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Leonhard Friedrich papers


Held at: Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections [Contact Us]370 Lancaster Ave, Haverford, PA 19041

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Leonhard Friedrich (1889-1979) was a German Quaker. While working in England in 1914, he met an English Quaker named Mary. The two married at the Sheffield Friends' Meeting House in 1922. In 1923, they started a small Quaker Meeting in Nurnberg, Germany, which developed out of the post-World War I work being done there by British and American Friends. Due to his refusal to join the Nazi party, Friedrich lost his job in 1934, and was invited to Woodbrooke College for the fall term. A Quaker meetinghouse in Bad Pyrmont, Germany, was converted to a conference center; Friedrich and Mary became the centre's wardens to prevent it from being used by the Hitler Youth. During the years leading up to World War II, Friedrich and Mary helped local Jewish families leave Germany.

This collection includes photocopies and reproductions related to Leonhard Friedrich, and includes: an exhibition copy of an indictment notice from the Gestapo, in German, dated September 18, 1942, citing the reason for arrest as his "politically negative attitude to the National Socialist state, evidenced by his pacifist and pro-Jewish attitudes, particularly in the context of his prominent role in the Society of Friends (Quakers)"; a translation of that notice by Paul Oestreicher, June 11, 1986; "Notes of a talk given to an audience in Bad Pyrmont in the autumn of 1947, reprinted in "Der Quaker," July 1975, 50th Anniversary Edition," chronicling time spent as an inmate in the concentration camp Buchenwald from 1942 to 1945. Also included in the speech are the lyrics to a song written by a Jewish inmate.


Processed by Kara Flynn; completed March, 2016.

Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections
Finding Aid Author
Kara Flynn
Finding Aid Date
March, 2016
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).

Collection Inventory

Oversize Folder .
Box 43 (ovs) Folder 2
General Physical Description

See Oversize Box 2, Folder 2.

Print, Suggest