Cadbury-Brown Family papers
Held at: Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections [Contact Us]370 Lancaster Ave, Haverford, PA 19041
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
Richard Cadbury (1825-1897) was a partner in a dry goods business, which he then bought out. Later in life he worked as an accountant and as treasurer to public charities. He married Lydia Comfort Shinn in 1850, and they had four children, only two of whom survived, Caroline and Richard Tapper.
Caroline Cadbury (1851-1914) was the daughter of Lydia Comfort Shinn Cadbury (1828-1904) and Richard Cadbury (1825-1897), and the sister of Richard Tapper Cadbury. Caroline married Thomas Kite Brown (1851-1929), son of Rebecca Brown and Nathaniel Howland Brown, in 1876. Thomas Kite Brown was a teacher at Westtown Boarding School. The couple had eight children, two of whom died in infancy. Surviving children were Richard Cadbury, Bertha, Shipley, Thomas Kite, Jr., Carroll Thornton, and Lydia Caroline. (Lydia married her first cousin Henry J. Cadbury.) In 1896, the Browns opened Back Log Camp, for paying guests who came to fish and camp, and the whole family was often involved in the project. When Caroline was sixty she traveled to the Friends' Mission in Tokyo.
Thomas Kite Brown was a teacher at Westtown Boarding School, and his sons Richard Cadbury and Carroll Thornton followed in his footsteps becoming teachers there after graduation from Haverford College, where all four of the Cadbury Brown sons attended college. Richard Cadbury also taught at Wilmington College, Bootham School in York, England, and the Friends Select School in Washington, D.C. Thomas Kite Brown Jr. studied at the Graduate School of the University of Pennsylvania from 1907-1909, the University of Berlin in 1909, and Harvard University from 1909-1912 where he received a Ph.D. Bertha attended Bryn Mawr College and Lydia attended Wellesley College. In the summer of 1906, Caroline and Thomas traveled abroad to Europe. Their destinations included England, France, Switzerland, and Italy.
Anna Kaighn Cadbury (1846-1923) and Joel Cadbury were parents of Henry J. Cadbury (1883-1974).
Annie Brown was the wife of Richard Cadbury Brown. They married on December 3, 1904 and had two children, Emma Perry (b. 1906) and Clarissa Browning (b. 1909)
Lucy Haines was the wife of Shipley Brown. They married on October 8, 1905. They had three children, Alice Deborah (b. 1907), Thomas Shipley (b. 1912), and Elizabeth.
Nathaniel H. Brown was the father of Thomas K. Brown.
Anna Shipley was born September 24, 1854 and was the daughter of Samuel Shipley and Anna Shinn, Lydia Comfort Shinn Cadbury's sister. She married Sam Troth, born January 18, 1851, on June 27, 1883. On May 30, 1884 they had their only child, John Theodore Troth. She died either in childbirth or shortly after.
Anna Shinn (10/3/1826-4/24/1888) was the daughter of Earl Shinn and Sarah Comfort. She married Samuel Shipley on September 10, 1851.
Sue Shipley was born on November 18, 1852, the daughter of Anna Shinn and Samuel Shipley. She never married. The bulk of the letters are to Caroline Cadbury Brown as the two had been close and visited often their entire lives.
Information is from A History of the Cadbury Family by John F. Crosfield; The Biographical Catalog of the Matriculates of Haverford College: 1833-1922 prepared by a Committee of the Alumni Association; Cadbury pedigree: American section 1965 / With Sesquicentennial memento, by Henry J. Cadbury, Haverford, Pa., 1965 (chart 3); and internal evidence.
The first section of the collection primarily contains letters of the Brown and Cadbury families about family, business, and Quaker issues. Includes news of personal matters, health, the sheep and merino wool business of John Brown, a visit of Elias Hicks to the meeting at Dover, New Hampshire, education, and attendance at Meeting. Correspondents include: Amos Brown, John Brown, Moses Brown, William Brown, Lydia Shinn Cadbury, Richard Cadbury, and Sarah Shinn Cadbury. There is also a mask of Caroline Cadbury Brown taken in her youth.
The first addition consists of over 240 letters between Caroline Cadbury (1851-1914) and Thomas Kite Brown (1851-1929) during their engagement. As their engagement was prolonged over three years, the letters show the progression of their relationship as they get to know each other better. Some letters include small pressed flowers or samples of fabric from new clothes Caroline is sewing for herself. Some of Tom's 1875 letters offer a glimpse into the life of a nineteenth-century teacher at Westtown School. Other letters touch on the couple's intellectual interests and spiritual strivings. There are also letters between Caroline's parents Richard Cadbury (1825-1897) and Lydia Comfort Shinn (1828-1904) during their own engagement, as well as letters from Caroline to her mother, describing her early married life, and later ones to her children, written during a 1906 tour of Europe. Miscellaneous items include an invitation to the wedding of Caroline Cadbury and Thomas K. Brown, Caroline's will, pages from the diary of Caroline's daughter, and letters to and from other members of the Cadbury-Brown family.
Much of the second addition consists of the approximately 500 letters from Caroline Cadbury Brown (1851-1914). Correspondents include her children, brother, father, aunts, and cousins, but most of these letters are to her mother, Lydia Comfort Shinn Cadbury (1828-1904), and her husband, Thomas Kite Brown (1851-1929). There are also many letters from Thomas and Lydia to Caroline. With these two correspondents in particular, Caroline discusses such topics as the tasks of housekeeping, the progress of her children, and religious views. The letters from Caroline to Thomas during 1888 and 1889, however, show a different side of her. As she is resting for her health in Clifton Springs, New York, she discusses her mental state as well as frustrations with her children and position in life.
Letters from the children of Caroline Cadbury and Thomas Kite Brown are also included in this addition. The letters of Richard Cadbury Brown, Shipley Brown, and Thomas Kite Brown, Jr. offer glimpses into life at Haverford College during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The letters of Bertha Brown do the same for Bryn Mawr College. Many of the children go abroad, and in their letters home discuss the Quakers they meet in different parts of the world and the cultural differences that they perceive.
There are also letters from Caroline's brother, Richard Tapper Cadbury, her father, Richard Cadbury Sr., her aunt Anna Shinn, and cousin Sue Shipley. There are several letters from other friends and family members to the Cadbury Brown family. Diaries of Caroline Cadbury Brown and Lydia C. Brown are also included. Miscellaneous items include photographs, silk gloves, and programs for various concerts and exhibitions.
The first section of the Cadbury-Brown Family papers were donated to Special Collections, Haverford College in 1992 by Christopher Joel Cadbury. The first addition is accession #5213, probably from the same donor. The second addition is the gifts of Elizabeth Cadbury Musgrave, 2001 and Mrs. Carroll T. Brown and Henry J. Cadbury, 1974 (accessions #2786, #3029, #4522 and #6647).
Original processing information unknown, except for first accession, which was processed by by J'aime Wells, completed March 2007. Second accession processed in 2008. Reboxed and finding aid revised by Cole Hannah, July 2022.
- Brown family
- Cadbury family
- Brown, John, 1783-1841
- Cadbury, Richard, 1825-1897
- Cadbury, Sarah Shinn, 1855-1876
- Brown, Caroline Cadbury, 1851-1914
- Brown, Thomas Kite, 1851-1929
- Brown, Thomas Kite, 1885-1944
- Cadbury, Anna K (Anna Kaighn), 1846-1923
- Cadbury, Henry J. (Henry Joel), 1883-1974
- Cadbury, Lydia Caroline Brown, 1889-1978
- Cadbury, Lydia C. Shinn
- Shipley family
- Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections
- Access Restrictions
The collection is open for research use.
- Use Restrictions
Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).
This folder contains correspondence from May 3, 1809 to January 23, 1893 with O.A. Ballou, Sophia Ballou, Abigail Beede, Stephen Beede, Amos Brown, David Brown, and David S. Brown.
This folder contains letters written and sent by John Brown, primarily to his brother Moses Brown, with a few to his wife, Mary.
This folder contains correspondence with Mariana Brown, Mary T. Brown, Moses Brown, Nathaniel Brown, William Brown, William Henry Brown, Philip Chase, I. Daner, Phoebe Horton, Lydia Parker, Daniel Ricketson, Walter Sawyer, S. Mitchell brothers, Anna Thornton, Elisha Hornton, and Joseph Tuttle. Also includes unsigned letters and miscellaneous documents such as poems, accounts, receipts, and essays.
This folder contains letters from Lydia C.S. Cadbury, Richard Cadbury, Sarah S. Cadbury, and Auntie L. This folder also includes poems by Lydia C.S. Cadbury.
Label attached reads: "Cast of Caroline Cadbury Brown/ Richard, Bertha and Shipley/ Christmas 1900/ Their venerated mother as she appeared in her fair youth as taken by Uncle R."
Contains two photographs of presumably Thomas K. Brown.
Includes a few miscellaneous letters not from family
Mostly letters sent during their engagement. Subjects include their eagerness to meet again, invitations to visit, discussions of propriety, and descriptions of daily activities. Some notes were apparently sent between pages of borrowed books.
From B.B. [Bertha Brown?] to Dick [Richard Brown?]. Two letters describing Bertha's studies of German and Japanese. From Thomas K. Brown, Jr. Writing to family from Heidelberg. From Emma Cadbury to Richard. 1 [Richard Tapper Cadbury?] From George Cadbury [From Lydia Caroline Brown?] [From Richard Tapper Cadbury?] From Richard Tapper Cadbury [From Anna Kaign Lowry?] [From Anna K. Lowry?] From Aunt Mary to Lydia Shinn. From [Uncle] Earl [Shinn? Several letter fragments without dates, salutations, or signatures.
This folder contains letters written and sent by Richard Cadbury Sr. that discuss house furnishings, times of stress, and the death of Aunt R.
This folder contains correspondence between Bertha Brown and family and friends that discuss gifts, travels, and school activities.
This folder contains correspondence between Bertha Brown and family and friends that discuss her school activities and her trip to Washington DC.
This folder contains correspondence between Richard Cadbury Brown and his family that discuss hearing Booker T. Washington speak, and a long letter to his mother describing a political rally at Bryn Mawr. Includes letters describing his time as a student at Haverford, including classes, sports, and reading.
This folder contains correspondence between Richard Cadbury Brown and his family that discuss daily life, news, and the birth of RIchard's daughter.
This folder contains letters sent to Shipley Brown's mother and letters sent by his wife.
This folder contains correspondence between Thomas K. Brown, Jr. and his family that discuss daily life, attending Penn Charter School, and other news.
This folder contains correspondence with Susan Jannery Allen, Marianna Balderston, Anna M. Crum, A. Lovett Dewees, and Susan Jannery Dewees.
This folder contains correspondence with Mary Jessie Gidley that discuss Mary's graduation from Westtown and other news.
This folder contains correspondence with Alice L. Grune and Mary Monkey Howell.
This folder contains correspondence with E.K. Alsop, Lloyd Balderston, Anna Wood Brown, David S. Brown and Catherine P. Brown, Dora P. Brown, R.W. Cadbury, Richard Cadbury, Sr., Caroline Carter, John E. Carter, James and Lydia Davis, W.W. and wife Dewees, Mary E. Evans, William and Rebecca Evans, Amelia Mott Gummere, Francis B. Gummere, Henry Haines, M.L. Haines, Eva Johnson, Thomas Kite, S.S. Kite, James Levitt, Mr. and Mrs. William Longstreth, Catherine W. Morris, Dr. and Mrs. Thos E. Parke, Benjamin W. and Rebecca G. Passmore, Misses Pearsall, Sue Pennock, Aunt E.R. Reeve, L.E.S. Richards, Margaret Rind, Ann Sharpless, Wm. Sharpless, Emma M. Shinn, James T. Shinn, Agnes G.E. Shipley, E.S. Smedley, Edward Townsend, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel H. Troth, and J.G. and Susan R. Williams.
This folder contains correspondence with friends and family of Thomas K. Brown.
This folder contains correspondence with Abby (Sister), Elizabeth Allen, Sarah H. Allen, Rachel E. Allinson, Margaretta Alsop, Sam and Anna, Aunt Anna, Martha Barton, Mary Bettle, and Ellis Y. Brown on topics such as the death of Richard Cadbury, Sr.
This folder contains correspondence with Mother Brown, Newbold Brown, W.D. Brown, A.K Cadbury, Elizabeth Cadbury, Mary R. Haines, Elizabeth Troth, and Carrie Cadbury.
This folder contains correspondence with Emma Cadbury, Sarah Cadbury, Elizabeth Carter, John E. Carter, Ruth E. Chambers, Maybel Reymonds Cheyney, Lydia Cox, and Elizabeth M. Eastburn.
This folder contains correspondence with Aunt, Mary T. Haines, Helen Cadbury, Susan Jones, L.E. Kinney, Sarah M. Longstreth, R.B Lowry, Lucy, M.M.M, Harriet M. Rhoades, and E.L. Roberts.
This folder contains correspondence with Sam, Sue, L.C. Sharpless, A.B. Troth, Josephine Troth, Caroline C. Warren, and E.G. Winn.
Includes correspondence regarding book orders, addressed to Nathan Kite, Bookseller
This folder contains letters that were sent to Richard Cadbury Brown while he was away at Harvard.
This folder contains letters that were sent to Richard Cadbury BRown after his move to Wilmington, Ohio.
This folder contains photographs and letters from the Cadburys and Browns.
This folder contains letters to and from the family of Thomas K. Brown
This folder contains letters to Thomas K. Brown from Caroline Cadbury Brown during their engagement.
Subjects include daily life with C.C.B.'s six children, the hiring and firing of servants, child care, sewing clothes, many requests for her parents to buy household items in town and send them out, many thank you notes for items they sent her.
This folder contains letters written and sent by Caroline Cadbury Brown to family and friends.
This folder contains letters written and sent by Caroline Cadbury Brown to her husband while she was traveling to and within Japan.
This folder contains letters written and sent by Bertha Brown to family and friends that discuss daily life and news.
This folder contains letters written and sent by Bertha Brown to family and friends that discuss daily life and news.
This folder contains letters written and sent by Bertha Brown to family and friends that discuss life at Bryn Mawr and the possibility of her brother attending Haverford.
This folder contains letters written and sent by Shipley Brown to his family and during his time at Haverford College. Many of these letters discuss sporting events that Shipley participated in.
This folder contains letters written and sent by Carroll Thornton Brown during her time at Haverford College.
This folder contains letters written and sent by Richard Cadbury Brown that mention cases of mumps, typhoid, and pneumonia in Westtown.
From York, England and Rome
This folder contains letters written and sent by Thomas Brown to family that discuss life, sports, and clubs at Haverford College.
This folder contains letters written and sent by Thomas Brown to family from Cambridge, Massachusetts while attending Harvard and while traveling in Germany.
This folder contains letters written and sent by Lydia Brown to family that discuss daily life and news. Some letters from her time as a student at Wellesley College.
This folder contains letters to family and friends sent by nnie Browning from 1906-1913 and Lucy Haines from 1906-1912. Topics includes illness and birth of children.
This folder contains letters written by Caroline C. Brown that discuss daily life, family, housework, a search for a new maid, and planning visits.
This folder contains letters written by Caroline C. Brown that discuss her pregnancy, daily life, and her recent lack of faith in Quaker ways.
This folder contains letters written by Caroline C. Brown that discuss the death of her mother, daily life and news, and home renovations.
This folder contains letters written by Caroline C. Brown that discuss the funeral for her child, sickness, and Harvard.
This folder contains letters written by Caroline C. Brown that discuss the possibility of Thomas' retirement, daily life and news, her mother's birthday, and going to the Poconos
This folder contains letters written by Caroline C. Brown that discuss a proposal to a committee about constructing and decorating a new house and the anticipation revolving around it.
This folder contains letters written and received by Lydia C.S. Cadbury that discuss her invitation to the wedding of Caroline and Thomas, daily life and news, and her Aunt getting run over.
This folder contains letters written by Lydia C.S. Cadbury that discuss daily life and news, illness, Summer trips, and a burial.
This folder contains letters written by Lydia C.S. Cadbury that discuss the spread of Aunt Anna's tumor, and Richard coming over to tell her about his engagement.
This folder contains letters written by Lydia C.S. Cadbury that discuss death, her baby, and a 'breach' between Richard Sr. and Richard Tapper Cadbury over R.T.C.'s quick marriage.
This folder contains letters written by Lydia C. S. Cadbury that discuss daily life and news, not wanting children, and the "Johnstown Affair."
This folder contains a letter written to Thomas K. Brown that discusses Summer weather and a house for rent.
This folder contains letters written by Richard T. Cadbury that discuss the 250th anniversary of Harvard, Christmas, and severe illness.
This folder contains letters written by Richard Cadbury, Sr. that discuss Richard's improving health, the death of 'Uncle James,' and 'Aunt Anna's' illness.
This folder contains letters written by Anna Shipley and Sam Troth that discuss their engagement, loan reductions, and hardships that Thomas and Carrie have been facing.
This folder contains letters written by Anna Shinn that discuss illness, fear that her grandson will pass away, suicide of an acquintance, and a snow storm.
This folder contains letters written by Sue G. Shipley that discuss Caroline's dwindling faith in Christianity, the baptism of Sarah Smiley, and Caroline's possibility of leaving Friends.
This folder contains letters written by Sue G. Shipley that discuss her mother's worsening condition, her father's marriage to a woman a few years older than herself, a fever in West Chester, and other news.
This folder contains correspondence with Anna K. Cadbury, Emma Cadbury, Henry J. Cadbury, Lydia C. Cadbury, and Sarah Cadbury that discuss the death of a mother, the wedding between Henry J. Cadbury and Lydia C. Brown, and other news.
This folder contains correspondence with Alice, her aunt, Ruth Balderston, Minni P. Bowles, J. H Branson, Deborah Brooks, Ellis Brown, Mary S. Brown, Elizabeth Cadbury, J. W. and R. W. Cadbury, M. H. Cadbury, J. P. Carter, John E. and Francis P. Carter,
This folder contains correspondence with Susie Janney Dewees, Sarah Emlen, Aunt E.S.H., Mary F., Alice Greene, Amelia M. Gummere, Newbold R. Haines, and Lizzie.
This folder contains correspondence with M. A. B., Aunt Martha, Sister R., L. Roberts, Aunt Sallie S., Bertha Sharpless, and Isaac Sharpless.
This folder contains correspondence with Emma M. Shinn, R. Shinn, Ida Thayer, and Anna B. Troth.
This folder contains a diary with a transcription belonging to Caroline Cadbury that mostly discusses life at Westtown School.
Daily record of CCB's trip to Japan, including activities and how she spends money.
List of wedding presents