affairs (Statements), 1993 October. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Spain invited by the Grupo Parlamentario Socialista, 1994 February. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Germany. Seminar "América Centra: ¿Adiós a la Revolución? February-March, 1994 Correspondence and printed materials, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Costa Rica. Attendance to Presidential Inauguration, 1994 May. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Costa Rica. "El reto de Nicaragua: la construcción de un régimen democrático y eficaz." (INCAE), 1994 June 2-5. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Honduras, 1994 June-July. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Schedule of activities.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Panama, 1994 July. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Guatemala, 1994 November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

National Assembly - Various Correspondence and Documents, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Political Declarations by Sergio Ramírez, 1994 August-September. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Notes, 1994 October. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ms notes dated October 9 and 10, 1994.

Physical Description

1 folder

Proyectos de Ley, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ley de Reforma Parcial a la Constitución, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

TELCOR - Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Servicios Postales y Espectro Radioeléctrico, 1994. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Código Militar, 1994. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Mass Organizations, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Municipalidades, 1993-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Consejo Superior Electoral, 1993-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Documents Addressed to Sergio Ramírez, 1993-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Consejo Nacional de Partidos Políticos, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Inter-Institutional Relations, 1994. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Correspondence with Edmondo Gerli (Consejo Interamericano de Comercio y Producción), 1991-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Costa Rica invited by Edmondo Gerli, 1994 January. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

Folder related to Tomás Borge, 1992-1994. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence between Tomás Borge and José René Orué Cruz. Ms note. Photocopy of Ms letter addressed to Tomás Borge from "Renán" and Photocopy of TMs of a paper by Borge. Article by Heberto Castillo about Borge's paper. Contains 1-page Ms from accession AM 2011-87.

Physical Description

1 folder

Convenio de Financiación entre la Comunidad Europea y la República de Nicaragua, circa 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua - Plan Hacia el Año 2000, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Documents Related to NGOs, 1993-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Aporte de UNAG para una agenda de desarrollo sostenible" Unión Nacional de Agricultores y Ganaderos UNAG, 1994 August 29. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Canal Interoceánico de Nicaragua - Executive Summary, 1994 December. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Comisión Aylwin and Comisión Latinoamericana y del Caribe sobre el Desarrollo Social, 1994 December-1995 January. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes a contribution by Sergio Ramírez. Ms notes included

Physical Description

2 folders

Comisión Aylwin and Comisión Latinoamericana y del Caribe sobre el Desarrollo Social (Correspondence), 1994-1995. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Inter-Institutional Relations, 1994-1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1994-1995: Project "Creation of a Nicaraguan Conflict Resolution Team", 1994-1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Fundación Francisco Herrera Luque, 1994 October-December. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

National Assembly - Documents, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Documents of the Sandinista Party, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondece with Government, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence (Honduras), 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

TELCOR - Privatization, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Consejo Superior Electoral - Executive Summary, 1995 June. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

IV Conferencia Centroamericana de Partidos Políticos (Parlamento Centroamericano), 1995 August. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Corte Suprema de Justicia - Letter from Magistrada Alba Luz Ramos Vanegas, 1995 December. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Universidad de Occidente UDO, Instituto Superior en Ingeniería & Administración Gerencial - Proyecto sobre la Universidad de Occidente en León y Metodología de Elaboración y Presentación del Proyecto, 1995 February. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Sergio Ramírez - Salaries, 1992-1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Laws and Decrees Proposals, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

3 boxes

# 1, 1993. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

# 2, 1993. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

# 3, 1993. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

#4, 1993. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

#5, 1994. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Acuerdos entre Partidos y Grupos Políticos Parlamentarios sobre las Reformas Parciales a la Constitución Política de la República, circa 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Texto de las reformas constitucionales aprobadas en la primera legislatura - Printed Material, 1994 September-November. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Texto de las reformas constitucionales aprobadas en la primera legislatura - Documents, 1994 December. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Reformas a la Constitución (Segunda Vuelta), 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Statements of Support to Constitutional Reforms, 1995 January-March. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Reforma Parcial a la Constitución - Ley 192 Firmada, 1995 February. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Constitutional Reforms (June) - Acuerdo Político & Ley Marco, 1995 June. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Various Documents about Property, 1982-1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Documentos y Cronología de la Negociación sobre la Propiedad (Última Etapa), 1991 October-December. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ley de Estabilización de la Propiedad, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Documents about Property, 1990-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Four Property Cases, 1990-1994. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Documentation and correspondence about four cases regarding possesion of property. Individuals are Claribel Alegría, Norma Helena Gadea Aviles, Carlos Mejía Godoy, and Arturo Hernández Carcamo.

Physical Description

1 folder

Asamblea de Consulta de la Comisión Nacional de la Propiedad 1, 1994 April 20. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes a TMs with holograph corrections of the statement that Ramírez delivered.

Physical Description

1 folder

Asamblea de Consulta de la Comisión Nacional de la Propiedad 2, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Documents about Property, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Centro Carter & PNUD - "Conferencia sobre la propiedad", 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

National Assembly - Documents, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

National Assembly - List of Parties, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Sandinista Party Documents, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ley de Pesca y Agricultura, circa 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Fundación Dos Generaciones, 1992-1996. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Política Nacional de Atención Integral a la Niñez y la Adolescencia, 1996 April. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

The Case of Bismark Santana Tijerino, 1996. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Bismark Santana Tijerino, student at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua, was hurt in a confrontation between students and the police. In compensation, he requested to receive a scholarship to study at Universidad de Guadalajara.

Physical Description

1 folder

Untitled Documents about INPESCA, PROMAR, PICSA, PESCASA, Matadero San Martín, and Avícola San Felipe, 1990s. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Documents related to the FSLN up until Ramírez's break from it in 1995.

Physical Description

3 boxes

Documents related to Carlos Mario Peña and Carlos Guadamuz, 1990s. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

I Congreso del FSLN - Planning, 1990-1991. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

I Congreso del FSLN, 1991. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

I Congreso del FSLN - Congress Materials, 1991 July 19-21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

FSLN - Dirección Nacional Tesorería, 1992-1994. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Contains addition from accesion AM 2011-87

Physical Description

1 folder

Asamblea Sandinista, 1993. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

FSLN - Finances, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

FSLN - Various Documents, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"FSLN: Del Vanguardismo al Acuerdo Nacional - El Debate Interno", 1993. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material that includes several Ramírez's ideological writings.

Physical Description

1 folder

FSLN Regional Electoral Campaing in the Atlantic Coast - Finances, 1993-1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez's Writings about the FSLN, circa 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Attacks Against Ramírez in the Media, 1994 January-February. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Congreso por la Unidad Sandinista - Extraordinary Meeting, 1994 May 20-22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Congreso por la Unidad Sandinista & Asamblea de Profesionales y Técnicos, 1994 May. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Documents related to the dismissal of Carlos Fernando Chamorro from Barricada, 1994 October. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Letter from Bayardo Arce Castaño and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

FSLN - Various Documents, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

FSLN - Discussion and Analysis about Party Reforms, 1994. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Other Sandinista Tendencies, 1994 February-March. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Por un sandinismo que vuelva a las mayorías" by Sergio Ramírez, 1994 February. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes list of people supporting this document.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Por un sandinismo que vuelva a las mayorías" by Sergio Ramírez - Related Correspondence, 1994 February. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez's Break with the FSLN, 1995 January 9-11. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez's Break with the FSLN - Statement by Carlos Guadamuz and Related Correspondence, 1995 January. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Other Breaks with the FSLN, 1995 January-February. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Open Letter from Omar Cabezas, circa 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Documents related to the MRS including its inception within the FSLN and, later, its transformation into an independent party.

Physical Description

9 boxes

Lists of Guests, 1993-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Published Documents, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Training Materials, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Asamblea Evaluativa, 1994 November 24. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Internal Correspondence, 1994-1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1995 Monthly Agenda, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Visits to Various Nicaraguan Provinces and Neighborhoods in Managua, 1994-1996. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Instituto de Estudios Nicaragüenses, 1994 April-1995 March. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Campaign - Work Documents, 1994-1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Program and Principles, 1995 March-May. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Statutes, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Regulations, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Affiliation Form, circa 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Departamental and Municipal Organization, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Financial Contributions, 1995 February-July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Constitution & Convention, 1995 May. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Convention - Delegates, 1995 May. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Actas Comisión Ejecutiva, 1995 May-November. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence 1, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence 2, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence (Silvio Mora), 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Costa Rica, 1995 February-March. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Panama "América Latina: Una nueva cultura política para el nuevo siglo", 1995 March. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Spain, 1995 April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and schedule.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Costa Rica, 1995 April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and schedule.

Physical Description

1 folder

Electoral Platform, 1995 July-1996 March. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Electoral Platform, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Electoral Strategy for 1996, 1995 July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Electoral Strategy, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Contributions to Documents, 1995 July-August. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Panama "Conferencia de Partidos Políticos PARLACEN", 1995 August. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Chile "National Democratic Institute for International Affairs", 1995 August. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Primer Consejo Nacional del MRS, 1995 October 13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Chilean Campaign Advisors, 1995 October-1996 October. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Tironi & Asociados (Campaign Advising), 1995 November. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Internal Electoral Regulations, 1995 November-December. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Dominican Republic, 1995 December. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Action Plan (Prepared by E. Sáenz), 1995 November-1996 February. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Segundo Consejo Nacional del MRS (León), 1995 December 17. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Actas Junta Directiva Nacional, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Opinion Polls, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Treasury and Finances, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

International Relations, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Documents, 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Hacia una Estrategia de Política Económica para Nicaragua: Apuntes para el Desarrollo de una Agenda de Discusión" (Mario A. de Franco), 1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Invitations, 1995 January-October. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nicaraguan Political Parties, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Press, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence with Policía Nacional and Ejército Nacional, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Resignations from the MRS, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Unión de Jóvenes Nicaragüenses, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Tercer Consejo Nacional MRS (Granada), 1996 January 28. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Actas Junta Directiva Nacional, 1996 January-April. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

International Correspondence, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence, 1996. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

Correspondence with Embassies and Governments, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence with the Church, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence with PARLACEN (Parlamento Centroamericano), 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Actas Comisión Ejecutiva, 1996 January-April. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Registration as Political Party (Consejo Superior Electoral), 1996 February-April. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Electoral Calendar (Draft), 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Consejo Supremo Electoral, 1995-1996. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Contraloría General de la República, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Consejo Nacional de Universidades (6%), 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Tribunal Estatutario, 1996 February-July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

MRS National Convention - Drafts of Guest Lists, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

MRS National Convention - Sent Invitations, 1996 March. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

II Convención Nacional del MRS, 1996 March 2. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Cuarto Consejo Nacional del MRS (Jinotepe), 1996 May 5. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Members Lists, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Junta Directiva Nacional (Phone Numbers and Addresses), undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lists of people, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lists of people (Diplomats, Embassies, and Consulates), 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Names and Signatures of People Supporting Ramírez's Candidature for President, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

C.V. of Leonel Argüello (Candidate for Vice-President), undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

C.V.'s of Other People, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Budgets and Finances, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Requests for Financial Support, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Raffle Tickets, 1996. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Banco de Finanzas and Interbank (MEV Loan), 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Organization, 1996 January. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Schedule of Activities, 1996 March-April. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Internal Elections (Delegates and Majors), 1996 April. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Candidates, 1996 April-June. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Other Parties Candidates, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez's Notes about Elections and Municipalities, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Alliances, 1996 May. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Coalición de Mujeres, 1996 June-October. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

II Foro Nacional de Recursos Humanos del Sector Salud, 1996 July 9. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Meetings with the Disabled Community, 1996 August. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Campaign Committee, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Documents and Contributions by Gioconda Belli, 1996 July-October. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Campaign Opening (Niquinohomo), 1996 August 3. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez's Political Speeches, 1994-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Polls, 1996 March-October. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Political Publicity, 1995 September-1996 September. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Voting Intention Polls, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Electoral Observers, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Elections Results (CSE), 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

National and International Organizations, 1996 January-June. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Reunión de Dirigentes Políticos" (Mexico), 1996 February. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, printed materials, and papers by participants.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Israel, 1996 February-March. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Trip was not done. Correspondence with Abraham Hatzamri, of the Israel Labor Party and other members of the Socialist International in Europe.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to France R.A. TEFEL (Application to join the Socialist International), 1996 March. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Costa Rica "Reunión Castañeda-Mangabeira", 1996 June. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and working documents.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Dominican Republic. Attendance to Presidential Inauguration, 1996 July-August. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and printed materials.

Physical Description

2 folders

Governmental Paperwork, 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

V Conferencia Centroamericana de Partidos Políticos (Parlamento Centroamericano), 1996 May 20-22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Fundación Pablo Iglesias (Spain) - Support for MRS, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Partido de la Liberación Dominicana, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Radio Station Project, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Letters of Recommendation and Certificates, 1992-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Daniel Ortega & José Benito Bravo Centeno, 1996 September. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Paper Sheets Signed by Ramírez, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

National Dialogue, 1997. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

UNESCO - Regional Conference (Brasilia), 1997 July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Documents, 1997-2001. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Untitled Document about the Security of the Members of the Movement, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Includes newspaper clippings and some bound printed materials about Ramírez's political activities. It is organized chronologically.

Physical Description

10 boxes

CSUCA and C.A., 1965-1972. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various, 1975-1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clippings Albums, 1977-1979. 1 box.
Scope and Contents

Two Clipping Albums.

Physical Description

1 box

International Clippings, 1978. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bound Materials, 1978. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two Sandinista magazines.

Physical Description

1 folder

Junta de Gobierno, 1979 June-July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Politische Köpfe: Sergio Ramírez, 1979. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bound Material, 1979. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various, 1979-1989. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

European Clippings about Ramírez's Trip to Europe, 1982 April-May. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nicaraguan Clippings about Ramírez's Trip to Europe, 1982 April-May. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various, 1982-1983. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Various, 1984. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to England, 1985 February. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Europe, 1985 May-June. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Various Countries - Contadora, 1985 June-July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Habana- Foreign Debt, 1985 August. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Various Countries - Contadora, 1985 October-November. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various, 1985. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Guatemala, 1986 January. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Spain and Other European Countries, 1986 May-June. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nicaraguan Clippings about Ramírez's Trip to the United States, 1986 November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Original Label:"Recortes de cobertura periodística de Nicaragua del viaje del Vice-Presidente de la República Dr. Sergio Ramírez Mercado por los Estados Unidos. Medios: A.N.N., Barricada, El Nuevo Diario. Periodista Robert Cohen."

Physical Description

1 folder

American Clippings about Ramírez's Trip to the United States, 1986 November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Compiled by Agendas International Inc. in December 4, 1986.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Canada, 1987 October. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various, 1988. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Trip to Caracas-Venezuela, 1989 August. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various, 1989-1991. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Bound Material, 1991. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various, 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bound Material, 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Rosario Mining / Pereira, 1993 June. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various, 1993. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Bound Material, 1993. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various, 1994. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

Bound Material, 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

I. Congreso FSLN, 1994 April-June. 6 folders.
Physical Description

6 folders

Various, 1995 August-December. 9 folders.
Physical Description

9 folders

Various, 1996 January-July. 9 folders.
Physical Description

9 folders

Various Clippings, 1996 April. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Various Clippings, 1996 May. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Various Clippings, 1996 June. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Various Clippings, 1996 July. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Various, 1996 August-November. 8 folders.
Physical Description

8 folders

"Caso Hospitales", 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Agenda Mínima Nacional", 1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Opinión Gráfica Sergio Ramírez Mercado" Political Cartoons, 1990-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Clippings and Bound Material, 1998-2002. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

This subseries contains materials in diverse formats that Ramírez collected and compiled in an archive of Nicaraguan political history. It includes documents and material about Sandino, the Somoza family, the revolution, and chronologies of political events.

Arrangement

Arranged in three main sections: materials related to Sandino, materials related to Anastasio Somoza and his family, and a "Historical Archive", which was the name that Ramírez gave to this collection of materials about Nicaraguan political history.

Physical Description

4 boxes

Physical Description

2 boxes

Two Letters from Augusto César Sandino, 1923. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two photographs of letters of Augusto César Sandino. First one is dated June 10, 1923 and is addressed to Presidente y Secretario del Comité Estudiantil Pro-Sandino. Second one is dated February 23, 1933 and is addressed to Don Gonzalo Herrias, EXCELSIOR Mexico.

Physical Description

1 folder

Crónicas del General Sandino, 1926-1927. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopies of newspaper clippings about Sandino. 3 black and white photographs related to Sandino.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Orígenes de nuestra resistencia armada, iniciada el 4 de mayo de 1927, contra la invasión yankee en nuestra república" Para Gabriela Mistral (A. C. Sandino), circa 1927. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photocopy of TMs.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Plan de Realización del Supremo sueño de Bolívar" Un documento inédito de Augusto César Sandino, 1929. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material. Sandino's writing is in facsimile format and is introduced by short article by Jorge Mario García Laguardia. This writing is included in the journal Alero No. 1 (May-June, 1979), which also includes a Statement by the FSLN, signed by Ramírez.

Physical Description

1 folder

Un cuento de Sandino. "Para los niños de América Latina, Continental y Antillana", 1929 March. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material.Short story by Sandino included in "La Chachalaca" Año 2, Vuelo 5-6. Volume is probably from the 80's.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Manifiesto: A los pueblos de la tierra, y en particular al de Nicaragua" (Augusto C. Sandino), 1933 May 13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Sandino Documents, undated. 9 folders.
Scope and Contents

Various documents and texts related to Sandino

Physical Description

9 folders

Folder with note, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes an empty folder, labeled "SANDINO, César Augusto" with a Ms note in the inside cover by Ernesto Sánchez.

Physical Description

1 folder

Armando Morales. La saga de Sandino: Litografías, 1990-1994. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Exhibition catalogue. Museo Rufino Tamayo (Mexico). Includes correspondence between Museo Rufino Tamayo and Sergio Ramírez.

Physical Description

1 folder

Notecards: Sandino, 1927. 1 box.
Scope and Contents

Notecards about Sandino and the year 1927. These note seem to be from newspaper stories in 1927 about Sandino.

Physical Description

1 box

Miscellaneous Folder, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Miscellaneous folder. Includes 2 pictures related to Sandino and one printed material (probably a poster) of Sandino.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

2 boxes

Personal Documents of the Somoza Family, 1916-1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Documents Related to "La Luz Mines Limited," "Nicaraguan Long Leaf Pine Lumber Company Inc," and "Rosario Mining of Nicaragua", 1952-1953. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Three letters addressed to Anastasio Somoza, 1973-1974. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Letter from employees of Banco Central de Nicaragua to Anastasio Somoza, 1976 December 6. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Notarial Registry No. 40 of Doctor Oscar Sevilla Sacasa in the Year 1977. Includes registries of Somoza's powers of attorney, donations, and will, 1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Documents and notes about the assasination of Anastasio Somoza in Paraguay, circa 1980-1981. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Ms notes about the assasination of Somoza. Copies of various news wires about the event.

Physical Description

3 folders

Scope and Contents

Contains different types of materials related to Nicaraguan socio-political history, as well as printed material from the early 20th century.

Physical Description

2 boxes

Declaración de protesta contra la intervención General Benjamín Zeledón. "Nota de respuesta a insolente demanda de rendición de los intervencionistas yankees" (Coronel J.H. Pendleton). "Transcripción de fotocopia de manuscrito original firmado por Emiliano Chamorro", 1912 September. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

TMs

Physical Description

1 folder

"Nicaragua Informativa" Publicación Mensual Ilustrada. (Managua, March, 1920), 1920 March. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

Diario "FLECHA" No. 477 (December 25, 1944), 1944 December. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material sent by Miguel Ernesto Vijil Icaza to Ramírez.

Physical Description

1 folder

Political Chronology: September and October 1957, 1957. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"El Sandinista" Organo del Frente Revolucionario Sandino. No. 2, Noviembre 1960, 1960 November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Newspaper.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Organización y algunos aspectos de la Jornada de Raiti y Bocay", 1961-1963. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Anonymous narrative about the event called "Jornada de Raiti y Bocay," important for Sandinista history.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Guerrilla de Bocay", 1963. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Clipping from unknown source with a picture of the Guerrilla de Bocay. The picture includes Coronel Santos López.

Physical Description

1 folder

Managua 1972 Earthquake, 1973. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ms notes with chronology from 1610 to 1972. Complete issue of "La Prensa," March 1, 1973, which dealt with the 1972 earthquake.

Physical Description

1 folder

Edificios y lugares del Managua que se fue, 1973. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material related to the 1972 Managua earthquake.

Physical Description

1 folder

"La hora de Nicaragua" by Ramiro Sacasa Guerrero, 1976. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material of the speech that Ramiro Sacasa Guerrero gave in July 1976, originally censured to be published in newspapers.

Physical Description

1 folder

Historical Archive: Loose Documents (Folders 1-4), undated. 4 folders.
Scope and Contents

Photocopies of documents related to Nicaraguan political history.

Physical Description

4 folders

Historical Archive: Loose Documents (Folders 5-6), undated. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

UNO: Unidad Nicaragüense Opositora, 1985-1986. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous Folder "Archivo Histórico", undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes miscellaneous documents that Ramírez collected. The folder was originally labeled "Archivo Histórico"

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

This series consists of materials in diverse formats related to the awards and recognition that Ramírez received in both his political and writing career. It also includes literary contracts with related correspondence, and personal official documents.

Arrangement

Arranged in three subseries: awards and recognition, materials related to literary contracts, payments, and royalties, and Ramírez's personal official documents.

Physical Description

4 boxes

Scope and Contents

Materials in various formats, mostly certificates, diplomas, printed material, and related correspondence.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Physical Description

3 boxes

Premio Latinoamericano de Cuento (Revista Imagen, Venezuela), 1971. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material about the award for "De Tropeles y Tropelías."

Physical Description

1 folder

Comenda do Mérito Universitário. Ministerio da Educação e Cultura. Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 1971. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Diploma. Related to Ramírez's participation in the Grupo Universitário Latino-Americano de Estudos para a Reforma e Aperfeiçoamento da Educação. See Series 5 for participation certificates.

Physical Description

1 folder

Confederación Universitaria Centroamericana, 1973. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Diploma

Physical Description

1 folder

Huésped de Honor. Ayuntamiento de Chapala, Jalisco, 1977. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Diploma

Physical Description

1 folder

Profesor Visitante Distinguido (Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara & Dirección General de Eduación), 1977. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Diploma

Physical Description

1 folder

Distinción Marlon Zelaya (Consejo Central de la Unión Nacional de Estudiantes de Nicaragua UNEN), 1987. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Certificate

Physical Description

1 folder

Premio Speciale dell Giuria - Premio di Cultura "Giacalone di Monreale" Edizione 1988: Poesia, 1988. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Booklet

Physical Description

1 folder

Die Jury und das Kuratorium der Dr.- Bruno Keisky Stiftung für Verdienste um die Menschenrechte, 1988. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ms note in German and TMs with the Spanish translation. (El Jurado y el Consejo Administrativo de Patronato de la Fundación Dr. Bruno Kresiky pro Méritos de los Derechos Humanos)

Physical Description

1 folder

Premio Rómulo Gallegos (Finalist), 1989. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Related printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

Diploma de Honor. Escuela Alfredo Narvaez, 1989. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Diploma.

Physical Description

1 folder

Dashiell Hammett Award, 1989-1992. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Related correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

Dashiell Hammett Award (Reception of Award), 1992 July. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Reconocimiento. Parlamento Centroamericano, Integración Centroamericana, Foro de Vicepresidentes de Centroamérica, 1990. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Diploma.

Physical Description

1 folder

Chevalier dans L'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, 1993. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ramírez's speech, related correspondence, and printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

Orden "Mariano Fiallos Gil" en Máximo Grado (Consejo Nacional de Universidades), 1994. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Premio Internacional Alfaguara de Novela 1998, 1998. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Prize, certificate from the jury, computer printout with a detailed description of the prize and commentaries from the jury. Related printed material.

Physical Description

3 folders

Premio Internacional Alfaguara de Novela 1998 - Ramez's Speech "La literatura es una fiesta", 1998. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Computer printout.

Physical Description

1 folder

Huésped Ilustre de la Cultura Boliviana, 1998. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Award and related material.

Physical Description

1 folder

Le Prix Laure Bataillon, 1998. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Sergio Ramírez, Le bal des masques translated from Spanish by Claude Fell (Éditions Rivages, 1997) TMs with list of the members of the jury. Printed material about it.

Physical Description

1 folder

Reconocimiento al Dr. Sergio Ramírez Mercado (Federación de Profesionales de la Educación Superior de Nicaragua FEPDES-ATD), 1998. 1 box.
Scope and Contents

Leather and wood certificate.

Physical Description

1 box

Ciudadanos del Siglo XX de Nicaragua by Comisión Nicaragua 2000, 2000. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Docteur Honoris Causa de l'Université Blaise Pascal (Clermont-Ferrand), 2000. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Program booklet. Speech by Ramírez. Related correspondence and material.

Physical Description

2 folders

Premio José María Arguedas de la Casa de las Américas 2000, 2000. 4 folders.
Scope and Contents

Award booklet. Speech by Ramírez. Press coverage and related material. Information about artwork by Mirena Suárez (probably bought by Ramírez in the Sala Contemporánea of Casa de las Américas)

Physical Description

4 folders

Distinción de Honor al Mérito. Jornada Dariana (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua, Managua) 2002, 2002. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Certificado de Reconocimiento - Profesor Seminario sobre Creación Literaria (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua, León), 2002. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Documents and correspondence related to the literary contracts that Ramírez signed with various publishers around the world. It also includes materials related to royalties and payments of these literary contracts.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by publisher.

Physical Description

2 boxes

Aguilar, León y Cal Editores: Clave de sol - Royalties Contract (Mexico), 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Alfaguara: Un baile de máscaras - Contract (Mexico), 1995-1997. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Alfaguara: Sombras nada más - Contract, 2002. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Alfaguara (Aguilar, Altea, Taurus, and Alfaguara): Todos los cuentos - Royalties Contract, 1997. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

ALIA (Paris): Various Works, 1983. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and contract between SergioRamírez and French publisher ALIA.

Physical Description

1 folder

Canal 2, TV Broadcasting: Castigo divino, 1992. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Canal 22: Castigo divino - Contracts (Mexico), 1997. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Curbstone Press (USA): Various Works, 1986-1989. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Contracts and related correspondence and materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Diario El País - Submissions' Payments, 1998-2002. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

See correspondence

Physical Description

2 folders

Dipa-Verlag-GmbH: Clave de sol - Royalties Contract, 1993-1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Distribuidora Cultural: Tiempo de fulgor - Contract, 2002. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ediciones La Mirada: Submissions' Payments, 2001. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ediciones Nicarao: Confesión de amor - Royalties Contract (Nicaragua), 1991. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Editions Stock: Chronik des Spitals San Juan de Dios, aufgezeichnet von der Schwester Maria Teresa - French Edition, 1974. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Editorial Anamá: Te dió miedo la sangre - Contract, 1997. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Editorial Nueva Nicaragua: Castigo divino - Report about Distribution and Sales, 1988. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Editorial Nueva Nicaragua: Cuento Nicaragüense - Authorization for Reproduction in Braille by the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped of the Library of Congress (USA), 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Editorial Nueva Nicaragua: La marca del Zorro - Contract, 1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Editorial Nueva Nicaragua: Various Works, 1981-1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

EDUCA: Antología del Cuento Centroamericano - Publishing Contract, 1972. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes "Proyecto Editorial" of the Consejo Superior Universitario Centroamericano.

Physical Description

1 folder

Grupo Santillana: Adiós muchachos - Royalties, 1999. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Grupo Santillana: Margarita, está linda la mar - Contracts, 1998. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Instituto de Historia de Nicaragua y Centoramérica: Enciclopedia de Nicaragua Chapter 14 "Tema Literatura" - Contract, 1999. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

IPS (Inter Press Service) Columnist Service: Submissions' Contracts and Payments, 1994-1995. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Jugenddienst Verlag: Augusto Sandino - Contract, 1972. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

La Opinion (Los Angeles) - Contracts as Regular and Freelance Collaborator, 2002. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Mondadori: Castigo divino - Contracts and Royalties, 1988-1992. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence from other publishers requesting permission from Mondadori to edit the novel in other languages/countries.

Physical Description

1 folder

Mondadori: " Charles Atlas Cuentos - Contracts 1976, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Mondadori: La marca del Zorro - Contracts, 1989. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Muchnik Editores: Estás en Nicaragua - Royalties Contract, 1985. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Peter Hammer Verlag: Un baile de máscaras - Royalties Contract, 1995-1996. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Peter Hammer Verlag: Tiempo de fulgor - Contract, 1972. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Readers International: Various Works, 1983-1997. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag: Vom bürgerlichen Tod (Sieben politische Fabeln) - Contract, 1975. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

TALASA: Confesión de amor - Royalties Contract (Spain), 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Various Publishers: El pensamiento vivo de Sandino - Contracts, 1973-1985. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

This subseries includes Ramírez's personal and official documents. For other personal materials, see Series 8.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Physical Description

1 box

Ramírez's University Diploma "Doctor en Derecho" and Grades Transcript- Universidad Nacional de Nicaragua, 1964. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Photo of the diploma and Original Transcript.

Physical Description

1 folder

CSUCA Personal Documents, 1966-1968. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Contract of Ramírez as General Director of EDUCA, 1975. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nexos-Multimedios (Ramírez's Shares), 1992. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez's Bibliographies, 1966-1999. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez's CVs, 1993-2002. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez's Voting Identification Card, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

This series consists of materials in different formats (mostly printed materials) related to other activities and projects in which Ramírez participated.

Arrangement

Arranged in two subseries: materials related to Ramírez's teaching, jury, and travelling activities, and materials related to other activities and projects.

Physical Description

16 boxes

Scope and Contents

This subseries contains material related to other Ramírez's activities such as lectures, participation in conferences and book fairs, book tours, some teaching material, and participation as member of jury for literary and journalism awards. Most of the materials are printed materials accompanied by related correspondence. See also Series 2 for correspondence related to some of these activities, originally kept in different folders, and Series 1 for Ramírez's writings related to these events.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Physical Description

11 boxes

4a Runião do Grupo Universitário Latinoamericano de Estudos para a Reforma e Aperfeiçoamento da Educação (Brazil), 1971 April 11-17. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two certificates of participation. See Series 4 for award diploma.

Physical Description

1 folder

II Festival Cultural Centroamericano. II Festival Centroamericano de Teatro Universitario (San José), 1971 September 15-21. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

International Seminar "Developments in Agrarian Structures in Latin America" (Berlin), 1973 November 19-December 1. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Invitation only.

Physical Description

1 folder

Women and Resistance in Latin America and the Caribbean (Hamilton College, NY), 1988 March. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Uncertain if Ramírez attended.

Physical Description

1 folder

II Festival Internacional del Libro Nicaragua 1989 (Managua), 1989 July 20-25. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ramírez was Honorary President. Correspondence, documents, and reports about the Festival.

Physical Description

1 folder

Charlas UCA sobre Creación Literaria y Literatura Latinoamericana. Universidad Centroamericana (Managua), 1990-1993. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

This folder contains materials prepared by Ramírez for his talks about creative writing and Latin American literature at Universidad Centroamericana. Includes Mss, TMss, correspondence, and photocopies of printed materials. The TMs of the short storty "Ilusión Perdida" was found here and is now in Series 1: Writings. An interesting untitled TMs describes some of Ramírez's activities from his trip to Costa Rica to the writing of Te dio miedo la sangre in relationship to his writing and political career.

Physical Description

1 folder

Encuentros Hispanoamericanos I: Realidad y Ficción (Oviedo), 1990 May. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Symposium "World Writing at the End of the Twentieth Century" (University of California San Diego), 1990 November 2-4. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Feria Internacional del Libro de Guadalajara (Guadalajara), 1990 November 24-December 2. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

31er Festival Internacional de Cine (Cartagena), 1991 March 1-8. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Ramírez was a member of the Jury. Ms and TMs notes. Printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Seminar "América en los 90" (Barcelona, Spain), 1991 April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials and correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

Encuentro de Intelectuales de las Américas (Caracas), 1991 July 13-14. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Seminar of SIDA on Culture and Development Co-Operation (Stockhom), 1991 August-September. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials and correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

Visit to Oslo sponsored by SADRA (Scandinavian Association for Development, Restoration and Aid), 1991 September. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Arbejderbevaegelsens Internationales Forum (Denmark), 1991 September. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence

Physical Description

1 folder

Visit to London sponsored by the Arts for Nicaragua Fund, 1991 September-October. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes also materials about attendance to the Labour Party Annual Conference in Brighton.

Physical Description

1 folder

Feria Internacional del Libro de Guadalajara (Guadalajara), 1991 November 23-December 1. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials. Includes also materials about the "VI Congreso Nacional de Filosofía" (Chihuaha, Mexico

Physical Description

2 folders

Coloquio de Invierno (Mexico), 1992 February 11-16. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Papers of others, correspondence, and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Seminario Taller "Integración y Desarrollo Alternativo en América Latina" (Lima), 1992 February 26-29. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

Semana Negra Gijón (Spain), 1992 July. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials and clippings.

Physical Description

1 folder

Mesa Redonda Internacional "Plan de Acción Forestal para Nicaragua" PAF-NIC (IRENA\ECOT-PAF ASDI). (Managua), 1992 November. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

De un pasado común a un futuro mejor: Europa - América Latina 1992 (Huelva, Spain), 1992 March 26-28. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Simposio Novela de las Américas (University of Colorado at Boulder), 1992 September 21-25. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

XVII Congreso de LASA (Latin American Studies Association), 1992 September 25-26. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Spain. Performance of "Los caballeros un requiem," participation in the Seminario "Iberoamérica en el contexto internacional" Casa de América), and launching of the book Confesión de amor, 1992 October 10-19. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Festival Internacional de Cultura del Caribe (Cancun, Mexico), 1992 November 17-21. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

Ramírez's Itineraries, 1992-1995. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Computer printouts of flight reservations.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Literature and Politics in Nicaragua" (Pitzer College, Claremont), 1993 April 23. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials and signed card.

Physical Description

2 folders

Cumbre del Pensamiento Visión Iberoamericana 2000 (Antigua), 1993 April 26-29. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials.

Physical Description

3 folders

Novel of the Americas Symposium (University of Colorado at Boulder), 1992 September 8-25. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

XVII International Congress Latin American Studies Association (Los Angeles), 1992 September 24-27. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Presente y Futuro de la Literatura Mexicana (Guadalajara), 1993 May 13-15. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Includes a TMs of Ramírez's paper "Fuentes de la imaginación ecuménica"

Physical Description

2 folders

Seminario de Oficiales en Retiro del EPS Dirigida por CNOR (Mangua), 1994 March 20-21. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Computer printout.

Physical Description

1 folder

La política económica en Nicaragua, 1994 April 15. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Reflexiones sobre la transición democrática (Managua), 1994 June 23-24. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes a TMs of Ramírez's "El futuro es de todos." Printed materials and correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

El Nuevo Orden Mundial - DEMOS (El Salvador), 1994 July. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, papers of participants, and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Trip to Caracas (Venezuela), 1994 October. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Clippings.

Physical Description

1 folder

Summit of the Americas. (University of Miami), 1994 October. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

A New Moment in the Americas (Annapolis), 1994 November 11-13. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, documents and printed materials. Includes a photocopy of Ramírez's article "El Siglo XXI entre nosotros" and some Ms notes.Papers by all other presenters are in Series 6, under each author.

Physical Description

2 folders

Encuentro Regional Agencia Canadiense de Desarrollo Internacional-ACDI (San José, Costa Rica), 1994 November 23-24. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, TMss, Ms notes, and printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

VIII Feria Internacional del Libro de Guadalajara (Guadalajara), 1994 November 26-December 2. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Events, 1995. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Loose printed material about: "El pensamiento vivo de Sandino hoy" (Casa de America, 4/4/95), "18th National Third World studies Conference" (University of Nebraska at Omaha, 10/12/95), and "Presentación de Un Baile de Máscaras, HISPAMER 6/22/95).

Physical Description

1 folder

5o Congreso Latinoamericano y Caribeño de Entidades Estudiantiles de Agronomía CLACEEA (Managua), 1995 January 16-23. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material, MS notes, and correspondence.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Sandino Contemporáneo" Augusto C. Sandino y su Tiempo - Exposición Documental, 1995 June 1. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed material.

Physical Description

1 folder

Tour to the United States - 1, 1995 September-October. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

LASA Conference (Washington); Lecture at the Copper Union (New York); Launch of Hartful of Tigers (New York); Lecture "El artista frente a su modelo" (Albuqueruque, Flagstaff, and Omaha).

Physical Description

2 folders

Fundación Internacional Rubén Darío. Simposio "Identidad Cultural y Crisis: Influencia del Intelectual en la Sociedad Nicaragüense" (Embajada de Japón), 1995 September 19-21. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Computer printout.

Physical Description

1 folder

Canadian Association for Community Living Seminar (Guayaquil, Ecuador), 1995 November 6-8. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence

Physical Description

1 folder

Premio Internacional de Periodismo Rey de España (Montevideo, Uruguay) - 1, 1995 December. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence and printed materials. Includes documents related to the controversial case of the awarded series of articles on organ trafficking that appeared on the Brazilian newspaper "Correio Braziliense."

Physical Description

2 folders

Memorias de un Diálogo (Managua), 1996 April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Events, 1996. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Loose printed material about: "Presentación de Siempre más allá by Michelle Dospital (9/5/1996) and "Exposición y venta de libros y revistas nicaragüenses 1990-1996" (Sept, 1996)

Physical Description

1 folder

VI Encuentro sobre Literatura Ecuatoriana "Alfonso Carrasco V." (Cuenca), 1996 November 25-29. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials.

Physical Description

1 folder

Primer Congreso Internacional de la Lengua Española (Zacatecas), 1992 April 6-11. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials and directory of participants.

Physical Description

2 folders

Cátedra Latinoamericana Julio Cortázar (Guadalajara), 1997 May 12-16. 2 folders.
Scope and Contents

Computer printouts of practical information and schedules.

Physical Description

2 folders

Cursos Internacionales Iberoamericanos. Centroamérica: Paz, transición, gobernabilidad. (Universidad de Extremadura, Jarandilla de la Vera), 1997 June 30-July 4. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials. Title page of "La mejor liga del mundo: De Raúl a Ronaldo" by Carmelo Martín with a Ms dedicatory to Ramírez.

Physical Description

1 folder

Cumbre Regional para el Desarrollo Político y los Principios Democráticos (Brasilia), 1997 July 3-6. 3 folders.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials. Includes Ramírez's article "Esplendor de la palabra"

Physical Description

3 folders

"Vigores dispersos" (Middlebury College, Escuela Española), 1997 July 30. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed materials and correspondence.

Physical Description