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Mary Bye papers


Held at: Historical Society of Pennsylvania [Contact Us]1300 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19107

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Mary Bye was born on April 25, 1913 to Mary Maitland DuBois McCarty and Harry Downman McCarty, a prominent Baltimore physician. She graduated from Swarthmore College in 1936, where she studied mathematics and natural sciences, and later attended the School of Horticulture, now part of Temple University, where she studied landscape design. After practicing horticulture for several years, she married the watercolorist Ranulph de Bayeux Bye (1916-2003), known for his paintings of rural Bucks County scenes. They had five children: Dennis Latham (born 1942), Barbara Downman (born 1944), Richard Edwin (March 12, 1951-May 10, 1951), Stephen Gerard (born 1952) and Catherine “Katie” Maitland Castor (born 1955). Originally an Episcopalian, after marrying Ranulph Bye she became a Quaker and moved to rural Bucks County where she remained for the rest of her life. Mary and Ranulph Bye later divorced.

Mary Bye became active in the anti-war movement during the Vietnam War. During her years as a peace activist, she was arrested ten times and jailed for civil disobedience after reading the names of war dead on the Capitol steps in Washington, D.C. She was detained by police while protesting a visit by Richard Nixon at Independence Hall, fired on with water hoses while protesting at a munitions plant in New Jersey, and arrested at a demonstration in support of the Harrisburg Seven, a group of anti-war activists led by Father Philip Berrigan, who were being tried in 1972 on several counts of conspiracy. She frequently opened her home to visiting peace activists and hosted community forums in support of the movement. She commuted daily to Philadelphia where she worked for the Peace Committee of the Society of Friends, and was an active member of the anti-war coalition Concerned Citizens of Bucks County. She was a long-term tax resister, refusing to pay a portion of her taxes to the IRS in opposition to American military spending. Her other early causes included support of Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers, and opposition to apartheid in South Africa. She was active in the local group Movement for a New Society and its affiliated organizations.

During the 1970s she became increasingly involved with anti-nuclear activism and opposition to nuclear reactor facilities. She participated in demonstrations and other direct actions at the Barnwell, South Carolina facility in 1978, and later became a determined critic and opponent of the nuclear facilities at Peach Bottom and Limerick, Pennsylvania and the related Point Pleasant Pumping Station, a facility designed to bring water as coolant from the Delaware River to Limerick. She participated in demonstrations and other actions aimed at directing attention to the dangers of nuclear energy, and consistently lobbied government officials on behalf of local anti-nuclear organizations such as Central Bucks Clean Energy Collective and Limerick Ecology Action. Concurrent with her opposition to nuclear energy, she became an advocate of energy conservation and supporter of alternative energy sources, notably solar energy, attempting to convert her home to solar photovoltaic cell technology.

Later in life, Mary Bye became more broadly concerned with ecology and the environment, natural habitat, clean air and water, and animal rights. She served for several years as Convener of the Friends’ Working Group on Stewardship of the Environment (later Friends Environmental Working Group). She became a celebrity in her Bucks County community and beyond because of her 1988 attempt to save a stand of oak trees from cutting by literally hugging the tallest tree and refusing to leave. Her efforts were unavailing, and the trees were cut down. She continued to be involved in issues of social justice and peace activism, corresponding frequently with imprisoned members of the Plowshares Eight, a group of anti-war activists led by Philip Berrigan and his brother Daniel, who in 1980 damaged nuclear missile components at the General Electric Nuclear Military Facility in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania. She suported several civil and human rights organizations, and opposed military intervention in Central America. She became an advocate of the American Indian Movement, supporting activists Dennis Banks, Russell Means and Leonard Peltier. Mary Bye entered a retirement home in Newtown, Bucks County sometime in 1991 or 1992. She died on November 1, 2002.

The Mary Bye papers comprise 5.6 linear feet of textual documents with additional flat and object files related to the political, social and environmental activities of Quaker activist Mary Bye, from 1969 to 1992 (bulk 1974-1991). The documents include correspondence, direct action planning documents, informational mailings and solicitations, organizational newsletters, meeting notes, and newspaper clippings. The collection contains documents directly related to Bye, as well as organizational mailings intended for a general readership that Bye kept for her own use, often with personal annotations and comments in the margins. The files are especially useful in documenting the activities of local activist organizations, many of which appeared as ad hoc groups for specific purposes, some continuing for several years, others later repurposed or defunct. The papers in this collection reflect a general repositioning of Mary Bye’s activist career away from her early efforts in the anti-war movement of the 1960s and early 1970s toward a more concerted activism in support of environmental protection, and in opposition to nuclear energy. Personal and family papers are not well represented in the collection.

The collection is divided into nine series: Series 1. Activism, including general topics of social and political activism; Series 2. Native Americans, concerned mostly with Bye’s activities in support of the Native American Movement; Series 3. Peace Activism, including the activities of various Friends and other peace organizations; Series 4. Anti-Nuclear Activism, documenting Bye’s activities with various activist groups, demonstrations and direct actions, especially involving the Limerick Nuclear Reactor; Series 5. Energy, focusing on alternative sources of energy, especially solar; Series 6. Environment, concerned with environmental protection, clean air and clean water; Series 7. Animal Rights, protection of wildlife and the humane treatment of animals; Series 8. Friends/Religion, including documents related specifically to Friends’ religious concerns and spirituality; and Series 9. Personal, a collection of strictly personal letters and documents.

Researchers should note that Mary Bye’s name appears in a bewildering confusion of forms, misapplications and misspellings. For the record, her full unmarried name was Mary DuBois McCarty. Her full married name was Mary McCarty Bye (sometimes Mary DuBois McCarty Bye). This collection contains two forms of her printed letterhead, Mary McCarty Bye, and simply Mary Bye.

Gift of Mary Bye.

The Mary Bye papers originally consisted of ten linear feet of documents. The majority of these were housed in rough folders or envelopes gathered together by general topic, some obviously by Mary Bye herself, others probably not. They included direct mailings and solicitations from a number of organizations of every type, many of them unopened, requesting donations and including in their mailings newsletters, information brochures, photocopied news clippings, and petitions. Most of this material was duplicated many times over. A sampling of the direct mailing was kept with the collection, either in a miscellaneous file by series, or when appropriate with the organization file concerned. Informational material from the direct mailings was sometimes extracted by Bye and kept in a separate file, often with annotations added in the margins. These have been maintained in the arrangement in which they were found. Duplicated and repetitive mailings have been discarded, including most national newsletters and magazines. All documents concerning Mary Bye or any of the organizations or direct actions in which she was involved have been kept, including newsletters, as well as all documents connected in any way with local organizations and Friends groups.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Finding Aid Author
Finding aid prepared by James R. DeWalt
Finding Aid Date
; 2016.
Access Restrictions

Open to researchers without restrictions.

Collection Inventory

Scope and content note

The Activism series contains files devoted to general social justice and organizations that embraced several aspects of activism. It is not unusual for groups such as the Christic Institute or the Friends Committee on National Legislation to be devoted to anti-war activism, environmental protection, alternative energy, feminism, etc., at the same time. Some of the files in this series are essentially collections of mass mailings kept and sometimes annotated by Mary Bye. Files related to the Greensboro Five and the migrant farm workers contain more Bye original content. The Movement for a New Society was a network of social activist collectives that grew out of a group originally called A Quaker Action Group, but that was no longer exclusively a Friends organization. It was active locally and was related to two projects that Bye was closely involved with: Turning Point Life Center Community and Wonderful Older Women. Moon Ark, or Moon Ark Ecology House, though not well represented, seems to have been a local organization supported by Bye that initially espoused ecological concerns but later became more general in focus. Mobilization for Survival, also with local affiliation, was an activist group that embraced several causes and encouraged direct action. The Bucks County Free Library file relates to efforts by Bye to amend the policy of the library in determining what material was permitted to be posted by outside groups at library facilities. The political correspondence files, notably with Congressman Peter H. Kostmayer and Senator Arlen Specter, are files that Bye maintained in their present condition; subject matter varies and complements topics in other series of the collection, which also contains correspondence with these and other government officials.

American Civil Liberties Union, 1987-1990, undated.
Box 1 Folder 1
Bucks County Free Library-bulletin board policy, 1969, 1976-1978, undated.
Box 1 Folder 2
Center for Constitutional Rights, 1988-1990, undated.
Box 1 Folder 3
Christic Institute, 1985-1991.
Box 1 Folder 4
Christic Institute-miscellaneous papers and news reports, 1986-1990, undated.
Box 1 Folder 5
Christic Institute- Convergence, 1987-1991.
Box 1 Folder 6
Death penalty, 1990.
Box 1 Folder 7
Friends Committee on National Legislation, 1988-1990.
Box 1 Folder 8
Friends-Testimonies and Concerns Committee, 1984-1986, 1989, undated.
Box 1 Folder 9
Greensboro Five, 1983-1985, undated.
Box 1 Folder 10
Migrant farm workers, 1975-1988, undated.
Box 1 Folder 11
Mobilization for Survival, 1977-1990, undated.
Box 2 Folder 1
Mobilization for Survival- The Mobilizer, 1978, 1986.
Box 2 Folder 2
Mobilization for Survival-Survival Summer, 1980, undated.
Box 2 Folder 3
Moon Ark, 1981, undated.
Box 2 Folder 4
Movement for a New Society, 1979, undated.
Box 2 Folder 5
Political correspondence-John Heinz, 1977, 1985-1986.
Box 2 Folder 6
Political correspondence-Peter H. Kostmayer, 1976-1977, undated.
Box 2 Folder 7
Political correspondence-Peter H. Kostmayer, 1983-1988, undated.
Box 2 Folder 8
Political correspondence-Peter H. Kostmayer, 1989.
Box 2 Folder 9
Political correspondence-Arlen Specter, 1981-1990, undated.
Box 2 Folder 10
Political correspondence-miscellaneous, 1976-1977.
Box 2 Folder 11
Poverty, 1983, undated.
Box 2 Folder 12
Simple Living Movement, undated.
Box 2 Folder 13
Socialist Party, U.S.A., 1987, 1989, undated.
Box 2 Folder 14
The Socialist, 1988-1989.
Box 2 Folder 15
South Africa, 1979, 1989.
Box 2 Folder 16
Southern Poverty Law Center, 1986-1989, undated.
Box 3 Folder 1
Southern Poverty Law Center- Law Report, 1987-1990.
Box 3 Folder 2
Turning Point-Life Center community, 1979-1980, undated.
Box 3 Folder 3
W.O.W.-Wonderful Older Women, 1978-1979, undated.
Box 3 Folder 4
Miscellaneous groups and newsletters, 1979, 1985, 1989-1990, undated.
Box 3 Folder 5
Miscellaneous direct mailing, undated.
Box 3 Folder 6

Scope and content note

The Native Americans series is primarily concerned with Bye’s efforts on behalf of the American Indian Movement, cofounded by Dennis Banks, and supported by activist and Native American actor Russell Means. One file concerns support for Leonard Peltier, a Native American activist who was convicted and sentenced to prison in the shooting deaths of two FBI agents in what was known as the 1977 Pine Ridge conflict. Other files relate to local Native American organizations.

Dennis Banks, 1983-1984, undated.
Box 3 Folder 7
Friends' concerns, 1978-1990.
Box 3 Folder 8
Lenni Lenape Historical Society, 1988-1989, undated.
Box 3 Folder 9
Russell Means, 1978, 1983-1984, undated.
Box 3 Folder 10
Native Spirit, 1988, undated.
Box 3 Folder 11
Leonard Peltier, 1979, 1984-1985, 1990, undated.
Box 3 Folder 12
Miscellaneous, 1979-1990, undated.
Box 3 Folder 13
Miscellaneous direct mailing, 1990, undated.
Box 3 Folder 14

Scope and content note

Mary Bye continued to be active in the anti-war movement after the Vietnam War, but her concern shifted to American military activity in general, especially in relation to Central America. The organizations represented here frequently support several causes, but peace activism is their focus as represented in this series. Friends groups and concerns are well represented. Jonah House was a pacifist organization based in Baltimore, Maryland. The Plowshares Eight were a group of activists, including Father Philip Berrigan of the Harrisburg Seven and his brother, Father Daniel Berrigan, who were convicted of destroying two nuclear warheads in 1980 at a General Electric facility in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania. Mary Bye corresponded extensively with John Schuchardt and also with Father Carl Kabat, two of the convicted activists, however, there is no personal correspondence in this collection with Fathers Philip or Daniel Berrigan. This series also contains a record of Mary Bye’s resistance to paying federal income tax in opposition to American military activity. This resistance spanned many years prior to the files in this collection, here restricted mainly to her activities from 1980 to 1982.

Central America, 1982, 1984-1985, 1988, undated.
Box 4 Folder 1
Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1983, 1990, undated.
Box 4 Folder 2
Friends-American Friends Service Committee-National Action/Research on the Military Industrial Complex, 1977-1984, undated.
Box 4 Folder 3
Friends-Committee on the United Nations, 1985-1987, undated.
Box 4 Folder 4
Friends- Peace and Service Newsletter, 1984-1991, undated.
Box 4 Folder 5
Friends Peace Committee, 1982, 1986, 1988, undated.
Box 4 Folder 6
Friends-miscellaneous, 1984, 1988.
Box 4 Folder 7
Jonah House- Year One, 1980-1989, undated.
Box 4 Folder 8
Newsletter of LEPOCO Lehigh-Pocono Committee of Concern, 1977-1978, 1987, 1989.
Box 4 Folder 9
Nuclear weapons, 1985-1986, undated.
Box 4 Folder 10
Plowshares Eight, 1981-1990, undated.
Box 4 Folder 11
Plowshares Eight-correspondence, 1978-1988, undated.
Box 4 Folder 12
Tax resistance, 1975, 1980-1982, undated.
Box 4 Folder 13
Miscellaneous groups, 1980-1990, undated.
Box 4 Folder 14
Miscellaneous newsletters, 1976, 1978, 1983, 1990, undated.
Box 4 Folder 15
Miscellaneous papers, 1976, 1980, 1986, 1988-1989, undated.
Box 4 Folder 16
Miscellaneous direct mailing, 1989-1990.
Box 4 Folder 17
Posters and ephemera, 1982-1983, undated.
Oversize Flat file 1

Scope and content note

The Anti-Nuclear Activism series includes files related to Mary Bye’s efforts to draw awareness to the hazards of nuclear energy and nuclear waste. It includes important documentation of direct action and political lobbying through local groups such as Central Bucks Clean Energy Collective, as well as files dealing with nuclear hazards in general. This series is especially useful in documenting how local and national groups conducted political and direct action. The Barnwell, South Carolina rally file demonstrates how an operation of this nature was carried out in 1978. The greater portion of this series is relates to local efforts to stop or curtail further development of the nuclear facility at Limerick, Pennsylvania and its related facility at the Point Pleasant Pumping Station. Several rallies and vigils are documented, along with ongoing correspondence intended to apply political pressure. One file records a court case ( Mary Bye v. Philadelphia Electric Company) which involved Bye as a complainant and her decision to withhold a portion of her electric bill that she considered relative to the generating capacity of Limerick. The Point Pleasant Pumping Station conflict relates to concerns involving environmental pollution as well as nuclear energy. There are also files relating to the Peach Bottom nuclear facility, and others such as Three Mile Island. Several large files contain general mailings and related information from large national organizations such as Union of Concerned Scientists and Public Citizen-Critical Mass Energy Project, to which Bye offered her services. Local groups include Limerick Ecology Action and CLEAR (Citizens’ League for Environmental Awareness Resources). Another local organization, though not well represented, was the Silkwood Reactors, in which Bye was an active participant.

Citizen's Clearinghouse for Hazardous Wastes, Inc.-newsletters, 1985-1987.
Box 5 Folder 1
Citizens Energy Council, 1981, 1984-1985, 1990, undated.
Box 5 Folder 2
Citizerns for Environmental Rights, 1987, undated.
Box 5 Folder 3
CLEAR-Citizens' League for Energy Awareness Resources, 1988-1990, undated.
Box 5 Folder 4
Friends' concerns, 1975, 1984-1987, undated.
Box 5 Folder 5
National Day of Nuclear Protest-rally May 24, 1986, 1986, undated.
Box 5 Folder 6
Nuclear energy, 1974, 1984-1988, undated.
Box 5 Folder 7
Nuclear Information and Resource Service, 1984, 1986-1991, undated.
Box 5 Folder 8
Nuclear reactor safety, 1983-1988, undated.
Box 5 Folder 9
Nuclear reactors-Barnwell-rally and direct action, April 29-May 1, 1978, 1977-1979, undated.
Box 5 Folder 10
Nuclear reactors-Chernobyl, 1986, 1991, undated.
Box 5 Folder 11
Nuclear reactors-Limerick, 1983-1988, undated.
Box 6 Folder 1
Nuclear reactors-Limerick-evacuation plans, 1983-1987, undated.
Box 6 Folder 2
Nuclear reactors-Limerick-evacuation drill-July 25, 1984, 1984-1985, undated.
Box 6 Folder 3
Nuclear reactors-Limerick-evacuation drill-April 3, 1986, 1986, undated.
Box 6 Folder 4
Nuclear reactors-Limerick-Limerick Ecology Action, 1983-1985, 1989, undated.
Box 6 Folder 5
Nuclear reactors-Limerick- Mary Bye v. Philadelphia Electric Company, 1985-1987, undated.
Box 6 Folder 6
Nuclear reactors-Limerick-PECO rate hikes, 1983-1986, 1989-1990, undated.
Box 6 Folder 7
Nuclear reactors-Limerick-political correspondence, 1984-1986, undated.
Box 6 Folder 8
Nuclear reactors-Limerick-Vigil, September 14, 1984-Central Bucks Clean Energy Collective, 1984, undated.
Box 6 Folder 9
Nuclear reactors-Oyster Creek, 1984.
Box 6 Folder 10
Nuclear reactors-Peach Bottom, 1986-1989, undated.
Box 6 Folder 11
Nuclear reactors-Three Mile Island, 1979, 1982-1986, undated.
Box 6 Folder 12
Nuclear reactors-miscellaneous reactor accidents and shutdowns, 1984-1986, undated.
Box 6 Folder 13
Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 1980-1981, 1985-1990, undated.
Box 7 Folder 1
Nuclear Times, 1986-1988.
Box 7 Folder 2
Point Pleasant Pumping Station, 1983-1989, undated.
Box 7 Folder 3
Point Pleasant Pumping Station-Judge Isaac Garb, 1983, 1987.
Box 7 Folder 4
Point Pleasant Pumping Station-National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit, 1988, undated.
Box 7 Folder 5
Political correspondence, 1978, 1983-1989, undated.
Box 7 Folder 6
Public Citizen-Critical Mass Energy Project, 1985-1988.
Box 7 Folder 7
Public Citizen-Critical Mass Energy Project, undated.
Box 7 Folder 8
Radiation/irradiation, 1978-1990, undated.
Box 8 Folder 1
Radioactive emissions-Dauphin County ordinance, 1983-1984, undated.
Box 8 Folder 2
Radioactive waste, 1984, 1987-1990, undated.
Box 8 Folder 3
Radioactive Waste Campaign, 1985, 1987-1990, undated.
Box 8 Folder 4
Royersford laundromat contamination, 1984-1985.
Box 8 Folder 5
Karen Silkwood/Silkwood Reactors, 1978, 1983-1984, undated.
Box 8 Folder 6
Swarthmore College, 1987, undated.
Box 8 Folder 7
Union of Concerned Scientists- Nucleus, 1984, 1986-1990, undated.
Box 8 Folder 8
Miscellaneous groups, 1986-1990, undated.
Box 8 Folder 9
Miscellaneous newsletters, 1984-1985, 1988, 1990.
Box 8 Folder 10
Posters and ephemera, undated.
Box 15
Posters and ephemera, 1984, undated.
Oversize Flat file 2

Scope and content note

The Energy series contains files related to alternative sources of energy, especially solar, as well as files pertaining to local organizations, utilities and regulatory agencies. The Philadelphia Electric Company file, in addition to energy matters, contains documents relating to PECO’s efforts toward environmental protection in building a fish ladder at the Conowingo Dam in Maryland. Several files relate to the efforts of Mary Bye to convert her house to solar energy with support from the local organization Moon Ark Ecology House.

Alternative energy resources, 1973-1974, 1979, 1989-1990, undated.
Box 8 Folder 11
Citizens Coalition for Energy Efficiency- Energy Report, 1989-1990.
Box 8 Folder 12
Congressional Research Service-information packet, 1983-1985.
Box 8 Folder 13
Electricity, 1981, undated.
Box 9 Folder 1
Electricity-power line risks, 1989-1990, undated.
Box 9 Folder 2
Energy efficient appliances, 1980, 1985-1987, undated.
Box 9 Folder 3
Pennsylvania Energy Center, 1984, 1986-1991, undated.
Box 9 Folder 4
Pennsylvania Power and Light Company, 1982, 1987-1988, undated.
Box 9 Folder 5
Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, 1986-1989, undated.
Box 9 Folder 6
Philadelphia Electric Company, 1989, undated.
Box 9 Folder 7
Political correspondence and newsletters, 1973, 1978, 1979, undated.
Box 9 Folder 8
Solar energy, 1984-1988, 1991, undated.
Box 9 Folder 9
Solar energy-Bye house conversion, 1978-1980, undated.
Box 9 Folder 10
Solar energy-Bye house demonstration project, 1987-1989, undated.
Box 9 Folder 11
Solar energy-GRASP The Grass Roots Alliance for a Solar Pennsylvania, 1989, undated.
Box 9 Folder 12
Miscellneous organizations, 1978, 1988-1990, undated.
Box 9 Folder 13

Scope and content note

The Environment series contains files related to environmental protection, air and water pollution, greenhouse effect, recycling, rainforests, and habitat restoration. The Friends Environmental Working Group (FEWG), originally the Working Group on Stewardship of the Environment, for which Bye was a Convener, is especially well represented. FEWG worked closely with the Pacific Yearly Meeting’s Friends Committee on Unity with Nature and activist Marshall Massey. Many local environmental groups are represented; among the more significant are the Bucks County Conservancy and the Clean Air Council (Delaware Valley Citizens’ Council for Clean Air). National groups include the Sierra Club, with its local affiliates, and EcoJustice Working Group, an interdenominational activist group sponsored by the National Council of Churches. Of special interest is an effort by Mary Bye to protect a stand of oak trees in Buckingham Township, Bucks County, from being cut down in 1988. Bye coordinated with local activists in rallying support for the trees. She was arrested on one occasion for trespassing while literally hugging one of the trees. The oaks were eventually cut down, but not before Bye became a local celebrity, drawing attention to the need for habitat preservation. Bye’s efforts were well documented in local media; published articles include insights into her personal life and activist career. A similar action documented here relates to efforts by activist Stephen Redding to protect a stand of trees in Chalfont, Bucks County. Another file relates to the “Celebration of Water,” an event held at Mary Bye’s home in 1979.

Acid rain, 1981-1986, undated.
Box 10 Folder 1
American Farmland Trust, 1986, undated.
Box 10 Folder 2
American Farmland Trust- American Farmland, 1985-1990.
Box 10 Folder 3
Bucks County Conservancy, 1988-1990, undated.
Box 10 Folder 4
Bucks County Conservancy-Pennsylvania Scenic Rivers Program, 1978-1988, undated.
Box 10 Folder 5
Clean air-Clean Air Council, 1979, 1984-1991, undated.
Box 10 Folder 6
Clean air-Clean Air Task Force-Dauphin County Board of Commissioners, 1984, undated.
Box 10 Folder 7
Clean air-National Clean Air Coalition, 1986, undated.
Box 10 Folder 8
Clean air-ozone, 1989, undated.
Box 10 Folder 9
Delaware Valley Land Trust Association, 1986, undated.
Box 10 Folder 10
Delaware Valley Whole Earth Coalition, undated.
Box 10 Folder 11
Food and pesticides, 1978-1979, 1981, 1990, undated.
Box 10 Folder 12
Food and pesticides-CO-OP Community Organization for Organic Produce, 1987-1988, undated.
Box 10 Folder 13
Friends Committee on Unity with Nature-Pacific Yearly Meeting-Marshall Massey, 1985, undated.
Box 11 Folder 1
Friends Committee on Unity with Nature-Pacific Yearly Meeting-newsletter, 1985-1991, undated.
Box 11 Folder 2
Friends Environmental Working Group-meeting mintes, 1984-1991, undated.
Box 11 Folder 3
Friends Environmental Working Group-correspondence and misc. papers, 1985-1991, undated.
Box 11 Folder 4
Friends-miscellaneous environmental concerns, 1973, 1985-1986, undated.
Box 11 Folder 5
Greenhouse effect/global warming, 1987-1989, undated.
Box 11 Folder 6
Greenpeace, 1984-1985, 1988-1990, undated.
Box 11 Folder 7
Local activism-miscellaneous, 1985-1990, undated.
Box 11 Folder 8
National Council of Churches-EcoJustice Working Group, 1976, 1979, 1984-1985, undated.
Box 11 Folder 9
Natural Resources Defense Council, 1985-1990, undated.
Box 11 Folder 10
Natural Resources Defense Council-newsletters, 1975, 1985, 1987-1988, 1990-1991.
Box 11 Folder 11
Oil spills, 1989, 1991, undated.
Box 11 Folder 12
Open Spaces Initiative, 1986, 1988, undated.
Box 11 Folder 13
Open Space Initiative-San Francisco Greenbelt, 1985, undated.
Box 11 Folder 14
Penn Accord/Philadelphia Electric Company, 1988-1989, undated.
Box 12 Folder 1
Population control, 1984, 1990.
Box 12 Folder 2
Rainforests, 1986-1990, undated.
Box 12 Folder 3
Rainforests- Extinction or Preservation-readings, 1978, 1980, undated.
Box 12 Folder 4
Rainforests-Guanacaste National Park, 1986, undated.
Box 12 Folder 5
Recycling, 1987-1988.
Box 12 Folder 6
Riverbend Environmental Education Center, 1985, undated.
Box 12 Folder 7
Sierra Club, 1985-1991, undated.
Box 12 Folder 8
Sierra Club-local affiliates, 1986, 1988, undated.
Box 12 Folder 9
Toxic waste, 1983-1984, undated.
Box 12 Folder 10
Toxic waste-Delaware Valley Toxics Coalition, 1987, 1990.
Box 12 Folder 11
Trees, 1975, 1986, 1988-1989, undated.
Box 12 Folder 12
Trees-Buckingham Township. Bucks Co./Mary Bye Activism, 1988-1989, undated.
Box 12 Folder 13
Trees-Forest Park, Chalfont, Bucks Co./Stephen Redding Activism, 1988, undated.
Box 12 Folder 14
Trees-"Tree Portraits"-exhibition, 1989-1990, undated.
Box 12 Folder 15
Trees-tree registry, 1989-1990, undated.
Box 12 Folder 16
Water, 1977-1979, 1984-1985, undated.
Box 13 Folder 1
Water-"Celebration of Water", 1979, undated.
Box 13 Folder 2
Miscellaneous correspondence and draft manuscripts, 1982, 1988, undated.
Box 13 Folder 3
Miscellaneous printed material, 1984-1987, undated.
Box 13 Folder 4
Miscellaneous direct mailing, 1989-1990, undated.
Box 13 Folder 5
Poster and newspapers, 1988, undated.
Oversize Flat file 3

Scope and content note

Mary Bye received and collected an enormous amount of documentation related to wildlife and animal protection. It seems that her activity in this area was limited largely to donations to various societies and causes. She was somewhat more active in her concern for seals, in particular the North Pacific fur seal. She was the official protector of a Humpback whale named “Tassle.” Most of the documents in this series are limited to general mailings and related publications.

Bucks County Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 1987, 1991, undated.
Box 13 Folder 6
Defenders of Wildlife, 1985, undated.
Box 13 Folder 7
Elephants, 1980, undated.
Box 13 Folder 8
Horses, 1980, undated.
Box 13 Folder 9
Humane Society of the United States, 1985-1989, undated.
Box 13 Folder 10
Political correspondence, 1977-1987, undated.
Box 13 Folder 11
Sea otters, 1980, 1987, undated.
Box 13 Folder 12
Sea turtles, 1980, undated.
Box 13 Folder 13
Seals, 1981, undated.
Box 13 Folder 14
Seals-North Pacific fur seals, 1980-1984, undated.
Box 13 Folder 15
Whales and dolphins, 1980-1987, undated.
Box 14 Folder 1
Miscellaneous organizations and papers, 1988-1990, undated.
Box 14 Folder 2
Miscellaneous direct mailing, 1990-1991, undated.
Box 14 Folder 3

Scope and content note

This series relates to the general and spiritual activity of Quakers and other religious groups. The Philadelphia Quaker Women’s Workshop file represents the earliest documentation (1974) in this collection related to Mary Bye. She and a group of Quaker women were expressing their concern and support for a group of Episcopal women priests whose ordination had been declared invalid by the Episcopal House of Bishops. A large file concerns a movement called Creation Spirituality, developed by Matthew Fox, a Dominican priest who had been expelled from his order in 1993 for disobedience, denying the doctrine of original sin. Creation Spirituality was influenced by the teachings of medieval Catholic visionaries, and came to espouse a message that was strongly in support of ecological and environmental activism.

Clearness Committee, 1976, 1980, undated.
Box 14 Folder 4
Creation Spirituality/Matthew Fox, 1988-1990, undated.
Box 14 Folder 5
Friends direct mailing, 1990.
Box 14 Folder 6
Friends Journal, 1982, 1986, 1988.
Box 14 Folder 7
Spirituality, undated.
Box 14 Folder 8
Philadelphia Quaker Women's Workshop, 1974, undated.
Box 14 Folder 9
Philadelphia Yearly Meeting News, 1984-1985, 1987-1988, 1990-1991.
Box 14 Folder 10
Miscellaneous papers, 1980-1986, undated.
Box 14 Folder 11
Miscellaneous newsletters, 1988, 1991.
Box 14 Folder 12
Miscellaneous non-Friends newsletters and publications, 1980, 1982, 1991.
Box 14 Folder 13

Scope and content note

This brief series contains items related to Mary Bye of a personal nature, papers unrelated in any way to topics in other series, and some notes and writings of an indeterminate nature. A newspaper article (Shultes, Anne, “Still an Activist” in The Intelligencer/The Record [Doylestown, Pa.] 12 November 1992) is the last reference to Mary Bye in this collection, a personal portrait written after she had moved to a retirement home in Newtown. Included in this series are papers related to Bye’s activity as an alumna of Swarthmore and Temple University.

Miscellaneous papers and articles, 1979-1992, undated.
Box 14 Folder 14
Alumni activity, 1979, 1989-1991, undated.
Box 14 Folder 15
Poster-"Brown Bag-it with the Arts", 1988.
Oversize Flat file 4

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